Abstract

We introduce Talbot self-imaging into photoalignment technique to record Talbot carpet into an LC cell. Through the design of the setup, different images are presented on a single sample. By taking a simple 1D grating mask as an example, an LC cell with complex alignment structures applicable as Mach-Zehnder interferometer arrays is demonstrated. Further mask design permits feasibility of various structures which are practicable for many applications. This method may facilitate the fabrication of photonic applications such as optical communication, computing and sensing, etc.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (1)

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

I. Abdulhalim, “Liquid crystal active nanophotonics and plasmonics: from science to devices,” J. Nanophotonics 6(1), 061001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. T. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal gratings based on alternate TN and PA photoalignment,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5384–5391 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. W. Lin, W. Hu, X. K. Hu, X. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Q. Cui, G. Zhu, J. N. Li, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fast response dual-frequency liquid crystal switch with photo-patterned alignments,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3627–3629 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Yaroshchuk and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals: basics and current trends,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(2), 286–300 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, A. Laing, A. Politi, T. Rudolph, and J. L. O’Brien, “Multimode quantum interference of photons in multiport integrated devices,” Nat Commun 2, 224 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

X. Zhao, A. Bermak, F. Boussaid, T. Du, and V. G. Chigrinov, “High-resolution photoaligned liquid-crystal micropolarizer array for polarization imaging in visible spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3619–3621 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

W. Y. Wu and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Rewritable liquid crystal gratings fabricated using photoalignment effect in dye-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(10A), 6761–6766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Optically switchable twist nematic grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(4), 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, “Simple method of formation of switchable liquid crystal gratings by introducing periodic photoalignment pattern into liquid crystal cell,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 1–5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Ren, D. Fox, P. A. Anderson, B. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Tunable-focus liquid lens controlled using a servo motor,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8031–8036 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Presnyakov, K. Asatryan, T. Galstian, and V. Chigrinov, “Optical polarization grating induced liquid crystal micro-structure using azo-dye command layer,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10558–10564 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

H. Akiyama, T. Kawara, H. Takada, H. Takatsu, V. Chigrinov, E. Prudnikova, V. Kozenkov, and H. Kwok, “Synthesis and properties of azo dye aligning layers for liquid crystal cells,” Liq. Cryst. 29(10), 1321–1327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing-angles,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

K. Patorski, “The self-imaging phenomenon and its applications,” Prog. Opt. 27, 1–108 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1836 (1)

H. F. Talbot, “Facts relating to optical science, No. IV,” Philos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).

Abdulhalim, I.

I. Abdulhalim, “Liquid crystal active nanophotonics and plasmonics: from science to devices,” J. Nanophotonics 6(1), 061001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, H.

H. Akiyama, T. Kawara, H. Takada, H. Takatsu, V. Chigrinov, E. Prudnikova, V. Kozenkov, and H. Kwok, “Synthesis and properties of azo dye aligning layers for liquid crystal cells,” Liq. Cryst. 29(10), 1321–1327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, P. A.

Asatryan, K.

Barbieri, M.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bermak, A.

Boussaid, F.

Broome, M. A.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cerrina, F.

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, Y. C.

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V.

Chigrinov, V. G.

Cui, H. Q.

Du, T.

Fan, Y. H.

Fang, J. Y.

Feng, J.

J. Feng, Y. Zhao, S. S. Li, X. W. Lin, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fiber optic pressure sensor based on tunable liquid crystal technology,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(3), 292–298 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fox, D.

Fuh, A. Y. G.

W. Y. Wu and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Rewritable liquid crystal gratings fabricated using photoalignment effect in dye-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(10A), 6761–6766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Optically switchable twist nematic grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(4), 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galstian, T.

Gates, J. C.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, Z. B.

Harzendorf, T.

Hu, W.

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. T. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal gratings based on alternate TN and PA photoalignment,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5384–5391 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. W. Lin, W. Hu, X. K. Hu, X. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Q. Cui, G. Zhu, J. N. Li, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fast response dual-frequency liquid crystal switch with photo-patterned alignments,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3627–3629 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X. K.

Huang, S. Y.

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Optically switchable twist nematic grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(4), 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Humphreys, P. C.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Isoyan, A.

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, F.

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jin, B. B.

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jin, X.-M.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapoustine, V.

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, “Simple method of formation of switchable liquid crystal gratings by introducing periodic photoalignment pattern into liquid crystal cell,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 1–5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kawara, T.

H. Akiyama, T. Kawara, H. Takada, H. Takatsu, V. Chigrinov, E. Prudnikova, V. Kozenkov, and H. Kwok, “Synthesis and properties of azo dye aligning layers for liquid crystal cells,” Liq. Cryst. 29(10), 1321–1327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kazakevitch, A.

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, “Simple method of formation of switchable liquid crystal gratings by introducing periodic photoalignment pattern into liquid crystal cell,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 1–5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, B. R.

Kozenkov, V.

