Abstract

The synthesis of nearly arbitrary supercontinuum pulse forms is demonstrated with sub-pulse structures that maintain a temporal resolution in the few-cycle regime. Spectral broadening of the 35 fs input pulses to supercontinuum bandwidths is attained in a controlled two-stage sequential filamentation in air at atmospheric pressure, facilitating a homogeneous power density over the full spectral envelope in the visible to near infrared spectral range. Only standard optics and a liquid crystal spatial light modulator (LC-SLM) are employed for achieving pulse compression to the sub 5 fs regime with pulse energies of up to 60 μJ and a peak power of 12 GW. This constitutes the starting point for further pulse form synthesis via phase modulation within the sampling limit of the pulse shaper. Transient grating frequency-resolved optical gating (TG-FROG) allows for the characterization of pulse forms that extend over several hundred femtoseconds with few-cycle substructures.

© 2013 OSA

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2012

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Granados, L.-J. Chen, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, and F. X. Kaertner, “Wavelength scaling of optimal hollow-core fiber compressors in the single-cycle limit,” Opt. Express20, 9099–9108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Schmidt, O. Gause, F. Hagemann, S. Li, W. Unrau, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Optimal white light control of the negative to neutral to positive charge transition (nenepo) in the electronic manifold of the silver trimer,” J. Phys. Chem. A116, 11459–11466 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

2009

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, “Characterization of a MEMS-based pulse-shaping device in the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B96, 757–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Silberberg, “Quantum Coherent Control for Nonlinear Spectroscopy and Microscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.60, 277–292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

B. E. Schmidt, W. Unrau, A. Mirabal, S. Li, M. Krenz, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Poor man’s source for sub 7 fs: a simple route to ultrashort laser pulses and their full characterization,” Opt. Express16, 18910–18921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Rausch, T. Binhammer, A. Harth, F. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, “Few-cycle femtosecond field synthesizer,” Opt. Express16, 17410–17419 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, “Dual-color co-filamentation in argon,” Opt. Express16, 14115–14127 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cross compression of light bullets by two-color cofilamentation,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal Self-Restoration of Compressed Optical Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. E. Serebryannikov, E. Goulielmakis, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Generation of supercontinuum compressible to single-cycle pulse widths in an ionizing gas,” New J. Phys.10, 093001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70, 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

A. Zheltikov, “Nanoscale nonlinear optics in photonic-crystal fibres,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.8, S47–S72 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. B39, 257–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergée, and S. Skupin, “UV-supercontinuum generated by femtosecond pulse filamentation in air: Meter-range experiments versus nummerical simulations,” Appl. Phys. B82, 341–345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase-control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave bandwidth-generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12, 213–222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, Y. Coello, V. V. Lozovoy, D. A. Harris, and M. Dantus, “Pulse shaping of octave spanning femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express14, 10939–10944 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vaughan, T. Feurer, K. Stone, and K. Nelson, “Analysis of replica pulses in femtosecond pulse shaping with pixelated devices,” Opt. Express14, 1314–1328 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2004

S. Weber, A. Lindinger, M. Plewicki, C. Lupulescu, F. Vetter, and L. Woste, “Temporal and spectral optimization course analysis of coherent control experiments,” Chem. Phys.306, 287–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,” Appl. Phys. B72, 373–376 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instr.21, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbugel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instr.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adolph, D.

Akoezbek, N.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anscombe, M.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. B39, 257–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,” Appl. Phys. B72, 373–376 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instr.74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, “Femtosecond laser pulses: Linear properties, manipulation, generation and measurement,” in Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics, F. Träger, ed. (Springer, Berlin, 2007), pp. 937–983.
[CrossRef]

Austin, D. R.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bartelt, H.

Baudisch, M.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumert, T.

J. Köhler, M. Wollenhaupt, T. Bayer, C. Sarpe, and T. Baumert, “Zeptosecond precision pulse shaping,” Opt. Express19, 11638–11653 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instr.74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, “Femtosecond laser pulses: Linear properties, manipulation, generation and measurement,” in Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics, F. Träger, ed. (Springer, Berlin, 2007), pp. 937–983.
[CrossRef]

Bayer, T.

Becker, A.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Béjot, P.

