Abstract

A simple semi-analytical model (SAB) was developed for computing a(560) and bb(550) from HJ-1A/CCD images. By comparison with field measurements, the SAB model produces 5.3-23.5% uncertainty for a(560) and bb(550) retrievals. The a(560) and bb(550) are also retrieved from satellite images. The match-up analysis results indicate that a(560) and bb(550) may be derived from the HJ-1A/CCD images with respective uncertainties of 29.84 and 21.35%. These findings imply that, provided that an atmospheric correction scheme for the green bands is available, the extensive database of HJ-1A/CCD imagery may be used for the quantitative monitoring of optical properties in coastal waters.

© 2013 OSA

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2012

V. Vantrepotte, H. Loisel, D. Dessailly, and X. Mériaux, “Optical classification of contrasted coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.123, 306–323 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Craig, C. T. Jones, W. K. W. Li, G. Lazin, E. Horne, C. Caverhill, and J. J. Cullen, “Deriving optical metrics of coastal phytoplankton biomass from ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 72–83 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Mishra and D. R. Mishra, “Normalized difference chlorophyll index: a novel model for remote estimation of chlorophyll-a concentration in turbid productive waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.117, 394–406 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Matthews, S. Bernard, and L. Robertson, “An algorithm for detecting trophic status (chlorophyll-a), cyanobacterial-dominance, surface scums and floating vegetation in inland and coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.124, 637–652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen and W. T. Quan, “An improved algorithm for retrieving chlorophyll-a from the Yellow River Estuary using MODIS imagery,” Environ. Monit. Assess. (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, W. Quan, Z. Wen, and T. Cui, “A simple “clear water” atmospheric correction algorithm for Landsat-5 sensors,” Int. J. Remote Sens. (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Ondrusek, E. Stengel, C. S. Kinkade, R. L. Vogel, P. Keegstra, C. Hunter, and C. Kim, “The development of a new optical total suspended matter algorithm for the Chesapeake Bay,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 243–254 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

V. Volpe, S. Silvestri, and M. Marani, “Remote sensing retrieval suspended sediment concentration in shallow waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(1), 44–54 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Yu and Z. C. Wu, “The comparison between hj satellite's ccd sensors field calibration and cross calibration,” Chin. J. Sen. Act.24, 1435–1439 (2011).

J. Li, H. Li, B. Shen, and Y. Li, “Effect of non-point source pollution on water quality of the Weihe River,” Int. J. Sediment Res.26(1), 50–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Spyrakos, L. González Vilas, J. M. Torres Palenzuela, and E. D. Barton, “Remote sensing chlorophyll a of optically complex waters (rias Baixas, NW Spain): Application of a regionally specific chlorophyll a algorithm for MERIS full resolution data during an upwelling cycle,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(10), 2471–2485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

E. H. Shadwick, H. Thomas, A. Comeau, S. E. Craig, C. W. Hunt, and J. E. Salisbury, “Air-sea CO2 fluxes on the scotian shelf: seasonal to multi-annual variability,” Biogeosciences7(11), 3851–3867 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Gao, D. Fan, D. Li, and J. Cai, “Fluorescence characteristics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in shallow water along the Zhejiang coasts, southeast China,” Mar. Environ. Res.69(3), 187–197 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Cui, J. Zhang, S. Groom, L. Sun, T. Smyth, and S. Sathyendranath, “Validation of MERIS ocean-color products in the Bohai Sea: A case study for turbid coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(10), 2326–2336 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Zhang, J. W. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. T. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, C. Q. Wu, Q. Li, and J. S. Li, “Chinese HJ-1A/B satellites and data characteristics,” Sci. China Earth Sci.53(S1), 51–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

E. M. Lee, D. G. Bowers, and E. Kyte, “Remote sensing of temporal and spatial patterns of suspended particle size in the Irish Sea in relation to the Kolmogorov microscale,” Cont. Shelf Res.29(9), 1213–1225 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Moore, J. W. Campbell, and M. D. Dowell, “A class-based approach to characterizing and mapping the uncertainty of the MODIS ocean chlorophyll product,” Remote Sens. Environ.113(11), 2424–2430 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

C. Hu, R. Luerssen, F. E. Muller-Karger, K. L. Carder, and C. A. Heil, “On the remote monitoring of Karenia brevis blooms of the west Florida shelf,” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 159–176 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

