Abstract

We have investigated experimentally different operational states of an all-normal-dispersion ytterbium-doped fiber (YDF) ring laser with a long cavity. Various operational states were obtained by adjusting a polarization controller (PC) and the pump power. Self-pulsing, bright pulses, dark-bright pulse pairs and their harmonic mode locking (HML) counterparts, as well as dark pulses and their HML counterparts have all been obtained. Numerical simulations reproduce well the formation processes of dark pulses and dark-bright pulse pairs.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B80(5), 052302 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  30. D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(15), 153904 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2012

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, and X. Li, “Bright-dark soliton pairs in a self-mode locking fiber laser,” Opt. Eng.51(6), 064302 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Wang, W. C. Xu, W. J. Cao, L. Y. Wang, and J. L. Dong, “Experimental observation of bright-dark pulse emitting in an all-fiber ring cavity laser,” Laser Phys.22(1), 282–285 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Yun, X. M. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and R. J. Knize, “Vector dark domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express18(5), 4428–4433 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yin, W. Xu, A. Luo, Z. Luo, and J. Liu, “Observation of dark pulse in a dispersion-managed fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun.283(21), 4338–4341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Hanim, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Dark soliton generation using dual brillouin fiber laser in a fiber optic ring resonator,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.52(4), 881–883 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B80(5), 052302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A80(4), 045803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Tian, M. Tang, P. P. Shum, Y. Gong, C. Lin, S. Fu, and T. Zhang, “High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1432–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(15), 153904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

R. Radhakrishnan and K. Aravinthan, “A dark-bright optical soliton solution to the coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equation,” J. Phys. A: Math. Theor.40(43), 13023–13030 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Lin and R. K. Lee, “Dark-bright soliton pairs in nonlocal nonlinear media,” Opt. Express15(14), 8781–8786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

2002

2001

1997

1996

1995

F. Fontana, M. Begotti, E. M. Pessina, and L. A. Lugiato, “Maxwell-Bloch modelocking instabilities in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.114(1–2), 89–94 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A48(3), 2220–2229 (1993).

P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, E. Delevaque, J.-F. Bayon, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Influence of ion pairs on the dynamical behaviour of Er3+-doped fibre lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(8), 501–507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. François, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Self-pulsing in Er3+-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(5), 359–367 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

W. van Saarloos and P. C. Hohenberg, “Fronts, pulses, sources and sinks in generalized complex Ginzburg-Landau equations,” Physica D56(4), 303–367 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989

1987

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985

N. Bekki and K. Nozaki, “Formations of spatial patterns and holes in the generalized Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Lett. A110(3), 133–135 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1973

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Interaction between solitons in a stable medium,” Sov. Phys. JETP37(5), 823–828 (1973).

Afanasjev, V. V.

Afanasyev, V. V.

Ali, J.

S. F. Hanim, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Dark soliton generation using dual brillouin fiber laser in a fiber optic ring resonator,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.52(4), 881–883 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aravinthan, K.

R. Radhakrishnan and K. Aravinthan, “A dark-bright optical soliton solution to the coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equation,” J. Phys. A: Math. Theor.40(43), 13023–13030 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, A.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J.-F.

P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, E. Delevaque, J.-F. Bayon, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Influence of ion pairs on the dynamical behaviour of Er3+-doped fibre lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(8), 501–507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Begotti, M.

F. Fontana, M. Begotti, E. M. Pessina, and L. A. Lugiato, “Maxwell-Bloch modelocking instabilities in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.114(1–2), 89–94 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bekki, N.

N. Bekki and K. Nozaki, “Formations of spatial patterns and holes in the generalized Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Lett. A110(3), 133–135 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Boudec, P. L.

Brunet, F.

Cao, W. J.

H. Y. Wang, W. C. Xu, W. J. Cao, L. Y. Wang, and J. L. Dong, “Experimental observation of bright-dark pulse emitting in an all-fiber ring cavity laser,” Laser Phys.22(1), 282–285 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Christodoulides, D. N.

Chu, P. L.

Coen, S.

Colin, S.

Contesse, E.

Coskun, T. H.

Delevaque, E.

P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, E. Delevaque, J.-F. Bayon, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Influence of ion pairs on the dynamical behaviour of Er3+-doped fibre lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(8), 501–507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J. L.

H. Y. Wang, W. C. Xu, W. J. Cao, L. Y. Wang, and J. L. Dong, “Experimental observation of bright-dark pulse emitting in an all-fiber ring cavity laser,” Laser Phys.22(1), 282–285 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Du, J.

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, and X. Li, “Bright-dark soliton pairs in a self-mode locking fiber laser,” Opt. Eng.51(6), 064302 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Emplit, P.