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, “Dual-color co-filamentation in argon,” Opt. Express16, 14115–14127 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cross compression of light bullets by two-color cofilamentation,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berge, L.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal Self-Restoration of Compressed Optical Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70, 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bergée, L.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergée, and S. Skupin, “UV-supercontinuum generated by femtosecond pulse filamentation in air: Meter-range experiments versus nummerical simulations,” Appl. Phys. B82, 341–345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bethge, J.

J. Bethge, C. Bree, H. Redlin, G. Stibenz, P. Staudt, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan, and S. Duesterer, “Self-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament,” J. Opt.13, 055203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. B39, 257–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett.30, 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett.28, 1987–1989 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Binhammer, T.

Bloemer, M.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bonacina, L.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, “Characterization of a MEMS-based pulse-shaping device in the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B96, 757–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bree, C.

J. Bethge, C. Bree, H. Redlin, G. Stibenz, P. Staudt, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan, and S. Duesterer, “Self-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament,” J. Opt.13, 055203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Quantum control of gas-phase and liquid-phase femtochemistry,” Chem. Phys. Chem.4, 418–438 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cavalieri, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, L.-J.

Coello, Y.

Couairon, A.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett.30, 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D, F. K.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dantus, M.

De Silvestri, S.

DeLong, K.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbugel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instr.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Demircan, A.

J. Bethge, C. Bree, H. Redlin, G. Stibenz, P. Staudt, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan, and S. Duesterer, “Self-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament,” J. Opt.13, 055203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Demmler, S.

Duesterer, S.

J. Bethge, C. Bree, H. Redlin, G. Stibenz, P. Staudt, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan, and S. Duesterer, “Self-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament,” J. Opt.13, 055203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eckle, P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. B39, 257–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Extermann, J.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, “Characterization of a MEMS-based pulse-shaping device in the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B96, 757–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Faccio, D.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feurer, T.

Fittinghoff, D.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbugel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instr.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

Frey, S.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergée, and S. Skupin, “UV-supercontinuum generated by femtosecond pulse filamentation in air: Meter-range experiments versus nummerical simulations,” Appl. Phys. B82, 341–345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fuss, W.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gause, O.

B. E. Schmidt, O. Gause, F. Hagemann, S. Li, W. Unrau, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Optimal white light control of the negative to neutral to positive charge transition (nenepo) in the electronic manifold of the silver trimer,” J. Phys. Chem. A116, 11459–11466 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerber, G.

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Quantum control of gas-phase and liquid-phase femtochemistry,” Chem. Phys. Chem.4, 418–438 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. E. Serebryannikov, E. Goulielmakis, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Generation of supercontinuum compressible to single-cycle pulse widths in an ionizing gas,” New J. Phys.10, 093001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Granados, E.

Guandalini, A.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. B39, 257–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hagemann, F.

B. E. Schmidt, O. Gause, F. Hagemann, S. Li, W. Unrau, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Optimal white light control of the negative to neutral to positive charge transition (nenepo) in the electronic manifold of the silver trimer,” J. Phys. Chem. A116, 11459–11466 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansch, T.

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,” Appl. Phys. B72, 373–376 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harris, D. A.

Harth, A.

Hartung, A.

Hauri, C.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heidt, A. M.

Heinrich, A.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, M.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirasawa, M.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,” Appl. Phys. B72, 373–376 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K.-H.

Horn, C.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instr.74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kaertner, F. X.

Kane, D.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbugel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instr.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Karasawa, N.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F.

Kasparian, J.

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cross compression of light bullets by two-color cofilamentation,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, “Dual-color co-filamentation in argon,” Opt. Express16, 14115–14127 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70, 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergée, and S. Skupin, “UV-supercontinuum generated by femtosecond pulse filamentation in air: Meter-range experiments versus nummerical simulations,” Appl. Phys. B82, 341–345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. B39, 257–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett.30, 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett.28, 1987–1989 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Köhler, J.

Kornelis, W.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kosma, K.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,” Appl. Phys. B72, 373–376 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krenz, M.

Krumbugel, M.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbugel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instr.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kusaka, S.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C.-J.

Li, L.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

B. E. Schmidt, O. Gause, F. Hagemann, S. Li, W. Unrau, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Optimal white light control of the negative to neutral to positive charge transition (nenepo) in the electronic manifold of the silver trimer,” J. Phys. Chem. A116, 11459–11466 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Schmidt, W. Unrau, A. Mirabal, S. Li, M. Krenz, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Poor man’s source for sub 7 fs: a simple route to ultrashort laser pulses and their full characterization,” Opt. Express16, 18910–18921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lindinger, A.