D. G. Zawada, C. M. Hu, T. Y. Clayton, Z. Q. Chen, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “Remote sensing of particle backscattering in Chesapeake Bay: A 6-year SeaWiFS retrospective view,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf73(3-4), 792–806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. J. D'Sa, R. L. Miller, and B. A. McKee, “Suspended particulate matter dynamics in coastal waters from ocean color: Application to the northern Gulf of Mexico,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(23), L23611 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. W. Bailey and P. J. Werdell, “A multi-sensor approach for the on-orbit validation of ocean color satellite data products,” Remote Sens. Environ.102(1-2), 12–23 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Bowers and C. E. Binding, “The optical properties of mineral suspended particles: A review and synthesis,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf67(1-2), 219–230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Smyth, G. F. Moore, T. Hirata, and J. Aiken, “Semi-analytical model for the derivation of ocean color inherent optical properties: description, implementation, and performance assessment,” Appl. Opt.45(31), 8116–8131 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Chang and R. W. Gould, “Comparisons of optical properties of the coastal ocean derived from satellite ocean color and in situ measurements,” Opt. Express14(22), 10149–10163 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, and G. Zibordi, “Assessment of apparent and inherent optical properties derived from SeaWiFS with field data,” Remote Sens. Environ.97(4), 540–553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

Y. Wang, H. Xia, J. Fu, and G. Sheng, “Water quality change in reservoirs of Shenzhen, China: detection using LANDSAT/TM data,” Sci. Total Environ.328(1-3), 195–206 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee and K. L. Carder, “Absorption spectrum of phytoplankton pigments derived from hyperspectral remote-sensing reflectance,” Remote Sens. Environ.89(3), 361–368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. O. Blanton, H. Seim, C. Alexander, J. Amft, and G. Kineke, “Transport of salt and suspended sediments in a curving channel of a coastal plain estuary: Satilla River, GA,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.57(5-6), 993–1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. L. Mueller and G. S. Fargion, “Ocean optics protocols for satellite ocean color sensor validation,” SeaWiFS Technical Report Series, Revision3(Part II), 171–179 (2002).

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt.41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andrefouet, and K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction and cross-calibration of Landsat-7/ETM+ imagery over aquatic environments: A multiplantform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.78(1-2), 99–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. C. Ohlmannn, D. A. Siegel, and C. D. Mobley, “Ocean radiant heating: Part I. Optical influences,” J. Phys. Oceanogr.30(8), 1833–1848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, “An empirical ocean color algorithm for light absorption coefficients of optically deep waters,” J. Geophys. Res.103(27), 967–978 (1998).

1997

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Remote sensing estimates of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment,” Remote Sens. Environ.61(2), 290–301 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Garver and D. Siegel, “Inherent optical properties inversion of ocean color spectral and its biogeochemical interpretation. 1. Time series from the Sargasso Sea,” J. Geophys. Res.102(C8), 18607–18625 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1994

H. R. Gordon and M. H. Wang, “Retrieval of water-leaving radiance and aerosol optical thickness over the oceans with SeaWiFS: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt.33(3), 443–452 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Gitelson and M. N. Merzlyak, “Spectral Reflectance Changes Associated with Autumn Senescence of Aesculus Hippocastanum L. and Acer Platanoides L. Leaves. Spectral Features and Relation to Chlorophyll Estimation,” J. Plant Physiol.143(3), 286–292 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A Semianalytic Radiance Model of Ocean Color,” J. Geophys. Res.93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1981

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, and L. Prieur, “Absorption by dissolved organic matter of sea (yellow substance) in the UV and visible domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40, 393–410 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1977

A. Morel and L. Prieur, “Analysis of variances in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr.22(4), 709–722 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975

1973

Aiken, J.

Alexander, C.

J. O. Blanton, H. Seim, C. Alexander, J. Amft, and G. Kineke, “Transport of salt and suspended sediments in a curving channel of a coastal plain estuary: Satilla River, GA,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.57(5-6), 993–1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Amft, J.

J. O. Blanton, H. Seim, C. Alexander, J. Amft, and G. Kineke, “Transport of salt and suspended sediments in a curving channel of a coastal plain estuary: Satilla River, GA,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.57(5-6), 993–1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andrefouet, S.

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andrefouet, and K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction and cross-calibration of Landsat-7/ETM+ imagery over aquatic environments: A multiplantform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.78(1-2), 99–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Arnone, R. A.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt.41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Remote sensing estimates of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment,” Remote Sens. Environ.61(2), 290–301 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ault, D.

G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, S. W.

S. W. Bailey and P. J. Werdell, “A multi-sensor approach for the on-orbit validation of ocean color satellite data products,” Remote Sens. Environ.102(1-2), 12–23 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baker, K. S.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A Semianalytic Radiance Model of Ocean Color,” J. Geophys. Res.93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Barton, E. D.

