Abstract

Compensation effect of blue phase I (BP I) with blue phase II (BP II) liquid crystal was demonstrated. BP I and BP II were co-exist in the optoeletronic device by polymer stabilization. Consequently, disadvantages of BP I and BP II were greatly improved by compensation effect and resulted in high contrast ratio, low hysteresis and fast falling time. Mechanism of compensation effect was explained by relaxation ability of lattice structure under electrical field and compensation structure was well confirmed by Bragg’s reflectance spectrum and Commission International de l’Éclairage chromaticity diagram.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. H. Stegemeyer, T. H. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 1(1), 3–28 (1986).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. H. Iwamochi, T. Hirose, Y. Kogawa, and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral T-shaped semiflexible compound exhibiting a wide temperature range blue phase III,” Chem. Lett. 39(3), 170–171 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
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  7. A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Sato and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in a blue phase III exhibited by a chiral liquid crystal oligomer,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(23), 4145–4148 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  10. H. Kikuchi, H. Higuchi, Y. Haseba, and T. Iwata, “Fast electro-optical switching in polymer-stabilized liquid crystalline blue phases for display application,” SID Sym. Digest Tech. Papers 38(1), 1737–1740 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  16. Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
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    [Crossref]
  19. A. Yoshizawa, “Molecular design for stabilizing a blue phase III and electro-optical switching in the blue phase,” J. SID 16(12), 1189–1194 (2008).
  20. H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131905 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2012 (1)

Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131905 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Kogawa and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral effects of blue phase stabilisation of a binaphthyl derivative,” Liq. Cryst. 38(3), 303–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter 7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Iwamochi, T. Hirose, Y. Kogawa, and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral T-shaped semiflexible compound exhibiting a wide temperature range blue phase III,” Chem. Lett. 39(3), 170–171 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Display Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

Y. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

A. Yoshizawa, “Molecular design for stabilizing a blue phase III and electro-optical switching in the blue phase,” J. SID 16(12), 1189–1194 (2008).

2007 (3)

B. Y. Zhang, F. B. Meng, and Y. H. Cong, “Optical characterization of polymer liquid crystal cell exhibiting polymer blue phases,” Opt. Express 15(16), 10175–10181 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sato and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in a blue phase III exhibited by a chiral liquid crystal oligomer,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(23), 4145–4148 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, H. Higuchi, Y. Haseba, and T. Iwata, “Fast electro-optical switching in polymer-stabilized liquid crystalline blue phases for display application,” SID Sym. Digest Tech. Papers 38(1), 1737–1740 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

C. V. Yelamaggad, I. S. Shashikala, G. Liao, D. S. Shankar Rao, S. K. Prasad, Q. Li, and A. Jakli, “Blue phase, smectic fluids, and unprecedented sequences in liquid crystal dimers,” Chem. Mater. 18(26), 6100–6102 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

H. Stegemeyer, T. H. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[Crossref]

Blumel, T. H.

H. Stegemeyer, T. H. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[Crossref]

Chen, K. M.

Choi, H.

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131905 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter 7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. W.

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Coles, H. J.

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cong, Y. H.

Cordoyiannis, G.

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gauza, S.

Glorieux, C.

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haseba, Y.

H. Kikuchi, H. Higuchi, Y. Haseba, and T. Iwata, “Fast electro-optical switching in polymer-stabilized liquid crystalline blue phases for display application,” SID Sym. Digest Tech. Papers 38(1), 1737–1740 (2007).
[Crossref]

Higuchi, H.

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131905 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter 7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, H. Higuchi, Y. Haseba, and T. Iwata, “Fast electro-optical switching in polymer-stabilized liquid crystalline blue phases for display application,” SID Sym. Digest Tech. Papers 38(1), 1737–1740 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hiltrop, K.

H. Stegemeyer, T. H. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hirose, T.

H. Iwamochi, T. Hirose, Y. Kogawa, and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral T-shaped semiflexible compound exhibiting a wide temperature range blue phase III,” Chem. Lett. 39(3), 170–171 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hisakado, Y.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, T. H.

Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hur, S. T.

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Iwamochi, H.

H. Iwamochi, T. Hirose, Y. Kogawa, and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral T-shaped semiflexible compound exhibiting a wide temperature range blue phase III,” Chem. Lett. 39(3), 170–171 (2010).
[Crossref]

Iwata, T.

H. Kikuchi, H. Higuchi, Y. Haseba, and T. Iwata, “Fast electro-optical switching in polymer-stabilized liquid crystalline blue phases for display application,” SID Sym. Digest Tech. Papers 38(1), 1737–1740 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jakli, A.

C. V. Yelamaggad, I. S. Shashikala, G. Liao, D. S. Shankar Rao, S. K. Prasad, Q. Li, and A. Jakli, “Blue phase, smectic fluids, and unprecedented sequences in liquid crystal dimers,” Chem. Mater. 18(26), 6100–6102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kajiyama, T.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karatairi, E.

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kikuchi, H.

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter 7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131905 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, H. Higuchi, Y. Haseba, and T. Iwata, “Fast electro-optical switching in polymer-stabilized liquid crystalline blue phases for display application,” SID Sym. Digest Tech. Papers 38(1), 1737–1740 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, K.

Y. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kogawa, Y.

Y. Kogawa and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral effects of blue phase stabilisation of a binaphthyl derivative,” Liq. Cryst. 38(3), 303–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Iwamochi, T. Hirose, Y. Kogawa, and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral T-shaped semiflexible compound exhibiting a wide temperature range blue phase III,” Chem. Lett. 39(3), 170–171 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kralj, S.

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ku, P. J.

Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kutnjak, Z.

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lan, Y. F.

Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, M.

