Abstract

Using a combination of experimental techniques such as optical absorption, Raman scattering, continuous wave and pulse Electron Spin Resonance (ESR), we characterize a set of γ-irradiated Yb3+ doped silica glass preforms with different contents of phosphorous and aluminum. We demonstrate that when P is introduced in excess compared to Al, nearly no radiodarkening is induced by γ-rays. On the other hand, when Al>P, a large absorption band is induced by radiation. Thermal annealing experiments reveal the correlation between the decrease of the optical absorption band and the decrease of the Al-Oxygen Hole Center (AlOHC) ESR signal, demonstrating the main role of AlOHC defects in the fiber darkening. HYSCORE (HYperfine Sublevel CORElation) pulse-ESR experiments show a high Al-P nuclear spin coupling when P>Al and no coupling when Al>P. This result suggests that both AlOHC and POHC creation is inhibited by Al-O-P linkages. Confronting our data with previous works, we show that the well-known photodarkening process, meaning losses induced by the IR pump, can also be explained in this framework.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Moses, “Multi-megajoule NIF: ushering in a new era in high density science,” Proc. SPIE7005, 70050F, 70050F-11 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Girard, J. Baggio, J. L. Leray, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Laser megajoule CEA vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for laser megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Ma, M. Li, L. Tan, Y. Zhou, S. Yu, and Q. Ran, “Experimental investigation of radiation effect on erbium-ytterbium co-doped fiber amplifier for space optical communication in low-dose radiation environment,” Opt. Express17(18), 15571–15577 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Li and M. Lu, “The effect of added O2 on the transmittance and radiation resistance of radiation resistant glasses,” Opt. Express18(25), 26307–26312 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminium or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys.136(1), 014503 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J. Bisutti, “14-MeV, γ-ray and pulse X-ray radiation-induced effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.53(6), 3750–3757 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorous-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Measuring photodarkening from single-mode ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express14(24), 11539–11544 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Preventing photodarkening in ytterbium-doped high power fiber lasers; correlation to the UV-transparency of the core glass,” Opt. Express16(2), 1260–1268 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “Revisiting literature observations on photodarkening in Yb3+doped fiber considering the possible presence of Tm impurities,” J. Appl. Phys.112(9), 093511 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. D. L. Griscom, “On the nature of radiation-induced point defects in GeO2-SiO2 glasses: reevaluation of a 26-year-old ESR and optical data set,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 400–412 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. K. L. Brower, “Electron paramagnetic resonance of Al E1’centers in vitreous silica,” Phys. Rev. B20(5), 1799–1811 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).
  23. F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Phosphorous doping and drawing effects on the Raman spectroscopic properties of O = P bond in silica-based fiber and preform,” Opt. Mater. Express2(10), 1391–1396 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  25. V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  26. B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−property relations in mixed-network glasses: multinuclear solid state NMR investigations of the system xAl2O3:(30 − x)P2O5:70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  27. R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, “Spectroscopic signature of phosphate crystallization in Erbium-doped optical fibre preforms,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 835–838 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  30. D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1945–1962 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  31. A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. Engholm, L. Norin, and D. Aberg, “Strong UV absorption and visible luminescence in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate glass under UV excitation,” Opt. Lett.32(22), 3352–3354 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. S. Yoo, C. Basu, A. J. Boyland, C. Sones, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and D. Payne, “Photodarkening in Yb-doped aluminosilicate fibers induced by 488 nm irradiation,” Opt. Lett.32(12), 1626–1628 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. I. Manek-Hönninger, J. Boullet, T. Cardinal, F. Guillen, S. Ermeneux, M. Podgorski, R. Bello Doua, and F. Salin, “Photodarkening and photobleaching of an ytterbium-doped silica double-clad LMA fiber,” Opt. Express15(4), 1606–1611 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. P. D. Dragic, C. G. Carlson, and A. Croteau, “Characterization of defect luminescence in Yb doped silica fibers: part I NBOHC,” Opt. Express16(7), 4688–4697 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  40. F. Mady, M. Benabdesselam, and W. Blanc, “Thermoluminescence characterization of traps involved in the photodarkening of ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” Opt. Lett.35(21), 3541–3543 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. M. Leich, U. Röpke, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, V. Reichel, and J. Kirchhof, “Non-isothermal bleaching of photodarkened Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Express17(15), 12588–12593 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. K. E. Mattsson, “Photo darkening of rare earth doped silica,” Opt. Express19(21), 19797–19812 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Milanese, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Mechin, D. Tregoat, B. Cadier, and T. Robin, “Temporal evolution and correlation between cooperative luminescence and photodarkening in ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express19(25), 25077–25083 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, C. Gonnet, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, and O. Cavani, “How do traces of thulium explain photodarkening in Yb doped fibers?” Opt. Express18(19), 20455–20460 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. S. Jetschke, M. Leich, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of Tm- or Er-codoping on the photodarkening kinetics in Yb fibers,” Opt. Express19(15), 14473–14478 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  46. S. Jetschke, S. Unger, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening kinetics as a function of Yb concentration and the role of Al codoping,” Appl. Opt.51(32), 7758–7764 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “A new vision of photodarkening in Yb3+-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE8257, 825705, 825705-7 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  48. H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, D. Méchin, and D. Tregoat, “Mitigation of photodarkening phenomenon in fiber lasers by 633 nm light exposure,” Opt. Lett.38(2), 196–198 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2012 (8)