E. Spyrakos, L. González Vilas, J. M. Torres Palenzuela, and E. D. Barton, “Remote sensing chlorophyll a of optically complex waters (rias Baixas, NW Spain): Application of a regionally specific chlorophyll a algorithm for MERIS full resolution data during an upwelling cycle,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(10), 2471–2485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bell, S.

G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bernard, S.

M. W. Matthews, S. Bernard, and L. Robertson, “An algorithm for detecting trophic status (chlorophyll-a), cyanobacterial-dominance, surface scums and floating vegetation in inland and coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.124, 637–652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Berthon, J.-F.

F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, and G. Zibordi, “Assessment of apparent and inherent optical properties derived from SeaWiFS with field data,” Remote Sens. Environ.97(4), 540–553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Binding, C. E.

D. G. Bowers and C. E. Binding, “The optical properties of mineral suspended particles: A review and synthesis,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf67(1-2), 219–230 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blanton, J. O.

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E. J. D'Sa, R. L. Miller, and B. A. McKee, “Suspended particulate matter dynamics in coastal waters from ocean color: Application to the northern Gulf of Mexico,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(23), L23611 (2007).
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Hale, G. M.

Havens, J.

G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
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G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
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Horne, E.

S. E. Craig, C. T. Jones, W. K. W. Li, G. Lazin, E. Horne, C. Caverhill, and J. J. Cullen, “Deriving optical metrics of coastal phytoplankton biomass from ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 72–83 (2012).
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C. Hu, R. Luerssen, F. E. Muller-Karger, K. L. Carder, and C. A. Heil, “On the remote monitoring of Karenia brevis blooms of the west Florida shelf,” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 159–176 (2008).
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D. G. Zawada, C. M. Hu, T. Y. Clayton, Z. Q. Chen, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “Remote sensing of particle backscattering in Chesapeake Bay: A 6-year SeaWiFS retrospective view,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf73(3-4), 792–806 (2007).
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C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andrefouet, and K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction and cross-calibration of Landsat-7/ETM+ imagery over aquatic environments: A multiplantform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.78(1-2), 99–107 (2001).
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E. H. Shadwick, H. Thomas, A. Comeau, S. E. Craig, C. W. Hunt, and J. E. Salisbury, “Air-sea CO2 fluxes on the scotian shelf: seasonal to multi-annual variability,” Biogeosciences7(11), 3851–3867 (2010).
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Jones, C. T.

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J. O. Blanton, H. Seim, C. Alexander, J. Amft, and G. Kineke, “Transport of salt and suspended sediments in a curving channel of a coastal plain estuary: Satilla River, GA,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.57(5-6), 993–1006 (2003).
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M. Ondrusek, E. Stengel, C. S. Kinkade, R. L. Vogel, P. Keegstra, C. Hunter, and C. Kim, “The development of a new optical total suspended matter algorithm for the Chesapeake Bay,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 243–254 (2012).
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E. M. Lee, D. G. Bowers, and E. Kyte, “Remote sensing of temporal and spatial patterns of suspended particle size in the Irish Sea in relation to the Kolmogorov microscale,” Cont. Shelf Res.29(9), 1213–1225 (2009).
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S. E. Craig, C. T. Jones, W. K. W. Li, G. Lazin, E. Horne, C. Caverhill, and J. J. Cullen, “Deriving optical metrics of coastal phytoplankton biomass from ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 72–83 (2012).
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E. M. Lee, D. G. Bowers, and E. Kyte, “Remote sensing of temporal and spatial patterns of suspended particle size in the Irish Sea in relation to the Kolmogorov microscale,” Cont. Shelf Res.29(9), 1213–1225 (2009).
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Z. P. Lee and K. L. Carder, “Absorption spectrum of phytoplankton pigments derived from hyperspectral remote-sensing reflectance,” Remote Sens. Environ.89(3), 361–368 (2004).
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Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt.41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
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Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. G. Steward, and J. S. Patch, “Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters. 2. deriving bottom depths and water properties by optimization,” Appl. Opt.38(18), 3831–3843 (1999).
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Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, “An empirical ocean color algorithm for light absorption coefficients of optically deep waters,” J. Geophys. Res.103(27), 967–978 (1998).