T. Sylvestre, S. Coen, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Self-induced modulational instability laser revisited: normal dispersion and dark-pulse train generation,” Opt. Lett.27(7), 482–484 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fontana, F.

F. Fontana, M. Begotti, E. M. Pessina, and L. A. Lugiato, “Maxwell-Bloch modelocking instabilities in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.114(1–2), 89–94 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Francois, P. L.

P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, E. Delevaque, J.-F. Bayon, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Influence of ion pairs on the dynamical behaviour of Er3+-doped fibre lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(8), 501–507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

François, P. L.

B. Meziane, F. Sanchez, G. M. Stephan, and P. L. François, “Feedback-induced polarization switching in a Nd-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.19(23), 1970–1972 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. François, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Self-pulsing in Er3+-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(5), 359–367 (1993).
[CrossRef]

François, P.-L.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A48(3), 2220–2229 (1993).

Froehly, C.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S.

Galarneau, P.

Gong, Y.

Haelterman, M.

Hamaide, J. P.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hanim, S. F.

S. F. Hanim, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Dark soliton generation using dual brillouin fiber laser in a fiber optic ring resonator,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.52(4), 881–883 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Y.

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, and X. Li, “Bright-dark soliton pairs in a self-mode locking fiber laser,” Opt. Eng.51(6), 064302 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hohenberg, P. C.

W. van Saarloos and P. C. Hohenberg, “Fronts, pulses, sources and sinks in generalized complex Ginzburg-Landau equations,” Physica D56(4), 303–367 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Knize, R. J.

Konotop, V. V.

LaRochelle, S.

Le Boudec, P.

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. François, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Self-pulsing in Er3+-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(5), 359–367 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A48(3), 2220–2229 (1993).

P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, E. Delevaque, J.-F. Bayon, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Influence of ion pairs on the dynamical behaviour of Er3+-doped fibre lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(8), 501–507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Le Flohic, M.

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. François, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Self-pulsing in Er3+-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(5), 359–367 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

Li, H.

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, and X. Li, “Bright-dark soliton pairs in a self-mode locking fiber laser,” Opt. Eng.51(6), 064302 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Li, X.

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, and X. Li, “Bright-dark soliton pairs in a self-mode locking fiber laser,” Opt. Eng.51(6), 064302 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

Lin, Y. Y.

Liu, J.

H. Yin, W. Xu, A. Luo, Z. Luo, and J. Liu, “Observation of dark pulse in a dispersion-managed fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun.283(21), 4338–4341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

Lugiato, L. A.

F. Fontana, M. Begotti, E. M. Pessina, and L. A. Lugiato, “Maxwell-Bloch modelocking instabilities in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.114(1–2), 89–94 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Luo, A.

H. Yin, W. Xu, A. Luo, Z. Luo, and J. Liu, “Observation of dark pulse in a dispersion-managed fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun.283(21), 4338–4341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, L.

Luo, Z.

H. Yin, W. Xu, A. Luo, Z. Luo, and J. Liu, “Observation of dark pulse in a dispersion-managed fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun.283(21), 4338–4341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mao, D.

Meng, Y.

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, and X. Li, “Bright-dark soliton pairs in a self-mode locking fiber laser,” Opt. Eng.51(6), 064302 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Meziane, B.

Musha, M.

Musslimani, Z. H.

Nozaki, K.

N. Bekki and K. Nozaki, “Formations of spatial patterns and holes in the generalized Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Lett. A110(3), 133–135 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Pessina, E. M.

F. Fontana, M. Begotti, E. M. Pessina, and L. A. Lugiato, “Maxwell-Bloch modelocking instabilities in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.114(1–2), 89–94 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Radhakrishnan, R.

R. Radhakrishnan and K. Aravinthan, “A dark-bright optical soliton solution to the coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equation,” J. Phys. A: Math. Theor.40(43), 13023–13030 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reynaud, F.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A. G.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, F.

S. Colin, E. Contesse, P. L. Boudec, G. Stephan, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of a saturable-absorption effect in heavily erbium-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett.21(24), 1987–1989 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Meziane, F. Sanchez, G. M. Stephan, and P. L. François, “Feedback-induced polarization switching in a Nd-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.19(23), 1970–1972 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A48(3), 2220–2229 (1993).

P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, E. Delevaque, J.-F. Bayon, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Influence of ion pairs on the dynamical behaviour of Er3+-doped fibre lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(8), 501–507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. François, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Self-pulsing in Er3+-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(5), 359–367 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

Serkin, V. N.

Shabat, A. B.

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Interaction between solitons in a stable medium,” Sov. Phys. JETP37(5), 823–828 (1973).

Shirakawa, A.

Shum, P. P.

Stephan, G.

