Abstract

A novel disordered laser crystal Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4 is characterized including its crystal growth, structure, thermal properties, inhomogeneously broadened spectra, and laser performance, which result that this crystal should be a promising gain material for the high-power ultrashort pulsed neodymium laser. The complete set of anisotropic thermal properties were systematically studied for the first time. It has been found that thermal contraction happens in the c direction and all the thermal conductivities increase with temperature, indicating a glass-like behavior. Polarized absorption and fluorescence spectra of Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4 crystal were measured at 298.15 K and 77.3 K, respectively. The results show that both the absorption and the emission spectra of Nd3+ have been inhomogeneously broadened, and thus it is very promising to be used in laser systems to produce femtosecond pulses. CW laser operations at 1.06 μm along the three crystallographic directions has been demonstrated for the first time. A maximum power of 1.08 W with an optical conversion efficiency of 10.6% and slope efficiency of 12.4% was achieved in the a-cut sample.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (2)

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wallez, N. Clavire, N. Dacheux, and D. Bregiroux, “Negative Thermal expansion in Th2O(PO4)2,” Mater. Res. Bull.46(11), 1777–1780 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 613–620 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

B. V. Mill, A. M. Tkachuk, E. L. Belokoneva, G. I. Ershova, D. I. Mironov, and I. K. Razumova, “Spectroscopic studies of Ln2Ca3B4O12-Nd3+ (Ln=Y, La, Gd) crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.275–277, 291–294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

V. Korthuis, N. Khosrovani, A. W. Sleight, N. Roberts, R. Dupree, and W. W. Warren, “Negative Thermal Expansion and Phase Transitions in the ZrV2-xPxO7 Series,” Chem. Mater.7(2), 412–417 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

C. L. Choy, W. P. Leung, T. G. Xi, Y. Fei, and C. F. Shao, “Specific heat and thermal diffusivity of strontium barium niobate (Sr1-xBaxNb2O6) single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.71(1), 170–173 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb, Ga)5O12:Nd3+- prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett.17(3), 201–203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, and A. Schmidt, “Femtosecond passive mode locking of a solid-state laser by a dispersively balanced nonlinear interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(22), 2470–2472 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

W. F. Krupke, “Optical absorption and fluorescence intensities in several rare-earth-doped Y2O3 and LaF3 single crystals,” Phys. Rev.145(1), 325–337 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

Belokoneva, E. L.

B. V. Mill, A. M. Tkachuk, E. L. Belokoneva, G. I. Ershova, D. I. Mironov, and I. K. Razumova, “Spectroscopic studies of Ln2Ca3B4O12-Nd3+ (Ln=Y, La, Gd) crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.275–277, 291–294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boughton, R. I.

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, and A. Schmidt, “Femtosecond passive mode locking of a solid-state laser by a dispersively balanced nonlinear interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(22), 2470–2472 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bregiroux, D.

G. Wallez, N. Clavire, N. Dacheux, and D. Bregiroux, “Negative Thermal expansion in Th2O(PO4)2,” Mater. Res. Bull.46(11), 1777–1780 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, R. P.

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y. T.

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Choy, C. L.

C. L. Choy, W. P. Leung, T. G. Xi, Y. Fei, and C. F. Shao, “Specific heat and thermal diffusivity of strontium barium niobate (Sr1-xBaxNb2O6) single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.71(1), 170–173 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Clavire, N.

G. Wallez, N. Clavire, N. Dacheux, and D. Bregiroux, “Negative Thermal expansion in Th2O(PO4)2,” Mater. Res. Bull.46(11), 1777–1780 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cornacchia, F.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dacheux, N.

G. Wallez, N. Clavire, N. Dacheux, and D. Bregiroux, “Negative Thermal expansion in Th2O(PO4)2,” Mater. Res. Bull.46(11), 1777–1780 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dell’Acqua, S.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dupree, R.

V. Korthuis, N. Khosrovani, A. W. Sleight, N. Roberts, R. Dupree, and W. W. Warren, “Negative Thermal Expansion and Phase Transitions in the ZrV2-xPxO7 Series,” Chem. Mater.7(2), 412–417 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ershova, G. I.

B. V. Mill, A. M. Tkachuk, E. L. Belokoneva, G. I. Ershova, D. I. Mironov, and I. K. Razumova, “Spectroscopic studies of Ln2Ca3B4O12-Nd3+ (Ln=Y, La, Gd) crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.275–277, 291–294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Es’kov, N. A.