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G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
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L. Gao, D. Fan, D. Li, and J. Cai, “Fluorescence characteristics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in shallow water along the Zhejiang coasts, southeast China,” Mar. Environ. Res.69(3), 187–197 (2010).
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S. E. Craig, C. T. Jones, W. K. W. Li, G. Lazin, E. Horne, C. Caverhill, and J. J. Cullen, “Deriving optical metrics of coastal phytoplankton biomass from ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 72–83 (2012).
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J. Li, H. Li, B. Shen, and Y. Li, “Effect of non-point source pollution on water quality of the Weihe River,” Int. J. Sediment Res.26(1), 50–61 (2011).
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V. Vantrepotte, H. Loisel, D. Dessailly, and X. Mériaux, “Optical classification of contrasted coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.123, 306–323 (2012).
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Luerssen, R.

C. Hu, R. Luerssen, F. E. Muller-Karger, K. L. Carder, and C. A. Heil, “On the remote monitoring of Karenia brevis blooms of the west Florida shelf,” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 159–176 (2008).
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V. Vantrepotte, H. Loisel, D. Dessailly, and X. Mériaux, “Optical classification of contrasted coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.123, 306–323 (2012).
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A. A. Gitelson and M. N. Merzlyak, “Spectral Reflectance Changes Associated with Autumn Senescence of Aesculus Hippocastanum L. and Acer Platanoides L. Leaves. Spectral Features and Relation to Chlorophyll Estimation,” J. Plant Physiol.143(3), 286–292 (1994).
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Miller, R. L.

E. J. D'Sa, R. L. Miller, and B. A. McKee, “Suspended particulate matter dynamics in coastal waters from ocean color: Application to the northern Gulf of Mexico,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(23), L23611 (2007).
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Moore, G. F.

Moore, T. S.

T. S. Moore, J. W. Campbell, and M. D. Dowell, “A class-based approach to characterizing and mapping the uncertainty of the MODIS ocean chlorophyll product,” Remote Sens. Environ.113(11), 2424–2430 (2009).
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J. L. Mueller and G. S. Fargion, “Ocean optics protocols for satellite ocean color sensor validation,” SeaWiFS Technical Report Series, Revision3(Part II), 171–179 (2002).

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C. Hu, R. Luerssen, F. E. Muller-Karger, K. L. Carder, and C. A. Heil, “On the remote monitoring of Karenia brevis blooms of the west Florida shelf,” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 159–176 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andrefouet, and K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction and cross-calibration of Landsat-7/ETM+ imagery over aquatic environments: A multiplantform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.78(1-2), 99–107 (2001).
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G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
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G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ohlmannn, J. C.

J. C. Ohlmannn, D. A. Siegel, and C. D. Mobley, “Ocean radiant heating: Part I. Optical influences,” J. Phys. Oceanogr.30(8), 1833–1848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ondrusek, M.

M. Ondrusek, E. Stengel, C. S. Kinkade, R. L. Vogel, P. Keegstra, C. Hunter, and C. Kim, “The development of a new optical total suspended matter algorithm for the Chesapeake Bay,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 243–254 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Patch, J. S.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. G. Steward, and J. S. Patch, “Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters. 2. deriving bottom depths and water properties by optimization,” Appl. Opt.38(18), 3831–3843 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, “An empirical ocean color algorithm for light absorption coefficients of optically deep waters,” J. Geophys. Res.103(27), 967–978 (1998).

Peacock, T. G.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, “An empirical ocean color algorithm for light absorption coefficients of optically deep waters,” J. Geophys. Res.103(27), 967–978 (1998).

Prieur, L.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, and L. Prieur, “Absorption by dissolved organic matter of sea (yellow substance) in the UV and visible domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40, 393–410 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and L. Prieur, “Analysis of variances in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr.22(4), 709–722 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Quan, W.

J. Chen, W. Quan, Z. Wen, and T. Cui, “A simple “clear water” atmospheric correction algorithm for Landsat-5 sensors,” Int. J. Remote Sens. (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Quan, W. T.

J. Chen and W. T. Quan, “An improved algorithm for retrieving chlorophyll-a from the Yellow River Estuary using MODIS imagery,” Environ. Monit. Assess. (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Querry, M. R.

Robertson, L.

M. W. Matthews, S. Bernard, and L. Robertson, “An algorithm for detecting trophic status (chlorophyll-a), cyanobacterial-dominance, surface scums and floating vegetation in inland and coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.124, 637–652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Salisbury, J. E.

E. H. Shadwick, H. Thomas, A. Comeau, S. E. Craig, C. W. Hunt, and J. E. Salisbury, “Air-sea CO2 fluxes on the scotian shelf: seasonal to multi-annual variability,” Biogeosciences7(11), 3851–3867 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sathyendranath, S.

