Abstract

Propagation modes and single-guiding-mode conditions of one-dimensional silver nanowires based surface plasmon polariton (SPP) waveguides versus the operating wavelength (500-2000 nm) are investigated. For silver nanowires immersed in a SiO2 matrix, both short-range SPP (SRSPP)-like modes and long-range SPP (LRSPP)-like modes can be guided. However, only the LRSPP-like modes have cutoff radii. For silver nanowires on a SiO2 substrate, the LRSPP-like modes cannot be supported due to asymmetry. While for the SRSPP-like guiding mode, it has a cutoff radius for wavelength longer than 615 nm. For wavelength shorter than 615 nm, there is no cutoff radius for the guiding modes due to the appearance of the interface modes and thus the single-guiding-mode operation is always satisfied.

© 2013 OSA

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  3. Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B72(7), 075405 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  23. R. F. Oulton, G. Bartal, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “Confinement and propagation characteristics of subwavelength plasmonic modes,” New J. Phys.10(10), 105018 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012

N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Quantum plasmonic circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(6), 1781–1791 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express20(17), 19006–19015 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, Q. Yang, F. Fan, H. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Z. Q. Guan, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Effect of a proximal substrate on plasmon propagation in silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Ma, X. Y. Li, H. K. Yu, L. M. Tong, Y. Gu, and Q. H. Gong, “Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1160–1162 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

P. Berini, “Long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1(3), 484–588 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

R. F. Oulton, G. Bartal, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “Confinement and propagation characteristics of subwavelength plasmonic modes,” New J. Phys.10(10), 105018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, A. V.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, J. M.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, K.

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Z. Q. Guan, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Effect of a proximal substrate on plasmon propagation in silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bardhan, R.

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

R. F. Oulton, G. Bartal, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “Confinement and propagation characteristics of subwavelength plasmonic modes,” New J. Phys.10(10), 105018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Y. J.

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cao, L.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, D. E.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X. D.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Cui, J. M.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Leon, N. P.

N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Quantum plasmonic circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(6), 1781–1791 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, C. H.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duan, J. Y.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dufresne, E. R.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, F.

W. Wang, Q. Yang, F. Fan, H. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, Y. R.

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Z. Q. Guan, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Effect of a proximal substrate on plasmon propagation in silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, Q.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q. H.

Grady, N. K.

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gramotnev, D. K.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S. K.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, Y.

Guan, J. G.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guan, Z. Q.

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Z. Q. Guan, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Effect of a proximal substrate on plasmon propagation in silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G. C.

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G. P.

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express20(17), 19006–19015 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Z. Q. Guan, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Effect of a proximal substrate on plasmon propagation in silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, Z. F.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hao, F.

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, F.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, J. X.

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. Z.

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Khanal, B. P.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, M. W.

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kreibig, U.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. E.

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X. Y.

Li, Z. P.

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Z. Q. Guan, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Effect of a proximal substrate on plasmon propagation in silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. P.

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Quantum plasmonic circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(6), 1781–1791 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lv, L.

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

Ma, Y. G.

Y. G. Ma, X. Y. Li, H. K. Yu, L. M. Tong, Y. Gu, and Q. H. Gong, “Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1160–1162 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mukherjee, A.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Z. Q. Guan, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Effect of a proximal substrate on plasmon propagation in silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oulton, R. F.

R. F. Oulton, G. Bartal, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “Confinement and propagation characteristics of subwavelength plasmonic modes,” New J. Phys.10(10), 105018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Quantum plasmonic circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(6), 1781–1791 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pausauskie, P.

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelton, M.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pile, D. F. P.

R. F. Oulton, G. Bartal, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “Confinement and propagation characteristics of subwavelength plasmonic modes,” New J. Phys.10(10), 105018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ratchford, D.

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reed, M. A.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, X. F.

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, M.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Routenberg, D. A.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanders, A. W.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, N. F.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, C. K.

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, F. W.

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweatlock, L. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L.

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express20(17), 19006–19015 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L. M.

Y. G. Ma, X. Y. Li, H. K. Yu, L. M. Tong, Y. Gu, and Q. H. Gong, “Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1160–1162 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, D.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. L.

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, Q. Yang, F. Fan, H. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z. L.

W. Wang, Q. Yang, F. Fan, H. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, H.

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wild, B.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiley, B. J.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, Y. N.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, Y. F.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

W. Wang, Q. Yang, F. Fan, H. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H. X.

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Z. Q. Guan, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Effect of a proximal substrate on plasmon propagation in silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, M.

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yan, R. X.

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, P. D.

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Q.

W. Wang, Q. Yang, F. Fan, H. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, R.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. L.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H. K.

Y. G. Ma, X. Y. Li, H. K. Yu, L. M. Tong, Y. Gu, and Q. H. Gong, “Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1160–1162 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

R. F. Oulton, G. Bartal, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “Confinement and propagation characteristics of subwavelength plasmonic modes,” New J. Phys.10(10), 105018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. N.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zou, C. L.

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zubarev, E. R.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photon.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Wang, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, A. P. Liu, L. Lv, Y. J. Cai, F. W. Sun, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in silver nanowire: polarization dependence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 061103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Quantum plasmonic circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(6), 1781–1791 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Wang, Q. Yang, F. Fan, H. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett.7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

R. F. Oulton, G. Bartal, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “Confinement and propagation characteristics of subwavelength plasmonic modes,” New J. Phys.10(10), 105018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Z. Q. Guan, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Effect of a proximal substrate on plasmon propagation in silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a 1D metal nanowire with a radius of r.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The energy density, electric field Ex and Ey distributions at 1000 nm wavelength for 1st order mode and 2nd order mode (r = 100 nm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Effective index neff, (b) cutoff wavelength for the 2nd-order mode, (c) propagation length L and (d) mode areas Aeff versus radius for varying wavelengths.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The energy density distributions at the cross section of nanowires at the 1550 nm wavelength for (a) g-mode (r = 30 nm) and (b) l-mode (r = 50 nm), respectively. (c) and (d) differ from (a) and (b) in a color bar with saturation. (e) and (f) are electric field Ex and Ey distributions for g-modes, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Effective index neff, (b) cutoff wavelength, (c) propagation length δ, (d) mode area Aeff and (e) energy percentages in air and SiO2 of SPP modes versus wavelength for varying silver nanowire radii. The dashed lines denote the boundaries between g-modes and l-modes.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The energy density distributions on the cross section of nanowires at 620 nm wavelength for (a) g-modes (r = 60 nm), (b) l-modes (r = 160 nm) and (c) i-modes (r = 320 nm), respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Effective index neff and (b) propagation length versus radius for varying wavelengths. The dashed lines denote the boundaries between g-modes/i-modes and l-modes.

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