Abstract

We compare different tilted-pulse-front pumping schemes for single-cycle THz generation in LiNbO3 crystals both theoretically and experimentally in terms of conversion efficiency. The conventional setup with a single lens as an imaging element has been found to be highly inefficient in the case of sub-50 fs pump pulses, mainly due to the resulting chromatic aberrations. These aberrations are avoided in the proposed new setup, which employs two concave mirrors in a Keplerian telescope arrangement as the imaging sequence. This partially compensates spherical aberrations and results in a ca. six times higher conversion efficiency in the case of 35-fs optical pump pulse duration compared to the single-lens setup. A THz field strength of 60 kV/cm was obtained using 0.5 mJ pump pulses. The divergence of the THz beam has been found experimentally to depend on the pump imaging scheme employed.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. G. Davies, E. H. Linfield, and M. B. Johnston, “The development of terahertz sources and their applications,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3679–3689 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.37(1), 317–350 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, and T. Löffler, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, “Intense ultrashort terahertz pulses: generation and applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44(8), 083001 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, and D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-single-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett.18(4), 290–292 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. D. Thomson, V. Blank, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz white-light pulses from an air plasma photo-induced by incommensurate two-color optical fields,” Opt. Express18(22), 23173–23182 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express13(15), 5762–5768 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B.101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Generation of sub-mJ terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 557–559 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B.78, 593–599 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Palfalvi, J. A. Fulop, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171107 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. B. Schütte, U. Frühling, M. Wieland, A. Azima, and M. Drescher, “Electron wave packet sampling with laser-generated extreme ultraviolet and terahertz fields,” Opt. Express19(20), 18833–18841 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. G. Stepanov, L. Bonacina, S. V. Chekalin, and J.-P. Wolf, “Generation of 30 microJ single-cycle terahertz pulses at 100 Hz repetition rate by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.33(21), 2497–2499 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(15), 3000–3002 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “High energy THz pulse generation by tilted pulse front excitation and its nonlinear optical applications,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz.32(5), 553–561 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Elsevier, 2006).
  22. J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, “Towards generation of mJ-level ultrashort THz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Express19(16), 15090–15097 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, “Electro-optic detection of terahertz radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(8), 1204–1212 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. I. Z. Kozma, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Geometrical optical modeling of femtosecond setups having angular dispersion,” Appl. Phys. B.76(3), 257–261 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolution – a simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” J. Glob. Optim.11(4), 341–359 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  27. K. Nagashima and A. Kosuge, “Design of rectangular transmission gratings fabricated in LiNbO3 for high-power terahertz-wave generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(12), 122504 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  28. Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B108(4), 821–826 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  29. K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  30. H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  31. M. Nagai, E. Matsubara, and M. Ashida, “High-efficiency terahertz pulse generation via optical rectification by suppressing stimulated Raman scattering process,” Opt. Express20(6), 6509–6514 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  33. I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (4)

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Generation of sub-mJ terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 557–559 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagai, E. Matsubara, and M. Ashida, “High-efficiency terahertz pulse generation via optical rectification by suppressing stimulated Raman scattering process,” Opt. Express20(6), 6509–6514 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, “Towards generation of mJ-level ultrashort THz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Express19(16), 15090–15097 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Schütte, U. Frühling, M. Wieland, A. Azima, and M. Drescher, “Electron wave packet sampling with laser-generated extreme ultraviolet and terahertz fields,” Opt. Express19(20), 18833–18841 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “High energy THz pulse generation by tilted pulse front excitation and its nonlinear optical applications,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz.32(5), 553–561 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, “Intense ultrashort terahertz pulses: generation and applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44(8), 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

A. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B.101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Thomson, V. Blank, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz white-light pulses from an air plasma photo-induced by incommensurate two-color optical fields,” Opt. Express18(22), 23173–23182 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nagashima and A. Kosuge, “Design of rectangular transmission gratings fabricated in LiNbO3 for high-power terahertz-wave generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(12), 122504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, and T. Löffler, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B.78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(15), 3000–3002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Geometrical optical modeling of femtosecond setups having angular dispersion,” Appl. Phys. B.76(3), 257–261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

A. G. Davies, E. H. Linfield, and M. B. Johnston, “The development of terahertz sources and their applications,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3679–3689 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolution – a simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” J. Glob. Optim.11(4), 341–359 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, and D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-single-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett.18(4), 290–292 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Almasi, G.