T. Cui, J. Zhang, S. Groom, L. Sun, T. Smyth, and S. Sathyendranath, “Validation of MERIS ocean-color products in the Bohai Sea: A case study for turbid coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(10), 2326–2336 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seim, H.

J. O. Blanton, H. Seim, C. Alexander, J. Amft, and G. Kineke, “Transport of salt and suspended sediments in a curving channel of a coastal plain estuary: Satilla River, GA,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.57(5-6), 993–1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shadwick, E. H.

E. H. Shadwick, H. Thomas, A. Comeau, S. E. Craig, C. W. Hunt, and J. E. Salisbury, “Air-sea CO2 fluxes on the scotian shelf: seasonal to multi-annual variability,” Biogeosciences7(11), 3851–3867 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shen, B.

J. Li, H. Li, B. Shen, and Y. Li, “Effect of non-point source pollution on water quality of the Weihe River,” Int. J. Sediment Res.26(1), 50–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, G.

Y. Wang, H. Xia, J. Fu, and G. Sheng, “Water quality change in reservoirs of Shenzhen, China: detection using LANDSAT/TM data,” Sci. Total Environ.328(1-3), 195–206 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siegel, D.

S. A. Garver and D. Siegel, “Inherent optical properties inversion of ocean color spectral and its biogeochemical interpretation. 1. Time series from the Sargasso Sea,” J. Geophys. Res.102(C8), 18607–18625 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, D. A.

J. C. Ohlmannn, D. A. Siegel, and C. D. Mobley, “Ocean radiant heating: Part I. Optical influences,” J. Phys. Oceanogr.30(8), 1833–1848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S.

V. Volpe, S. Silvestri, and M. Marani, “Remote sensing retrieval suspended sediment concentration in shallow waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(1), 44–54 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. C.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A Semianalytic Radiance Model of Ocean Color,” J. Geophys. Res.93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Smyth, T.

T. Cui, J. Zhang, S. Groom, L. Sun, T. Smyth, and S. Sathyendranath, “Validation of MERIS ocean-color products in the Bohai Sea: A case study for turbid coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(10), 2326–2336 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Smyth, T. J.

Song, Q. T.

M. W. Zhang, J. W. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. T. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spyrakos, E.

E. Spyrakos, L. González Vilas, J. M. Torres Palenzuela, and E. D. Barton, “Remote sensing chlorophyll a of optically complex waters (rias Baixas, NW Spain): Application of a regionally specific chlorophyll a algorithm for MERIS full resolution data during an upwelling cycle,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(10), 2471–2485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stengel, E.

M. Ondrusek, E. Stengel, C. S. Kinkade, R. L. Vogel, P. Keegstra, C. Hunter, and C. Kim, “The development of a new optical total suspended matter algorithm for the Chesapeake Bay,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 243–254 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Steward, R. G.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. G. Steward, and J. S. Patch, “Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters. 2. deriving bottom depths and water properties by optimization,” Appl. Opt.38(18), 3831–3843 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, “An empirical ocean color algorithm for light absorption coefficients of optically deep waters,” J. Geophys. Res.103(27), 967–978 (1998).

Sun, L.

T. Cui, J. Zhang, S. Groom, L. Sun, T. Smyth, and S. Sathyendranath, “Validation of MERIS ocean-color products in the Bohai Sea: A case study for turbid coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(10), 2326–2336 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J. W.

M. W. Zhang, J. W. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. T. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, H.

E. H. Shadwick, H. Thomas, A. Comeau, S. E. Craig, C. W. Hunt, and J. E. Salisbury, “Air-sea CO2 fluxes on the scotian shelf: seasonal to multi-annual variability,” Biogeosciences7(11), 3851–3867 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Torres Palenzuela, J. M.

E. Spyrakos, L. González Vilas, J. M. Torres Palenzuela, and E. D. Barton, “Remote sensing chlorophyll a of optically complex waters (rias Baixas, NW Spain): Application of a regionally specific chlorophyll a algorithm for MERIS full resolution data during an upwelling cycle,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(10), 2471–2485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vantrepotte, V.

V. Vantrepotte, H. Loisel, D. Dessailly, and X. Mériaux, “Optical classification of contrasted coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.123, 306–323 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vargo, G. A.

G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, R. L.

M. Ondrusek, E. Stengel, C. S. Kinkade, R. L. Vogel, P. Keegstra, C. Hunter, and C. Kim, “The development of a new optical total suspended matter algorithm for the Chesapeake Bay,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 243–254 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Volpe, V.

V. Volpe, S. Silvestri, and M. Marani, “Remote sensing retrieval suspended sediment concentration in shallow waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(1), 44–54 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, J.

