Abstract

We report phase-sensitive amplification of light using χ(3) parametric processes in a chalcogenide ridge waveguide. By spectrally slicing pump, signal and idler waves from a single pulsed source, we are able to observe 9.9 dB of on-chip phase-sensitive extinction with a signal-degenerate dual pump four-wave mixing architecture in good agreement with numerical simulations.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  9. H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Quantum frequency translation of single-photon states in photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(9), 093604 (2010).
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  10. J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC, (Turin, 2010), paper PDP 3.3.
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    [CrossRef]
  14. K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18(5), 4130–4137(2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. M. A. F. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. A. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersion Trimming in a reconfigurable wavelength selective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(1), 73–78 (2008).
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  29. M. Gao, T. Inoue, T. Kuroso, and S. Namiki, “Evolution of the gain extinction ratio in dual-pump phase sensitive amplification,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1439–1441 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. T. D. Vo, R. Pant, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, D. Choi, S. K. Debbarma, S. J. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip-based all-optical XOR gate for 40 and 160 Gbit/s DPSK signals,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 710–712 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, “Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion,” Nature478(7369), 360–363 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

2011 (8)

T. D. Vo, R. Pant, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, D. Choi, S. K. Debbarma, S. J. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip-based all-optical XOR gate for 40 and 160 Gbit/s DPSK signals,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 710–712 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Lundström, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-to-phase and phase-to-amplitude transfer characteristics of a nondegenerate-idler phase-sensitive amplifier,” Opt. Lett.36(22), 4356–4358 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express19(26), B131–B139 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics5(3), 141–148 (2011).

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, “Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion,” Nature478(7369), 360–363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[CrossRef]

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “A gravitational wave observatory operating beyond the quantum shot-noise limit,” Nat. Phys.7(12), 962–965 (2011).

2010 (4)

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Quantum frequency translation of single-photon states in photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(9), 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18(5), 4130–4137(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

M. R. E. Lamont, C. M. de Sterke, and B. Eggleton, “Dispersion engineering of highly nonlinear As2S3 waveguides for parametric gain and wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express15(15), 9458–9463 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abakoumov, D.

Andrekson, P.

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

Asobe, M.

U. Takeshi, H. Takenouchi, and M. Asobe, “First demonstration of in-line phase sensitive amplifier based on PPLN waveguide,” in ECOC (Amsterdam, 2012), conference paper Tu.3.E.1.

Baxter, G.

Bogris, A.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC, (Turin, 2010), paper PDP 3.3.

Bolger, J. A.

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D.

Corcoran, B.

Croussore, K.

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Croussore, K. A.

K. A. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification in bismuth oxide highly nonlinear fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO, (2007), paper CMZ4.

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Debbarma, S. K.

Devgan, P. S.

Eggleton, B.

Eggleton, B. J.

Ellis, A. D.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ettabib, M. A.

Fan, J.

Feng, X.

Frascella, P.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frisken, S.

Gallo, K.

Gao, M.

Garcia Gunning, F. C.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
[CrossRef]

Grigoryan, V.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grüner-Nielson, L.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

Herstrm, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, T.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jones, L.

Kakande, J.

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18(5), 4130–4137(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC, (Turin, 2010), paper PDP 3.3.

Karlsson, M.

Koos, C.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Kuroso, T.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Langford, N. K.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, “Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion,” Nature478(7369), 360–363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lasri, J.

Lee, K. J.

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification in bismuth oxide highly nonlinear fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO, (2007), paper CMZ4.

Liu, S.

Loh, W. H.

Lundström, C.

Luther-Davies, B.

B. J. Eggleton, T.D. Vo, R. Pant, J. Schröder, M. D. Pelusi, D. Yong Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photonic chip based ultrafast optical processing based on high nonlinearity dispersion engineered chalcogenide waveguides,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(1), 97–114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics5(3), 141–148 (2011).

T. D. Vo, R. Pant, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, D. Choi, S. K. Debbarma, S. J. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip-based all-optical XOR gate for 40 and 160 Gbit/s DPSK signals,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 710–712 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madden, S.

B. J. Eggleton, T.D. Vo, R. Pant, J. Schröder, M. D. Pelusi, D. Yong Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photonic chip based ultrafast optical processing based on high nonlinearity dispersion engineered chalcogenide waveguides,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(1), 97–114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S. J.

Mazroa, D.

A. Szabo, B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2087–2089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express19(26), B131–B139 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McGuinness, H. J.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Quantum frequency translation of single-photon states in photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(9), 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Migdall, A.

Milburn, G. J.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, “Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion,” Nature478(7369), 360–363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munro, W. J.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, “Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion,” Nature478(7369), 360–363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Namiki, S.

O’Gorman, J.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pant, R.

B. J. Eggleton, T.D. Vo, R. Pant, J. Schröder, M. D. Pelusi, D. Yong Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photonic chip based ultrafast optical processing based on high nonlinearity dispersion engineered chalcogenide waveguides,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(1), 97–114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Vo, R. Pant, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, D. Choi, S. K. Debbarma, S. J. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip-based all-optical XOR gate for 40 and 160 Gbit/s DPSK signals,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 710–712 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parmigiani, F.

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18(5), 4130–4137(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC, (Turin, 2010), paper PDP 3.3.

Pelusi, M. D.

