Abstract

A low-cost and efficient photocatalytic reactor for environmental treatment and green technology was presented. ZnO nanorods firmly growing on polycarbonate optical disk substrate are generally perpendicular to the substrate as the immobilized photocatalyst of the spinning disk reactor. The photocatalytic efficiency and durability of the ZnO nanorods are effectively demonstrated.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (1)

X. M. Zhang, Y. L. Chen, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmonic photocatalysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys.76(4), 046401 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (11)

J.-T. Chen, W.-C. Lai, C.-H. Chen, Y.-Y. Yang, J.-K. Sheu, K.-W. Lin, and L.-W. Lai, “Sputtered ZnO-SiO2 nanocomposite light-emitting diodes with flat-top nanosecond laser treatment,” Opt. Express20(18), 19635–19642 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible and ultraviolet photodetection using a ZnO-CdS core-shell micro/nanowire,” ACS Nano6(10), 9229–9236 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. N. Lin, C. Y. Chang, H. J. Huang, D. P. Tsai, and N. L. Wu, “Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange by a multi-layer rotating disk reactor,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.19(9), 3743–3750 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Xu, Y. Cui, Z. Hu, W. Yu, J. Sun, N. Xu, and J. Wu, “Photoluminescence and low-threshold lasing of ZnO nanorod arrays,” Opt. Express20(14), 14857–14863 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Yeh, H.-R. Hsu, S.-H. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Near infrared enhancement in CIGS-based solar cells utilizing a ZnO: H window layer,” Opt. Express20(S6), A806–A811 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Zhang, and D. P. Wilkinson, “Nano-architecture and material designs for water splitting photoelectrodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev.41(17), 5654–5671 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Tseng, Y. W. Huang, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, H. M. Chen, Y. L. Chen, C. H. Chu, N. N. Chu, Y. J. He, C. M. Chang, W. C. Lin, D. W. Huang, H.-P. Chiang, R. S. Liu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Fast fabrication of a Ag nanostructure substrate using the femtosecond laser for broad-band and tunable plasmonic enhancement,” ACS Nano6(6), 5190–5197 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. C. Cheng, J. H. Huang, H. M. Chen, T.-C. Lai, K.-Y. Yang, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, L. J. Her, and D. P. Tsai, “Seedless, silver-induced synthesis of star-shaped gold/silver bimetallic nanoparticles as high efficiency photothermal therapy reagent,” J. Mater. Chem.22(5), 2244–2253 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Chen, J. C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Improved photocatalytic activity of shell-isolated plasmonic photocatalyst Au@SiO2/TiO2 by promoted LSPR,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(50), 26535–26542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (10)

Z. W. Liu, W. B. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon resonant enhancement of photocatalytic water splitting under visible illumination,” Nano Lett.11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Erickson, D. Sinton, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidics for energy applications,” Nat. Photonics5(10), 583–590 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu and Z. L. Wang, “One-dimensional ZnO nanostructures: Solution growth and functional properties,” Nano Res.4(11), 1013–1098 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Ahn, H. Park, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Nanostructured n-ZnO / thin film p-silicon heterojunction light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express19(27), 26006–26010 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, C. C. Wu, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “A new approach to solar hydrogen production: a ZnO–ZnS solid solution nanowire array photoanode,” Adv. Energy Mater.1(5), 742–747 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Chen, C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmonic photocatalyst for H2 evolution in photocatalytic water splitting,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(1), 210–216 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C. C. Lin, R. S. Liu, H. Yang, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, L. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Multi-bandgap-sensitized ZnO nanorod photoelectrode arrays for water splitting: an x-ray absorption spectroscopy approach for the electronic evolution under solar illumination,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(44), 21971–21980 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xie, Y. He, P. L. Irwin, T. Jin, and X. Shi, “Antibacterial activity and mechanism of action of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Campylobacter jejuni,” Appl. Environ. Microbiol.77(7), 2325–2331 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Okazaki, D. Nakamura, M. Higashihata, P. Iyamperumal, and T. Okada, “Lasing characteristics of an optically pumped single ZnO nanosheet,” Opt. Express19(21), 20389–20394 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-S. Tsai, C.-A. Lin, W.-C. Lien, H.-C. Chang, Y.-L. Wang, and J.-H. He, “Ultra-high-responsivity broadband detection of Si metal-semiconductor-metal Schottky photodetectors improved by ZnO nanorod arrays,” ACS Nano5(10), 7748–7753 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

P. C. K. Vesborg, S.-I. In, J. L. Olsen, T. R. Henriksen, B. L. Abrams, Y. Hou, A. Kleiman-Shwarsctein, O. Hansen, and I. Chorkendorff, “Quantitative measurements of photocatalytic CO-oxidation as a function of light intensity and wavelength over TiO2 nanotube thin films in μ-reactors,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(25), 11162–11168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Chang and N. L. Wu, “Process analysis on photocatalyzed dye decomposition for water treatment with TiO2 -coated rotating disk reactor,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.49(23), 12173–12179 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Tarwal and P. S. Patil, “Superhydrophobic and transparent ZnO thin films synthesized by spray pyrolysis technique,” Appl. Surf. Sci.256(24), 7451–7456 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Lei, N. Wang, X. M. Zhang, Q. Tai, D. P. Tsai, and H. L. W. Chan, “Optofluidic planar reactors for photocatalytic water treatment using solar energy,” Biomicrofluidics4(4), 43004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Gargas, M. C. Moore, A. Ni, S. W. Chang, Z. Zhang, S. L. Chuang, and P. Yang, “Whispering gallery mode lasing from zinc oxide hexagonal nanodisks,” ACS Nano4(6), 3270–3276 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Wang, H. C. Chou, C. S. Wu, D. P. Tsai, and G. Mul, “CO2 photoreduction using NiO/InTaO4 in optical-fiber reactor for renewable energy,” Appl. Catal. A380(1-2), 172–177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