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Phosphorous doping and drawing effects on the Raman spectroscopic properties of O = P bond in silica-based fiber and preform,” Opt. Mater. Express2(10), 1391–1396 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening kinetics as a function of Yb concentration and the role of Al codoping,” Appl. Opt.51(32), 7758–7764 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys.136(1), 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “Revisiting literature observations on photodarkening in Yb3+doped fiber considering the possible presence of Tm impurities,” J. Appl. Phys.112(9), 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “A new vision of photodarkening in Yb3+-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE8257, 825705, 825705-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (8)

D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1945–1962 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, “Spectroscopic signature of phosphate crystallization in Erbium-doped optical fibre preforms,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 835–838 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, “On the nature of radiation-induced point defects in GeO2-SiO2 glasses: reevaluation of a 26-year-old ESR and optical data set,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 400–412 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, M. Leich, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of Tm- or Er-codoping on the photodarkening kinetics in Yb fibers,” Opt. Express19(15), 14473–14478 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. E. Mattsson, “Photo darkening of rare earth doped silica,” Opt. Express19(21), 19797–19812 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Milanese, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Mechin, D. Tregoat, B. Cadier, and T. Robin, “Temporal evolution and correlation between cooperative luminescence and photodarkening in ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express19(25), 25077–25083 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

2009 (4)

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−property relations in mixed-network glasses: multinuclear solid state NMR investigations of the system xAl2O3:(30 − x)P2O5:70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Leich, U. Röpke, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, V. Reichel, and J. Kirchhof, “Non-isothermal bleaching of photodarkened Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Express17(15), 12588–12593 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ma, M. Li, L. Tan, Y. Zhou, S. Yu, and Q. Ran, “Experimental investigation of radiation effect on erbium-ytterbium co-doped fiber amplifier for space optical communication in low-dose radiation environment,” Opt. Express17(18), 15571–15577 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

2007 (6)

2006 (5)

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Measuring photodarkening from single-mode ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express14(24), 11539–11544 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J. Bisutti, “14-MeV, γ-ray and pulse X-ray radiation-induced effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.53(6), 3750–3757 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J. L. Leray, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Laser megajoule CEA vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for laser megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminium or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

K. L. Brower, “Electron paramagnetic resonance of Al E1’centers in vitreous silica,” Phys. Rev. B20(5), 1799–1811 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aberg, D.

Aitken, B. G.

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−property relations in mixed-network glasses: multinuclear solid state NMR investigations of the system xAl2O3:(30 − x)P2O5:70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Alessi, A.

Alombert-Goget, G.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminium or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Assmann, W.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baggio, J.

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J. Bisutti, “14-MeV, γ-ray and pulse X-ray radiation-induced effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.53(6), 3750–3757 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J. L. Leray, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Laser megajoule CEA vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for laser megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bambha, R. P.

areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Basu, C.

Belcher, J.

J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bello Doua, R.

Benabdesselam, M.

Bisutti, J.

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J. Bisutti, “14-MeV, γ-ray and pulse X-ray radiation-induced effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.53(6), 3750–3757 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blanc, W.

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, “Spectroscopic signature of phosphate crystallization in Erbium-doped optical fibre preforms,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 835–838 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Mady, M. Benabdesselam, and W. Blanc, “Thermoluminescence characterization of traps involved in the photodarkening of ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” Opt. Lett.35(21), 3541–3543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boizot, B.

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).

Boukenter, A.

A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Phosphorous doping and drawing effects on the Raman spectroscopic properties of O = P bond in silica-based fiber and preform,” Opt. Mater. Express2(10), 1391–1396 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorous-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J. L. Leray, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Laser megajoule CEA vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for laser megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boullet, J.

Boyland, A. J.

Brower, K. L.

K. L. Brower, “Electron paramagnetic resonance of Al E1’centers in vitreous silica,” Phys. Rev. B20(5), 1799–1811 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Burov, E.

Cadier, B.

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, D. Méchin, and D. Tregoat, “Mitigation of photodarkening phenomenon in fiber lasers by 633 nm light exposure,” Opt. Lett.38(2), 196–198 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Milanese, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Mechin, D. Tregoat, B. Cadier, and T. Robin, “Temporal evolution and correlation between cooperative luminescence and photodarkening in ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express19(25), 25077–25083 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cannas, M.

A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Phosphorous doping and drawing effects on the Raman spectroscopic properties of O = P bond in silica-based fiber and preform,” Opt. Mater. Express2(10), 1391–1396 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorous-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cardinal, T.

Carlson, C. G.

Cavani, O.

Chah, K.

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).

Chaussedent, S.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chiasera, A.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Crochet, P.

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Croteau, A.

Dai, N.

Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Deschamps, T.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys.136(1), 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deshpande, R. R.

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−property relations in mixed-network glasses: multinuclear solid state NMR investigations of the system xAl2O3:(30 − x)P2O5:70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dragic, P. D.

Du, J.

J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dussardier, B.

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, “Spectroscopic signature of phosphate crystallization in Erbium-doped optical fibre preforms,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 835–838 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eckert, H.

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−property relations in mixed-network glasses: multinuclear solid state NMR investigations of the system xAl2O3:(30 − x)P2O5:70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ekstrom, C.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Engholm, M.

Ermeneux, S.

Ferrari, M.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J. W.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fox, B. P.

areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Galeener, F. L.

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Gaumer, N.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gebavi, H.

Geissberger, A. E.

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ghaleb, D.

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).

Girard, S.

A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Phosphorous doping and drawing effects on the Raman spectroscopic properties of O = P bond in silica-based fiber and preform,” Opt. Mater. Express2(10), 1391–1396 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorous-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J. Bisutti, “14-MeV, γ-ray and pulse X-ray radiation-induced effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.53(6), 3750–3757 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J. L. Leray, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Laser megajoule CEA vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for laser megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gonnet, C.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys.136(1), 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “A new vision of photodarkening in Yb3+-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE8257, 825705, 825705-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “Revisiting literature observations on photodarkening in Yb3+doped fiber considering the possible presence of Tm impurities,” J. Appl. Phys.112(9), 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, C. Gonnet, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, and O. Cavani, “How do traces of thulium explain photodarkening in Yb doped fibers?” Opt. Express18(19), 20455–20460 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greiter, M.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Griscom, D. L.

D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1945–1962 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, “On the nature of radiation-induced point defects in GeO2-SiO2 glasses: reevaluation of a 26-year-old ESR and optical data set,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 400–412 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Guillen, F.

Guzman Chávez, A. D.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Habs, D.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Handa, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminium or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hansch, T. W.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, M.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoeschen, C.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, H. J.

Holzwarth, R.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminium or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hosono, H.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Il’ichev, N. N.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, Y.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminium or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Jacquier, B.

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, “Spectroscopic signature of phosphate crystallization in Erbium-doped optical fibre preforms,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 835–838 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, C. Gonnet, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, and O. Cavani, “How do traces of thulium explain photodarkening in Yb doped fibers?” Opt. Express18(19), 20455–20460 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jetschke, S.

Jurdyc, A. M.

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “A new vision of photodarkening in Yb3+-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE8257, 825705, 825705-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “Revisiting literature observations on photodarkening in Yb3+doped fiber considering the possible presence of Tm impurities,” J. Appl. Phys.112(9), 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, “Spectroscopic signature of phosphate crystallization in Erbium-doped optical fibre preforms,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 835–838 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, C. Gonnet, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, and O. Cavani, “How do traces of thulium explain photodarkening in Yb doped fibers?” Opt. Express18(19), 20455–20460 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kir’yanov, A. V.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kirchhof, J.

Kliner, D. A. V.

areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kokou, L.

J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koltashev, V. V.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koponen, J. J.

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminium or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lablonde, L.

Landais, D.

Laurent, A.

Le Goffic, O.

Leich, M.

Leray, J. L.

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J. L. Leray, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Laser megajoule CEA vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for laser megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lezius, M.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

Li, W.

Liu, Z.

Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Long, K. J.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M.

Luan, H.

Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

Mady, F.

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Marcandella, C.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsuishi, S.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mattsson, K. E.

Mechin, D.

Méchin, D.

