Abstract

Diamond thin films have remarkable properties comparable with natural diamond. Because of these properties it is a very promising material for many various applications (sensors, heat sink, optical mirrors, chemical and radiation wear, cold cathodes, tissue engineering, etc.) In this paper we report about design, deposition and measurement of properties of optical planar waveguides fabricated from nanocrystalline diamond thin films. The nanocrystalline diamond planar waveguide was deposited by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition and the structure of the deposited film was studied by scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. The design of the presented planar waveguides was realized on the bases of modified dispersion equation and was schemed for 632.8 nm, 964 nm, 1 310 nm and 1 550 nm wavelengths. Waveguiding properties were examined by prism coupling technique and it was found that the diamond based planar optical element guided one fundamental mode for all measured wavelengths. Values of the refractive indices of our NCD thin film measured at various wavelengths were almost the same as those of natural diamond.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. O. A. Williams, A. Kriele, J. Hees, M. Wolfer, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “High Young's modulus in ultra thin nanocrystalline diamond,” Chem. Phys. Lett.495(1-3), 84–89 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. M. Gruen, “Nanocrystalline diamond films,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.29(1), 211–259 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mat. Prod. Tech.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. W. May, “Diamond thin films: a 21st-century material,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A358(1766), 473–495 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Djemia, C. Dugautier, T. Chauveau, E. Dogheche, M. I. Barros, and L. Vandenbulcke, “Mechanical properties of diamond films: A comparative study of polycrystalline and smooth fine-grained diamonds by Brillouin light scattering,” J. Appl. Phys.90(8), 3771 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Sharda, T. Soga, and T. Jimbo, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond films by prism coupling technique,” J. Appl. Phys.93(1), 101–105 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Varga, T. Izak, A. Kromka, M. Vesely, K. Hruska, and M. Michalka, “Study of diamond film nucleation by ultrasonic seeding in different solutions,” Central European J. Phys.10(1), 218–224 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Funer, C. Wild, and P. Koidl, “Novel microwave plasma reactor for diamond synthesis,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(10), 1149–1151 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Ulrich and R. Torge, “Measurement of thin film parameters with a prism coupler,” Appl. Opt.12(12), 2901–2908 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. J. Adams, An Introduction to Optical Waveguides (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 1981).
  13. V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).
  14. M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. M. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. N. Mahajan, and E. VanStryland, Handbook of Optics, Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, (McGraw-Hill 2009).
  15. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1985).
  16. A. Kromka, O. Babchenko, T. Izak, K. Hruska, and B. Rezek, “Linear antenna microwave plasma CVD deposition of diamond films over large areas,” Vacuum86(6), 776–779 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Franta and I. Ohlidal, “Influence of lateral dimensions of the irregularities on the optical quantities of rough surfaces,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.8(9), 763–774 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2012

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Varga, T. Izak, A. Kromka, M. Vesely, K. Hruska, and M. Michalka, “Study of diamond film nucleation by ultrasonic seeding in different solutions,” Central European J. Phys.10(1), 218–224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Kromka, O. Babchenko, T. Izak, K. Hruska, and B. Rezek, “Linear antenna microwave plasma CVD deposition of diamond films over large areas,” Vacuum86(6), 776–779 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).

2010

O. A. Williams, A. Kriele, J. Hees, M. Wolfer, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “High Young's modulus in ultra thin nanocrystalline diamond,” Chem. Phys. Lett.495(1-3), 84–89 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mat. Prod. Tech.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006

P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Franta and I. Ohlidal, “Influence of lateral dimensions of the irregularities on the optical quantities of rough surfaces,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.8(9), 763–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Sharda, T. Soga, and T. Jimbo, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond films by prism coupling technique,” J. Appl. Phys.93(1), 101–105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. Djemia, C. Dugautier, T. Chauveau, E. Dogheche, M. I. Barros, and L. Vandenbulcke, “Mechanical properties of diamond films: A comparative study of polycrystalline and smooth fine-grained diamonds by Brillouin light scattering,” J. Appl. Phys.90(8), 3771 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. W. May, “Diamond thin films: a 21st-century material,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A358(1766), 473–495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. M. Gruen, “Nanocrystalline diamond films,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.29(1), 211–259 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Funer, C. Wild, and P. Koidl, “Novel microwave plasma reactor for diamond synthesis,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(10), 1149–1151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1973

Achatz, P.