S. Baruah and J. Dutta, “Hydrothermal growth of ZnO nanostructures,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater.10(1), 013001–0130019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Parab, H. M. Chen, T. C. Lai, J. H. Huang, P. H. Chen, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and Y. K. Hwu, “Biosensing, cytotoxicity, and cellular uptake studies of surface-modified gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(18), 7574–7578 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, F. Zhang, T. Xia, N. Kumar, J. I. Hahm, J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, and J. Xu, “Low-threshold two-photon pumped ZnO nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express17(10), 7893–7900 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Barber, “Photosynthetic energy conversion: natural and artificial,” Chem. Soc. Rev.38(1), 185–196 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. K. Varghese, M. Paulose, T. J. Latempa, and C. A. Grimes, “High-rate solar photocatalytic conversion of CO2 and water vapor to hydrocarbon fuels,” Nano Lett.9(2), 731–737 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

H. Q. Liu, J. X. Yang, J. H. Liang, Y. X. Huang, and C. Y. Tangz, “Photo-degradation of methylene blue using Ta-doped ZnO nanoparticle,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.91, 1287–1291 (2008).

M. Kalbacova, J. M. Macak, F. Schmidt-Stein, C. T. Mierke, and P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes: photocatalyst for cancer cell killing,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL2(4), 194–196 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhou and S. S. Wong, “A facile and mild synthesis of 1-D ZnO, CuO, and alpha-Fe2O3 nanostructures and nanostructured arrays,” ACS Nano2(5), 944–958 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

W. A. Murray and W. L. Barnes, “Plasmonic materials,” Adv. Mater.19(22), 3771–3782 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Van Gerven, G. Mul, J. Moulijn, and A. Stankiewicz, “A review of intensification of photocatalytic processes,” Chem. Eng. Prog.46(9), 781–789 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Vicevic, K. V. K. Boodhoo, and K. Scott, “Catalytic isomerisation of α-pinene oxide to campholenic aldehyde using silica-supported zinc triflate catalysts. II. Performance of immobilised catalysts in a continuous spinning disc reactor,” Chem. Eng. J.133(1-3), 43–57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y. J. Jang, C. Simer, and T. Ohm, “Comparison of zinc oxide nanoparticles and its nano-crystalline particles on the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue,” Mater. Res. Bull.41(1), 67–77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hariharan, “Photocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants in water by ZnO nanoparticles: Revisited,” Appl. Catal. A304, 55–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. R. Burns and R. J. J. Jachuck, “Determination of liquid–solid mass transfer coefficients for a spinning disc reactor using a limiting current technique,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer48(12), 2540–2547 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

W. C. Lin, T. S. Kao, H. H. Chang, Y. H. Lin, Y. H. Fu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and D. P. Tsai, “Study of a super-resolution optical structure: polycarbonate /ZnS-SiO2 /ZnO /ZnS-SiO2 /Ge2Sb2Te5 /ZnS-SiO2,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1029–1030 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. Al-Qaradawi and S. R. Salman, “Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange as a model compound,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem.148(1-3), 161–168 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

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K. V. K. Boodhoo and R. J. Jachuck, “Process intensification: spinning disk reactor for styrene polymerization,” Appl. Therm. Eng.20(12), 1127–1146 (2000).
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J.-M. Herrmann, “Heterogeneous photocatalysis: fundamentals and applications to the removal of various types of aqueous pollutants,” Catal. Today53(1), 115–129 (1999).
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1998 (1)

A. K. Ray and A. A. C. M. Beenackers, “Development of a new photocatalytic reactor for water purification,” Catal. Today40(1), 73–83 (1998).
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K. Y. Jung, Y. C. Kang, and S. B. Park, “Photodegradation of trichloroethylene using nanometre-sized ZnO particles prepared by spray pyrolysis,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett.16(22), 1848–1849 (1997).
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M. R. Hoffmann, S. T. Martin, W. Y. Choi, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Environmental applications of semiconductor photocatalysis,” Chem. Rev.95(1), 69–96 (1995).
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A. Fujishima and K. Honda, “Electrochemical photolysis of water at a semiconductor electrode,” Nature238(5358), 37–38 (1972).
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P. C. K. Vesborg, S.-I. In, J. L. Olsen, T. R. Henriksen, B. L. Abrams, Y. Hou, A. Kleiman-Shwarsctein, O. Hansen, and I. Chorkendorff, “Quantitative measurements of photocatalytic CO-oxidation as a function of light intensity and wavelength over TiO2 nanotube thin films in μ-reactors,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(25), 11162–11168 (2010).
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Z. W. Liu, W. B. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon resonant enhancement of photocatalytic water splitting under visible illumination,” Nano Lett.11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
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M. R. Hoffmann, S. T. Martin, W. Y. Choi, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Environmental applications of semiconductor photocatalysis,” Chem. Rev.95(1), 69–96 (1995).
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Balasubramanian, G.

