Abstract

Highly efficient, low-loss, and compact InP/InGaAsP polarization converter based on a half-ridge waveguide structure is fabricated and demonstrated experimentally. The device is fabricated by a simple self-aligned process and integrated with a ridge InP waveguide. Using a 150-μm-long device, we obtain the mode conversion of more than 96% and the on-chip loss of less than 1.0 dB over the broad wavelength range from 1510 to 1575 nm. The experimental results are explained quantitatively using the full-vector eigenmode calculation, which also reveals large fabrication tolerance of the demonstrated device.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

T. Tanemura, T. Amemiya, K. Takeda, A. Higo, and Y. Nakano, “Simple and compact InP polarization converter for polarization-multiplexed photonic integrated circuits,” in proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS’09), 436–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Kim, R. Takei, Y. Shoji, and T. Mizumoto, “Single-trench waveguide TE-TM mode converter,” Opt. Express17, 11267–11273 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. J. Geluk, and M. K. Smit, “Short polarization converter optimized for active-passive integration in InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 1673–1675 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Beggs, M. Midrio, and T. F. Krauss, “Compact polarization rotators for integrated polarization diversity in InP-based waveguides,” Opt. Lett.32, 2176–2178 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

B. M. Holmes and D. C. Hutchings, “Realization of novel low-loss monolithically integrated passive waveguide mode converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18, 43–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. R. Watts and H. A. Haus, “Integrated mode-evolution-based polarization rotators,” Opt. Lett.303, 138–140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

H. El-Refaei, D. Yevick, and T. Jones, “Slanted-rib waveguide InGaAsP-InP polarization converters,” J. Light-wave Technol.22, 1352–1357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, G. Nagy, M. J. Steel, and R. M. Osgood, “Realization of a compact and single-mode optical passive polarization converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12, 317–319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. Lüsse, P. Stuwe, J. Schule, and H.-G. Unger, “Analysis of vectorial mode fields in optical waveguides by a new finite difference method,” J. Lightwave Technol.12, 487–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, “Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59, 1278–1280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Agashe, S.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Alferness, R.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, “Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59, 1278–1280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Alonso-Ramos, C.

Amemiya, T.

T. Tanemura, T. Amemiya, K. Takeda, A. Higo, and Y. Nakano, “Simple and compact InP polarization converter for polarization-multiplexed photonic integrated circuits,” in proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS’09), 436–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Augustin, L. M.

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. J. Geluk, and M. K. Smit, “Short polarization converter optimized for active-passive integration in InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 1673–1675 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bach, H. G.

Barwicz, T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beggs, D. M.

Behnia, B.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Bostak, J. S.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Butrie, T.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Christini, D.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Corzine, S.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Dentai, A.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Dentai, A. G.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

Dominic, V. G.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

El-Refaei, H.

H. El-Refaei, D. Yevick, and T. Jones, “Slanted-rib waveguide InGaAsP-InP polarization converters,” J. Light-wave Technol.22, 1352–1357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Evans, P.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Evans, P. W.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, M.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Fujisawa, T.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm 4×25-Gb/s monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gb/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, N.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm 4×25-Gb/s monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gb/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, H.

Geluk, E. J.

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. J. Geluk, and M. K. Smit, “Short polarization converter optimized for active-passive integration in InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 1673–1675 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gheorma, J.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Goldfarb, G.

Groen, F. H.

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Grubb, S. G.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hamacher, M.

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Joyner, C. H.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

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R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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Kim, S.-H.

Kish, F.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
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M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Kish, F. A.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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Kuntz, M.

Kwong, D.-L.

Lal, V.

Lambert, D.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

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R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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Lüsse, P.

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M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Malendevich, R.

Mathis, S. K.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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Mathur, A.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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Mehuys, D. G.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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Midrio, M.

Miles, R. H.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miller, B. I.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, “Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59, 1278–1280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Missey, M.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Missey, M. J.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, M. L.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

Moerman, I.

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Molina-Fernández, I.

Murthy, S.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nagarajan, R.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Nagy, G.