Fei, Y.

C. L. Choy, W. P. Leung, T. G. Xi, Y. Fei, and C. F. Shao, “Specific heat and thermal diffusivity of strontium barium niobate (Sr1-xBaxNb2O6) single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.71(1), 170–173 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fukud, T.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gao, W. L.

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guandalini, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Helbig, M.

Huang, H. T.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

Karasik, A. Ya.

Khosrovani, N.

V. Korthuis, N. Khosrovani, A. W. Sleight, N. Roberts, R. Dupree, and W. W. Warren, “Negative Thermal Expansion and Phase Transitions in the ZrV2-xPxO7 Series,” Chem. Mater.7(2), 412–417 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Korthuis, V.

V. Korthuis, N. Khosrovani, A. W. Sleight, N. Roberts, R. Dupree, and W. W. Warren, “Negative Thermal Expansion and Phase Transitions in the ZrV2-xPxO7 Series,” Chem. Mater.7(2), 412–417 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, and A. Schmidt, “Femtosecond passive mode locking of a solid-state laser by a dispersively balanced nonlinear interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(22), 2470–2472 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, “Optical absorption and fluorescence intensities in several rare-earth-doped Y2O3 and LaF3 single crystals,” Phys. Rev.145(1), 325–337 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Leung, W. P.

C. L. Choy, W. P. Leung, T. G. Xi, Y. Fei, and C. F. Shao, “Specific heat and thermal diffusivity of strontium barium niobate (Sr1-xBaxNb2O6) single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.71(1), 170–173 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. F.

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F. Q.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S. D.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. S.

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M. K.

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

Meng, X. L.

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mill, B. V.

B. V. Mill, A. M. Tkachuk, E. L. Belokoneva, G. I. Ershova, D. I. Mironov, and I. K. Razumova, “Spectroscopic studies of Ln2Ca3B4O12-Nd3+ (Ln=Y, La, Gd) crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.275–277, 291–294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mironov, D. I.

B. V. Mill, A. M. Tkachuk, E. L. Belokoneva, G. I. Ershova, D. I. Mironov, and I. K. Razumova, “Spectroscopic studies of Ln2Ca3B4O12-Nd3+ (Ln=Y, La, Gd) crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.275–277, 291–294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V. V.

Qian, L. J.

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Razumova, I. K.

B. V. Mill, A. M. Tkachuk, E. L. Belokoneva, G. I. Ershova, D. I. Mironov, and I. K. Razumova, “Spectroscopic studies of Ln2Ca3B4O12-Nd3+ (Ln=Y, La, Gd) crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.275–277, 291–294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, N.

V. Korthuis, N. Khosrovani, A. W. Sleight, N. Roberts, R. Dupree, and W. W. Warren, “Negative Thermal Expansion and Phase Transitions in the ZrV2-xPxO7 Series,” Chem. Mater.7(2), 412–417 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 613–620 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A.

C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, and A. Schmidt, “Femtosecond passive mode locking of a solid-state laser by a dispersively balanced nonlinear interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(22), 2470–2472 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shao, C. F.

C. L. Choy, W. P. Leung, T. G. Xi, Y. Fei, and C. F. Shao, “Specific heat and thermal diffusivity of strontium barium niobate (Sr1-xBaxNb2O6) single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.71(1), 170–173 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Z. B.

Shimamura, K.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sleight, A. W.

V. Korthuis, N. Khosrovani, A. W. Sleight, N. Roberts, R. Dupree, and W. W. Warren, “Negative Thermal Expansion and Phase Transitions in the ZrV2-xPxO7 Series,” Chem. Mater.7(2), 412–417 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sobol, A. A.

Spielmann, C.

C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, and A. Schmidt, “Femtosecond passive mode locking of a solid-state laser by a dispersively balanced nonlinear interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(22), 2470–2472 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L. K.

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, S. Q.

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 613–620 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tan, W. D.

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tao, X. T.

Tkachuk, A. M.

B. V. Mill, A. M. Tkachuk, E. L. Belokoneva, G. I. Ershova, D. I. Mironov, and I. K. Razumova, “Spectroscopic studies of Ln2Ca3B4O12-Nd3+ (Ln=Y, La, Gd) crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.275–277, 291–294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C. Y.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ushakov, S. N.

Wallez, G.

G. Wallez, N. Clavire, N. Dacheux, and D. Bregiroux, “Negative Thermal expansion in Th2O(PO4)2,” Mater. Res. Bull.46(11), 1777–1780 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Q.