D. D. Dionysiou, G. Balasubramanian, M. T. Suidan, A. P. Khodadoust, I. Baudin, and M. Laîné, “Rotating disk photocatalytic reactor: Development, characterization, and evaluation for the destruction of organic pollutants in water,” Water Res.34(11), 2927–2940 (2000).
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S. Baruah and J. Dutta, “Hydrothermal growth of ZnO nanostructures,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater.10(1), 013001–0130019 (2009).
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D. D. Dionysiou, G. Balasubramanian, M. T. Suidan, A. P. Khodadoust, I. Baudin, and M. Laîné, “Rotating disk photocatalytic reactor: Development, characterization, and evaluation for the destruction of organic pollutants in water,” Water Res.34(11), 2927–2940 (2000).
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A. K. Ray and A. A. C. M. Beenackers, “Development of a new photocatalytic reactor for water purification,” Catal. Today40(1), 73–83 (1998).
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Boodhoo, K. V. K.

M. Vicevic, K. V. K. Boodhoo, and K. Scott, “Catalytic isomerisation of α-pinene oxide to campholenic aldehyde using silica-supported zinc triflate catalysts. II. Performance of immobilised catalysts in a continuous spinning disc reactor,” Chem. Eng. J.133(1-3), 43–57 (2007).
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K. V. K. Boodhoo and R. J. Jachuck, “Process intensification: spinning disk reactor for styrene polymerization,” Appl. Therm. Eng.20(12), 1127–1146 (2000).
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J. R. Burns and R. J. J. Jachuck, “Determination of liquid–solid mass transfer coefficients for a spinning disc reactor using a limiting current technique,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer48(12), 2540–2547 (2005).
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L. Lei, N. Wang, X. M. Zhang, Q. Tai, D. P. Tsai, and H. L. W. Chan, “Optofluidic planar reactors for photocatalytic water treatment using solar energy,” Biomicrofluidics4(4), 43004 (2010).
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H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
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H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C. C. Lin, R. S. Liu, H. Yang, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, L. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Multi-bandgap-sensitized ZnO nanorod photoelectrode arrays for water splitting: an x-ray absorption spectroscopy approach for the electronic evolution under solar illumination,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(44), 21971–21980 (2011).
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H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, C. C. Wu, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “A new approach to solar hydrogen production: a ZnO–ZnS solid solution nanowire array photoanode,” Adv. Energy Mater.1(5), 742–747 (2011).
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Chang, C. M.

M. L. Tseng, Y. W. Huang, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, H. M. Chen, Y. L. Chen, C. H. Chu, N. N. Chu, Y. J. He, C. M. Chang, W. C. Lin, D. W. Huang, H.-P. Chiang, R. S. Liu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Fast fabrication of a Ag nanostructure substrate using the femtosecond laser for broad-band and tunable plasmonic enhancement,” ACS Nano6(6), 5190–5197 (2012).
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Chang, C. Y.

C. N. Lin, C. Y. Chang, H. J. Huang, D. P. Tsai, and N. L. Wu, “Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange by a multi-layer rotating disk reactor,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.19(9), 3743–3750 (2012).
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W. C. Lin, T. S. Kao, H. H. Chang, Y. H. Lin, Y. H. Fu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and D. P. Tsai, “Study of a super-resolution optical structure: polycarbonate /ZnS-SiO2 /ZnO /ZnS-SiO2 /Ge2Sb2Te5 /ZnS-SiO2,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1029–1030 (2003).
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D.-S. Tsai, C.-A. Lin, W.-C. Lien, H.-C. Chang, Y.-L. Wang, and J.-H. He, “Ultra-high-responsivity broadband detection of Si metal-semiconductor-metal Schottky photodetectors improved by ZnO nanorod arrays,” ACS Nano5(10), 7748–7753 (2011).
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Chang, S. W.

D. J. Gargas, M. C. Moore, A. Ni, S. W. Chang, Z. Zhang, S. L. Chuang, and P. Yang, “Whispering gallery mode lasing from zinc oxide hexagonal nanodisks,” ACS Nano4(6), 3270–3276 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, W. S.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, C. C. Wu, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “A new approach to solar hydrogen production: a ZnO–ZnS solid solution nanowire array photoanode,” Adv. Energy Mater.1(5), 742–747 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C. C. Lin, R. S. Liu, H. Yang, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, L. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Multi-bandgap-sensitized ZnO nanorod photoelectrode arrays for water splitting: an x-ray absorption spectroscopy approach for the electronic evolution under solar illumination,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(44), 21971–21980 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. H.