J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, G. Nagy, M. J. Steel, and R. M. Osgood, “Realization of a compact and single-mode optical passive polarization converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12, 317–319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, Y.

T. Tanemura, T. Amemiya, K. Takeda, A. Higo, and Y. Nakano, “Simple and compact InP polarization converter for polarization-multiplexed photonic integrated circuits,” in proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS’09), 436–437 (2009).
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Nilsson, A.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Nilsson, A. C.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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Nunoya, N.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm 4×25-Gb/s monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gb/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).
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Ohki, A.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm 4×25-Gb/s monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gb/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oohashi, H.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm 4×25-Gb/s monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gb/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oron, M.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, “Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59, 1278–1280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ortega-Moñux, A.

Osgood, R. M.

J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, G. Nagy, M. J. Steel, and R. M. Osgood, “Realization of a compact and single-mode optical passive polarization converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12, 317–319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pascher, W. W.

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pavinski, D.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Pennypacker, S. C.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perkins, D.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peters, F. H.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pleumeekers, J.

Pleumeekers, J. L.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Popovic, M. A.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raburn, M.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Rahn, J.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Rakich, P. T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reffle, M.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Reffle, M. S.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richard, J.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Romero-García, S.

Salvatore, R.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Salvatore, R. A.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scarmozzino, R.

J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, G. Nagy, M. J. Steel, and R. M. Osgood, “Realization of a compact and single-mode optical passive polarization converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12, 317–319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schell, M.

Schlenker, R. K.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, P.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, R.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Schule, J.

P. Lüsse, P. Stuwe, J. Schule, and H.-G. Unger, “Analysis of vectorial mode fields in optical waveguides by a new finite difference method,” J. Lightwave Technol.12, 487–494 (1994).
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Shani, Y.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, “Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59, 1278–1280 (1991).
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Shinojima, H.

Shoji, Y.

Singh, J.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
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M. Smit, J. van der Tol, and M. Hill, “Moore’s law in photonics,” Laser & Photon. Rev.6, 1–13 (2012).
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Smit, M. K.

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. J. Geluk, and M. K. Smit, “Short polarization converter optimized for active-passive integration in InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 1673–1675 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Socci, L.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spannagel, A.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Spiekman, L. H.

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, G. Nagy, M. J. Steel, and R. M. Osgood, “Realization of a compact and single-mode optical passive polarization converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12, 317–319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, J.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Stuwe, P.

P. Lüsse, P. Stuwe, J. Schule, and H.-G. Unger, “Analysis of vectorial mode fields in optical waveguides by a new finite difference method,” J. Lightwave Technol.12, 487–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takahata, K.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm 4×25-Gb/s monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gb/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, K.

T. Tanemura, T. Amemiya, K. Takeda, A. Higo, and Y. Nakano, “Simple and compact InP polarization converter for polarization-multiplexed photonic integrated circuits,” in proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS’09), 436–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takei, R.

Tanemura, T.

T. Tanemura, T. Amemiya, K. Takeda, A. Higo, and Y. Nakano, “Simple and compact InP polarization converter for polarization-multiplexed photonic integrated circuits,” in proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS’09), 436–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J.

Taylor, B.

Taylor, R. B.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C.

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Tsai, H.-S.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

Unger, H.-G.

P. Lüsse, P. Stuwe, J. Schule, and H.-G. Unger, “Analysis of vectorial mode fields in optical waveguides by a new finite difference method,” J. Lightwave Technol.12, 487–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

van Dam, C.

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van der Tol, J.

M. Smit, J. van der Tol, and M. Hill, “Moore’s law in photonics,” Laser & Photon. Rev.6, 1–13 (2012).
[CrossRef]

van der Tol, J. J. G. M.

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. J. Geluk, and M. K. Smit, “Short polarization converter optimized for active-passive integration in InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 1673–1675 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van Ham, F. P. G. M.

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

Watts, M. R.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts and H. A. Haus, “Integrated mode-evolution-based polarization rotators,” Opt. Lett.303, 138–140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Webjorn, J.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weinert, C. M.

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D.