Médjahdi, K.

Meister, D. C.

areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Messaddeq, Y.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Messina, F.

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorous-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meunier, J. P.

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J. L. Leray, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Laser megajoule CEA vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for laser megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Milanese, D.

Monteil, A.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monteville, A.

Moses, E.

E. Moses, “Multi-megajoule NIF: ushering in a new era in high density science,” Proc. SPIE7005, 70050F, 70050F-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminium or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Nishii, J.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norin, L.

Obriot, J.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ollier, N.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys.136(1), 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Origlio, G.

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorous-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oto, M.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ouerdane, Y.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Phosphorous doping and drawing effects on the Raman spectroscopic properties of O = P bond in silica-based fiber and preform,” Opt. Mater. Express2(10), 1391–1396 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorous-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J. L. Leray, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Laser megajoule CEA vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for laser megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pantano, C. G.

J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pastouret, A.

Payne, D.

Peretti, R.

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “Revisiting literature observations on photodarkening in Yb3+doped fiber considering the possible presence of Tm impurities,” J. Appl. Phys.112(9), 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “A new vision of photodarkening in Yb3+-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE8257, 825705, 825705-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, “Spectroscopic signature of phosphate crystallization in Erbium-doped optical fibre preforms,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 835–838 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, C. Gonnet, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, and O. Cavani, “How do traces of thulium explain photodarkening in Yb doped fibers?” Opt. Express18(19), 20455–20460 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petite, G.

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).

Pinsard, E.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Podgorski, M.

Predehl, K.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Prokofiev, A.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ran, Q.

Reichel, V.

Reynard, B.

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Robin, T.

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, D. Méchin, and D. Tregoat, “Mitigation of photodarkening phenomenon in fiber lasers by 633 nm light exposure,” Opt. Lett.38(2), 196–198 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Milanese, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Mechin, D. Tregoat, B. Cadier, and T. Robin, “Temporal evolution and correlation between cooperative luminescence and photodarkening in ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express19(25), 25077–25083 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Röpke, U.

Rygel, J. L.

J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Saitoh, A.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

Schneider, Z. V.

areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schwuchow, A.

Se-Weon, C.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheng, Y.

Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Simmons-Potter, K.

areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Söderlund, M. J.

areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Measuring photodarkening from single-mode ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express14(24), 11539–11544 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolov, V. O.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sones, C.

Stower, W.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

Tammela, S. K. T.

Tan, L.

Thirolf, P.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Thomes, W. J.

areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tortech, B.

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tregoat, D.

Turler, A.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Unger, S.

Vezin, H.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys.136(1), 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vivona, M.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Woodman, R.

J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S.

Youngman, R. E.

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−property relations in mixed-network glasses: multinuclear solid state NMR investigations of the system xAl2O3:(30 − x)P2O5:70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

Yu, Y.

Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (3)

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J. Bisutti, “14-MeV, γ-ray and pulse X-ray radiation-induced effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.53(6), 3750–3757 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J. L. Leray, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Laser megajoule CEA vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for laser megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

J. Du, L. Kokou, J. L. Rygel, Y. Chen, C. G. Pantano, R. Woodman, and J. Belcher, “Structure of cerium phosphate glasses: molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2393–2401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorous-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminium or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “Revisiting literature observations on photodarkening in Yb3+doped fiber considering the possible presence of Tm impurities,” J. Appl. Phys.112(9), 093511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys.136(1), 014503 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1945–1962 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce codoping and H2 pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by confocal micro-luminescence,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(8–9), 1963–1965 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Monteil, S. Chaussedent, G. Alombert-Goget, N. Gaumer, J. Obriot, S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, A. Chiasera, and M. Ferrari, “Clustering of rare earth in glasses, aluminum effect: experiments and modeling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids348, 44–50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Nucl. Mater. (1)

Y. Sheng, L. Yang, H. Luan, Z. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Li, and N. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater.427(1–3), 58–61 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of codoping effects on the solubility enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 glass: striking difference between Al and P codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−property relations in mixed-network glasses: multinuclear solid state NMR investigations of the system xAl2O3:(30 − x)P2O5:70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B (1)

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).

