Abstract

A 170 W all-fiber linearly-polarized single-frequency sing-mode ytterbium amplifier at 1064 nm with an optical efficiency of 80% is demonstrated. 3.9 m long ytterbium-doped polarization maintaining fiber with a core diameter of 10 μm is used as the gain fiber, which guarantees a diffraction-limited output with a measured M2 of 1.02. To suppress the stimulated Brillouin scattering, longitudinally varied strains are applied on the gain fiber according to the signal power evolution and the temperature distribution. 7 times increase of the stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold is achieved.

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  1. Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. Corning. Inc., http://www.corning.com/opticalfiber/library/fiber_mechanical_reliability/calculators.aspx .
  17. T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, “Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1296–1302 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2012

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, Y. X. Ma, X. J. Xu, and Z. J. Liu, “310 W single-frequency all-fiber laser in master oscillator power amplification configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(8), 591–595 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, J. Hu, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-suppressed high-power single-frequency polarization-maintaining Raman fiber amplifier with longitudinally varied strain for laser guide star,” Opt. Lett.37(22), 4796–4798 (2012).
[PubMed]

2011

2010

2009

2007

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gray, A. Liu, D. T. Walton, J. Wang, M.-J. Li, X. Chen, A. B. Ruffin, J. A. Demeritt, and L. A. Zenteno, “502 Watt, single transverse mode, narrow linewidth, bidirectionally pumped Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express15(25), 17044–17050 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

1997

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(10), 1842–1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, “Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1296–1302 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Boggio, J. M. C.

Book, L. D.

Chen, X.

Dajani, I.

Demeritt, J. A.

Dong, J.

Fan, Y.

Feng, Y.

Fragnito, H. L.

Goodno, G. D.

Gray, S.

He, B.

Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, T.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, “Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1296–1302 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koyamada, Y.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, “Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1296–1302 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kurashima, T.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, “Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1296–1302 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.-J.

Liu, A.

Liu, H.

Liu, Z. J.

X. L. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, Y. X. Ma, X. J. Xu, and Z. J. Liu, “310 W single-frequency all-fiber laser in master oscillator power amplification configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(8), 591–595 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lou, Q.

Ma, Y. X.

X. L. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, Y. X. Ma, X. J. Xu, and Z. J. Liu, “310 W single-frequency all-fiber laser in master oscillator power amplification configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(8), 591–595 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marconi, J. D.

Neumann, J.

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nikles, M.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(10), 1842–1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Robert, P. A.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(10), 1842–1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Robin, C.

Rothenberg, J. E.

Ruffin, A. B.

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sayinc, H.

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, “Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1296–1302 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tateda, M.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, “Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1296–1302 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Theeg, T.

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Thevenaz, L.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(10), 1842–1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vergien, C.

Walton, D. T.

Wang, J.

Wang, X. L.

X. L. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, Y. X. Ma, X. J. Xu, and Z. J. Liu, “310 W single-frequency all-fiber laser in master oscillator power amplification configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(8), 591–595 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y.

Xiao, H.

X. L. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, Y. X. Ma, X. J. Xu, and Z. J. Liu, “310 W single-frequency all-fiber laser in master oscillator power amplification configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(8), 591–595 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. J.

X. L. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, Y. X. Ma, X. J. Xu, and Z. J. Liu, “310 W single-frequency all-fiber laser in master oscillator power amplification configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(8), 591–595 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zenteno, L. A.

Zeringue, C.

Zhang, L.

Zheng, J.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, P.

X. L. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, Y. X. Ma, X. J. Xu, and Z. J. Liu, “310 W single-frequency all-fiber laser in master oscillator power amplification configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(8), 591–595 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(10), 1842–1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, “Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1296–1302 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. M. C. Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, “Experimental and numerical investigation of the SBS-threshold increase in an optical fiber by applying strain distributions,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(11), 3808–3814 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

X. L. Wang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, Y. X. Ma, X. J. Xu, and Z. J. Liu, “310 W single-frequency all-fiber laser in master oscillator power amplification configuration,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(8), 591–595 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

D. P. Machewirth, Q. Wang, B. Samson, K. Tankala, M. O'Connor, and M. Alam, “Current developments in high-power monolithic polarization maintaining fiber amplifiers for coherent beam combining applications,” Proc. SPIE 6453, Fiber Lasers IV: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 64531F–64531F (2007).

Corning. Inc., http://www.corning.com/opticalfiber/library/fiber_mechanical_reliability/calculators.aspx .

M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, M. Fishteyn, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “All-fiber 194 W single-frequency single-mode Yb-doped master-oscillator power-amplifier,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS), the 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, 382–383 (2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of the 1064 nm single frequency Yb-doped fiber amplifier

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Calculated signal power evolution and designed strain distribution along the fiber. (b) Calculated SBS light spectrum under the strain distribution. (c) Calculated pump power, signal power and temperature distribution along the gain fiber. (d) Calculated SBS light spectrum considering both the strain and temperature distribution.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Output and backward light power for the cases of 3.4 and 3.6 m gain fiber with 10 strain steps. (b) Output and backward light power for the cases of 3.9 m gain fiber without strain and with 20 strain steps, inset, far field spatial profile of the 1064 nm beam. (c) Spectrum at the maximum output power, inset, zoom-in view of the laser emission at 1064 nm. (d) Backward light spectra at different output power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Applied Strain Distribution and the Corresponding SBS Shifts

Equations (4)

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d P p dx =( N 2 σ p e N 1 σ p a ) Γ p P p α p P p d P s dx =( N 2 σ s e N 1 σ s a ) Γ s P s α s P s P s i=1 n g SBS i P SBS i d P SBS i dx = g SBS i P s P SBS i + α SBS P SBS i +( N 2 σ s e N 1 σ s a ) Γ s P SBS i
T 0 = T c + q a 2 2hc + q a 2 4 k 1 + q a 2 2 k 2 ln( b a )+ q a 2 2 k 3 ln( c b )
q=(1 λ p λ s ) -d P P dx 1 π a 2
ν B (ε)= ν B (0)[1+ C S ε]

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