Abstract

The fluorescence enhancement in broadband Cr-doped fibers (CDFs) fabricated by a drawing tower with a redrawn powder-in-tube preform is proposed and demonstrated. The CDFs after heat treatment exhibited Cr4+ emission enhancement with spectral density of 200 pW/nm, verified by the formation of α-Mg2SiO4 nanocrystalline structures in the core of CDFs. The high fluorescence achievement in the CDFs is essential to develop a broadband CDF amplifier for next-generation optical communication systems.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article
Related Articles
Nickel-doped nanocrystalline glass-ceramic fiber

B. N. Samson, L. R. Pinckney, J. Wang, G. H. Beall, and N. F. Borrelli
Opt. Lett. 27(15) 1309-1311 (2002)

Optical absorption and luminescence study of cobalt-doped magnesium aluminosilicate glass ceramics

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, and A. A. Zhilin
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(8) 1815-1821 (2002)

Preform fabrication and fiber drawing of 300 nm broadband Cr-doped fibers

Yi-Chung Huang, Jau-Sheng Wang, Yu-Kuan Lu, Wen-Kuei Liu, Kuang-Yao Huang, Sheng-Lung Huang, and Wood-Hi Cheng
Opt. Express 15(22) 14382-14388 (2007)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. C. Huang, Y. K. Lu, J. C. Chen, Y. C. Hsu, Y. M. Huang, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Broadband emission from Cr-doped fibers fabricated by drawing tower,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8492–8497 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. K. Lu, W. K. Liu, K. Y. Huang, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Preform fabrication and fiber drawing of 300 nm broadband Cr-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14382–14388 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. S. Lin, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, Y. K. Lu, S. M. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Development of broadband single-mode Cr-doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(12), 914–916 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, K. M. Chu, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, T. L. Chou, S. M. Yeh, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Cr-doped fibers employing powder-in-tube technique,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, OWS1, March (2011).
  5. J. Ballato and E. Snitzer, “Fabrication of fibers with high rare-earth concentrations for faraday isolator applications,” Appl. Opt. 34(30), 6848–6854 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. S. Wang and F. H. Shen, “The development of SiO2 resistant Cr-doped glass ceramics high Cr4+ emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 246–251 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. M. Yeh, D. J. Y. Feng, K. Y. Huang, W. J. Zhuo, Y. C. Huang, T. S. Lay, S. L. Huang, P. Yeh, and W. H. Cheng, “Transmission and coupling characteristics of ultra-broadband Cr-doped multimode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(14), 2834–2842 (2009).
  8. S. M. Yeh, S. L. Huang, Y. J. Chiu, H. Taga, P. L. Huang, Y. C. Huang, Y. K. Lu, J. P. Wu, W. L. Wang, D. M. Kong, K. Y. Huang, J. S. Wang, P. Yeh, and W.-H. Cheng, “Broadband chromium-doped fiber amplifiers for next-generation optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(6), 921–927 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. A. Martin and J. C. Knight, “Silica-clad neodymium-doped lanthanum phosphate fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 574–576 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. F. Hazenkamp, H. U. Güdel, M. Atanasov, U. Kesper, and D. Reinen, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped Ca2GeO4 and Mg2SiO4.,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2367–2377 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valency state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220(2–3), 139–146 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Kitaura, H. Nakagawa, and A. Ohnishi, “Optical spectra and electronic structures of forsterite (α-Mg2SiO4) single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 71(11), 2736–2741 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. Erny, L. Labio, and W. Luthy, “A novel technique for active fibre production,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 919–922 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  14. C. Koepke, K. Wisniewski, and M. Grinberg, “Excited state spectroscopy of chromium ions in various valence states in glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 19–27 (2002).
    [Crossref]

2012 (2)

2010 (1)

Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. S. Lin, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, Y. K. Lu, S. M. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Development of broadband single-mode Cr-doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(12), 914–916 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

R. A. Martin and J. C. Knight, “Silica-clad neodymium-doped lanthanum phosphate fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 574–576 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Huang, Y. K. Lu, J. C. Chen, Y. C. Hsu, Y. M. Huang, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Broadband emission from Cr-doped fibers fabricated by drawing tower,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8492–8497 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