L. C. Cheng, J. H. Huang, H. M. Chen, T.-C. Lai, K.-Y. Yang, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, L. J. Her, and D. P. Tsai, “Seedless, silver-induced synthesis of star-shaped gold/silver bimetallic nanoparticles as high efficiency photothermal therapy reagent,” J. Mater. Chem.22(5), 2244–2253 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Parab, H. M. Chen, T. C. Lai, J. H. Huang, P. H. Chen, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and Y. K. Hwu, “Biosensing, cytotoxicity, and cellular uptake studies of surface-modified gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(18), 7574–7578 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. K.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Zhang, and D. P. Wilkinson, “Nano-architecture and material designs for water splitting photoelectrodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev.41(17), 5654–5671 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C. C. Lin, R. S. Liu, H. Yang, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, L. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Multi-bandgap-sensitized ZnO nanorod photoelectrode arrays for water splitting: an x-ray absorption spectroscopy approach for the electronic evolution under solar illumination,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(44), 21971–21980 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, C. C. Wu, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “A new approach to solar hydrogen production: a ZnO–ZnS solid solution nanowire array photoanode,” Adv. Energy Mater.1(5), 742–747 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-H.

Chen, C.-J.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. M.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Zhang, and D. P. Wilkinson, “Nano-architecture and material designs for water splitting photoelectrodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev.41(17), 5654–5671 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. C. Cheng, J. H. Huang, H. M. Chen, T.-C. Lai, K.-Y. Yang, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, L. J. Her, and D. P. Tsai, “Seedless, silver-induced synthesis of star-shaped gold/silver bimetallic nanoparticles as high efficiency photothermal therapy reagent,” J. Mater. Chem.22(5), 2244–2253 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Tseng, Y. W. Huang, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, H. M. Chen, Y. L. Chen, C. H. Chu, N. N. Chu, Y. J. He, C. M. Chang, W. C. Lin, D. W. Huang, H.-P. Chiang, R. S. Liu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Fast fabrication of a Ag nanostructure substrate using the femtosecond laser for broad-band and tunable plasmonic enhancement,” ACS Nano6(6), 5190–5197 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, C. C. Wu, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “A new approach to solar hydrogen production: a ZnO–ZnS solid solution nanowire array photoanode,” Adv. Energy Mater.1(5), 742–747 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C. C. Lin, R. S. Liu, H. Yang, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, L. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Multi-bandgap-sensitized ZnO nanorod photoelectrode arrays for water splitting: an x-ray absorption spectroscopy approach for the electronic evolution under solar illumination,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(44), 21971–21980 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Parab, H. M. Chen, T. C. Lai, J. H. Huang, P. H. Chen, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and Y. K. Hwu, “Biosensing, cytotoxicity, and cellular uptake studies of surface-modified gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(18), 7574–7578 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. J.

J. J. Chen, J. C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Improved photocatalytic activity of shell-isolated plasmonic photocatalyst Au@SiO2/TiO2 by promoted LSPR,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(50), 26535–26542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Chen, C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmonic photocatalyst for H2 evolution in photocatalytic water splitting,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(1), 210–216 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.-T.

Chen, K. H.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, C. C. Wu, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “A new approach to solar hydrogen production: a ZnO–ZnS solid solution nanowire array photoanode,” Adv. Energy Mater.1(5), 742–747 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C. C. Lin, R. S. Liu, H. Yang, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, L. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Multi-bandgap-sensitized ZnO nanorod photoelectrode arrays for water splitting: an x-ray absorption spectroscopy approach for the electronic evolution under solar illumination,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(44), 21971–21980 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Lin, T. S. Kao, H. H. Chang, Y. H. Lin, Y. H. Fu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and D. P. Tsai, “Study of a super-resolution optical structure: polycarbonate /ZnS-SiO2 /ZnO /ZnS-SiO2 /Ge2Sb2Te5 /ZnS-SiO2,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1029–1030 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P. H.

H. Parab, H. M. Chen, T. C. Lai, J. H. Huang, P. H. Chen, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and Y. K. Hwu, “Biosensing, cytotoxicity, and cellular uptake studies of surface-modified gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(18), 7574–7578 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-H.

Chen, Y. L.

X. M. Zhang, Y. L. Chen, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmonic photocatalysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys.76(4), 046401 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Tseng, Y. W. Huang, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, H. M. Chen, Y. L. Chen, C. H. Chu, N. N. Chu, Y. J. He, C. M. Chang, W. C. Lin, D. W. Huang, H.-P. Chiang, R. S. Liu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Fast fabrication of a Ag nanostructure substrate using the femtosecond laser for broad-band and tunable plasmonic enhancement,” ACS Nano6(6), 5190–5197 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, B. H.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, L. C.

L. C. Cheng, J. H. Huang, H. M. Chen, T.-C. Lai, K.-Y. Yang, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, L. J. Her, and D. P. Tsai, “Seedless, silver-induced synthesis of star-shaped gold/silver bimetallic nanoparticles as high efficiency photothermal therapy reagent,” J. Mater. Chem.22(5), 2244–2253 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L.-C.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiang, H.-P.

M. L. Tseng, Y. W. Huang, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, H. M. Chen, Y. L. Chen, C. H. Chu, N. N. Chu, Y. J. He, C. M. Chang, W. C. Lin, D. W. Huang, H.-P. Chiang, R. S. Liu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Fast fabrication of a Ag nanostructure substrate using the femtosecond laser for broad-band and tunable plasmonic enhancement,” ACS Nano6(6), 5190–5197 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chilkoti, A.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, W. Y.

M. R. Hoffmann, S. T. Martin, W. Y. Choi, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Environmental applications of semiconductor photocatalysis,” Chem. Rev.95(1), 69–96 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chorkendorff, I.