S. Weber, A. Lindinger, M. Plewicki, C. Lupulescu, F. Vetter, and L. Woste, “Temporal and spectral optimization course analysis of coherent control experiments,” Chem. Phys.306, 287–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lozovoy, V.

V. Lozovoy and M. Dantus, “Coherent control in femtochemistry,” Chem. Phys. Chem.6, 1970–2000 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lozovoy, V. V.

Lupulescu, C.

S. Weber, A. Lindinger, M. Plewicki, C. Lupulescu, F. Vetter, and L. Woste, “Temporal and spectral optimization course analysis of coherent control experiments,” Chem. Phys.306, 287–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Méjean, G.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergée, and S. Skupin, “UV-supercontinuum generated by femtosecond pulse filamentation in air: Meter-range experiments versus nummerical simulations,” Appl. Phys. B82, 341–345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mirabal, A.

Morgner, U.

Morita, R.

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase-control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave bandwidth-generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12, 213–222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett.28, 2258–2260 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett.30, 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, N.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K.

Nisoli, M.

Nuter, R.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70, 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oka, K.

Panja, S.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G. G.

Pervak, V.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plewicki, M.

S. Weber, A. Lindinger, M. Plewicki, C. Lupulescu, F. Vetter, and L. Woste, “Temporal and spectral optimization course analysis of coherent control experiments,” Chem. Phys.306, 287–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,” Appl. Phys. B72, 373–376 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prakelt, A.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instr.74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rathje, T.

Rausch, S.

Redlin, H.

J. Bethge, C. Bree, H. Redlin, G. Stibenz, P. Staudt, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan, and S. Duesterer, “Self-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament,” J. Opt.13, 055203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Richman, B.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbugel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instr.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rohwer, E. G.

Rondi, A.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, “Characterization of a MEMS-based pulse-shaping device in the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B96, 757–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothhardt, J.

Ruehle, K.

Salmon, E.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergée, and S. Skupin, “UV-supercontinuum generated by femtosecond pulse filamentation in air: Meter-range experiments versus nummerical simulations,” Appl. Phys. B82, 341–345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

Sarpe, C.

Sarpe-Tudoran, C.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instr.74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sayler, A. M.

Scalora, M.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schenkel, B.

Schlup, P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. B39, 257–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, W. E.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. E.

B. E. Schmidt, O. Gause, F. Hagemann, S. Li, W. Unrau, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Optimal white light control of the negative to neutral to positive charge transition (nenepo) in the electronic manifold of the silver trimer,” J. Phys. Chem. A116, 11459–11466 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Schmidt, W. Unrau, A. Mirabal, S. Li, M. Krenz, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Poor man’s source for sub 7 fs: a simple route to ultrashort laser pulses and their full characterization,” Opt. Express16, 18910–18921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Serebryannikov, E. E.

E. E. Serebryannikov, E. Goulielmakis, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Generation of supercontinuum compressible to single-cycle pulse widths in an ionizing gas,” New J. Phys.10, 093001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Siebert, T.

B. E. Schmidt, O. Gause, F. Hagemann, S. Li, W. Unrau, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Optimal white light control of the negative to neutral to positive charge transition (nenepo) in the electronic manifold of the silver trimer,” J. Phys. Chem. A116, 11459–11466 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Schmidt, W. Unrau, A. Mirabal, S. Li, M. Krenz, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Poor man’s source for sub 7 fs: a simple route to ultrashort laser pulses and their full characterization,” Opt. Express16, 18910–18921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Silberberg, “Quantum Coherent Control for Nonlinear Spectroscopy and Microscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.60, 277–292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Silva, F.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skupin, S.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal Self-Restoration of Compressed Optical Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70, 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergée, and S. Skupin, “UV-supercontinuum generated by femtosecond pulse filamentation in air: Meter-range experiments versus nummerical simulations,” Appl. Phys. B82, 341–345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,” Appl. Phys. B72, 373–376 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

Staudt, P.