P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Babchenko, O.

A. Kromka, O. Babchenko, T. Izak, K. Hruska, and B. Rezek, “Linear antenna microwave plasma CVD deposition of diamond films over large areas,” Vacuum86(6), 776–779 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barros, M. I.

P. Djemia, C. Dugautier, T. Chauveau, E. Dogheche, M. I. Barros, and L. Vandenbulcke, “Mechanical properties of diamond films: A comparative study of polycrystalline and smooth fine-grained diamonds by Brillouin light scattering,” J. Appl. Phys.90(8), 3771 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bello, I.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chauveau, T.

P. Djemia, C. Dugautier, T. Chauveau, E. Dogheche, M. I. Barros, and L. Vandenbulcke, “Mechanical properties of diamond films: A comparative study of polycrystalline and smooth fine-grained diamonds by Brillouin light scattering,” J. Appl. Phys.90(8), 3771 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chong, Y. M.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Costa, R.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mat. Prod. Tech.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cusmai, G.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mat. Prod. Tech.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Djemia, P.

P. Djemia, C. Dugautier, T. Chauveau, E. Dogheche, M. I. Barros, and L. Vandenbulcke, “Mechanical properties of diamond films: A comparative study of polycrystalline and smooth fine-grained diamonds by Brillouin light scattering,” J. Appl. Phys.90(8), 3771 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dogheche, E.

P. Djemia, C. Dugautier, T. Chauveau, E. Dogheche, M. I. Barros, and L. Vandenbulcke, “Mechanical properties of diamond films: A comparative study of polycrystalline and smooth fine-grained diamonds by Brillouin light scattering,” J. Appl. Phys.90(8), 3771 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dugautier, C.

P. Djemia, C. Dugautier, T. Chauveau, E. Dogheche, M. I. Barros, and L. Vandenbulcke, “Mechanical properties of diamond films: A comparative study of polycrystalline and smooth fine-grained diamonds by Brillouin light scattering,” J. Appl. Phys.90(8), 3771 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Franta, D.

D. Franta and I. Ohlidal, “Influence of lateral dimensions of the irregularities on the optical quantities of rough surfaces,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.8(9), 763–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Funer, M.

M. Funer, C. Wild, and P. Koidl, “Novel microwave plasma reactor for diamond synthesis,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(10), 1149–1151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Garrido, J. A.

P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gruen, D. M.

P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Gruen, “Nanocrystalline diamond films,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.29(1), 211–259 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, B.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hees, J.

O. A. Williams, A. Kriele, J. Hees, M. Wolfer, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “High Young's modulus in ultra thin nanocrystalline diamond,” Chem. Phys. Lett.495(1-3), 84–89 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hruska, K.

A. Kromka, O. Babchenko, T. Izak, K. Hruska, and B. Rezek, “Linear antenna microwave plasma CVD deposition of diamond films over large areas,” Vacuum86(6), 776–779 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Varga, T. Izak, A. Kromka, M. Vesely, K. Hruska, and M. Michalka, “Study of diamond film nucleation by ultrasonic seeding in different solutions,” Central European J. Phys.10(1), 218–224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huttel, I.

V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).

Izak, T.

M. Varga, T. Izak, A. Kromka, M. Vesely, K. Hruska, and M. Michalka, “Study of diamond film nucleation by ultrasonic seeding in different solutions,” Central European J. Phys.10(1), 218–224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Kromka, O. Babchenko, T. Izak, K. Hruska, and B. Rezek, “Linear antenna microwave plasma CVD deposition of diamond films over large areas,” Vacuum86(6), 776–779 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jerabek, V.

V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).

Jha, S. K.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jimbo, T.

T. Sharda, T. Soga, and T. Jimbo, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond films by prism coupling technique,” J. Appl. Phys.93(1), 101–105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klapuch, J.

V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).

Koidl, P.

