Abstract

A novel remoted instantaneous frequency measurement system using all optical mixing is demonstrated. This system copies an input intensity modulated optical carrier using four wave mixing, delays this copy and then mixes it with the original signal, to produce an output idler tone. The intensity of this output can be used to determine the RF frequency of the input signal. This system is inherently broadband and can be easily scaled beyond 40 GHz while maintaining a DC output which greatly simplifies receiving electronics. The remoted configuration isolates the sensitive and expensive receiver hardware from the signal sources and importantly allows the system to be added to existing microwave photonic implementations without modification of the transmission module.

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  1. J. Tsui, Digital techniques for wideband receivers (SciTech Publishing, 2004).
  2. L. Nguyen and D. Hunter, “A photonic technique for microwave frequency measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1188–1190 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, “Photonic RF frequency measurement combining SSB-SC modulation and birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 283(13), 2676–2680 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Pan and J. Yao, “Instantaneous microwave frequency measurement using a photonic microwave filter pair,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1437–1439 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. A. Bui, M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, N. Sarkhosh, H. Emami, B. J. Eggleton, and A. Mitchell, “Instantaneous frequency measurement system using optical mixing in highly nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22983–22991 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. Bui and A. Mitchell, “Remoted instantaneous frequency measurement system using optical mixing in highly nonlinear fiber”, Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology, 5–9 Dec. (2010).
  7. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).
  8. L. Bui, N. Sarkhosh, and A. Mitchell, “Photonic instantaneous frequency measurement: parallel simultaneous implementations in as single highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 915–925 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Danielsen, and K. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 942–954 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Durhuus, R. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, K. Stubkjaer, M. Oberg, and S. Nilsson, “Optical wavelength conversion over 18 nm at 2.5 Gb/s by DBR-laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(1), 86–88 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Bui and A. Mitchell, “Parallel All-Optical Instantaneous frequency measurement system using channel labeling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(13), 1118–1120 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “ Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews, 1–33 (2013).

2013 (1)

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “ Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews, 1–33 (2013).

2012 (1)

L. Bui and A. Mitchell, “Parallel All-Optical Instantaneous frequency measurement system using channel labeling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(13), 1118–1120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

L. Bui, N. Sarkhosh, and A. Mitchell, “Photonic instantaneous frequency measurement: parallel simultaneous implementations in as single highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 915–925 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, “Photonic RF frequency measurement combining SSB-SC modulation and birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 283(13), 2676–2680 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Instantaneous microwave frequency measurement using a photonic microwave filter pair,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1437–1439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

L. Nguyen and D. Hunter, “A photonic technique for microwave frequency measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1188–1190 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Danielsen, and K. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

T. Durhuus, R. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, K. Stubkjaer, M. Oberg, and S. Nilsson, “Optical wavelength conversion over 18 nm at 2.5 Gb/s by DBR-laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(1), 86–88 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bui, L.

L. Bui and A. Mitchell, “Parallel All-Optical Instantaneous frequency measurement system using channel labeling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(13), 1118–1120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Bui, N. Sarkhosh, and A. Mitchell, “Photonic instantaneous frequency measurement: parallel simultaneous implementations in as single highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 915–925 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Bui and A. Mitchell, “Remoted instantaneous frequency measurement system using optical mixing in highly nonlinear fiber”, Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology, 5–9 Dec. (2010).

Bui, L. A.

Capmany, J.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “ Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews, 1–33 (2013).

Danielsen, S.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Danielsen, and K. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Durhuus, T.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Danielsen, and K. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Durhuus, R. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, K. Stubkjaer, M. Oberg, and S. Nilsson, “Optical wavelength conversion over 18 nm at 2.5 Gb/s by DBR-laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(1), 86–88 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Emami, H.

Heideman, R.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “ Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews, 1–33 (2013).

Hunter, D.

L. Nguyen and D. Hunter, “A photonic technique for microwave frequency measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1188–1190 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joergensen, C.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Danielsen, and K. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Leinse, A.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “ Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews, 1–33 (2013).

Marpaung, D.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “ Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews, 1–33 (2013).