J. Bethge, C. Bree, H. Redlin, G. Stibenz, P. Staudt, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan, and S. Duesterer, “Self-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament,” J. Opt.13, 055203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

J. Bethge, C. Bree, H. Redlin, G. Stibenz, P. Staudt, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan, and S. Duesterer, “Self-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament,” J. Opt.13, 055203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal Self-Restoration of Compressed Optical Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stibenz, G.

J. Bethge, C. Bree, H. Redlin, G. Stibenz, P. Staudt, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan, and S. Duesterer, “Self-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament,” J. Opt.13, 055203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stone, K.

Suguro, A.

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett.28, 2258–2260 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Sweetser, J.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbugel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instr.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,” Appl. Phys. B72, 373–376 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thai, A.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbugel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instr.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trushin, S. A.

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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B. E. Schmidt, O. Gause, F. Hagemann, S. Li, W. Unrau, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Optimal white light control of the negative to neutral to positive charge transition (nenepo) in the electronic manifold of the silver trimer,” J. Phys. Chem. A116, 11459–11466 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Schmidt, W. Unrau, A. Mirabal, S. Li, M. Krenz, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Poor man’s source for sub 7 fs: a simple route to ultrashort laser pulses and their full characterization,” Opt. Express16, 18910–18921 (2008).
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Vetter, F.

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Weber, S.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, “Characterization of a MEMS-based pulse-shaping device in the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B96, 757–761 (2009).
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A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instr.21, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instr.74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.

Wolf, J. P.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, “Characterization of a MEMS-based pulse-shaping device in the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B96, 757–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Wolf, J.-P.

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cross compression of light bullets by two-color cofilamentation,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70, 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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J. Köhler, M. Wollenhaupt, T. Bayer, C. Sarpe, and T. Baumert, “Zeptosecond precision pulse shaping,” Opt. Express19, 11638–11653 (2011).
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A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instr.74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, “Femtosecond laser pulses: Linear properties, manipulation, generation and measurement,” in Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics, F. Träger, ed. (Springer, Berlin, 2007), pp. 937–983.
[CrossRef]

Woste, L.

S. Weber, A. Lindinger, M. Plewicki, C. Lupulescu, F. Vetter, and L. Woste, “Temporal and spectral optimization course analysis of coherent control experiments,” Chem. Phys.306, 287–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wöste, L.

B. E. Schmidt, O. Gause, F. Hagemann, S. Li, W. Unrau, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Optimal white light control of the negative to neutral to positive charge transition (nenepo) in the electronic manifold of the silver trimer,” J. Phys. Chem. A116, 11459–11466 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Schmidt, W. Unrau, A. Mirabal, S. Li, M. Krenz, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Poor man’s source for sub 7 fs: a simple route to ultrashort laser pulses and their full characterization,” Opt. Express16, 18910–18921 (2008).
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Xu, B.

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
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Yamane, K.

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase-control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave bandwidth-generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12, 213–222 (2006).
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K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett.28, 2258–2260 (2003).
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R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, M.

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase-control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave bandwidth-generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12, 213–222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett.28, 2258–2260 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergée, and S. Skupin, “UV-supercontinuum generated by femtosecond pulse filamentation in air: Meter-range experiments versus nummerical simulations,” Appl. Phys. B82, 341–345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Zheltikov, A.

A. Zheltikov, “Nanoscale nonlinear optics in photonic-crystal fibres,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.8, S47–S72 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zheltikov, A. M.

E. E. Serebryannikov, E. Goulielmakis, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Generation of supercontinuum compressible to single-cycle pulse widths in an ionizing gas,” New J. Phys.10, 093001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.

Y. Silberberg, “Quantum Coherent Control for Nonlinear Spectroscopy and Microscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.60, 277–292 (2009).
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Appl. Phys. B

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79, 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergée, and S. Skupin, “UV-supercontinuum generated by femtosecond pulse filamentation in air: Meter-range experiments versus nummerical simulations,” Appl. Phys. B82, 341–345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, “Characterization of a MEMS-based pulse-shaping device in the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B96, 757–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,” Appl. Phys. B72, 373–376 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys.

S. Weber, A. Lindinger, M. Plewicki, C. Lupulescu, F. Vetter, and L. Woste, “Temporal and spectral optimization course analysis of coherent control experiments,” Chem. Phys.306, 287–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Chem.