M. Kitaura, H. Nakagawa, and A. Ohnishi, “Optical spectra and electronic structures of forsterite (α-Mg2SiO4) single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 71(11), 2736–2741 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Koepke, K. Wisniewski, and M. Grinberg, “Excited state spectroscopy of chromium ions in various valence states in glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 19–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valency state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220(2–3), 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

M. F. Hazenkamp, H. U. Güdel, M. Atanasov, U. Kesper, and D. Reinen, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped Ca2GeO4 and Mg2SiO4.,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2367–2377 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

Atanasov, M.

M. F. Hazenkamp, H. U. Güdel, M. Atanasov, U. Kesper, and D. Reinen, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped Ca2GeO4 and Mg2SiO4.,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2367–2377 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ballato, J.

Chen, J. C.

Cheng, W. H.

Cheng, W.-H.

Chiu, Y. J.

Erny, R.

R. Erny, L. Labio, and W. Luthy, “A novel technique for active fibre production,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 919–922 (2007).
[Crossref]

Feng, D. J. Y.

Grinberg, M.

C. Koepke, K. Wisniewski, and M. Grinberg, “Excited state spectroscopy of chromium ions in various valence states in glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 19–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Güdel, H. U.

M. F. Hazenkamp, H. U. Güdel, M. Atanasov, U. Kesper, and D. Reinen, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped Ca2GeO4 and Mg2SiO4.,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2367–2377 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hazenkamp, M. F.

M. F. Hazenkamp, H. U. Güdel, M. Atanasov, U. Kesper, and D. Reinen, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped Ca2GeO4 and Mg2SiO4.,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2367–2377 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, Y. C.

Huang, K. Y.

Huang, P. L.

Huang, S. L.

Huang, Y. C.

Huang, Y. M.

Kesper, U.

M. F. Hazenkamp, H. U. Güdel, M. Atanasov, U. Kesper, and D. Reinen, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped Ca2GeO4 and Mg2SiO4.,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2367–2377 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitaura, M.

M. Kitaura, H. Nakagawa, and A. Ohnishi, “Optical spectra and electronic structures of forsterite (α-Mg2SiO4) single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 71(11), 2736–2741 (2002).
[Crossref]

Knight, J. C.

R. A. Martin and J. C. Knight, “Silica-clad neodymium-doped lanthanum phosphate fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 574–576 (2006).
[Crossref]

Koepke, C.

C. Koepke, K. Wisniewski, and M. Grinberg, “Excited state spectroscopy of chromium ions in various valence states in glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 19–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kong, D. M.

Kuo, H. H.

Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. S. Lin, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, Y. K. Lu, S. M. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Development of broadband single-mode Cr-doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(12), 914–916 (2010).
[Crossref]

Labio, L.

R. Erny, L. Labio, and W. Luthy, “A novel technique for active fibre production,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 919–922 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lay, T. S.

Lin, T. C.

Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. S. Lin, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, Y. K. Lu, S. M. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Development of broadband single-mode Cr-doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(12), 914–916 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. S.

Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. S. Lin, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, Y. K. Lu, S. M. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Development of broadband single-mode Cr-doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(12), 914–916 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. K.

Lu, Y. K.

Luthy, W.

R. Erny, L. Labio, and W. Luthy, “A novel technique for active fibre production,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 919–922 (2007).
[Crossref]

Martin, R. A.

R. A. Martin and J. C. Knight, “Silica-clad neodymium-doped lanthanum phosphate fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 574–576 (2006).
[Crossref]

Morinaga, K.

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valency state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220(2–3), 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Murata, T.

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valency state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220(2–3), 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nakagawa, H.

M. Kitaura, H. Nakagawa, and A. Ohnishi, “Optical spectra and electronic structures of forsterite (α-Mg2SiO4) single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 71(11), 2736–2741 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ohnishi, A.