M. Funer, C. Wild, and P. Koidl, “Novel microwave plasma reactor for diamond synthesis,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(10), 1149–1151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kozak, H.

Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kriele, A.

O. A. Williams, A. Kriele, J. Hees, M. Wolfer, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “High Young's modulus in ultra thin nanocrystalline diamond,” Chem. Phys. Lett.495(1-3), 84–89 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kromka, A.

M. Varga, T. Izak, A. Kromka, M. Vesely, K. Hruska, and M. Michalka, “Study of diamond film nucleation by ultrasonic seeding in different solutions,” Central European J. Phys.10(1), 218–224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Kromka, O. Babchenko, T. Izak, K. Hruska, and B. Rezek, “Linear antenna microwave plasma CVD deposition of diamond films over large areas,” Vacuum86(6), 776–779 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kutsay, O.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lyutakov, O.

V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).

May, P. W.

P. W. May, “Diamond thin films: a 21st-century material,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A358(1766), 473–495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Melloni, A.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mat. Prod. Tech.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Michalka, M.

M. Varga, T. Izak, A. Kromka, M. Vesely, K. Hruska, and M. Michalka, “Study of diamond film nucleation by ultrasonic seeding in different solutions,” Central European J. Phys.10(1), 218–224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Morichetti, F.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mat. Prod. Tech.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mueller-Sebert, W.

O. A. Williams, A. Kriele, J. Hees, M. Wolfer, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “High Young's modulus in ultra thin nanocrystalline diamond,” Chem. Phys. Lett.495(1-3), 84–89 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nebel, C. E.

O. A. Williams, A. Kriele, J. Hees, M. Wolfer, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “High Young's modulus in ultra thin nanocrystalline diamond,” Chem. Phys. Lett.495(1-3), 84–89 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nekvindova, P.

V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).

Ohlidal, I.

D. Franta and I. Ohlidal, “Influence of lateral dimensions of the irregularities on the optical quantities of rough surfaces,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.8(9), 763–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Potocky, S.

Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Prajzler, V.

V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).

Remes, Z.

Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rezek, B.

A. Kromka, O. Babchenko, T. Izak, K. Hruska, and B. Rezek, “Linear antenna microwave plasma CVD deposition of diamond films over large areas,” Vacuum86(6), 776–779 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sharda, T.

T. Sharda, T. Soga, and T. Jimbo, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond films by prism coupling technique,” J. Appl. Phys.93(1), 101–105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Soga, T.

T. Sharda, T. Soga, and T. Jimbo, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond films by prism coupling technique,” J. Appl. Phys.93(1), 101–105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spirkova, J.

V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).

Steinmuller, D.

P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stutzmann, M.

P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Torge, R.

Ukraintsev, E.

Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

Vandenbulcke, L.

P. Djemia, C. Dugautier, T. Chauveau, E. Dogheche, M. I. Barros, and L. Vandenbulcke, “Mechanical properties of diamond films: A comparative study of polycrystalline and smooth fine-grained diamonds by Brillouin light scattering,” J. Appl. Phys.90(8), 3771 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Varga, M.

M. Varga, T. Izak, A. Kromka, M. Vesely, K. Hruska, and M. Michalka, “Study of diamond film nucleation by ultrasonic seeding in different solutions,” Central European J. Phys.10(1), 218–224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vesely, M.

M. Varga, T. Izak, A. Kromka, M. Vesely, K. Hruska, and M. Michalka, “Study of diamond film nucleation by ultrasonic seeding in different solutions,” Central European J. Phys.10(1), 218–224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. E.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wild, C.

M. Funer, C. Wild, and P. Koidl, “Novel microwave plasma reactor for diamond synthesis,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(10), 1149–1151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Williams, O. A.

O. A. Williams, A. Kriele, J. Hees, M. Wolfer, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “High Young's modulus in ultra thin nanocrystalline diamond,” Chem. Phys. Lett.495(1-3), 84–89 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wolfer, M.

O. A. Williams, A. Kriele, J. Hees, M. Wolfer, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “High Young's modulus in ultra thin nanocrystalline diamond,” Chem. Phys. Lett.495(1-3), 84–89 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yan, C.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zapien, J. A.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. J.