Opt. Express (15)

K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Measuring photodarkening from single-mode ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express14(24), 11539–11544 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Manek-Hönninger, J. Boullet, T. Cardinal, F. Guillen, S. Ermeneux, M. Podgorski, R. Bello Doua, and F. Salin, “Photodarkening and photobleaching of an ytterbium-doped silica double-clad LMA fiber,” Opt. Express15(4), 1606–1611 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Preventing photodarkening in ytterbium-doped high power fiber lasers; correlation to the UV-transparency of the core glass,” Opt. Express16(2), 1260–1268 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. Dragic, C. G. Carlson, and A. Croteau, “Characterization of defect luminescence in Yb doped silica fibers: part I NBOHC,” Opt. Express16(7), 4688–4697 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Leich, U. Röpke, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, V. Reichel, and J. Kirchhof, “Non-isothermal bleaching of photodarkened Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Express17(15), 12588–12593 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ma, M. Li, L. Tan, Y. Zhou, S. Yu, and Q. Ran, “Experimental investigation of radiation effect on erbium-ytterbium co-doped fiber amplifier for space optical communication in low-dose radiation environment,” Opt. Express17(18), 15571–15577 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, C. Gonnet, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, and O. Cavani, “How do traces of thulium explain photodarkening in Yb doped fibers?” Opt. Express18(19), 20455–20460 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Li and M. Lu, “The effect of added O2 on the transmittance and radiation resistance of radiation resistant glasses,” Opt. Express18(25), 26307–26312 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jetschke, M. Leich, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of Tm- or Er-codoping on the photodarkening kinetics in Yb fibers,” Opt. Express19(15), 14473–14478 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. E. Mattsson, “Photo darkening of rare earth doped silica,” Opt. Express19(21), 19797–19812 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Milanese, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Mechin, D. Tregoat, B. Cadier, and T. Robin, “Temporal evolution and correlation between cooperative luminescence and photodarkening in ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express19(25), 25077–25083 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, “Spectroscopic signature of phosphate crystallization in Erbium-doped optical fibre preforms,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 835–838 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Brower, “Electron paramagnetic resonance of Al E1’centers in vitreous silica,” Phys. Rev. B20(5), 1799–1811 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (4)

R. Peretti, C. Gonnet, and A. M. Jurdyc, “A new vision of photodarkening in Yb3+-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE8257, 825705, 825705-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, B. Tortech, T. Robin, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, B. Cadier, J. P. Meunier, and P. Crochet, “Vulnerability of rare-earth-doped fibers for space missions: origins of radiation-induced attenuation,” Proc. SPIE7316(731617), 731617, 731617-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

areB. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, D. A. V. Kliner, and M. J. Söderlund, “Gamma radiation effects in Yb-doped optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE6453(645328), 645328, 645328-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Moses, “Multi-megajoule NIF: ushering in a new era in high density science,” Proc. SPIE7005, 70050F, 70050F-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Samples A, B, G, and F before (left) and after (right) gamma irradiation. The samples F and G, which contains an excess of aluminum compared to phosphorous, are darkened by gamma rays.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical absorption spectra of the seven irradiated preforms. Samples A and B (P>Al) exhibit low absorption band in the visible range. The sharp peak around 980 nm is the absorption band of Yb3+. The spectra have been cut between 850 nm and 930 nm due to discontinuities induced by the change of the lamp during the experiment; (b) cw-ESR spectra of the seven irradiated samples. The inset displays an enlargement of the weak signal of AlOHC defects around 348 mT. All the spectra have been recorded at ambient temperature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) cw-ESR spectra of the preform G at different power between 0.1mW and 50 mW around the AlOHC defect resonance; (b) Intensity of the AlOHC signal in function of the power square root. A linear behaviour is observed up to P = 2mW, the working power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical absorption spectra of the preform G recorded during thermal annealing experiment up to 650 °C. A gradual decrease of the visible absorption induced by irradiation is observed.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Evolution of the intensity of the visible absorption band; (b) the intensity of AlOHC ESR signal during the thermal annealing experiment. Both characterizations display a stable behaviour up to 200 °C, and a decrease of the signal between 200 °C and 400 °C. Above 450 °C, the visible absorption band and the AlOHC ESR signal have completely disappeared.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Normalized Raman spectra of preform fibers A, C, D, F (straight lines) and of pure silica glass (dotted line). Above 1000 cm−1, Al-O-P linkages are revealed in the doped samples. The P = O stretching band at 1330 cm−1 well appears when P>Al (sample A).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

2D-HYSCORE pulse ESR spectra of the pristine samples A, B, D, E, F, and G recorded at liquid He temperature and at a magnetic field of 350 mT. A and B samples reveal off-diagonal peaks showing the proximity of Al and P nuclei around Yb3+ when phosphorous is introduced in excess compared to aluminium.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Chemical core composition of the fiber preforms determined using Castaing’s microprobe. The Al/P ratio is also provided. Concentrations are in at%.

Metrics