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

C. V. Yelamaggad, I. S. Shashikala, G. Liao, D. S. Shankar Rao, S. K. Prasad, Q. Li, and A. Jakli, “Blue phase, smectic fluids, and unprecedented sequences in liquid crystal dimers,” Chem. Mater. 18(26), 6100–6102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liao, G.

C. V. Yelamaggad, I. S. Shashikala, G. Liao, D. S. Shankar Rao, S. K. Prasad, Q. Li, and A. Jakli, “Blue phase, smectic fluids, and unprecedented sequences in liquid crystal dimers,” Chem. Mater. 18(26), 6100–6102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. Y.

Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meng, F. B.

Nounesis, G.

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Onusseit, H.

H. Stegemeyer, T. H. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[Crossref]

Pivnenko, M. N.

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Porsch, F.

H. Stegemeyer, T. H. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[Crossref]

Prasad, S. K.

C. V. Yelamaggad, I. S. Shashikala, G. Liao, D. S. Shankar Rao, S. K. Prasad, Q. Li, and A. Jakli, “Blue phase, smectic fluids, and unprecedented sequences in liquid crystal dimers,” Chem. Mater. 18(26), 6100–6102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rokunohe, J.

A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rozic, B.

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sato, M.

M. Sato and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in a blue phase III exhibited by a chiral liquid crystal oligomer,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(23), 4145–4148 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shankar Rao, D. S.

C. V. Yelamaggad, I. S. Shashikala, G. Liao, D. S. Shankar Rao, S. K. Prasad, Q. Li, and A. Jakli, “Blue phase, smectic fluids, and unprecedented sequences in liquid crystal dimers,” Chem. Mater. 18(26), 6100–6102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shashikala, I. S.

C. V. Yelamaggad, I. S. Shashikala, G. Liao, D. S. Shankar Rao, S. K. Prasad, Q. Li, and A. Jakli, “Blue phase, smectic fluids, and unprecedented sequences in liquid crystal dimers,” Chem. Mater. 18(26), 6100–6102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Song, K.

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stegemeyer, H.

H. Stegemeyer, T. H. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[Crossref]

Sugiura, N.

Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takanishi, Y.

Y. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thoen, J.

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, C. Y.

Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tzitzios, V.

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L. Y.

Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

Xianyu, H.

Yamamoto, J.

Y. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yelamaggad, C. V.

C. V. Yelamaggad, I. S. Shashikala, G. Liao, D. S. Shankar Rao, S. K. Prasad, Q. Li, and A. Jakli, “Blue phase, smectic fluids, and unprecedented sequences in liquid crystal dimers,” Chem. Mater. 18(26), 6100–6102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshizawa, A.

Y. Kogawa and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral effects of blue phase stabilisation of a binaphthyl derivative,” Liq. Cryst. 38(3), 303–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Iwamochi, T. Hirose, Y. Kogawa, and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral T-shaped semiflexible compound exhibiting a wide temperature range blue phase III,” Chem. Lett. 39(3), 170–171 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshizawa, “Molecular design for stabilizing a blue phase III and electro-optical switching in the blue phase,” J. SID 16(12), 1189–1194 (2008).

M. Sato and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in a blue phase III exhibited by a chiral liquid crystal oligomer,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(23), 4145–4148 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yoshizawa, Y.

Y. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B. Y.

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

M. Sato and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in a blue phase III exhibited by a chiral liquid crystal oligomer,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(23), 4145–4148 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, L. Y. Wang, P. J. Ku, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Identification of polymer stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display by chromaticity diagram,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171902 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131905 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chem. Lett. (1)

H. Iwamochi, T. Hirose, Y. Kogawa, and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral T-shaped semiflexible compound exhibiting a wide temperature range blue phase III,” Chem. Lett. 39(3), 170–171 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

C. V. Yelamaggad, I. S. Shashikala, G. Liao, D. S. Shankar Rao, S. K. Prasad, Q. Li, and A. Jakli, “Blue phase, smectic fluids, and unprecedented sequences in liquid crystal dimers,” Chem. Mater. 18(26), 6100–6102 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. Mater. Chem. (3)

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. SID (1)

A. Yoshizawa, “Molecular design for stabilizing a blue phase III and electro-optical switching in the blue phase,” J. SID 16(12), 1189–1194 (2008).

Liq. Cryst. (2)

Y. Kogawa and A. Yoshizawa, “Chiral effects of blue phase stabilisation of a binaphthyl derivative,” Liq. Cryst. 38(3), 303–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Stegemeyer, T. H. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

E. Karatairi, B. Rozic, Z. Kutnjak, V. Tzitzios, G. Nounesis, G. Cordoyiannis, J. Thoen, C. Glorieux, and S. Kralj, “Nanoparticle-induced widening of the temperature range of liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 81(4), 041703–041707 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

SID Sym. Digest Tech. Papers (1)

H. Kikuchi, H. Higuchi, Y. Haseba, and T. Iwata, “Fast electro-optical switching in polymer-stabilized liquid crystalline blue phases for display application,” SID Sym. Digest Tech. Papers 38(1), 1737–1740 (2007).
[Crossref]

Soft Matter (1)

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter 7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics (Wiley-VCH, 1996).

P. P. Crooker, Chirality in Liquid Crystals, H. S. Kitzerow and C. Bahr, eds. (Springer, 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Heating program of BPLC during UV curing process.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electro-optical properties of compensation BPLC and their references: (a) voltage-transmittance curve, (b) normalized dark state, (c) normalized bright state, (d) contrast ratio, (e) hysteresis and (f) response time.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Mechanism of compensation BPLC in (a) dark state and contrast ratio and (b) hysteresis and falling time.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Identification of compensation BPLC cell and its reference: Bragg Reflectance for BP I (a) and compensated BPLC (b), CIE chromaticity diagram for BPLC (c).

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