Abstract

We report on monitoring the mode power in dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides (DLSPPWs) by measuring the resistance of gold electrodes, supporting the DLSPPW mode propagation, with internal (on-chip) Wheatstone bridges. The investigated DLSPPW configuration consisted of 1-μm-thick and 10-μm-wide cycloaliphatic acrylate polymer ridges tapered laterally to a 1-μm-wide ridge placed on a 50-nm-thin and 4-um wide gold stripe, all supported by a ~1.7-µm-thick Cytop layer deposited on a Si wafer. The fabricated DLSPPW power monitors were characterized at telecom wavelengths, showing very high responsivities reaching up to ~6.4 μV/μW (for a bias voltage of 245 mV) and the operation bandwidth exceeding 40 kHz.

© 2013 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic network-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEE Trans. Comput.57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, “Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 μm in silicon etalon,” Electron. Lett.28(1), 83–85 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. A. B. Miller, “Device Requirements for Optical Interconnects to Silicon Chips,” Proceedings of the IEE97(7), 1166–1185 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomas, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics4, 518529 (2010).
  5. T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton,” Phys. Rev. B75(24), 245405 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(21), 211101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(24), 5833–5835 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, “Thermally activated variable attenuation of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waves,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(11), 4391–4402 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Gosciniak, V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, S. Massenot, and A. Dereux, “Fiber-coupled dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express18(5), 5314–5319 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide components,” Opt. Express18(2), 1207–1216 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Gosciniak, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic Mach-Zehnder interferometers and Directional Coupler Switches,” Nanotechnology23(44), 444008 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Gosciniak, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient thermo-optically controlled Mach-Zehnder interferometers using dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express20(15), 16300–16309 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Kumar, J. Gosciniak, T. B. Andersen, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Power monitoring in dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 2972–2978 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, “Integrated power monitor for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun.255(1–3), 51–56 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
    [PubMed]

2012 (3)

J. Gosciniak, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic Mach-Zehnder interferometers and Directional Coupler Switches,” Nanotechnology23(44), 444008 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

J. Gosciniak, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient thermo-optically controlled Mach-Zehnder interferometers using dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express20(15), 16300–16309 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Device Requirements for Optical Interconnects to Silicon Chips,” Proceedings of the IEE97(7), 1166–1185 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic network-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEE Trans. Comput.57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton,” Phys. Rev. B75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(21), 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, “Integrated power monitor for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun.255(1–3), 51–56 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(24), 5833–5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, “Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 μm in silicon etalon,” Electron. Lett.28(1), 83–85 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, T. B.

Apostolopoulos, D.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Avramopoulos, H.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Baus, M.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Bergman, K.

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic network-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEE Trans. Comput.57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

J. Gosciniak, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic Mach-Zehnder interferometers and Directional Coupler Switches,” Nanotechnology23(44), 444008 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

J. Gosciniak, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient thermo-optically controlled Mach-Zehnder interferometers using dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express20(15), 16300–16309 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Kumar, J. Gosciniak, T. B. Andersen, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Power monitoring in dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 2972–2978 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gosciniak, V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, S. Massenot, and A. Dereux, “Fiber-coupled dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express18(5), 5314–5319 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide components,” Opt. Express18(2), 1207–1216 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton,” Phys. Rev. B75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, “Integrated power monitor for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun.255(1–3), 51–56 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(24), 5833–5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carloni, L. P.

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic network-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEE Trans. Comput.57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cocorullo, G.

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, “Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 μm in silicon etalon,” Electron. Lett.28(1), 83–85 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

Gagnon, G.

Gardes, F. Y.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomas, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics4, 518529 (2010).

Gosciniak, J.

Hassan, K.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton,” Phys. Rev. B75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kalavrouziotis, D.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Kjelstrup-Hansen, J.

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(21), 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. Kumar, J. Gosciniak, T. B. Andersen, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Power monitoring in dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 2972–2978 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lahoud, N.

Leosson, K.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, “Integrated power monitor for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun.255(1–3), 51–56 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(24), 5833–5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Markey, L.

Mashanovich, G.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomas, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics4, 518529 (2010).

Massenot, S.

Mattiussi, G. A.

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Device Requirements for Optical Interconnects to Silicon Chips,” Proceedings of the IEE97(7), 1166–1185 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nikolajsen, T.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, “Integrated power monitor for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun.255(1–3), 51–56 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(24), 5833–5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Papaioannou, S.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Pleros, N.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Reed, G. T.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomas, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics4, 518529 (2010).

Rendina, I.

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, “Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 μm in silicon etalon,” Electron. Lett.28(1), 83–85 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shacham, A.

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic network-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEE Trans. Comput.57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tekin, T.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Thomas, D. J.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomas, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics4, 518529 (2010).

Volkov, V. S.

Vyrsokinos, K.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Weeber, J.-C.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(21), 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(21), 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(24), 5833–5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, “Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 μm in silicon etalon,” Electron. Lett.28(1), 83–85 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEE Trans. Comput. (1)

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic network-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEE Trans. Comput.57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nanotechnology (1)

J. Gosciniak, L. Markey, A. Dereux, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic Mach-Zehnder interferometers and Directional Coupler Switches,” Nanotechnology23(44), 444008 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomas, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics4, 518529 (2010).

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, “Integrated power monitor for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun.255(1–3), 51–56 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton,” Phys. Rev. B75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proceedings of the IEE (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Device Requirements for Optical Interconnects to Silicon Chips,” Proceedings of the IEE97(7), 1166–1185 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sci Rep (1)

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Active plasmonics in WDM traffic switching applications,” Sci Rep2, 652 (2012).
[PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics