Abstract

Two electrically controllable holographic polarization gratings are spatially multiplexed to serve as an image splitter for further stereogram application. An external AC voltage is used to modulate the diffraction efficiency of the fabricated holographic image splitter for the switching of a 3D stereogram and a 2D plane image. The polarization grating was generated by two writing beams with orthogonal circular-polarization state in dye-doped liquid crystal films. With proper experimental arrangements, a quasi single order diffraction was obtained and the other non-zero order diffractions were suppressed in this presented polarization grating. This characteristic leads to a good image contrast ratio for a stereogram. Finally, a switchable stereogram system using circular-polarization beam as backlighting was demonstrated successfully.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.16(8), 847–855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

X. Pan, C. Wang, H. Xu, C. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Polarization holographic gratings in an azobenzene side-chain liquid-crystalline polymer,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 693–697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabirian, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)451(1), 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient liquid crystal based diffraction grating induced by polarization holograms at the aligning surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Sarkissian, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, L. B. Glebov, V. Rotar, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, “Polarization-controlled switching between diffraction orders in transverse-periodically aligned nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett.31(15), 2248–2250 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

H. Ono, F. Takahashi, A. Emoto, and N. Kawatsuki, “Polarization holograms in azo dye-doped polymer dissolved liquid crystal composites,” J. Appl. Phys.97(5), 053508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.98(12), 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2002 (3)

1999 (1)

F. Lagugné Labarthet, P. Rochon, and A. Natansohn, “Polarization analysis of diffracted orders from a birefringence grating recorded on azobenzene containing polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(10), 1377–1379 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Riehemann, G. Bally, B. I. Sturman, and S. G. Odoulov, “Reflection holograms in iron-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. B65(4–5), 535–539 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vathana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electro-optically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.67(18), 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S. T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, “Surface-mediated alignment of nematic liquid crystals with polarized laser light,” Nature351(6321), 49–50 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bally, G.

S. Riehemann, G. Bally, B. I. Sturman, and S. G. Odoulov, “Reflection holograms in iron-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. B65(4–5), 535–539 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bhattacharya, N.

Bos, P. J.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vathana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electro-optically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.67(18), 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Braat, J. J. M.

Buffeteau, T.

S. Pagès, F. Lagugné-Labarthet, T. Buffeteau, and C. Sourisseau, “Photoinduced linear and/or circular birefringences from light propagation through amorphous or smectic azopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. B75(4–5), 541–548 (2002).

Cai, P.

X. Pan, S. Xiao, C. Wang, P. Cai, X. Lu, and Q. Lu, “Photoinduced anisotropy in an azo-containing ionic liquid-crystalline polymer,” Opt. Commun.282(5), 763–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Callan-Jones, A.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.98(12), 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chan, V. S. S.

Chen, C. H.

Chen, C. Y.

Chen, J.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vathana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electro-optically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.67(18), 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. Y.

Chuang, S. C.

Cipparrone, G.

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient liquid crystal based diffraction grating induced by polarization holograms at the aligning surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, G. P.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.98(12), 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Boer, D. K. G.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.16(8), 847–855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

de Zwart, S. T.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.16(8), 847–855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dragostinova, V.

Eakin, J. N.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.98(12), 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Emoto, A.

H. Ono, F. Takahashi, A. Emoto, and N. Kawatsuki, “Polarization holograms in azo dye-doped polymer dissolved liquid crystal composites,” J. Appl. Phys.97(5), 053508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, A. Y. G.

Gibbons, W. M.

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S. T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, “Surface-mediated alignment of nematic liquid crystals with polarized laser light,” Nature351(6321), 49–50 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L. B.

Hsieh, C. T.

Hsu, S. C.

Huang, C. Y.

Huang, Y. P.

Johnson, D. L.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vathana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electro-optically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.67(18), 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kawatsuki, N.

H. Ono, F. Takahashi, A. Emoto, and N. Kawatsuki, “Polarization holograms in azo dye-doped polymer dissolved liquid crystal composites,” J. Appl. Phys.97(5), 053508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, B. R.

N. V. Tabiryan, S. R. Nersisyan, D. M. Steeves, and B. R. Kimball, “The promise of diffractive waveplates,” Opt. Photon. News21(3), 41–45 (2010).

Koek, W. D.

