Abstract

Orthogonal transmission with frequency division multiplexing technique is investigated for next generation optical communication systems. Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) and single-carrier frequency division multiplexing (SCFDM) schemes are compared in combination with polarization-division multiplexing quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) or 16-QAM (quadrature amplitude modulation) formats. Multi-granularity transmission with flexible bandwidth can be realized through ultra-dense wavelength division multiplexing (UDWDM) based on the orthogonal technique. The system performance is numerically studied with special emphasis on transmission degradations due to fiber Kerr nonlinearity. The maximum reach and fiber capacity for different spectral efficiencies are investigated for systems with nonlinear propagation over uncompensated standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) links with lumped amplification.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. 3rd Generation Partnership Project, “Physical layer aspects for evolved universal terrestrial Radio access (UTRA),” http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/25814.htm .
  2. R. Dischler and F. Buchali, “Transmission of 1.2 Tb/s continuous waveband PDM-OFDM-FDM signal with spectral efficiency of 3.3 bit/s/Hz over 400 km of SSMF,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2009, Paper PDPC2.
  3. X. Yi, N. Fontaine, R. Scott, and S. Yoo, “Tb/s coherent optical OFDM systems enabled by optical frequency combs,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(14), 2054–2061 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 308–315 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Peckha, “Transmission of a 1.2-Tb/s 24-Carrier no-guard-interval coherent OFDM superchannel over 7200-km of ultra-large-area fiber,” in Proc. 35 th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2009, Paper PD2.6.
  7. A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: a review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol.17(5), 421–438 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Li, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “A novel coherent optical single-carrier frequency-division-multiplexing (CO-SCFDM) scheme for optical fiber transmission systems,” Photonics in Switching 2010, Paper JTuB41.
  9. Y. Tang, W. Shieh, and B. S. Krongold, “DFT-spread OFDM for fiber nonlinearity mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(16), 1250–1252 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Sesia, I. Toufik, and M. Baker, LTE-The UMTS Long Term Evolution: from theory to practice (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009), Chap. 15.
  11. C. Zhao, Y. Chen, S. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, L. Zhu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 1.08 Tb/s PDM CO-SCFDM transmission over 3170 km SSMF,” Opt. Express20(2), 787–793 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Q. Yang, Z. He, Z. Yang, S. Yu, X. Yi, and W. Shieh, “Coherent optical DFT-Spread OFDM transmission using orthogonal band multiplexing,” Opt. Express20(3), 2379–2385 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Chen, J. Li, C. Zhao, L. Zhu, F. Zhang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of ROADM Functionality on an optical SCFDM Superchannel,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 215–217 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and F. Buchali, “Limits of spectral efficiency and transmission reach of optical-OFDM Superchannels for adaptive Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(20), 1526–1528 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Liu and F. Buchali, “Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” Opt. Express16(26), 21944–21957 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. X. Liu and F. Buchali, “A novel channel estimation method for PDM-OFDM enabling improved tolerance to WDM nonlinearity,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2009, Paper OWW5.
  17. F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. C. Chu, “Polyphase codes with good periodic correlation properties,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory18(4), 531–532 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory29(4), 543–551 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  20. I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(9), 631–633 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, and Y. Miyamoto, “Frequency-domain equalization for coherent optical single-carrier transmission systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E92-B(12), 3736–3743 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (3)

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and F. Buchali, “Limits of spectral efficiency and transmission reach of optical-OFDM Superchannels for adaptive Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(20), 1526–1528 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: a review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol.17(5), 421–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, and B. S. Krongold, “DFT-spread OFDM for fiber nonlinearity mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(16), 1250–1252 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(9), 631–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 308–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, N. Fontaine, R. Scott, and S. Yoo, “Tb/s coherent optical OFDM systems enabled by optical frequency combs,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(14), 2054–2061 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, and Y. Miyamoto, “Frequency-domain equalization for coherent optical single-carrier transmission systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E92-B(12), 3736–3743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

1983 (1)

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

D. C. Chu, “Polyphase codes with good periodic correlation properties,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory18(4), 531–532 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Buchali, F.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and F. Buchali, “Limits of spectral efficiency and transmission reach of optical-OFDM Superchannels for adaptive Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(20), 1526–1528 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu and F. Buchali, “Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” Opt. Express16(26), 21944–21957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, F.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

Chen, Y.

C. Zhao, Y. Chen, S. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, L. Zhu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 1.08 Tb/s PDM CO-SCFDM transmission over 3170 km SSMF,” Opt. Express20(2), 787–793 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Li, C. Zhao, L. Zhu, F. Zhang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of ROADM Functionality on an optical SCFDM Superchannel,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 215–217 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

C. Zhao, Y. Chen, S. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, L. Zhu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 1.08 Tb/s PDM CO-SCFDM transmission over 3170 km SSMF,” Opt. Express20(2), 787–793 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Li, C. Zhao, L. Zhu, F. Zhang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of ROADM Functionality on an optical SCFDM Superchannel,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 215–217 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chu, D. C.

D. C. Chu, “Polyphase codes with good periodic correlation properties,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory18(4), 531–532 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dischler, R.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and F. Buchali, “Limits of spectral efficiency and transmission reach of optical-OFDM Superchannels for adaptive Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(20), 1526–1528 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Du, L. B.