G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M. H.

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, C. Q. Wu, Q. Li, and J. S. Li, “Chinese HJ-1A/B satellites and data characteristics,” Sci. China Earth Sci.53(S1), 51–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, H. Xia, J. Fu, and G. Sheng, “Water quality change in reservoirs of Shenzhen, China: detection using LANDSAT/TM data,” Sci. Total Environ.328(1-3), 195–206 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, Z.

J. Chen, W. Quan, Z. Wen, and T. Cui, “A simple “clear water” atmospheric correction algorithm for Landsat-5 sensors,” Int. J. Remote Sens. (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Werdell, P. J.

S. W. Bailey and P. J. Werdell, “A multi-sensor approach for the on-orbit validation of ocean color satellite data products,” Remote Sens. Environ.102(1-2), 12–23 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. Q.

Q. Wang, C. Q. Wu, Q. Li, and J. S. Li, “Chinese HJ-1A/B satellites and data characteristics,” Sci. China Earth Sci.53(S1), 51–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z. C.

X. L. Yu and Z. C. Wu, “The comparison between hj satellite's ccd sensors field calibration and cross calibration,” Chin. J. Sen. Act.24, 1435–1439 (2011).

Xia, H.

Y. Wang, H. Xia, J. Fu, and G. Sheng, “Water quality change in reservoirs of Shenzhen, China: detection using LANDSAT/TM data,” Sci. Total Environ.328(1-3), 195–206 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, X. L.

X. L. Yu and Z. C. Wu, “The comparison between hj satellite's ccd sensors field calibration and cross calibration,” Chin. J. Sen. Act.24, 1435–1439 (2011).

Zawada, D. G.

D. G. Zawada, C. M. Hu, T. Y. Clayton, Z. Q. Chen, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “Remote sensing of particle backscattering in Chesapeake Bay: A 6-year SeaWiFS retrospective view,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf73(3-4), 792–806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

T. Cui, J. Zhang, S. Groom, L. Sun, T. Smyth, and S. Sathyendranath, “Validation of MERIS ocean-color products in the Bohai Sea: A case study for turbid coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(10), 2326–2336 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M. W.

M. W. Zhang, J. W. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. T. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zibordi, G.

F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, and G. Zibordi, “Assessment of apparent and inherent optical properties derived from SeaWiFS with field data,” Remote Sens. Environ.97(4), 540–553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

G. M. Hale and M. R. Querry, “Optical constants of water in the 200nm to 200µm meter wavelength region,” Appl. Opt.12(3), 555–563 (1973).
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H. R. Gordon and M. H. Wang, “Retrieval of water-leaving radiance and aerosol optical thickness over the oceans with SeaWiFS: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt.33(3), 443–452 (1994).
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A. Morel and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters. III. Implication of bidirectionality for the remote-sensing problem,” Appl. Opt.35(24), 4850–4862 (1996).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt.41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
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Biogeosciences

E. H. Shadwick, H. Thomas, A. Comeau, S. E. Craig, C. W. Hunt, and J. E. Salisbury, “Air-sea CO2 fluxes on the scotian shelf: seasonal to multi-annual variability,” Biogeosciences7(11), 3851–3867 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chin. J. Sen. Act.

X. L. Yu and Z. C. Wu, “The comparison between hj satellite's ccd sensors field calibration and cross calibration,” Chin. J. Sen. Act.24, 1435–1439 (2011).

Cont. Shelf Res.

G. A. Vargo, C. A. Heil, K. A. Fanning, L. K. Dixon, M. B. Neely, K. Lester, D. Ault, S. Murasko, J. Havens, J. Walsh, and S. Bell, “Nutrient availability in support of Karenia brevis blooms on the central West Florida Shelf: What keeps Karenia blooming?” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 73–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, R. Luerssen, F. E. Muller-Karger, K. L. Carder, and C. A. Heil, “On the remote monitoring of Karenia brevis blooms of the west Florida shelf,” Cont. Shelf Res.28(1), 159–176 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Lee, D. G. Bowers, and E. Kyte, “Remote sensing of temporal and spatial patterns of suspended particle size in the Irish Sea in relation to the Kolmogorov microscale,” Cont. Shelf Res.29(9), 1213–1225 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Environ. Monit. Assess.

