Abstract

The interaction frequencies between longitudinal acoustic waves and fiber Bragg grating are numerically and experimentally assessed. Since the grating modulation depends on the acoustic drive, the combined analysis provides a more efficient operation. In this paper, 3-D finite element and transfer matrix methods allow investigating the electrical, mechanical and optical resonances of an acousto-optical device. The frequency response allows locating the resonances and characterizing their mechanical displacements. Measurements of the grating response under resonant excitation are compared to simulated results. A smaller than <1.5% average difference between simulated-measured resonances indicates that the method is useful for the design and characterization of optical modulators.

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012

R. E. Silva and A. A. P. Pohl, “Characterization of flexural acoustic waves in optical fibers using an extrinsic Fabry–Perot interferometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23(5), 055206 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

R. A. Oliveira, K. Cook, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Bragg grating writing in acoustically excited optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(4), 5–6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Vibration mode analysis of a silica horn–fiber Bragg grating device,” Opt. Commun. 283(7), 1296–1302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Chesini, V. A. Serrão, M. A. R. Franco, and C. M. B. Cordeiro, “Analysis and optimization of an all-fiber device based on photonic crystal fiber with integrated electrodes,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2842–2848 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Numerical approach for designing a Bragg grating acousto-optic modulator using the finite element and the transfer matrix methods,” Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4899–4905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2001

A. Ballato, “Modeling piezoelectric and piezomagnetic devices and structures via equivalent networks,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 48(5), 1189–1240 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

1990

H. A. Kunkel, S. Locke, and B. Pikeroen, “Finite-element analysis of vibrational modes in piezoelectric ceramic disks,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37(4), 316–328 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andres, M.

Ballato, A.

A. Ballato, “Modeling piezoelectric and piezomagnetic devices and structures via equivalent networks,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 48(5), 1189–1240 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barretto, E. C. S.

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Canning, J.

R. A. Oliveira, K. Cook, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Bragg grating writing in acoustically excited optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(4), 5–6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Vibration mode analysis of a silica horn–fiber Bragg grating device,” Opt. Commun. 283(7), 1296–1302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chesini, G.

Cook, K.

R. A. Oliveira, K. Cook, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Bragg grating writing in acoustically excited optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(4), 5–6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

de Almeida Prado Pohl, A.

de Tarso Neves, P.

Delgado-Pinar, M.

Diez, A.

Dong, L.

Franco, M. A. R.

Kunkel, H. A.

H. A. Kunkel, S. Locke, and B. Pikeroen, “Finite-element analysis of vibrational modes in piezoelectric ceramic disks,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37(4), 316–328 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Large, M. C. J.

Liu, W. F.

Locke, S.

H. A. Kunkel, S. Locke, and B. Pikeroen, “Finite-element analysis of vibrational modes in piezoelectric ceramic disks,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37(4), 316–328 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lwin, R.

Neves, P. T.

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Vibration mode analysis of a silica horn–fiber Bragg grating device,” Opt. Commun. 283(7), 1296–1302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Numerical approach for designing a Bragg grating acousto-optic modulator using the finite element and the transfer matrix methods,” Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4899–4905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oliveira, R. A.

R. A. Oliveira, K. Cook, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Bragg grating writing in acoustically excited optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(4), 5–6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Vibration mode analysis of a silica horn–fiber Bragg grating device,” Opt. Commun. 283(7), 1296–1302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Numerical approach for designing a Bragg grating acousto-optic modulator using the finite element and the transfer matrix methods,” Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4899–4905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, J. T.

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Vibration mode analysis of a silica horn–fiber Bragg grating device,” Opt. Commun. 283(7), 1296–1302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Numerical approach for designing a Bragg grating acousto-optic modulator using the finite element and the transfer matrix methods,” Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4899–4905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perez-Millan, P.

Pikeroen, B.

H. A. Kunkel, S. Locke, and B. Pikeroen, “Finite-element analysis of vibrational modes in piezoelectric ceramic disks,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37(4), 316–328 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pohl, A. A. P.

R. E. Silva and A. A. P. Pohl, “Characterization of flexural acoustic waves in optical fibers using an extrinsic Fabry–Perot interferometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23(5), 055206 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, K. Cook, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Bragg grating writing in acoustically excited optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(4), 5–6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Vibration mode analysis of a silica horn–fiber Bragg grating device,” Opt. Commun. 283(7), 1296–1302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Numerical approach for designing a Bragg grating acousto-optic modulator using the finite element and the transfer matrix methods,” Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4899–4905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S.

Serrão, V. A.

Silva, R. E.

R. E. Silva and A. A. P. Pohl, “Characterization of flexural acoustic waves in optical fibers using an extrinsic Fabry–Perot interferometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23(5), 055206 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zalvidea, D.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. A. Oliveira, K. Cook, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Bragg grating writing in acoustically excited optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(4), 5–6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control

H. A. Kunkel, S. Locke, and B. Pikeroen, “Finite-element analysis of vibrational modes in piezoelectric ceramic disks,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37(4), 316–328 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ballato, “Modeling piezoelectric and piezomagnetic devices and structures via equivalent networks,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 48(5), 1189–1240 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Meas. Sci. Technol.

R. E. Silva and A. A. P. Pohl, “Characterization of flexural acoustic waves in optical fibers using an extrinsic Fabry–Perot interferometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23(5), 055206 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Numerical approach for designing a Bragg grating acousto-optic modulator using the finite element and the transfer matrix methods,” Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4899–4905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Oliveira, P. T. Neves, J. T. Pereira, J. Canning, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Vibration mode analysis of a silica horn–fiber Bragg grating device,” Opt. Commun. 283(7), 1296–1302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

Ferroperm piezoceramics, “Full data matrix,” http://app04.swwwing.net/swwwing/app/cm/Browse.jsp?PAGE=1417 .

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