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance with a disordered Nd:CLNGG crystal,” Opt. Express17(21), 19015–19020 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

Warren, W. W.

V. Korthuis, N. Khosrovani, A. W. Sleight, N. Roberts, R. Dupree, and W. W. Warren, “Negative Thermal Expansion and Phase Transitions in the ZrV2-xPxO7 Series,” Chem. Mater.7(2), 412–417 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wintner, E.

C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, and A. Schmidt, “Femtosecond passive mode locking of a solid-state laser by a dispersively balanced nonlinear interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(22), 2470–2472 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Xi, T. G.

C. L. Choy, W. P. Leung, T. G. Xi, Y. Fei, and C. F. Shao, “Specific heat and thermal diffusivity of strontium barium niobate (Sr1-xBaxNb2O6) single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.71(1), 170–173 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Xie, G. Q.

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, J. L.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, M.

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F. G.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. F.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K. J.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z. H.

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

You, Z. Y.

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance with a disordered Nd:CLNGG crystal,” Opt. Express17(21), 19015–19020 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, W. T.

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. G.

Yuan, P.

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. T.

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance with a disordered Nd:CLNGG crystal,” Opt. Express17(21), 19015–19020 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. J.

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. Y.

Zhang, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z. J.

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, and A. Schmidt, “Femtosecond passive mode locking of a solid-state laser by a dispersively balanced nonlinear interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(22), 2470–2472 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

V. Korthuis, N. Khosrovani, A. W. Sleight, N. Roberts, R. Dupree, and W. W. Warren, “Negative Thermal Expansion and Phase Transitions in the ZrV2-xPxO7 Series,” Chem. Mater.7(2), 412–417 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and Laser Properties of Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukud, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11, 613–620 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

B. V. Mill, A. M. Tkachuk, E. L. Belokoneva, G. I. Ershova, D. I. Mironov, and I. K. Razumova, “Spectroscopic studies of Ln2Ca3B4O12-Nd3+ (Ln=Y, La, Gd) crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.275–277, 291–294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, W. L. Gao, M. Xu, S. Q. Sun, M. H. Jiang, and R. I. Boughton, “Synthesis, growth, and characterization of Nd-doped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.108(6), 063534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Choy, W. P. Leung, T. G. Xi, Y. Fei, and C. F. Shao, “Specific heat and thermal diffusivity of strontium barium niobate (Sr1-xBaxNb2O6) single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.71(1), 170–173 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

C. Q. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. S. Liu, R. P. Cheng, Z. H. Yang, S. J. Zhang, and L. K. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Q. Xie, L. J. Qian, P. Yuan, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Generation of 534 fs pulses from a passively mode-locked Nd:CLNGG-CNGG disordered crystal hybrid laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(7), 483–486 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Xu, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, S. D. Liu, F. Q. Liu, J. F. Yang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, C. Y. Tu, Y. Wang, and F. G. Yang, “Generation of 244-fs pulse at 1044.7 nm by a diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2Ca3(BO3)4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(1), 24–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

G. Wallez, N. Clavire, N. Dacheux, and D. Bregiroux, “Negative Thermal expansion in Th2O(PO4)2,” Mater. Res. Bull.46(11), 1777–1780 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. F. Krupke, “Optical absorption and fluorescence intensities in several rare-earth-doped Y2O3 and LaF3 single crystals,” Phys. Rev.145(1), 325–337 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, 1998), Chap.2.

L. G. Deshazer and R. J. St. Piorro, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 1992).

F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, and U. Keller, Ultrafast Phenomena IX (Springer-Verlag, 1994).

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, 1981).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The as-grown Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4 crystal boule; (b) X-ray powder diffraction pattern of Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4 crystal; (c) X-ray rocking curve of the as-grown Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4 single crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the experimental laser setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Thermal expansion versus temperature; (b) Specific heat versus temperature; (c) Thermal diffusivity versus temperature; (d) Thermal conductivity versus temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Polarized absorption spectrum of Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4; (b) Polarized absorption cross-section of Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4 over the range of 720-910 nm; (c) Fluorescence decay curve of Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fluorescence spectra of Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4: (a) room temperature polarized emission spectra; (b) 77.3 K polarized spectra emission spectrum.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Average output power versus incident pump power along the a-, b- and c-cut.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparision of Spectroscopic Properties of Nd3+-doped Ca3La2(BO3)4 Crystal with Other Well-known Crystals

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