H. Akiyama, T. Kawara, H. Takada, H. Takatsu, V. Chigrinov, E. Prudnikova, V. Kozenkov, and H. Kwok, “Synthesis and properties of azo dye aligning layers for liquid crystal cells,” Liq. Cryst. 29(10), 1321–1327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumar Srivastava, A.

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kundys, D.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwok, H.

H. Akiyama, T. Kawara, H. Takada, H. Takatsu, V. Chigrinov, E. Prudnikova, V. Kozenkov, and H. Kwok, “Synthesis and properties of azo dye aligning layers for liquid crystal cells,” Liq. Cryst. 29(10), 1321–1327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, H. S.

Laing, A.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, A. Laing, A. Politi, T. Rudolph, and J. L. O’Brien, “Multimode quantum interference of photons in multiport integrated devices,” Nat Commun 2, 224 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langford, N. K.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J. N.

Li, S. S.

J. Feng, Y. Zhao, S. S. Li, X. W. Lin, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fiber optic pressure sensor based on tunable liquid crystal technology,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(3), 292–298 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, X.

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. W. Lin, W. Hu, X. K. Hu, X. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Q. Cui, G. Zhu, J. N. Li, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fast response dual-frequency liquid crystal switch with photo-patterned alignments,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3627–3629 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, X. W.

X. W. Lin, W. Hu, X. K. Hu, X. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Q. Cui, G. Zhu, J. N. Li, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fast response dual-frequency liquid crystal switch with photo-patterned alignments,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3627–3629 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. T. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal gratings based on alternate TN and PA photoalignment,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5384–5391 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Feng, Y. Zhao, S. S. Li, X. W. Lin, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fiber optic pressure sensor based on tunable liquid crystal technology,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(3), 292–298 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X.-W.

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. H.

Lobino, M.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. Q.

Lu, Y.-Q.

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marconi, M.

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, J. C. F.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Menoni, C.

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Metcalf, B. J.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nersisyan, S. R.

O’Brien, J. L.

A. Peruzzo, A. Laing, A. Politi, T. Rudolph, and J. L. O’Brien, “Multimode quantum interference of photons in multiport integrated devices,” Nat Commun 2, 224 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O'Brien, J. L.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Patorski, K.

K. Patorski, “The self-imaging phenomenon and its applications,” Prog. Opt. 27, 1–108 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Peruzzo, A.

A. Peruzzo, A. Laing, A. Politi, T. Rudolph, and J. L. O’Brien, “Multimode quantum interference of photons in multiport integrated devices,” Nat Commun 2, 224 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Politi, A.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, A. Laing, A. Politi, T. Rudolph, and J. L. O’Brien, “Multimode quantum interference of photons in multiport integrated devices,” Nat Commun 2, 224 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Presnyakov, V.

Prudnikova, E.

H. Akiyama, T. Kawara, H. Takada, H. Takatsu, V. Chigrinov, E. Prudnikova, V. Kozenkov, and H. Kwok, “Synthesis and properties of azo dye aligning layers for liquid crystal cells,” Liq. Cryst. 29(10), 1321–1327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ren, H.

Ren, H. W.

Reznikov, Y.

O. Yaroshchuk and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals: basics and current trends,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(2), 286–300 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J.

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, T.

A. Peruzzo, A. Laing, A. Politi, T. Rudolph, and J. L. O’Brien, “Multimode quantum interference of photons in multiport integrated devices,” Nat Commun 2, 224 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schadt, M.

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing-angles,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schuster, A.

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing-angles,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Seiberle, H.

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing-angles,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shadbolt, P. J.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Smith, B. J.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, P. G. R.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

So, V.

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, “Simple method of formation of switchable liquid crystal gratings by introducing periodic photoalignment pattern into liquid crystal cell,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 1–5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Spring, J. B.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srivastava, A.

Steeves, D. M.

Steven Kolthammer, W.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stuerzebecher, L.

Sun, J. T.

Sun, J.-T.

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tabiryan, N. V.

Takada, H.

H. Akiyama, T. Kawara, H. Takada, H. Takatsu, V. Chigrinov, E. Prudnikova, V. Kozenkov, and H. Kwok, “Synthesis and properties of azo dye aligning layers for liquid crystal cells,” Liq. Cryst. 29(10), 1321–1327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takatsu, H.

H. Akiyama, T. Kawara, H. Takada, H. Takatsu, V. Chigrinov, E. Prudnikova, V. Kozenkov, and H. Kwok, “Synthesis and properties of azo dye aligning layers for liquid crystal cells,” Liq. Cryst. 29(10), 1321–1327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Talbot, H. F.

H. F. Talbot, “Facts relating to optical science, No. IV,” Philos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).

Tam, R.

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, “Simple method of formation of switchable liquid crystal gratings by introducing periodic photoalignment pattern into liquid crystal cell,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 1–5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thomas-Peter, N.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thompson, M. G.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Urbanski, L.

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Verde, M. R.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Voelkel, R.

