Abstract

We report a simple, broadband and high-absorbance coating for terahertz radiometry. The spectral properties of this coating in THz region were characterized with a home-made terahertz time-domain spectrometer. The measured spectral reflectance is less than 0.3% ranging from 0.2 THz to 0.5 THz and less than 0.1% ranging from 0.5 THz to 2.0 THz. We assembled a terahertz radiometer with this coating as absorber, and discussed its heat transfer in comparison with that of a carbon nanotube array radiometer. This coating is highly absorptive both in terahertz region and in visible light; therefore, the responsivity of this radiometer is easily traceable to National Laser Power Standards. This coating is easily fabricated. It is useful in traceability of terahertz sources and detectors to the SI units.

© 2013 OSA

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Y. Deng, Q. Sun, S. Cao, J. Yu, C. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Accurate and automatic characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Metrologia49(2), S39–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2009

L. Werner, H.-W. Hübers, P. Meindl, R. Müller, H. Richter, and A. Steiger, “Towards traceable radiometry in the terahertz region,” Metrologia46(4), S160–S164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. López, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Measurement of the absorptance of a cryogenic radiometer cavity in the visible and near infrared,” Metrologia42(5), 400–405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.50(3), 910–928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Fitzgerald, E. Berry, N. N. Zinovev, G. C. Walker, M. A. Smith, and J. M. Chamberlain, “An introduction to medical imaging with coherent terahertz frequency radiation,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(7), R67–R84 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 26–33 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

1988

1984

Alexander, R. W.

Bell, R. J.

Berry, E.

A. J. Fitzgerald, E. Berry, N. N. Zinovev, G. C. Walker, M. A. Smith, and J. M. Chamberlain, “An introduction to medical imaging with coherent terahertz frequency radiation,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(7), R67–R84 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, S.

Y. Deng, Q. Sun, S. Cao, J. Yu, C. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Accurate and automatic characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Metrologia49(2), S39–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chamberlain, J. M.

A. J. Fitzgerald, E. Berry, N. N. Zinovev, G. C. Walker, M. A. Smith, and J. M. Chamberlain, “An introduction to medical imaging with coherent terahertz frequency radiation,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(7), R67–R84 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, Y.

Y. Deng, Q. Sun, S. Cao, J. Yu, C. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Accurate and automatic characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Metrologia49(2), S39–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fattinger, Ch.

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 26–33 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fitzgerald, A. J.

A. J. Fitzgerald, E. Berry, N. N. Zinovev, G. C. Walker, M. A. Smith, and J. M. Chamberlain, “An introduction to medical imaging with coherent terahertz frequency radiation,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(7), R67–R84 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grischkowsky, D.

Grossman, E. N.

Gutschwager, B.

Hofer, H.

M. López, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Measurement of the absorptance of a cryogenic radiometer cavity in the visible and near infrared,” Metrologia42(5), 400–405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hollandt, J.

Hübers, H.-W.

L. Werner, H.-W. Hübers, P. Meindl, R. Müller, H. Richter, and A. Steiger, “Towards traceable radiometry in the terahertz region,” Metrologia46(4), S160–S164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kehrt, M.

Keiding, S. R.

Kück, S.

M. López, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Measurement of the absorptance of a cryogenic radiometer cavity in the visible and near infrared,” Metrologia42(5), 400–405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Lehman, J. H.

López, M.

M. López, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Measurement of the absorptance of a cryogenic radiometer cavity in the visible and near infrared,” Metrologia42(5), 400–405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meindl, P.

L. Werner, H.-W. Hübers, P. Meindl, R. Müller, H. Richter, and A. Steiger, “Towards traceable radiometry in the terahertz region,” Metrologia46(4), S160–S164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monte, C.

Müller, R.

A. Steiger, B. Gutschwager, M. Kehrt, C. Monte, R. Müller, and J. Hollandt, “Optical methods for power measurement of terahertz radiation,” Opt. Express18(21), 21804–21814 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Werner, H.-W. Hübers, P. Meindl, R. Müller, H. Richter, and A. Steiger, “Towards traceable radiometry in the terahertz region,” Metrologia46(4), S160–S164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Newquist, L. A.