P. C. K. Vesborg, S.-I. In, J. L. Olsen, T. R. Henriksen, B. L. Abrams, Y. Hou, A. Kleiman-Shwarsctein, O. Hansen, and I. Chorkendorff, “Quantitative measurements of photocatalytic CO-oxidation as a function of light intensity and wavelength over TiO2 nanotube thin films in μ-reactors,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(25), 11162–11168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chou, H. C.

Z. Y. Wang, H. C. Chou, C. S. Wu, D. P. Tsai, and G. Mul, “CO2 photoreduction using NiO/InTaO4 in optical-fiber reactor for renewable energy,” Appl. Catal. A380(1-2), 172–177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chu, C. H.

M. L. Tseng, Y. W. Huang, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, H. M. Chen, Y. L. Chen, C. H. Chu, N. N. Chu, Y. J. He, C. M. Chang, W. C. Lin, D. W. Huang, H.-P. Chiang, R. S. Liu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Fast fabrication of a Ag nanostructure substrate using the femtosecond laser for broad-band and tunable plasmonic enhancement,” ACS Nano6(6), 5190–5197 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, N. N.

M. L. Tseng, Y. W. Huang, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, H. M. Chen, Y. L. Chen, C. H. Chu, N. N. Chu, Y. J. He, C. M. Chang, W. C. Lin, D. W. Huang, H.-P. Chiang, R. S. Liu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Fast fabrication of a Ag nanostructure substrate using the femtosecond laser for broad-band and tunable plasmonic enhancement,” ACS Nano6(6), 5190–5197 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chuang, S. L.

D. J. Gargas, M. C. Moore, A. Ni, S. W. Chang, Z. Zhang, S. L. Chuang, and P. Yang, “Whispering gallery mode lasing from zinc oxide hexagonal nanodisks,” ACS Nano4(6), 3270–3276 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ciracì, C.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cronin, S. B.

Z. W. Liu, W. B. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon resonant enhancement of photocatalytic water splitting under visible illumination,” Nano Lett.11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

Ding, Y.

F. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible and ultraviolet photodetection using a ZnO-CdS core-shell micro/nanowire,” ACS Nano6(10), 9229–9236 (2012).
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Dionysiou, D. D.

D. D. Dionysiou, G. Balasubramanian, M. T. Suidan, A. P. Khodadoust, I. Baudin, and M. Laîné, “Rotating disk photocatalytic reactor: Development, characterization, and evaluation for the destruction of organic pollutants in water,” Water Res.34(11), 2927–2940 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, J.

S. Baruah and J. Dutta, “Hydrothermal growth of ZnO nanostructures,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater.10(1), 013001–0130019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eddy, C. R.

Erickson, D.

D. Erickson, D. Sinton, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidics for energy applications,” Nat. Photonics5(10), 583–590 (2011).
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Fernández-Domínguez, A. I.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, Y. H.

W. C. Lin, T. S. Kao, H. H. Chang, Y. H. Lin, Y. H. Fu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and D. P. Tsai, “Study of a super-resolution optical structure: polycarbonate /ZnS-SiO2 /ZnO /ZnS-SiO2 /Ge2Sb2Te5 /ZnS-SiO2,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1029–1030 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujishima, A.

A. Fujishima and K. Honda, “Electrochemical photolysis of water at a semiconductor electrode,” Nature238(5358), 37–38 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gargas, D. J.

D. J. Gargas, M. C. Moore, A. Ni, S. W. Chang, Z. Zhang, S. L. Chuang, and P. Yang, “Whispering gallery mode lasing from zinc oxide hexagonal nanodisks,” ACS Nano4(6), 3270–3276 (2010).
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O. K. Varghese, M. Paulose, T. J. Latempa, and C. A. Grimes, “High-rate solar photocatalytic conversion of CO2 and water vapor to hydrocarbon fuels,” Nano Lett.9(2), 731–737 (2009).
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Hansen, O.

P. C. K. Vesborg, S.-I. In, J. L. Olsen, T. R. Henriksen, B. L. Abrams, Y. Hou, A. Kleiman-Shwarsctein, O. Hansen, and I. Chorkendorff, “Quantitative measurements of photocatalytic CO-oxidation as a function of light intensity and wavelength over TiO2 nanotube thin films in μ-reactors,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(25), 11162–11168 (2010).
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C. Hariharan, “Photocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants in water by ZnO nanoparticles: Revisited,” Appl. Catal. A304, 55–61 (2006).
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Shi, X.

Y. Xie, Y. He, P. L. Irwin, T. Jin, and X. Shi, “Antibacterial activity and mechanism of action of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Campylobacter jejuni,” Appl. Environ. Microbiol.77(7), 2325–2331 (2011).
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C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
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Tai, Q.

L. Lei, N. Wang, X. M. Zhang, Q. Tai, D. P. Tsai, and H. L. W. Chan, “Optofluidic planar reactors for photocatalytic water treatment using solar energy,” Biomicrofluidics4(4), 43004 (2010).
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H. Q. Liu, J. X. Yang, J. H. Liang, Y. X. Huang, and C. Y. Tangz, “Photo-degradation of methylene blue using Ta-doped ZnO nanoparticle,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.91, 1287–1291 (2008).

Tarwal, N. L.

N. L. Tarwal and P. S. Patil, “Superhydrophobic and transparent ZnO thin films synthesized by spray pyrolysis technique,” Appl. Surf. Sci.256(24), 7451–7456 (2010).
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Tsai, D. P.