J. Chen and W. T. Quan, “An improved algorithm for retrieving chlorophyll-a from the Yellow River Estuary using MODIS imagery,” Environ. Monit. Assess. (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Estuar. Coast. Shelf

D. G. Bowers and C. E. Binding, “The optical properties of mineral suspended particles: A review and synthesis,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf67(1-2), 219–230 (2006).
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D. G. Zawada, C. M. Hu, T. Y. Clayton, Z. Q. Chen, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “Remote sensing of particle backscattering in Chesapeake Bay: A 6-year SeaWiFS retrospective view,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf73(3-4), 792–806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.

J. O. Blanton, H. Seim, C. Alexander, J. Amft, and G. Kineke, “Transport of salt and suspended sediments in a curving channel of a coastal plain estuary: Satilla River, GA,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.57(5-6), 993–1006 (2003).
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Geophys. Res. Lett.

E. J. D'Sa, R. L. Miller, and B. A. McKee, “Suspended particulate matter dynamics in coastal waters from ocean color: Application to the northern Gulf of Mexico,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(23), L23611 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Remote Sens.

J. Chen, W. Quan, Z. Wen, and T. Cui, “A simple “clear water” atmospheric correction algorithm for Landsat-5 sensors,” Int. J. Remote Sens. (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Sediment Res.

J. Li, H. Li, B. Shen, and Y. Li, “Effect of non-point source pollution on water quality of the Weihe River,” Int. J. Sediment Res.26(1), 50–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, “An empirical ocean color algorithm for light absorption coefficients of optically deep waters,” J. Geophys. Res.103(27), 967–978 (1998).

S. A. Garver and D. Siegel, “Inherent optical properties inversion of ocean color spectral and its biogeochemical interpretation. 1. Time series from the Sargasso Sea,” J. Geophys. Res.102(C8), 18607–18625 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A Semianalytic Radiance Model of Ocean Color,” J. Geophys. Res.93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Oceanogr.

J. C. Ohlmannn, D. A. Siegel, and C. D. Mobley, “Ocean radiant heating: Part I. Optical influences,” J. Phys. Oceanogr.30(8), 1833–1848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Plant Physiol.

A. A. Gitelson and M. N. Merzlyak, “Spectral Reflectance Changes Associated with Autumn Senescence of Aesculus Hippocastanum L. and Acer Platanoides L. Leaves. Spectral Features and Relation to Chlorophyll Estimation,” J. Plant Physiol.143(3), 286–292 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr.

A. Morel and L. Prieur, “Analysis of variances in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr.22(4), 709–722 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, and L. Prieur, “Absorption by dissolved organic matter of sea (yellow substance) in the UV and visible domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40, 393–410 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mar. Environ. Res.

L. Gao, D. Fan, D. Li, and J. Cai, “Fluorescence characteristics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in shallow water along the Zhejiang coasts, southeast China,” Mar. Environ. Res.69(3), 187–197 (2010).
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Opt. Express

Remote Sens. Environ.

Z. P. Lee and K. L. Carder, “Absorption spectrum of phytoplankton pigments derived from hyperspectral remote-sensing reflectance,” Remote Sens. Environ.89(3), 361–368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Cui, J. Zhang, S. Groom, L. Sun, T. Smyth, and S. Sathyendranath, “Validation of MERIS ocean-color products in the Bohai Sea: A case study for turbid coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(10), 2326–2336 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Matthews, S. Bernard, and L. Robertson, “An algorithm for detecting trophic status (chlorophyll-a), cyanobacterial-dominance, surface scums and floating vegetation in inland and coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.124, 637–652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Craig, C. T. Jones, W. K. W. Li, G. Lazin, E. Horne, C. Caverhill, and J. J. Cullen, “Deriving optical metrics of coastal phytoplankton biomass from ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 72–83 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Remote sensing estimates of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment,” Remote Sens. Environ.61(2), 290–301 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Mishra and D. R. Mishra, “Normalized difference chlorophyll index: a novel model for remote estimation of chlorophyll-a concentration in turbid productive waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.117, 394–406 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Spyrakos, L. González Vilas, J. M. Torres Palenzuela, and E. D. Barton, “Remote sensing chlorophyll a of optically complex waters (rias Baixas, NW Spain): Application of a regionally specific chlorophyll a algorithm for MERIS full resolution data during an upwelling cycle,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(10), 2471–2485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andrefouet, and K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction and cross-calibration of Landsat-7/ETM+ imagery over aquatic environments: A multiplantform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.78(1-2), 99–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Vantrepotte, H. Loisel, D. Dessailly, and X. Mériaux, “Optical classification of contrasted coastal waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.123, 306–323 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ondrusek, E. Stengel, C. S. Kinkade, R. L. Vogel, P. Keegstra, C. Hunter, and C. Kim, “The development of a new optical total suspended matter algorithm for the Chesapeake Bay,” Remote Sens. Environ.119, 243–254 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Zhang, J. W. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. T. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Bailey and P. J. Werdell, “A multi-sensor approach for the on-orbit validation of ocean color satellite data products,” Remote Sens. Environ.102(1-2), 12–23 (2006).
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T. S. Moore, J. W. Campbell, and M. D. Dowell, “A class-based approach to characterizing and mapping the uncertainty of the MODIS ocean chlorophyll product,” Remote Sens. Environ.113(11), 2424–2430 (2009).
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F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, and G. Zibordi, “Assessment of apparent and inherent optical properties derived from SeaWiFS with field data,” Remote Sens. Environ.97(4), 540–553 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Volpe, S. Silvestri, and M. Marani, “Remote sensing retrieval suspended sediment concentration in shallow waters,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(1), 44–54 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sci. China Earth Sci.