Ordal, M. A.

Querry, M. R.

Richter, H.

L. Werner, H.-W. Hübers, P. Meindl, R. Müller, H. Richter, and A. Steiger, “Towards traceable radiometry in the terahertz region,” Metrologia46(4), S160–S164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, P. H.

P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.50(3), 910–928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A.

A. J. Fitzgerald, E. Berry, N. N. Zinovev, G. C. Walker, M. A. Smith, and J. M. Chamberlain, “An introduction to medical imaging with coherent terahertz frequency radiation,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(7), R67–R84 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, S. M.

Steiger, A.

A. Steiger, B. Gutschwager, M. Kehrt, C. Monte, R. Müller, and J. Hollandt, “Optical methods for power measurement of terahertz radiation,” Opt. Express18(21), 21804–21814 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Werner, H.-W. Hübers, P. Meindl, R. Müller, H. Richter, and A. Steiger, “Towards traceable radiometry in the terahertz region,” Metrologia46(4), S160–S164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Q.

Y. Deng, Q. Sun, S. Cao, J. Yu, C. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Accurate and automatic characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Metrologia49(2), S39–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Exter, M.

Walker, G. C.

A. J. Fitzgerald, E. Berry, N. N. Zinovev, G. C. Walker, M. A. Smith, and J. M. Chamberlain, “An introduction to medical imaging with coherent terahertz frequency radiation,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(7), R67–R84 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

Y. Deng, Q. Sun, S. Cao, J. Yu, C. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Accurate and automatic characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Metrologia49(2), S39–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Werner, L.

L. Werner, H.-W. Hübers, P. Meindl, R. Müller, H. Richter, and A. Steiger, “Towards traceable radiometry in the terahertz region,” Metrologia46(4), S160–S164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Y. Deng, Q. Sun, S. Cao, J. Yu, C. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Accurate and automatic characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Metrologia49(2), S39–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 26–33 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Y. Deng, Q. Sun, S. Cao, J. Yu, C. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Accurate and automatic characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Metrologia49(2), S39–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zinovev, N. N.

A. J. Fitzgerald, E. Berry, N. N. Zinovev, G. C. Walker, M. A. Smith, and J. M. Chamberlain, “An introduction to medical imaging with coherent terahertz frequency radiation,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(7), R67–R84 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.50(3), 910–928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Metrologia

M. López, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Measurement of the absorptance of a cryogenic radiometer cavity in the visible and near infrared,” Metrologia42(5), 400–405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Werner, H.-W. Hübers, P. Meindl, R. Müller, H. Richter, and A. Steiger, “Towards traceable radiometry in the terahertz region,” Metrologia46(4), S160–S164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Deng, Q. Sun, S. Cao, J. Yu, C. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Accurate and automatic characterization of femtosecond optical pulses,” Metrologia49(2), S39–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 26–33 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Med. Biol.

A. J. Fitzgerald, E. Berry, N. N. Zinovev, G. C. Walker, M. A. Smith, and J. M. Chamberlain, “An introduction to medical imaging with coherent terahertz frequency radiation,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(7), R67–R84 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

“Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” (Wikipedia, 2013). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terahertz_time-domain_spectroscopy .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of reflection-type THz spectrometer. HWP: Half-wave plate; PBS: Polarizing beam splitter; PCA: Photoconductive antenna; THz BS: THz beam splitter; ZnTe: zinc telluride crystal; QWP: Quarter-wave plate; HDPE lens: high density polyethylene lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured referred THz waveform and its Fourier-transformed spectrum. (a) Measured referred THz waveform and noise waveform, (b) referred THz spectrum and noise spectrum obtained with Fourier transform.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured THz reflectances of graphite, home-made graphite paste, SiC, and 3M Velvet-coating.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured spectral reflectances of VANTA and three scales of SiC particles mixed coatings (plotted on logarithmic scale).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic of THz radiometer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematics of heat transfer in VANTA absorber and in SiC particles coating absorber of THz radiometer. (a) In VANTA absorber, (b) in SiC particles coating absorber.

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