Krijn, M. P. C. M.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.16(8), 847–855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lagugné Labarthet, F.

F. Lagugné Labarthet, P. Rochon, and A. Natansohn, “Polarization analysis of diffracted orders from a birefringence grating recorded on azobenzene containing polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(10), 1377–1379 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lagugné-Labarthet, F.

S. Pagès, F. Lagugné-Labarthet, T. Buffeteau, and C. Sourisseau, “Photoinduced linear and/or circular birefringences from light propagation through amorphous or smectic azopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. B75(4–5), 541–548 (2002).

Lee, C. R.

Lee, M. R.

Li, D. H.

Lu, Q.

X. Pan, S. Xiao, C. Wang, P. Cai, X. Lu, and Q. Lu, “Photoinduced anisotropy in an azo-containing ionic liquid-crystalline polymer,” Opt. Commun.282(5), 763–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

X. Pan, S. Xiao, C. Wang, P. Cai, X. Lu, and Q. Lu, “Photoinduced anisotropy in an azo-containing ionic liquid-crystalline polymer,” Opt. Commun.282(5), 763–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mo, T. S.

Mphepö, W.

Natansohn, A.

F. Lagugné Labarthet, P. Rochon, and A. Natansohn, “Polarization analysis of diffracted orders from a birefringence grating recorded on azobenzene containing polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(10), 1377–1379 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nersisyan, S. R.

N. V. Tabiryan, S. R. Nersisyan, D. M. Steeves, and B. R. Kimball, “The promise of diffractive waveplates,” Opt. Photon. News21(3), 41–45 (2010).

Nikolova, L.

Odoulov, S. G.

S. Riehemann, G. Bally, B. I. Sturman, and S. G. Odoulov, “Reflection holograms in iron-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. B65(4–5), 535–539 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

H. Ono, F. Takahashi, A. Emoto, and N. Kawatsuki, “Polarization holograms in azo dye-doped polymer dissolved liquid crystal composites,” J. Appl. Phys.97(5), 053508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pagès, S.

S. Pagès, F. Lagugné-Labarthet, T. Buffeteau, and C. Sourisseau, “Photoinduced linear and/or circular birefringences from light propagation through amorphous or smectic azopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. B75(4–5), 541–548 (2002).

Pagliusi, P.

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient liquid crystal based diffraction grating induced by polarization holograms at the aligning surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pan, X.

X. Pan, S. Xiao, C. Wang, P. Cai, X. Lu, and Q. Lu, “Photoinduced anisotropy in an azo-containing ionic liquid-crystalline polymer,” Opt. Commun.282(5), 763–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Pan, C. Wang, H. Xu, C. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Polarization holographic gratings in an azobenzene side-chain liquid-crystalline polymer,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 693–697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, B.

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabirian, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)451(1), 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pelcovits, A.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.98(12), 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petrova, T.

Provenzano, C.

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient liquid crystal based diffraction grating induced by polarization holograms at the aligning surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Radcliffe, M. D.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.98(12), 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Riehemann, S.

S. Riehemann, G. Bally, B. I. Sturman, and S. G. Odoulov, “Reflection holograms in iron-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. B65(4–5), 535–539 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rochon, P.

F. Lagugné Labarthet, P. Rochon, and A. Natansohn, “Polarization analysis of diffracted orders from a birefringence grating recorded on azobenzene containing polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(10), 1377–1379 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rotar, V.

Sarkissian, H.

H. Sarkissian, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, L. B. Glebov, V. Rotar, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, “Polarization-controlled switching between diffraction orders in transverse-periodically aligned nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett.31(15), 2248–2250 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabirian, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)451(1), 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Serak, S. V.

Shannon, P. J.

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S. T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, “Surface-mediated alignment of nematic liquid crystals with polarized laser light,” Nature351(6321), 49–50 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, H. P. D.

Sluijter, M.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.16(8), 847–855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sourisseau, C.

S. Pagès, F. Lagugné-Labarthet, T. Buffeteau, and C. Sourisseau, “Photoinduced linear and/or circular birefringences from light propagation through amorphous or smectic azopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. B75(4–5), 541–548 (2002).

Steeves, D. M.

N. V. Tabiryan, S. R. Nersisyan, D. M. Steeves, and B. R. Kimball, “The promise of diffractive waveplates,” Opt. Photon. News21(3), 41–45 (2010).