B. J. Eggleton, T.D. Vo, R. Pant, J. Schröder, M. D. Pelusi, D. Yong Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photonic chip based ultrafast optical processing based on high nonlinearity dispersion engineered chalcogenide waveguides,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(1), 97–114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Vo, R. Pant, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, D. Choi, S. K. Debbarma, S. J. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip-based all-optical XOR gate for 40 and 160 Gbit/s DPSK signals,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 710–712 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petropoulos, P.

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18(5), 4130–4137(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC, (Turin, 2010), paper PDP 3.3.

Petropoulos, R.P.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Petrovich, M. N.

Phelan, R.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

Ponzo, G. M.

Poole, S.

Prevedel, R.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, “Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion,” Nature478(7369), 360–363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Puttnam, B. J.

A. Szabo, B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2087–2089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express19(26), B131–B139 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Ramelow, S.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, “Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion,” Nature478(7369), 360–363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raymer, M. G.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Quantum frequency translation of single-photon states in photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(9), 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, J. D. Harvey, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Translation of quantum states by four-wave mixing in fibers,” Opt. Express13(22), 9131–9142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18(5), 4130–4137(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC, (Turin, 2010), paper PDP 3.3.

Richardson, K.

B. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics5(3), 141–148 (2011).

Roelens, M. A. F.

Schröder, J.

Shi, J.

Shinada, S.

A. Szabo, B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2087–2089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express19(26), B131–B139 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slavik, R.

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC, (Turin, 2010), paper PDP 3.3.

Sygletos, S.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC, (Turin, 2010), paper PDP 3.3.

Szabo, A.

A. Szabo, B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2087–2089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takenouchi, H.

U. Takeshi, H. Takenouchi, and M. Asobe, “First demonstration of in-line phase sensitive amplifier based on PPLN waveguide,” in ECOC (Amsterdam, 2012), conference paper Tu.3.E.1.

Takeshi, U.

U. Takeshi, H. Takenouchi, and M. Asobe, “First demonstration of in-line phase sensitive amplifier based on PPLN waveguide,” in ECOC (Amsterdam, 2012), conference paper Tu.3.E.1.

Tang, R.

Tong, Z.

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vasilyev, M.

Vo, T. D.

Vo, T.D.

B. J. Eggleton, T.D. Vo, R. Pant, J. Schröder, M. D. Pelusi, D. Yong Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photonic chip based ultrafast optical processing based on high nonlinearity dispersion engineered chalcogenide waveguides,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(1), 97–114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wada, N.

A. Szabo, B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2087–2089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express19(26), B131–B139 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weerasuriya, R.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yong Choi, D.

B. J. Eggleton, T.D. Vo, R. Pant, J. Schröder, M. D. Pelusi, D. Yong Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photonic chip based ultrafast optical processing based on high nonlinearity dispersion engineered chalcogenide waveguides,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(1), 97–114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, “Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion,” Nature478(7369), 360–363 (2011).
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J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC, (Turin, 2010), paper PDP 3.3.

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K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(11), 864–866 (2007).
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T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Szabo, B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2087–2089 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. Garcia Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielson, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 516–518(2011).
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Nat. Photonics (4)

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R.P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 748–752 (2011).
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R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “A gravitational wave observatory operating beyond the quantum shot-noise limit,” Nat. Phys.7(12), 962–965 (2011).

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N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, “Efficient quantum computing using coherent photon conversion,” Nature478(7369), 360–363 (2011).
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C. J. McKinstrie and S. Radic, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber,” Opt. Express12(20), 4973–4979 (2004).
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C. J. McKinstrie, J. D. Harvey, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Translation of quantum states by four-wave mixing in fibers,” Opt. Express13(22), 9131–9142 (2005).
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K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18(5), 4130–4137(2010).
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K. A. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification in bismuth oxide highly nonlinear fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO, (2007), paper CMZ4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Signal-degenerate phase-sensitive FWM. ωp1,2 and ωs,i are the pump and degenerate signal/idler frequencies. (b) Pump-degenerate phase-sensitive FWM scheme. ωs, ωi and ωp are the signal, idler and degenerate pump frequencies. Solid black arrows denote direction of energy transfer during FWM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

MLL = mode locked laser, SPS = spectral pulse shaper, EDFA = erbium doped fibre amplifier, PC = polarization controller, OSA = optical spectrum analyzer. The mode locked laser (MLL) is a 38.6 MHz fibre laser which generates 300 fs pulses with 160 W peak power. The output is spectrally sliced into three waves at SPS 1 and amplified in an EDFA. A second SPS tunes the phase (Δϕ) of the central signal. The polarization of all three waves is aligned to the TM waveguide mode and coupled onto the chip. A power meter monitors the input and output power to the chip. The output spectrum is detected on an OSA. The blue traces are schematics of the spectrum at each point in the experiment. The inset shows a cross-section of the chalcogenide waveguide with the associated dimensions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical normalized spectrum at (a) the output of the mode locked laser and at (b) the output of SPS 2 after spectral slicing (lower) for signal-degenerate FWM.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Unamplified signal spectrum (black dotted line) and amplified spectra (solid coloured lines) for various relative phase shifts, with a simulated spectrum for comparison (dashed line) (b) Close-up of the signal spectrum. (c) On-chip signal gain (dB) as a function of relative signal phase (Δϕ); (blue dots) experimental data, (red line) numerical simulation.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 List of simulation parameters for the signal-degenerate FWM experiment. This set of parameters was used to generate the simulation data in Fig. 4 (e).

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