Q. Wang, C. Q. Wu, Q. Li, and J. S. Li, “Chinese HJ-1A/B satellites and data characteristics,” Sci. China Earth Sci.53(S1), 51–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Total Environ.

Y. Wang, H. Xia, J. Fu, and G. Sheng, “Water quality change in reservoirs of Shenzhen, China: detection using LANDSAT/TM data,” Sci. Total Environ.328(1-3), 195–206 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

SeaWiFS Technical Report Series, Revision

J. L. Mueller and G. S. Fargion, “Ocean optics protocols for satellite ocean color sensor validation,” SeaWiFS Technical Report Series, Revision3(Part II), 171–179 (2002).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Study area and experimental stations

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Field measurements. (a) Calibration data taken in Oujiang river estuary. (b) First validation data set taken in Oujiang river estuary. (c) The first validation data set taken in West Florida Shelf. (d) The third validation data set taken in Bohai sea

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relationship between IOPs and rrs(λ)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optimal SAB model. (a) The optimal SAB model in predicting total backscattering coefficient at 550nm in Oujiang river estuary. (b) The optimal SAB model in predicting total absorption coefficient at 560nm in Oujiang river estuary.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison between the total absorption and backscattering coefficients predicated by SAB model and in situ measurements taken from Oujiang river estuary, China, on September 12 and 16, 2012.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Rrs(485) and Rrs(560) retrieved from HJ-1A/CCD image on September 12, 2012 using ICAC model.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

HJ-1A/CCD-derived remote sensing reflectance plotted against field measurements Taken in Oujiang river estuary (12 samples) and Jiaozhou Bay (5 samples), respectively.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Using the atmospheric correction result of HJ-1A/CCD image on September 12, 2012, a(560) and bb(550) are calculated using SAB model. (a) Total absorption coefficient at 560 nm . (b) Total backscattering coefficient at 550 nm

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Comparison between the satellite-derived and measured a(560) and bb(550) on September 12, 2012 in the Oujiang River estuary.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Comparison between the SAB model predicted and field measured a(560) taken in the West Florida Shelf and Bohai Sea, respectively. (a) The optimal SAB model in predicting a(560) in the West Florida Shelf. (b) The optimal SAB model in predicting a(560) in the Bohai Sea. (c) The accuracy of the SAB model in predicting a(560) in the West Florida Shelf and Bohai Sea, respectively.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Comparison between the model predicted and field measured a(485) and a(660) taken in the Oujiang River estuary (82 samples).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the bio-optical properties measured: a(485), a(560), bb(560), and Rrs(560); SD, standard derivation.

Equations (8)

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RMS= i=1 n ( x mod,i x obs,i x obs,i ) 2 n ×100%
r rs ( λ )= R rs ( λ ) T+κQ R rs ( λ )
r rs ( λ )= b b ( λ ) a( λ )+ b b ( λ ) [ l 0 + l 1 b b ( λ ) a( λ )+ b b ( λ ) ]
u( λ )= b b ( λ ) a( λ )+ b b ( λ ) = l 0 + l 0 2 +4 l 1 r rs ( λ ) 2 l 1
ε a ( λ i , λ j )= a tw ( λ j ) a tw ( λ i ) and ε b ( λ i , λ j )= b b ( λ j ) b b ( λ i )
u 1 ( λ i ) ε a ε b u 1 ( λ j ) a w ( λ i ) ε a ε b a w ( λ j ) b b ( λ i )
b b ( 560 ) 0.09040.0183ξ u 1 ( 560 )ξ u 1 ( 485 )
a( 560 ) 1u( 560 ) u( 560 ) b b ( 560 )

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