Sturman, B. I.

S. Riehemann, G. Bally, B. I. Sturman, and S. G. Odoulov, “Reflection holograms in iron-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. B65(4–5), 535–539 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Su, W. C.

Su, W. H.

Sun, S. T.

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S. T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, “Surface-mediated alignment of nematic liquid crystals with polarized laser light,” Nature351(6321), 49–50 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Swetlin, B. J.

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S. T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, “Surface-mediated alignment of nematic liquid crystals with polarized laser light,” Nature351(6321), 49–50 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tabirian, N.

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabirian, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)451(1), 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tabiryan, N. V.

Takahashi, F.

H. Ono, F. Takahashi, A. Emoto, and N. Kawatsuki, “Polarization holograms in azo dye-doped polymer dissolved liquid crystal composites,” J. Appl. Phys.97(5), 053508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

Vathana, H.

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vathana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electro-optically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.67(18), 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A. H.

Wang, C.

X. Pan, S. Xiao, C. Wang, P. Cai, X. Lu, and Q. Lu, “Photoinduced anisotropy in an azo-containing ionic liquid-crystalline polymer,” Opt. Commun.282(5), 763–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Pan, C. Wang, H. Xu, C. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Polarization holographic gratings in an azobenzene side-chain liquid-crystalline polymer,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 693–697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Pan, C. Wang, H. Xu, C. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Polarization holographic gratings in an azobenzene side-chain liquid-crystalline polymer,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 693–697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. R.

Wang, Q. H.

Wang, Y. F.

Westerweel, J.

Willemsen, O. H.

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.16(8), 847–855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. L.

Xiao, S.

X. Pan, S. Xiao, C. Wang, P. Cai, X. Lu, and Q. Lu, “Photoinduced anisotropy in an azo-containing ionic liquid-crystalline polymer,” Opt. Commun.282(5), 763–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

X. Pan, C. Wang, H. Xu, C. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Polarization holographic gratings in an azobenzene side-chain liquid-crystalline polymer,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 693–697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeldovich, B.

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabirian, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)451(1), 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeldovich, B. Ya.

Zhang, X.

X. Pan, C. Wang, H. Xu, C. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Polarization holographic gratings in an azobenzene side-chain liquid-crystalline polymer,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 693–697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W. X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

S. Pagès, F. Lagugné-Labarthet, T. Buffeteau, and C. Sourisseau, “Photoinduced linear and/or circular birefringences from light propagation through amorphous or smectic azopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. B75(4–5), 541–548 (2002).

X. Pan, C. Wang, H. Xu, C. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Polarization holographic gratings in an azobenzene side-chain liquid-crystalline polymer,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 693–697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Riehemann, G. Bally, B. I. Sturman, and S. G. Odoulov, “Reflection holograms in iron-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. B65(4–5), 535–539 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

F. Lagugné Labarthet, P. Rochon, and A. Natansohn, “Polarization analysis of diffracted orders from a birefringence grating recorded on azobenzene containing polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(10), 1377–1379 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vathana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electro-optically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.67(18), 2588–2590 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient liquid crystal based diffraction grating induced by polarization holograms at the aligning surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and A. Pelcovits, “Liquid-crystal diffraction gratings using polarization holography alignment techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.98(12), 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Ono, F. Takahashi, A. Emoto, and N. Kawatsuki, “Polarization holograms in azo dye-doped polymer dissolved liquid crystal composites,” J. Appl. Phys.97(5), 053508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, and M. Sluijter, “2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.16(8), 847–855 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (1)

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabirian, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, “Periodically aligned liquid crystal: potential application for projection displays,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)451(1), 1–19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

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Opt. Express (1)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The concept of 2D and 3D image implemented with a switchable HOE.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cell configuration of dye-doped liquid crystals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical setup for generating a holographic polarization grating.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Configuration of polarization gratings (a) without applied AC voltage, and (b) with large applied AC voltage.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The variation of diffraction efficiency with applying AC voltage.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The variation of diffraction efficiency by rotating the QWP.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental setup for fabrication of a holographic image splitter.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The experimental setup for implementing a stereogram by using the image splitter.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Experimental results of image splitter by applying AC voltage with (a) 0V (b) 1.1V and (c) 10V on the holographic image splitter.

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