A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: a review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol.17(5), 421–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fatadin, I.

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(9), 631–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N.

He, Y.

Y. Chen, J. Li, C. Zhao, L. Zhu, F. Zhang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of ROADM Functionality on an optical SCFDM Superchannel,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 215–217 (2012).
[CrossRef]

He, Z.

Ishihara, K.

K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, and Y. Miyamoto, “Frequency-domain equalization for coherent optical single-carrier transmission systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E92-B(12), 3736–3743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ives, D.

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(9), 631–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klekamp, A.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and F. Buchali, “Limits of spectral efficiency and transmission reach of optical-OFDM Superchannels for adaptive Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(20), 1526–1528 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, and Y. Miyamoto, “Frequency-domain equalization for coherent optical single-carrier transmission systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E92-B(12), 3736–3743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krongold, B. S.

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, and B. S. Krongold, “DFT-spread OFDM for fiber nonlinearity mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(16), 1250–1252 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kudo, R.

K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, and Y. Miyamoto, “Frequency-domain equalization for coherent optical single-carrier transmission systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E92-B(12), 3736–3743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Y. Chen, J. Li, C. Zhao, L. Zhu, F. Zhang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of ROADM Functionality on an optical SCFDM Superchannel,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 215–217 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, Y. Chen, S. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, L. Zhu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 1.08 Tb/s PDM CO-SCFDM transmission over 3170 km SSMF,” Opt. Express20(2), 787–793 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Lowery, A. J.

A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: a review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol.17(5), 421–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

Miyamoto, Y.

K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, and Y. Miyamoto, “Frequency-domain equalization for coherent optical single-carrier transmission systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E92-B(12), 3736–3743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Onohara, K.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sano, A.

K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, and Y. Miyamoto, “Frequency-domain equalization for coherent optical single-carrier transmission systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E92-B(12), 3736–3743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Savory, S. J.

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(9), 631–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Scott, R.

Shieh, W.

Takatori, Y.

K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, and Y. Miyamoto, “Frequency-domain equalization for coherent optical single-carrier transmission systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E92-B(12), 3736–3743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Viterbi, A. J.

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Viterbi, A. M.

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

Yang, Z.

Yi, X.

Yoo, S.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

Zhang, F.

C. Zhao, Y. Chen, S. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, L. Zhu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 1.08 Tb/s PDM CO-SCFDM transmission over 3170 km SSMF,” Opt. Express20(2), 787–793 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Li, C. Zhao, L. Zhu, F. Zhang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of ROADM Functionality on an optical SCFDM Superchannel,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 215–217 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Zhao, C.

Y. Chen, J. Li, C. Zhao, L. Zhu, F. Zhang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of ROADM Functionality on an optical SCFDM Superchannel,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 215–217 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, Y. Chen, S. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, L. Zhu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 1.08 Tb/s PDM CO-SCFDM transmission over 3170 km SSMF,” Opt. Express20(2), 787–793 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, L.

Y. Chen, J. Li, C. Zhao, L. Zhu, F. Zhang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of ROADM Functionality on an optical SCFDM Superchannel,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 215–217 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, Y. Chen, S. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, L. Zhu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 1.08 Tb/s PDM CO-SCFDM transmission over 3170 km SSMF,” Opt. Express20(2), 787–793 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

Y. Chen, J. Li, C. Zhao, L. Zhu, F. Zhang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of ROADM Functionality on an optical SCFDM Superchannel,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 215–217 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and F. Buchali, “Limits of spectral efficiency and transmission reach of optical-OFDM Superchannels for adaptive Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(20), 1526–1528 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, and B. S. Krongold, “DFT-spread OFDM for fiber nonlinearity mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(16), 1250–1252 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(9), 631–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (2)

D. C. Chu, “Polyphase codes with good periodic correlation properties,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory18(4), 531–532 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, and Y. Miyamoto, “Frequency-domain equalization for coherent optical single-carrier transmission systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E92-B(12), 3736–3743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: a review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol.17(5), 421–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

J. Li, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “A novel coherent optical single-carrier frequency-division-multiplexing (CO-SCFDM) scheme for optical fiber transmission systems,” Photonics in Switching 2010, Paper JTuB41.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. W. Peckha, “Transmission of a 1.2-Tb/s 24-Carrier no-guard-interval coherent OFDM superchannel over 7200-km of ultra-large-area fiber,” in Proc. 35 th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2009, Paper PD2.6.

S. Sesia, I. Toufik, and M. Baker, LTE-The UMTS Long Term Evolution: from theory to practice (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009), Chap. 15.

3rd Generation Partnership Project, “Physical layer aspects for evolved universal terrestrial Radio access (UTRA),” http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/25814.htm .

R. Dischler and F. Buchali, “Transmission of 1.2 Tb/s continuous waveband PDM-OFDM-FDM signal with spectral efficiency of 3.3 bit/s/Hz over 400 km of SSMF,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2009, Paper PDPC2.

X. Liu and F. Buchali, “A novel channel estimation method for PDM-OFDM enabling improved tolerance to WDM nonlinearity,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2009, Paper OWW5.

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