S. Colin, E. Contesse, P. L. Boudec, G. Stephan, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of a saturable-absorption effect in heavily erbium-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett.21(24), 1987–1989 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A48(3), 2220–2229 (1993).

Stephan, G. M.

B. Meziane, F. Sanchez, G. M. Stephan, and P. L. François, “Feedback-induced polarization switching in a Nd-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.19(23), 1970–1972 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. François, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Self-pulsing in Er3+-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(5), 359–367 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, E. Delevaque, J.-F. Bayon, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Influence of ion pairs on the dynamical behaviour of Er3+-doped fibre lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(8), 501–507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sylvestre, T.

Taillon, Y.

Tang, D. Y.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and R. J. Knize, “Vector dark domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express18(5), 4428–4433 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B80(5), 052302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A80(4), 045803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Wang, H. Y.

H. Y. Wang, W. C. Xu, W. J. Cao, L. Y. Wang, and J. L. Dong, “Experimental observation of bright-dark pulse emitting in an all-fiber ring cavity laser,” Laser Phys.22(1), 282–285 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. Y.

H. Y. Wang, W. C. Xu, W. J. Cao, L. Y. Wang, and J. L. Dong, “Experimental observation of bright-dark pulse emitting in an all-fiber ring cavity laser,” Laser Phys.22(1), 282–285 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B80(5), 052302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A80(4), 045803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(15), 153904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, W.

H. Yin, W. Xu, A. Luo, Z. Luo, and J. Liu, “Observation of dark pulse in a dispersion-managed fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun.283(21), 4338–4341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W. C.

H. Y. Wang, W. C. Xu, W. J. Cao, L. Y. Wang, and J. L. Dong, “Experimental observation of bright-dark pulse emitting in an all-fiber ring cavity laser,” Laser Phys.22(1), 282–285 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Yin, H.

H. Yin, W. Xu, A. Luo, Z. Luo, and J. Liu, “Observation of dark pulse in a dispersion-managed fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun.283(21), 4338–4341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yun, L.

Yupapin, P. P.

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(15), 153904 (2008).
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Y. Meng, S. Zhang, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, and X. Li, “Bright-dark soliton pairs in a self-mode locking fiber laser,” Opt. Eng.51(6), 064302 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T.

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and R. J. Knize, “Vector dark domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express18(5), 4428–4433 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B80(5), 052302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A80(4), 045803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(15), 153904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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J. Phys. A: Math. Theor.

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[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

H. Y. Wang, W. C. Xu, W. J. Cao, L. Y. Wang, and J. L. Dong, “Experimental observation of bright-dark pulse emitting in an all-fiber ring cavity laser,” Laser Phys.22(1), 282–285 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.

S. F. Hanim, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Dark soliton generation using dual brillouin fiber laser in a fiber optic ring resonator,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.52(4), 881–883 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

H. Yin, W. Xu, A. Luo, Z. Luo, and J. Liu, “Observation of dark pulse in a dispersion-managed fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun.283(21), 4338–4341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A80(4), 045803 (2009).
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H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B80(5), 052302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(15), 153904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MOV (26310 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (18777 KB)     

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the fiber ring laser cavity, WDM: wavelength-division multiplexer. PC: polarization controller; PI-ISO: polarization-independent isolator; OC: output coupler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Oscilloscope trace (a) and optical spectrum (b) of the self-pulsing with the pumping power of 56 mW.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output of the laser: Oscilloscope trace (a); inset: an expanded version of a single pulse. Optical spectrum (b) and autocorrelation trace (c).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Oscilloscope traces(a), the corresponding spectrum (b) of dark-bright pulse pairs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Oscilloscope traces of the HML counterparts of dark-bright pulse pairs of orders 2 and 4.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Oscilloscope traces of normalized intensity (a) and output spectrum of the dark pulse (b).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Oscilloscope traces of the HML counterparts of dark pulse of orders 3, 4, 5 and 6. See Media 1 and Media 2.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

A dark pulse state numerically calculated (α = 0.042/m). Evolution with time and the number of roundtrips (a), intensity profile of the dark pulse on the last roundtrip (b) and numerical spectrum (dotted curve) compared to experimental spectrum (solid curve) (c).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

A dark-bright pulse pairs state numerically calculated (α = 0.141/m). Evolution with time and the number of roundtrips (a), intensity profile of the dark-bright pulse pairs on the last roundtrip (b) and numerical spectrum (dotted curve) compared to experimental spectrum (solid curve) (c).

Equations (3)

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A z = α 2 Ai β 2 2 2 A t 2 +iγ | A | 2 A+( g 0 1+ E pulse / E sat )( 1+ 1 Ω g 2 2 t 2 )A
g= g 0 1+ E pulse /E sat
T=1 R sat /[ 1+P/ P sat ]

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