X. M. Zhang, Y. L. Chen, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmonic photocatalysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys.76(4), 046401 (2013).
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M. L. Tseng, Y. W. Huang, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, H. M. Chen, Y. L. Chen, C. H. Chu, N. N. Chu, Y. J. He, C. M. Chang, W. C. Lin, D. W. Huang, H.-P. Chiang, R. S. Liu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Fast fabrication of a Ag nanostructure substrate using the femtosecond laser for broad-band and tunable plasmonic enhancement,” ACS Nano6(6), 5190–5197 (2012).
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L. C. Cheng, J. H. Huang, H. M. Chen, T.-C. Lai, K.-Y. Yang, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, L. J. Her, and D. P. Tsai, “Seedless, silver-induced synthesis of star-shaped gold/silver bimetallic nanoparticles as high efficiency photothermal therapy reagent,” J. Mater. Chem.22(5), 2244–2253 (2012).
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H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
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J. J. Chen, J. C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Improved photocatalytic activity of shell-isolated plasmonic photocatalyst Au@SiO2/TiO2 by promoted LSPR,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(50), 26535–26542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Lin, C. Y. Chang, H. J. Huang, D. P. Tsai, and N. L. Wu, “Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange by a multi-layer rotating disk reactor,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.19(9), 3743–3750 (2012).
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H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C. C. Lin, R. S. Liu, H. Yang, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, L. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Multi-bandgap-sensitized ZnO nanorod photoelectrode arrays for water splitting: an x-ray absorption spectroscopy approach for the electronic evolution under solar illumination,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(44), 21971–21980 (2011).
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H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, C. C. Wu, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “A new approach to solar hydrogen production: a ZnO–ZnS solid solution nanowire array photoanode,” Adv. Energy Mater.1(5), 742–747 (2011).
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J. J. Chen, C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmonic photocatalyst for H2 evolution in photocatalytic water splitting,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(1), 210–216 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Lei, N. Wang, X. M. Zhang, Q. Tai, D. P. Tsai, and H. L. W. Chan, “Optofluidic planar reactors for photocatalytic water treatment using solar energy,” Biomicrofluidics4(4), 43004 (2010).
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Z. Y. Wang, H. C. Chou, C. S. Wu, D. P. Tsai, and G. Mul, “CO2 photoreduction using NiO/InTaO4 in optical-fiber reactor for renewable energy,” Appl. Catal. A380(1-2), 172–177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Parab, H. M. Chen, T. C. Lai, J. H. Huang, P. H. Chen, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and Y. K. Hwu, “Biosensing, cytotoxicity, and cellular uptake studies of surface-modified gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(18), 7574–7578 (2009).
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W. C. Lin, T. S. Kao, H. H. Chang, Y. H. Lin, Y. H. Fu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and D. P. Tsai, “Study of a super-resolution optical structure: polycarbonate /ZnS-SiO2 /ZnO /ZnS-SiO2 /Ge2Sb2Te5 /ZnS-SiO2,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1029–1030 (2003).
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Tsai, D.-S.

D.-S. Tsai, C.-A. Lin, W.-C. Lien, H.-C. Chang, Y.-L. Wang, and J.-H. He, “Ultra-high-responsivity broadband detection of Si metal-semiconductor-metal Schottky photodetectors improved by ZnO nanorod arrays,” ACS Nano5(10), 7748–7753 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tseng, M. L.

M. L. Tseng, Y. W. Huang, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, H. M. Chen, Y. L. Chen, C. H. Chu, N. N. Chu, Y. J. He, C. M. Chang, W. C. Lin, D. W. Huang, H.-P. Chiang, R. S. Liu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Fast fabrication of a Ag nanostructure substrate using the femtosecond laser for broad-band and tunable plasmonic enhancement,” ACS Nano6(6), 5190–5197 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Gerven, T.

T. Van Gerven, G. Mul, J. Moulijn, and A. Stankiewicz, “A review of intensification of photocatalytic processes,” Chem. Eng. Prog.46(9), 781–789 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Varghese, O. K.

O. K. Varghese, M. Paulose, T. J. Latempa, and C. A. Grimes, “High-rate solar photocatalytic conversion of CO2 and water vapor to hydrocarbon fuels,” Nano Lett.9(2), 731–737 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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P. C. K. Vesborg, S.-I. In, J. L. Olsen, T. R. Henriksen, B. L. Abrams, Y. Hou, A. Kleiman-Shwarsctein, O. Hansen, and I. Chorkendorff, “Quantitative measurements of photocatalytic CO-oxidation as a function of light intensity and wavelength over TiO2 nanotube thin films in μ-reactors,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(25), 11162–11168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vicevic, M.

M. Vicevic, K. V. K. Boodhoo, and K. Scott, “Catalytic isomerisation of α-pinene oxide to campholenic aldehyde using silica-supported zinc triflate catalysts. II. Performance of immobilised catalysts in a continuous spinning disc reactor,” Chem. Eng. J.133(1-3), 43–57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wallis, C.

H. C. Yatmaz, C. Wallis, and C. R. Howarth, “The spinning disc reactor-studies on a novel TiO2 photocatalytic reactor,” Chemosphere42(4), 397–403 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, N.

