Abstract

We propose and demonstrate 10-Gb/s broadcast signal transmission in a wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) by employing a modular-type mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes (MI F-P LDs) as a cost-effective multi-wavelength light source (MWS). We introduce a simple interferometric noise suppression technique with proper electrical filtering to improve transmission performance. The noise suppression doubles the number of supported subscribers with a single MI F-P LDs.

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  1. C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, “Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4568–4583 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “High-speed point-to-point and multiple broadcast services delivered over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1328–1330 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, J. Pastor, C. G. Brinton, C.-H. Lee, H.-Y. Rhy, and Y.-L. Lam, “Experimental demonstration of a cost-effective broadcast overlay for a commercial WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Los Angeles, CA, 2011), Paper NTuB3.
  4. H.-K. Lee, S.-R. Mun, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “Broadcast signal transmission for WDM-PON with ASE injection seeding to a reflective modulator,” in Proceedings of the 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2011), pp. 830–831.
  5. X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, “Noise suppression for fiber radio transmission on spectrum-sliced WDM-PONs employing interferometric structures,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Los Angeles, CA, 2011), Paper OWK6.
  6. J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “Overlay of broadcasting signal in a WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Anaheim, CA, 2006), Paper OThK8.
  7. S.-H. Yoo, H.-K. Lee, D.-S. Lim, J.-H. Jin, L. Byun, and C.-H. Lee, “2.5-Gb/s broadcast signal transmission in a WDM-PON by using a mutually injected Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Baltimore, MD, 2011), Paper CFH7.
  8. H.-C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Cost-effective colorless WDM-PON delivering up/down-stream data and broadcast services on a single wavelength using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express16(7), 4520–4528 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T.-Y. Kim and S.-K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, and H. Kim, “A broadcast-capable WDM-PON based on polarization-sensitive weak-resonant-cavity Fabry–Perot laser diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(3), 355–361 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H.-K. Lee, J.-H. Moon, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “Decision threshold control method for optical receiver of WDM-PON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(6), 381–388 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Jorgesen, C. F. Marki, and S. Esener, “Improved high pass filtering for passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1144–1146 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G.975.1: Forward error correction for high bit-rate DWDM submarine systems,” Recommendation, ITU-T (2004), http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-G.975.1-200402-I/en .
  15. F. Koch, P. C. Reeves-Hall, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, “CW, multiple wavelength, room temperature, Raman fiber ring laser with external 19 channel, 10 GHz pulse generation in a single electro-absorption modulator,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Anaheim, CA, 2001), Paper WDD7.
  16. Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “Mitigation of Rayleigh noise and dispersion in REAM-based WDM-PON using partial-response signaling,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2012), Paper We.2.B.4.

2012 (1)

2010 (2)

H.-K. Lee, J.-H. Moon, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “Decision threshold control method for optical receiver of WDM-PON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(6), 381–388 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Jorgesen, C. F. Marki, and S. Esener, “Improved high pass filtering for passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1144–1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2006 (2)

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, “Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4568–4583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T.-Y. Kim and S.-K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “High-speed point-to-point and multiple broadcast services delivered over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1328–1330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.-K.

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-K.

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K.-M.

Deng, N.

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Esener, S.

D. Jorgesen, C. F. Marki, and S. Esener, “Improved high pass filtering for passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1144–1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frigo, N. J.

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “High-speed point-to-point and multiple broadcast services delivered over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1328–1330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, S.-K.

T.-Y. Kim and S.-K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Iannone, P. P.

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “High-speed point-to-point and multiple broadcast services delivered over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1328–1330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.-C.

Jorgesen, D.

D. Jorgesen, C. F. Marki, and S. Esener, “Improved high pass filtering for passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1144–1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, H.

Kim, T.-Y.

T.-Y. Kim and S.-K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.-I.

Lee, C.-H.

Lee, H.-K.

Marki, C. F.

D. Jorgesen, C. F. Marki, and S. Esener, “Improved high pass filtering for passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1144–1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moon, J.-H.

Mun, S.-G.

Reichmann, K. C.

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “High-speed point-to-point and multiple broadcast services delivered over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1328–1330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

Xiong, F.

Yamashita, I.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, W.-D.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “High-speed point-to-point and multiple broadcast services delivered over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1328–1330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T.-Y. Kim and S.-K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, and L.-K. Chen, “A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1479–1481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Jorgesen, C. F. Marki, and S. Esener, “Improved high pass filtering for passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1144–1146 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (8)

G.975.1: Forward error correction for high bit-rate DWDM submarine systems,” Recommendation, ITU-T (2004), http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-G.975.1-200402-I/en .

F. Koch, P. C. Reeves-Hall, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, “CW, multiple wavelength, room temperature, Raman fiber ring laser with external 19 channel, 10 GHz pulse generation in a single electro-absorption modulator,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Anaheim, CA, 2001), Paper WDD7.

Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “Mitigation of Rayleigh noise and dispersion in REAM-based WDM-PON using partial-response signaling,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2012), Paper We.2.B.4.

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, J. Pastor, C. G. Brinton, C.-H. Lee, H.-Y. Rhy, and Y.-L. Lam, “Experimental demonstration of a cost-effective broadcast overlay for a commercial WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Los Angeles, CA, 2011), Paper NTuB3.

H.-K. Lee, S.-R. Mun, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “Broadcast signal transmission for WDM-PON with ASE injection seeding to a reflective modulator,” in Proceedings of the 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2011), pp. 830–831.

X. Xue, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, and B. Zhou, “Noise suppression for fiber radio transmission on spectrum-sliced WDM-PONs employing interferometric structures,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Los Angeles, CA, 2011), Paper OWK6.

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “Overlay of broadcasting signal in a WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Anaheim, CA, 2006), Paper OThK8.

S.-H. Yoo, H.-K. Lee, D.-S. Lim, J.-H. Jin, L. Byun, and C.-H. Lee, “2.5-Gb/s broadcast signal transmission in a WDM-PON by using a mutually injected Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Baltimore, MD, 2011), Paper CFH7.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

10-Gb/s broadcast capable WDM-PON architecture based on the MI F-P LDs with a noise suppressor employing the interferometric structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic, (b) measured optical spectrum, (c) measured RIN spectra of the MI F-P LDs, and (d) simulated RIN spectra with the NS as a function of the time delay difference and their extended views with a 500 MHz span (inset).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation results of the average RIN from 9 kHz to 7 GHz as a function of time delay difference according to the 3 dB low-cutoff frequency of (a) 10.6 MHz, (b) 43.0 MHz, (c) 83.8 MHz, (d) 144.7 MHz and their extended views with 0.3 ns span (inset).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for broadcast transmission using the noise suppressed MI F-P LDs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measured RIN spectra of the MI F-P LDs w/o and w/ the NS and (b) average RIN from 9 kHz to 7 GHz according to the 3-dB low-cutoff frequency of the constructed HPF.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured BER curves (a) w/o the NS, (b) w/ the NS as a function of low-cutoff frequency and their corresponding eye diagrams at −20 dBm received power (inset).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured BER curves according to channel (a) w/o the NS and (b) w/ the NS.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Measured and simulated receiver sensitivity at 2nd generation FECth, measured ER, (b) average RIN and OSNR according to the channel.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Simulation results of the receiver sensitivity according to the low- and high-cutoff frequencies at the bit-rate of (a) 11-Gb/s, (b) 22-Gb/s and the simulated eye diagrams at each denoted point (inset).

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