Marti, J.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, “Photonic RF frequency measurement combining SSB-SC modulation and birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 283(13), 2676–2680 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mengual, T.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, “Photonic RF frequency measurement combining SSB-SC modulation and birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 283(13), 2676–2680 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Danielsen, and K. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Durhuus, R. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, K. Stubkjaer, M. Oberg, and S. Nilsson, “Optical wavelength conversion over 18 nm at 2.5 Gb/s by DBR-laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(1), 86–88 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, A.

L. Bui and A. Mitchell, “Parallel All-Optical Instantaneous frequency measurement system using channel labeling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(13), 1118–1120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Bui, N. Sarkhosh, and A. Mitchell, “Photonic instantaneous frequency measurement: parallel simultaneous implementations in as single highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 915–925 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Bui, M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, N. Sarkhosh, H. Emami, B. J. Eggleton, and A. Mitchell, “Instantaneous frequency measurement system using optical mixing in highly nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22983–22991 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bui and A. Mitchell, “Remoted instantaneous frequency measurement system using optical mixing in highly nonlinear fiber”, Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology, 5–9 Dec. (2010).

Nguyen, L.

L. Nguyen and D. Hunter, “A photonic technique for microwave frequency measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1188–1190 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, S.

T. Durhuus, R. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, K. Stubkjaer, M. Oberg, and S. Nilsson, “Optical wavelength conversion over 18 nm at 2.5 Gb/s by DBR-laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(1), 86–88 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Oberg, M.

T. Durhuus, R. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, K. Stubkjaer, M. Oberg, and S. Nilsson, “Optical wavelength conversion over 18 nm at 2.5 Gb/s by DBR-laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(1), 86–88 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S.

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Instantaneous microwave frequency measurement using a photonic microwave filter pair,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1437–1439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, R.

T. Durhuus, R. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, K. Stubkjaer, M. Oberg, and S. Nilsson, “Optical wavelength conversion over 18 nm at 2.5 Gb/s by DBR-laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(1), 86–88 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

Roeloffzen, C.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “ Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews, 1–33 (2013).

Sales, S.

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “ Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews, 1–33 (2013).

Sarkhosh, N.

L. Bui, N. Sarkhosh, and A. Mitchell, “Photonic instantaneous frequency measurement: parallel simultaneous implementations in as single highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 915–925 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Bui, M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, N. Sarkhosh, H. Emami, B. J. Eggleton, and A. Mitchell, “Instantaneous frequency measurement system using optical mixing in highly nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22983–22991 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stubkjaer, K.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Danielsen, and K. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Durhuus, R. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, K. Stubkjaer, M. Oberg, and S. Nilsson, “Optical wavelength conversion over 18 nm at 2.5 Gb/s by DBR-laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(1), 86–88 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vidal, B.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, “Photonic RF frequency measurement combining SSB-SC modulation and birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 283(13), 2676–2680 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vo, T. D.

Yao, J.

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Instantaneous microwave frequency measurement using a photonic microwave filter pair,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1437–1439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

L. Bui, N. Sarkhosh, and A. Mitchell, “Photonic instantaneous frequency measurement: parallel simultaneous implementations in as single highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 915–925 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. Durhuus, R. Pedersen, B. Mikkelsen, K. Stubkjaer, M. Oberg, and S. Nilsson, “Optical wavelength conversion over 18 nm at 2.5 Gb/s by DBR-laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(1), 86–88 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Bui and A. Mitchell, “Parallel All-Optical Instantaneous frequency measurement system using channel labeling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(13), 1118–1120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Nguyen and D. Hunter, “A photonic technique for microwave frequency measurement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1188–1190 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Instantaneous microwave frequency measurement using a photonic microwave filter pair,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1437–1439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Danielsen, and K. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, “Photonic RF frequency measurement combining SSB-SC modulation and birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 283(13), 2676–2680 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (4)

J. Tsui, Digital techniques for wideband receivers (SciTech Publishing, 2004).

L. Bui and A. Mitchell, “Remoted instantaneous frequency measurement system using optical mixing in highly nonlinear fiber”, Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology, 5–9 Dec. (2010).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “ Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews, 1–33 (2013).

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