Vogler, U.

Wachulak, P.

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, B.

Wu, J.

Wu, J. B.

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

Wu, W. Y.

W. Y. Wu and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Rewritable liquid crystal gratings fabricated using photoalignment effect in dye-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(10A), 6761–6766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. H.

Wu, Z. J.

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.-J.

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

W. Hu, A. Srivastava, F. Xu, J. T. Sun, X. W. Lin, H. Q. Cui, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal gratings based on alternate TN and PA photoalignment,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5384–5391 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Feng, Y. Zhao, S. S. Li, X. W. Lin, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fiber optic pressure sensor based on tunable liquid crystal technology,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(3), 292–298 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yaroshchuk, O.

O. Yaroshchuk and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals: basics and current trends,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(2), 286–300 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zeitner, U. D.

Zhao, X.

Zhao, Y.

J. Feng, Y. Zhao, S. S. Li, X. W. Lin, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fiber optic pressure sensor based on tunable liquid crystal technology,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(3), 292–298 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Lin, H. W. Ren, Y. H. Wu, Y. Zhao, J. Y. Fang, Z. B. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization-independent liquid crystal phase modulator using a thin polymer-separated double-layered structure,” Opt. Express 13(22), 8746–8752 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, Z. G.

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

X. W. Lin, W. Hu, X. K. Hu, X. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Q. Cui, G. Zhu, J. N. Li, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fast response dual-frequency liquid crystal switch with photo-patterned alignments,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3627–3629 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

AIP Adv. (1)

X. W. Lin, J. B. Wu, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, Z. J. Wu, G. Zhu, F. Xu, B. B. Jin, and Y. Q. Lu, “Self-polarizing terahertz liquid crystal phase shifter,” AIP Adv. 1(3), 032133 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Optically switchable twist nematic grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(4), 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Hu, A. Kumar Srivastava, X.-W. Lin, X. Liang, Z.-J. Wu, J.-T. Sun, G. Zhu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Polarization independent liquid crystal gratings based on orthogonal photoalignments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

J. Feng, Y. Zhao, S. S. Li, X. W. Lin, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Fiber optic pressure sensor based on tunable liquid crystal technology,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(3), 292–298 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

O. Yaroshchuk and Y. Reznikov, “Photoalignment of liquid crystals: basics and current trends,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(2), 286–300 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanophotonics (1)

I. Abdulhalim, “Liquid crystal active nanophotonics and plasmonics: from science to devices,” J. Nanophotonics 6(1), 061001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

A. Isoyan, F. Jiang, Y. C. Cheng, F. Cerrina, P. Wachulak, L. Urbanski, J. Rocca, C. Menoni, and M. Marconi, “Talbot lithography: Self-imaging of complex structures,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(6), 2931–2937 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Y. Wu and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Rewritable liquid crystal gratings fabricated using photoalignment effect in dye-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(10A), 6761–6766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liq. Cryst. (1)

H. Akiyama, T. Kawara, H. Takada, H. Takatsu, V. Chigrinov, E. Prudnikova, V. Kozenkov, and H. Kwok, “Synthesis and properties of azo dye aligning layers for liquid crystal cells,” Liq. Cryst. 29(10), 1321–1327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat Commun (2)

A. Peruzzo, A. Laing, A. Politi, T. Rudolph, and J. L. O’Brien, “Multimode quantum interference of photons in multiport integrated devices,” Nat Commun 2, 224 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Metcalf, N. Thomas-Peter, J. B. Spring, D. Kundys, M. A. Broome, P. C. Humphreys, X.-M. Jin, M. Barbieri, W. Steven Kolthammer, J. C. Gates, B. J. Smith, N. K. Langford, P. G. R. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Multiphoton quantum interference in a multiport integrated photonic device,” Nat Commun 4, 1356 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics 6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing-angles,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

V. Kapoustine, A. Kazakevitch, V. So, and R. Tam, “Simple method of formation of switchable liquid crystal gratings by introducing periodic photoalignment pattern into liquid crystal cell,” Opt. Commun. 266(1), 1–5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Philos. Mag. (1)

H. F. Talbot, “Facts relating to optical science, No. IV,” Philos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).

Prog. Opt. (1)

K. Patorski, “The self-imaging phenomenon and its applications,” Prog. Opt. 27, 1–108 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. K. Yang and S. T. Wu, eds., Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices (Wiley, 2006).

V. G. Chigrinov, V. M. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, eds., Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Simulated Talbot carpet and (b) Schematic illustration of Talbot self-imaging based photoalignment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Theoretical and (b) experimental Talbot carpets of 1D grating, taken under a polarizing microscope with crossed polarizers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic of an LC MZI and (b) theoretical V-T curve of the output light, inset is V-neff curve.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

L T = 2 Λ 2 /λ .
tanθ= 1.5 L T L T d .
L T = L T cotθ.
Δφ= 2π( n e n eff )l λ .
T(V)= I 0 cos 2 Δφ.

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