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Quantum control of gas-phase and liquid-phase femtochemistry,” Chem. Phys. Chem.4, 418–438 (2003).
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V. Lozovoy and M. Dantus, “Coherent control in femtochemistry,” Chem. Phys. Chem.6, 1970–2000 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase-control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave bandwidth-generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12, 213–222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt.

J. Bethge, C. Bree, H. Redlin, G. Stibenz, P. Staudt, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan, and S. Duesterer, “Self-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament,” J. Opt.13, 055203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.

A. Zheltikov, “Nanoscale nonlinear optics in photonic-crystal fibres,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.8, S47–S72 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. B39, 257–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A

B. E. Schmidt, O. Gause, F. Hagemann, S. Li, W. Unrau, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Optimal white light control of the negative to neutral to positive charge transition (nenepo) in the electronic manifold of the silver trimer,” J. Phys. Chem. A116, 11459–11466 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

R. Morita, M. Hirasawa, N. Karasawa, S. Kusaka, N. Nakagawa, K. Yamane, L. Li, A. Suguro, and M. Yamashita, “Sub-5 fs optical pulse characterization,” Meas. Sci. Technol.13, 1710–1720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

E. E. Serebryannikov, E. Goulielmakis, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Generation of supercontinuum compressible to single-cycle pulse widths in an ionizing gas,” New J. Phys.10, 093001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Akoezbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska, W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200 nm with few-cycle pulses,” New J. Phys.8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

J. Vaughan, T. Feurer, K. Stone, and K. Nelson, “Analysis of replica pulses in femtosecond pulse shaping with pixelated devices,” Opt. Express14, 1314–1328 (2006).
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B. Xu, Y. Coello, V. V. Lozovoy, D. A. Harris, and M. Dantus, “Pulse shaping of octave spanning femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express14, 10939–10944 (2006).
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P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, “Dual-color co-filamentation in argon,” Opt. Express16, 14115–14127 (2008).
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S. Rausch, T. Binhammer, A. Harth, F. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, “Few-cycle femtosecond field synthesizer,” Opt. Express16, 17410–17419 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Schmidt, W. Unrau, A. Mirabal, S. Li, M. Krenz, L. Wöste, and T. Siebert, “Poor man’s source for sub 7 fs: a simple route to ultrashort laser pulses and their full characterization,” Opt. Express16, 18910–18921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Köhler, M. Wollenhaupt, T. Bayer, C. Sarpe, and T. Baumert, “Zeptosecond precision pulse shaping,” Opt. Express19, 11638–11653 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. M. Heidt, A. Hartung, E. G. Rohwer, H. Bartelt, J. Limpert, and A. Tuennermann, “Generation of high quality, 1.3 cycle pulses by active phase control of an octave spanning supercontinuum,” Opt. Express19, 20151–20158 (2011).
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E. Granados, L.-J. Chen, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, and F. X. Kaertner, “Wavelength scaling of optimal hollow-core fiber compressors in the single-cycle limit,” Opt. Express20, 9099–9108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cross compression of light bullets by two-color cofilamentation,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal Self-Restoration of Compressed Optical Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70, 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instr.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, “Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping,” Rev. Sci. Instr.74, 4950–4953 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbugel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instr.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instr.21, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. K. D, “Attosecond control and measurement: Lightwave electronics,” Science317, 769–775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, “Femtosecond laser pulses: Linear properties, manipulation, generation and measurement,” in Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics, F. Träger, ed. (Springer, Berlin, 2007), pp. 937–983.
[CrossRef]