R. Nagarajan, J. Rahn, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, H.-S. Tsai, A. Nilsson, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, R. Malendevich, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, W. Chen, G. Goldfarb, V. Dominic, B. Taylor, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization-multiplexed DQPSK, InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.29, 386–395 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Welch, D. F.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

Yevick, D.

H. El-Refaei, D. Yevick, and T. Jones, “Slanted-rib waveguide InGaAsP-InP polarization converters,” J. Light-wave Technol.22, 1352–1357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Young, M. G.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, “Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59, 1278–1280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, R.

Ziari, M.

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, “Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59, 1278–1280 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert, and M. K. Smit, “Novel compact polarization convertors based on ultra short bends,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8, 1346–1348 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm 4×25-Gb/s monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gb/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. J. Geluk, and M. K. Smit, “Short polarization converter optimized for active-passive integration in InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 1673–1675 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, G. Nagy, M. J. Steel, and R. M. Osgood, “Realization of a compact and single-mode optical passive polarization converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12, 317–319 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Holmes and D. C. Hutchings, “Realization of novel low-loss monolithically integrated passive waveguide mode converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18, 43–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Light-wave Technol. (1)

H. El-Refaei, D. Yevick, and T. Jones, “Slanted-rib waveguide InGaAsP-InP polarization converters,” J. Light-wave Technol.22, 1352–1357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, J. Richard, P. Schneider, J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. V. Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, and D. F. Welch, “Large-scale photonic integrated circuits,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 50–65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laser & Photon. Rev. (1)

M. Smit, J. van der Tol, and M. Hill, “Moore’s law in photonics,” Laser & Photon. Rev.6, 1–13 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS’09) (1)

T. Tanemura, T. Amemiya, K. Takeda, A. Higo, and Y. Nakano, “Simple and compact InP polarization converter for polarization-multiplexed photonic integrated circuits,” in proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS’09), 436–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Kato, P. Evans, S. Corzine, J. Gheorma, M. Fisher, M. Raburn, A. Dentai, R. Salvatore, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, R. Nagarajan, C. Tsai, B. Behnia, J. Stewart, D. Christini, M. Missey, A. Spannagel, D. Lambert, S. Agashe, P. Liu, D. Pavinski, M. Reffle, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Transmitter PIC for 10-channel x 40Gb/s per channel polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK modulation,” in proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2009), OThN2 (2009).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of (a) the polarization converter integrated with ridge waveguides and (b) the polarization-multiplexed PIC with all the other components.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Self-aligned fabrication procedure of the PC integrated with a symmetric ridge waveguide. Cross-section structures of both the PC (left) and the symmetric ridge waveguide (right) are shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SEM photographs of the fabricated PC. Upper: cross-section view of the PC region. Lower: Boundary between the PC and the ridge waveguide.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement setup for the PC. Note that the PC was cleaved at the center of the PC region in order to measure the polarization state inside the PC section directly.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured polarization states at the output with increasing PC length LPC (w = 1.1 μm, d = 0.20 μm, wavelength = 1.55 μm).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measured TE/TM conversion ratio as a function of the PC length LPC (dots) for w = 0.7, 0.9, and 1.1 μm (d = 0.20 μm, wavelength = 1.55 μm). The dashed curves are the sinusoidal fit represented by Eq. (2). (b) The fitted values of the maximum conversion ratio Cmax and the half-beat length Lπ as a function of w.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured wavelength dependency of the TE/TM conversion ratio (w = 1.1 μm, d = 0.20 μm, LPC = 150 μm).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The cross-sectional structure assumed in the calculation (right), which reflects the actual structure of the fabricated device (left).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Calculated maximum conversion ratio Cmax (a) and half-beat length Lπ (b) as a function of w in the case of d = 0.20 μm together with the measured data (dots).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Calculated maximum conversion ratio Cmax (a) and half-beat length Lπ (b) as a function of w and d (wavelength = 1.55 μm).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P T E = S 0 + S 1 2 , P T M = S 0 S 1 2 .
C = C max 1 2 { 1 cos ( π L P C L π ) }

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