L. Palfalvi, J. A. Fulop, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Almási, G.

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Generation of sub-mJ terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 557–559 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “High energy THz pulse generation by tilted pulse front excitation and its nonlinear optical applications,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz.32(5), 553–561 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express13(15), 5762–5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B.78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Geometrical optical modeling of femtosecond setups having angular dispersion,” Appl. Phys. B.76(3), 257–261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ashida, M.

Auston, D. H.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Azima, A.

Bartal, B.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B.78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beard, M. C.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Behrens, C.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, F.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Blank, V.

Bonacina, L.

A. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B.101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, L. Bonacina, S. V. Chekalin, and J.-P. Wolf, “Generation of 30 microJ single-cycle terahertz pulses at 100 Hz repetition rate by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.33(21), 2497–2499 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

Budzyn, F.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cavalieri, A. L.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chekalin, S. V.

Cheung, K. P.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Costello, J. T.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Davies, A. G.

A. G. Davies, E. H. Linfield, and M. B. Johnston, “The development of terahertz sources and their applications,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3679–3689 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doi, A.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

B. Schütte, U. Frühling, M. Wieland, A. Azima, and M. Drescher, “Electron wave packet sampling with laser-generated extreme ultraviolet and terahertz fields,” Opt. Express19(20), 18833–18841 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Düsterer, S.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dykaar, D. R.

Falcone, R. W.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feurer, T.

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Frühling, U.

B. Schütte, U. Frühling, M. Wieland, A. Azima, and M. Drescher, “Electron wave packet sampling with laser-generated extreme ultraviolet and terahertz fields,” Opt. Express19(20), 18833–18841 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fulop, J. A.

L. Palfalvi, J. A. Fulop, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fülöp, J.

J. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “High energy THz pulse generation by tilted pulse front excitation and its nonlinear optical applications,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz.32(5), 553–561 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fülöp, J. A.

Gallot, G.

Gebert, T.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gensch, M.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, S.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grguraš, I.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Grimm, O.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Hamster, H.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hebling, J.

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Generation of sub-mJ terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 557–559 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, “Towards generation of mJ-level ultrashort THz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Express19(16), 15090–15097 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “High energy THz pulse generation by tilted pulse front excitation and its nonlinear optical applications,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz.32(5), 553–561 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Palfalvi, J. A. Fulop, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express13(15), 5762–5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B.78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Geometrical optical modeling of femtosecond setups having angular dispersion,” Appl. Phys. B.76(3), 257–261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(15), 3000–3002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henin, S.

A. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B.101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M. C.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, “Towards generation of mJ-level ultrashort THz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Express19(16), 15090–15097 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, “Intense ultrashort terahertz pulses: generation and applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44(8), 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, M. B.

A. G. Davies, E. H. Linfield, and M. B. Johnston, “The development of terahertz sources and their applications,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3679–3689 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, R. R.

Kabachnik, N. M.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kalms, R.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Karsch, S.

Kasparian, J.

A. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B.101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, A. K.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, T. J.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Klingebiel, S.

Kosuge, A.

K. Nagashima and A. Kosuge, “Design of rectangular transmission gratings fabricated in LiNbO3 for high-power terahertz-wave generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(12), 122504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kozma, I.

Kozma, I. Z.

I. Z. Kozma, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Geometrical optical modeling of femtosecond setups having angular dispersion,” Appl. Phys. B.76(3), 257–261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Kreß, M.

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, and T. Löffler, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krikunova, M.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuhl, J.

A. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express13(15), 5762–5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B.78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(15), 3000–3002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linfield, E. H.

A. G. Davies, E. H. Linfield, and M. B. Johnston, “The development of terahertz sources and their applications,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3679–3689 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Löffler, T.

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, and T. Löffler, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maier, A. R.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Matsubara, E.

Mazza, T.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, M.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, M.

Nagashima, K.

K. Nagashima and A. Kosuge, “Design of rectangular transmission gratings fabricated in LiNbO3 for high-power terahertz-wave generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(12), 122504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ollmann, Z.

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Palfalvi, L.

L. Palfalvi, J. A. Fulop, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pálfalvi, L.

Petit, Y.

A. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B.101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Plönjes, E.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Price, K.

R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolution – a simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” J. Glob. Optim.11(4), 341–359 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Radcliffe, P.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

Roskos, H. G.

M. D. Thomson, V. Blank, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz white-light pulses from an air plasma photo-induced by incommensurate two-color optical fields,” Opt. Express18(22), 23173–23182 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, and T. Löffler, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rossbach, J.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schlarb, H.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schütte, B.

B. Schütte, U. Frühling, M. Wieland, A. Azima, and M. Drescher, “Electron wave packet sampling with laser-generated extreme ultraviolet and terahertz fields,” Opt. Express19(20), 18833–18841 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Statz, E. R.

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A.

A. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B.101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express13(15), 5762–5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. G.

A. G. Stepanov, L. Bonacina, S. V. Chekalin, and J.-P. Wolf, “Generation of 30 microJ single-cycle terahertz pulses at 100 Hz repetition rate by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.33(21), 2497–2499 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B.78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(15), 3000–3002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Storn, R.

R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolution – a simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” J. Glob. Optim.11(4), 341–359 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stoyanov, N. S.

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, A.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M. D.

M. D. Thomson, V. Blank, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz white-light pulses from an air plasma photo-induced by incommensurate two-color optical fields,” Opt. Express18(22), 23173–23182 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, and T. Löffler, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tschentscher, T.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Turner, G. M.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Valdmanis, J. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, J. C.

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ward, D. W.

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

White, W.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieland, M.

B. Schütte, U. Frühling, M. Wieland, A. Azima, and M. Drescher, “Electron wave packet sampling with laser-generated extreme ultraviolet and terahertz fields,” Opt. Express19(20), 18833–18841 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.-P.

A. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B.101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, L. Bonacina, S. V. Chekalin, and J.-P. Wolf, “Generation of 30 microJ single-cycle terahertz pulses at 100 Hz repetition rate by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.33(21), 2497–2499 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeh, K.-L.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

You, D.

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. (1)

T. Feurer, N. S. Stoyanov, D. W. Ward, J. C. Vaughan, E. R. Statz, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz polaritonics,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.37(1), 317–350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and G. Almási, “Design of a contact grating setup for mJ-energy THz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B108(4), 821–826 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (3)

I. Z. Kozma, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Geometrical optical modeling of femtosecond setups having angular dispersion,” Appl. Phys. B.76(3), 257–261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B.101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B.78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(15), 3000–3002 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 µJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Palfalvi, J. A. Fulop, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Glob. Optim. (1)

R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolution – a simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” J. Glob. Optim.11(4), 341–359 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz. (1)

J. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “High energy THz pulse generation by tilted pulse front excitation and its nonlinear optical applications,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz.32(5), 553–561 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, “Intense ultrashort terahertz pulses: generation and applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44(8), 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Nagashima and A. Kosuge, “Design of rectangular transmission gratings fabricated in LiNbO3 for high-power terahertz-wave generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(12), 122504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, and T. Löffler, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düsterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(12), 852–857 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

A. G. Davies, E. H. Linfield, and M. B. Johnston, “The development of terahertz sources and their applications,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3679–3689 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Elsevier, 2006).

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: PDF (182 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Reconstructed pulse-fronts in the crystal for the optimized imaging geometries consisting of (a) a single plano-convex lens and (b) a single concave mirror (right). Blue, green and red correspond to 765, 780 and 795 nm, respectively. The line Y = 0 corresponds to the optimum pulse front with a tilt of 63°.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The tilted-pulse-front pumping schemes for THz generation investigated in the current work. G – 2000 groves/mm grating, TG – transmission grating, C – LiNbO3 crystal, L – lens, CM – spherical concave mirror. Focal lengths: f(L) = 75 mm, f(L1,CM1) = 200 mm, f(L2, CM2, CM) = 100 mm. Optimized geometries and other details are given in the supplementary file (Media 1).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the distortion parameter p on the pump bandwidth for imaging schemes with a single lens (green) and a single concave mirror (blue). Note the logarithmic vertical scale. On the top axis the temporal width of the corresponding transform-limited pulse is given. The optical layout was optimized separately for each point in the graph.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

THz beam divergence measured for imaging setups consisting of (a) a single mirror and (b) a mirror telescope (right). Black squares – in horizontal plane, red circles – in vertical plane. Solid lines are corresponding fits with Gaussian beam axial profiles assuming THz frequency of 1 THz.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The temporal profile and the corresponding frequency spectrum of THz radiation for the mirror-telescope imaging setup. As an inset the vector potential of the THz field around time-zero is presented. The vector potential is given in atomic units (1 a.u. = 124.4 kV∙ps/cm).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Performance Comparison of Different Tilt-pulse-front Pumping Schemesa for THz Generation in LN Crystal

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ= L c ( nλ dn dλ ),
p= i,j Δ t ij NMd .

Metrics