O. Kühn and L. Wöste, eds., Analysis and Control of Ultrafast Photoinduced Reactions, Springer Series in Chemical Physics, vol. 87, (Springer, Berlin2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup for supercontinuum generation and pulse shaping. (A) First filamentation stage and compression: iris, (SM1) concave spherical mirror, R = 4000 mm; (SM2) concave spherical mirror, R = 5000 mm; (CM1, CM2) chirped mirror pair, GVD −60 fs2rad−1/double bounce. (B) Second filamentation stage and pre-compression: (I2) iris; (SM3) concave spherical mirror, R = 3000 mm; (SM4) concave spherical mirror, R = 2500 mm; (CM3, CM4) chirped mirror pair, GVD −40 fs2rad−1/double bounce. (C) Pulse shaper: (G1, G2) diffraction grating, 300 l/mm and 600 nm blaze; (CCM1, CCM2) concave cylindrical mirrors, R = 500 mm; (LC-SLM) spatial light modulator, 2x640 pixels. (D) Frequency-resolved optical gating, TG-FROG: (I3) spatial filter; (FM1, FM2) D-shaped mirrors; (SM5) concave spherical mirror, R = 500 mm; (BK7) glass platelet, BK7; (I4) iris; (L) lens, f = 100 mm; (S) fiber spectrometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(A) Supercontinuum spectrum after the SLM and polarization analysis set for full transmission except for a minimum transmission of three selected spectral channels at 550, 700 and 900 nm. (B) Complementary suppression of the full supercontinuum spectrum and full transmission through three selected pixels each at 550,700 and 900 nm. (C) Calibration of the phase retardation giving the transmission for the spectral channels at 550, 700 and 900 nm after polarization analysis as a function of the voltage applied to one array of the LC-SLM. (D) Spectral calibration of the LC-SLM (green), fit function ω(x) = a/(x — x0) (black dashed line) and the shaping window τ(x) = π/(ω′ (x) (blue line) of the 4f pulse shaper arrangement. For details, see text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sequence of spectral broadening and pulse compression in the experimental setup shown in Fig. 1. (A) FROG trace and (B) spectrum of the input pulse from the femtosecond amplifier. (C) FROG trace and (D) spectrum after first filamentation stage and chirped mirror pulse compression.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sequence of spectral broadening and pulse compression in the experimental setup shown in Fig. 1. (A) FROG trace after chirped mirror pre-compression (10 double bounces, −400 fs2/rad) and pulse shaper set to zero phase. (B) Spectrum after the second filamentation stage. (C) FROG trace and (D) spectrum (black points) after compression with the spectral phase composed of three second-order phase functions shifted temporally against one another with additional linear phase ramps (blue squares) set on the pulse shaper (for details see Table 1).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(A) and (B): FROG traces of supercontinuum pulse trains with a sub-pulse spacing of 20 and 50 fs, utilizing a sinusoidal phase function with a modulation frequency of ΔT−1 = 50 and 20 THz at a modulation depth of 2.0 and 2.2 rad, respectively. The explicit phase functions are given in Table 1. (C) Spectrum of the 50 fs pulse train measured after the pulse shaper, where a dichroic beamsplitter (R = 80% from 750 to 850 nm) attenuates the NIR spectral region for equal contributions of the visible and NIR components to the supercontinuum spectrum.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(A) and (B): FROG traces of double pulses split at 724 nm (2.60 rad/fs) with a sub-pulse spacing of 600 fs. The IR part of the spectrum was temporally shifted by a linear phase ramp with a slope of ±600 fs, respectively, in the spectral region above 724 nm. The rest of the spectrum was maintained at zero phase relative to the phase function employed for pulse compression. (C) and (D): FROG trace of a double pulse split at 700 nm (2.69 rad/fs) with a sub-pulse spacing of 400 fs. The spectrum below 700 nm was temporally shifted using a linear phase ramp with a slope of −400 fs. The explicit phase functions are given in Table 1.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(A) Total phase function for the pulse form shown in Panel C of Fig. 6 resulting from the phase correction employed for pulse compression similar to Panel D of Fig. 4 and a linear phase ramp with a slope of −400 fs above 2.69 rad/fs (700 nm). (B) Magnification of the phase function in the region around 3.05 rad/fs in a wrapped representation (black line). Points sampled by the LC-SLM (green points) with error bars indicating the approximate bandwidth transmitted through the corresponding pixels. An equivalent quadratic function (red line) is derived from the parameters of the sampling artifact for representing the linear phase ramp within the sampling limit of the LC-SLM. The original linear phase ramp and equivalent (within the sampling limit of the pulse shaper) quadratic phase function are summarized in Table 1. For details, see text.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the transfer function of the LC-SLM used for pulse compression and shaping of the supercontinuum following the formalism summarized by Wollenhaupt et. al. in the Taylor expansion of the complex spectral phase function with the respective coefficients [29]. Unless specified, ω0 = 3.0 rad/fs and for 7(B) the equivalent quadratic phase function is given that is adjusted to the sampling points. For details see text.

Equations (1)

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T ω ( V ) = sin 2 ( φ y ( V ) φ x ( V ) 2 )

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