L. Lei, N. Wang, X. M. Zhang, Q. Tai, D. P. Tsai, and H. L. W. Chan, “Optofluidic planar reactors for photocatalytic water treatment using solar energy,” Biomicrofluidics4(4), 43004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.-L.

D.-S. Tsai, C.-A. Lin, W.-C. Lien, H.-C. Chang, Y.-L. Wang, and J.-H. He, “Ultra-high-responsivity broadband detection of Si metal-semiconductor-metal Schottky photodetectors improved by ZnO nanorod arrays,” ACS Nano5(10), 7748–7753 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. L.

F. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible and ultraviolet photodetection using a ZnO-CdS core-shell micro/nanowire,” ACS Nano6(10), 9229–9236 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Xu and Z. L. Wang, “One-dimensional ZnO nanostructures: Solution growth and functional properties,” Nano Res.4(11), 1013–1098 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, F. Zhang, T. Xia, N. Kumar, J. I. Hahm, J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, and J. Xu, “Low-threshold two-photon pumped ZnO nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express17(10), 7893–7900 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Wang, H. C. Chou, C. S. Wu, D. P. Tsai, and G. Mul, “CO2 photoreduction using NiO/InTaO4 in optical-fiber reactor for renewable energy,” Appl. Catal. A380(1-2), 172–177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, D. P.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Zhang, and D. P. Wilkinson, “Nano-architecture and material designs for water splitting photoelectrodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev.41(17), 5654–5671 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, S. S.

H. J. Zhou and S. S. Wong, “A facile and mild synthesis of 1-D ZnO, CuO, and alpha-Fe2O3 nanostructures and nanostructured arrays,” ACS Nano2(5), 944–958 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, C. C.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, C. C. Wu, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “A new approach to solar hydrogen production: a ZnO–ZnS solid solution nanowire array photoanode,” Adv. Energy Mater.1(5), 742–747 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. S.

J. J. Chen, C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmonic photocatalyst for H2 evolution in photocatalytic water splitting,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(1), 210–216 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Wang, H. C. Chou, C. S. Wu, D. P. Tsai, and G. Mul, “CO2 photoreduction using NiO/InTaO4 in optical-fiber reactor for renewable energy,” Appl. Catal. A380(1-2), 172–177 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. T.

W. C. Lin, T. S. Kao, H. H. Chang, Y. H. Lin, Y. H. Fu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and D. P. Tsai, “Study of a super-resolution optical structure: polycarbonate /ZnS-SiO2 /ZnO /ZnS-SiO2 /Ge2Sb2Te5 /ZnS-SiO2,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1029–1030 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Wu, J. C. S.

J. J. Chen, J. C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Improved photocatalytic activity of shell-isolated plasmonic photocatalyst Au@SiO2/TiO2 by promoted LSPR,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(50), 26535–26542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, N. L.

C. N. Lin, C. Y. Chang, H. J. Huang, D. P. Tsai, and N. L. Wu, “Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange by a multi-layer rotating disk reactor,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.19(9), 3743–3750 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Chang and N. L. Wu, “Process analysis on photocatalyzed dye decomposition for water treatment with TiO2 -coated rotating disk reactor,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.49(23), 12173–12179 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, P. C.

J. J. Chen, J. C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Improved photocatalytic activity of shell-isolated plasmonic photocatalyst Au@SiO2/TiO2 by promoted LSPR,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(50), 26535–26542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C.-J. Chen, L.-C. Cheng, P. C. Wu, B. H. Cheng, Y. Z. Ho, M. L. Tseng, Y. Y. Hsu, T. S. Chan, J. F. Lee, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmon inducing effects for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting: X-ray absorption approach to electronic structures,” ACS Nano6(8), 7362–7372 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Chen, C. S. Wu, P. C. Wu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmonic photocatalyst for H2 evolution in photocatalytic water splitting,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(1), 210–216 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xia, T.

Xie, Y.

Y. Xie, Y. He, P. L. Irwin, T. Jin, and X. Shi, “Antibacterial activity and mechanism of action of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Campylobacter jejuni,” Appl. Environ. Microbiol.77(7), 2325–2331 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

Xu, N.

Xu, S.

S. Xu and Z. L. Wang, “One-dimensional ZnO nanostructures: Solution growth and functional properties,” Nano Res.4(11), 1013–1098 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, C. C. Lin, R. S. Liu, H. Yang, W. S. Chang, K. H. Chen, T. S. Chan, L. F. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Multi-bandgap-sensitized ZnO nanorod photoelectrode arrays for water splitting: an x-ray absorption spectroscopy approach for the electronic evolution under solar illumination,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(44), 21971–21980 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. X.

H. Q. Liu, J. X. Yang, J. H. Liang, Y. X. Huang, and C. Y. Tangz, “Photo-degradation of methylene blue using Ta-doped ZnO nanoparticle,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.91, 1287–1291 (2008).

Yang, K.-Y.

L. C. Cheng, J. H. Huang, H. M. Chen, T.-C. Lai, K.-Y. Yang, R. S. Liu, M. Hsiao, C. H. Chen, L. J. Her, and D. P. Tsai, “Seedless, silver-induced synthesis of star-shaped gold/silver bimetallic nanoparticles as high efficiency photothermal therapy reagent,” J. Mater. Chem.22(5), 2244–2253 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, P.