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.

D. M. Gruen, “Nanocrystalline diamond films,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.29(1), 211–259 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Funer, C. Wild, and P. Koidl, “Novel microwave plasma reactor for diamond synthesis,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(10), 1149–1151 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmuller, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Central European J. Phys.

M. Varga, T. Izak, A. Kromka, M. Vesely, K. Hruska, and M. Michalka, “Study of diamond film nucleation by ultrasonic seeding in different solutions,” Central European J. Phys.10(1), 218–224 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

O. A. Williams, A. Kriele, J. Hees, M. Wolfer, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “High Young's modulus in ultra thin nanocrystalline diamond,” Chem. Phys. Lett.495(1-3), 84–89 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Diamond Related Materials

Z. Remes, H. Kozak, O. Babchenko, S. Potocky, E. Ukraintsev, B. Rezek, and A. Kromka, “Grazing angle reflectance spectroscopy of organic monolayers on nanocrystalline diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials20(7), 882–885 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Mat. Prod. Tech.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mat. Prod. Tech.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. Djemia, C. Dugautier, T. Chauveau, E. Dogheche, M. I. Barros, and L. Vandenbulcke, “Mechanical properties of diamond films: A comparative study of polycrystalline and smooth fine-grained diamonds by Brillouin light scattering,” J. Appl. Phys.90(8), 3771 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Sharda, T. Soga, and T. Jimbo, “Optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond films by prism coupling technique,” J. Appl. Phys.93(1), 101–105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

D. Franta and I. Ohlidal, “Influence of lateral dimensions of the irregularities on the optical quantities of rough surfaces,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.8(9), 763–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A

P. W. May, “Diamond thin films: a 21st-century material,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A358(1766), 473–495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Radioengineering

V. Prajzler, J. Klapuch, O. Lyutakov, I. Huttel, J. Spirkova, P. Nekvindova, and V. Jerabek, “Design, Fabrication and Properties of Rib Poly(methylmethacrylimide) Optical Waveguides,” Radioengineering20, 479–485 (2011).

Vacuum

A. Kromka, O. Babchenko, T. Izak, K. Hruska, and B. Rezek, “Linear antenna microwave plasma CVD deposition of diamond films over large areas,” Vacuum86(6), 776–779 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Bello, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, Y. Yang, B. He, O. Kutsay, H. E. Wang, C. Yan, S. K. Jha, J. A. Zapien, and W. J. Zhang, “Materials with extreme properties: Their structuring and applications,” Vacuum86(6), 575–585 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. M. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. N. Mahajan, and E. VanStryland, Handbook of Optics, Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, (McGraw-Hill 2009).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1985).

M. J. Adams, An Introduction to Optical Waveguides (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 1981).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the dark mode spectroscopy measurement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic view of the optical planar NCD waveguide structure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Mode calculations of the diamond optical planar waveguides, (a) λ = 632.8 nm, (b) λ = 964 nm, (c) λ = 1 310 nm and (d) λ = 1 550 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Top view SEM image and (b) Raman spectrum of the deposited NCD film.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured (scattered points) and calculated (solid curves) TE reflectance spectra of NCD film (calculated thickness 380 nm, surface rms roughness 21 nm) on Si substrate coated by the SiO2 film (calculated thickness of 1 420 nm) under the angle of incidence of 20 and 25 degrees.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

TE guided mode spectrum for the NCD film at (a) 632.8 nm, (b) 964 nm, (c) 1 311 nm and (d) 1 552 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of refractive indices of genuine diamond waveguide, our thin film and the films reported in [7, 8, 15]. The indices of our thin film (full line) coincide with those of genuine diamond (dash curve)

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Tabular Refractive Indices of the Silicon (Si), Silica (SiO2) and Natural Diamond (D) Used for Modeling [14, 15]

Tables Icon

Table 2 Waveguiding Properties of the Deposited NCD Film: Angle of Incidence of the TE Modes

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n NCD = { ( 1ξ ) n D 3 +ξ n nonD 3 } 3
n s urf = (1+ n NCD 3 ) 3 /8

Metrics