D. J. Gargas, M. C. Moore, A. Ni, S. W. Chang, Z. Zhang, S. L. Chuang, and P. Yang, “Whispering gallery mode lasing from zinc oxide hexagonal nanodisks,” ACS Nano4(6), 3270–3276 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.-Y.

Yatmaz, H. C.

H. C. Yatmaz, C. Wallis, and C. R. Howarth, “The spinning disc reactor-studies on a novel TiO2 photocatalytic reactor,” Chemosphere42(4), 397–403 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeh, C.-L.

Yu, W.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible and ultraviolet photodetection using a ZnO-CdS core-shell micro/nanowire,” ACS Nano6(10), 9229–9236 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, F. Zhang, T. Xia, N. Kumar, J. I. Hahm, J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, and J. Xu, “Low-threshold two-photon pumped ZnO nanowire lasers,” Opt. Express17(10), 7893–7900 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Zhang, and D. P. Wilkinson, “Nano-architecture and material designs for water splitting photoelectrodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev.41(17), 5654–5671 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

H. M. Chen, C. K. Chen, R. S. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Zhang, and D. P. Wilkinson, “Nano-architecture and material designs for water splitting photoelectrodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev.41(17), 5654–5671 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

F. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible and ultraviolet photodetection using a ZnO-CdS core-shell micro/nanowire,” ACS Nano6(10), 9229–9236 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. M.

X. M. Zhang, Y. L. Chen, R. S. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “Plasmonic photocatalysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys.76(4), 046401 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lei, N. Wang, X. M. Zhang, Q. Tai, D. P. Tsai, and H. L. W. Chan, “Optofluidic planar reactors for photocatalytic water treatment using solar energy,” Biomicrofluidics4(4), 43004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

F. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible and ultraviolet photodetection using a ZnO-CdS core-shell micro/nanowire,” ACS Nano6(10), 9229–9236 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

D. J. Gargas, M. C. Moore, A. Ni, S. W. Chang, Z. Zhang, S. L. Chuang, and P. Yang, “Whispering gallery mode lasing from zinc oxide hexagonal nanodisks,” ACS Nano4(6), 3270–3276 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, H. J.

H. J. Zhou and S. S. Wong, “A facile and mild synthesis of 1-D ZnO, CuO, and alpha-Fe2O3 nanostructures and nanostructured arrays,” ACS Nano2(5), 944–958 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (6)

D. J. Gargas, M. C. Moore, A. Ni, S. W. Chang, Z. Zhang, S. L. Chuang, and P. Yang, “Whispering gallery mode lasing from zinc oxide hexagonal nanodisks,” ACS Nano4(6), 3270–3276 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible and ultraviolet photodetection using a ZnO-CdS core-shell micro/nanowire,” ACS Nano6(10), 9229–9236 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-S. Tsai, C.-A. Lin, W.-C. Lien, H.-C. Chang, Y.-L. Wang, and J.-H. He, “Ultra-high-responsivity broadband detection of Si metal-semiconductor-metal Schottky photodetectors improved by ZnO nanorod arrays,” ACS Nano5(10), 7748–7753 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Zhou and S. S. Wong, “A facile and mild synthesis of 1-D ZnO, CuO, and alpha-Fe2O3 nanostructures and nanostructured arrays,” ACS Nano2(5), 944–958 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (2901 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The photograph and schematic diagram of autoclave for hydrothermal chemical reaction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The ZnO nanorods on optical disk and the SEM images of ZnO nanorod arrays on SiO2/ZnO seeded polycarbonate substrates. (a) The ZnO nanorod arrays was covered the entire surface area (43275 mm2) of the optical disk for photocatalysis. The growth of ZnO nanorods in the real picture on the disk substrate. (b) Flexibility test of the ZnO nanorod arrays on optical disk polycarbonate substrate. (c) Cross-section SEM image of ZnO nanorods grown on polycarbonate substrate. (d) Top view SEM image of the ZnO nanorod arrays. (e) Scotch-tape peeling test of the POD.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) UV/Vis absorption spectra of ZnO nanorod arrays on optical disk polycarbonate substrate. (b) X-ray diffraction pattern of the ZnO nanorods. The diffraction peak observed at around 2θ = 34° corresponds to the (002) diffraction peak of ZnO wurtzite structure (c) HR-TEM image of the single ZnO nanorod.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spinning optical disk photochemical reactor. (a) The real photograph of the spinning optical reactor with the optical disk as the POD. (b) The schematic of the reactor structure. (c) Schematic diagram of the spinning optical disk reactor with immobilized ZnO photocatalysis. The Coriolis and centrifugal field result in the curvilinear motion of liquid reactants to increase the residence time of the reagents.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The Degradation of methyl orange (2 × 10−5 M methyl orange initial concentration) via the spinng optical disk reactor with POD. The inset diagram shows the photodecomposition of methyl orange molecules in solution over ZnO nanorods growing on optical disk under ultraviolet irradiation (λ = 254 nm). C is the concentration of methyl orange molecules at time t, and C0 is that in the methyl orange solution immediately before it is kept in the dark. (a) Photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanorods growing on the optical disk substrate. (b) The durability of zinc oxide nanorods on the optical disk was tested five cycles repeatedly. (See Media 1).

Equations (1)

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ln( C 0 C )=kt

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