M. Kitaura, H. Nakagawa, and A. Ohnishi, “Optical spectra and electronic structures of forsterite (α-Mg2SiO4) single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 71(11), 2736–2741 (2002).
[Crossref]

Reinen, D.

M. F. Hazenkamp, H. U. Güdel, M. Atanasov, U. Kesper, and D. Reinen, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped Ca2GeO4 and Mg2SiO4.,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2367–2377 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, F. H.

J. S. Wang and F. H. Shen, “The development of SiO2 resistant Cr-doped glass ceramics high Cr4+ emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 246–251 (2012).
[Crossref]

Snitzer, E.

Taga, H.

Takebe, H.

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valency state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220(2–3), 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Torisaka, M.

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valency state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220(2–3), 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang and F. H. Shen, “The development of SiO2 resistant Cr-doped glass ceramics high Cr4+ emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 246–251 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. M. Yeh, S. L. Huang, Y. J. Chiu, H. Taga, P. L. Huang, Y. C. Huang, Y. K. Lu, J. P. Wu, W. L. Wang, D. M. Kong, K. Y. Huang, J. S. Wang, P. Yeh, and W.-H. Cheng, “Broadband chromium-doped fiber amplifiers for next-generation optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(6), 921–927 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. S. Lin, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, Y. K. Lu, S. M. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Development of broadband single-mode Cr-doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(12), 914–916 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. K. Lu, W. K. Liu, K. Y. Huang, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Preform fabrication and fiber drawing of 300 nm broadband Cr-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14382–14388 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, W. L.

S. M. Yeh, S. L. Huang, Y. J. Chiu, H. Taga, P. L. Huang, Y. C. Huang, Y. K. Lu, J. P. Wu, W. L. Wang, D. M. Kong, K. Y. Huang, J. S. Wang, P. Yeh, and W.-H. Cheng, “Broadband chromium-doped fiber amplifiers for next-generation optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(6), 921–927 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. S. Lin, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, Y. K. Lu, S. M. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Development of broadband single-mode Cr-doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(12), 914–916 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wisniewski, K.

C. Koepke, K. Wisniewski, and M. Grinberg, “Excited state spectroscopy of chromium ions in various valence states in glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 19–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. P.

Yeh, P.

Yeh, S. M.

Zhuo, W. J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, Y. S. Lin, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, Y. K. Lu, S. M. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Development of broadband single-mode Cr-doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(12), 914–916 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. A. Martin and J. C. Knight, “Silica-clad neodymium-doped lanthanum phosphate fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(4), 574–576 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

C. Koepke, K. Wisniewski, and M. Grinberg, “Excited state spectroscopy of chromium ions in various valence states in glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1–2), 19–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

J. S. Wang and F. H. Shen, “The development of SiO2 resistant Cr-doped glass ceramics high Cr4+ emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 246–251 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valency state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220(2–3), 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

M. Kitaura, H. Nakagawa, and A. Ohnishi, “Optical spectra and electronic structures of forsterite (α-Mg2SiO4) single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 71(11), 2736–2741 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

R. Erny, L. Labio, and W. Luthy, “A novel technique for active fibre production,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 919–922 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

M. F. Hazenkamp, H. U. Güdel, M. Atanasov, U. Kesper, and D. Reinen, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped Ca2GeO4 and Mg2SiO4.,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2367–2377 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Y. C. Huang, J. S. Wang, K. M. Chu, T. C. Lin, W. L. Wang, T. L. Chou, S. M. Yeh, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Cr-doped fibers employing powder-in-tube technique,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, OWS1, March (2011).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a Cr-doped powder preform.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cleaved end-face of a CDF with a 10-μm core: (a) before heat-treatment, (b) after heat-treatment.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The fluorescence spectra of CDFs: (a) without heat treatment, (b) with heat treatment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) EPMA line-scan of a CDF without heat treatment, (b) enlargement of (a).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) EPMA line-scan of a CDF with heat treatment, (b) enlargement of (a).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

HRTEM images showing: (a) core of a CDF without heat-treatment, (b) enlarged area from (a), (c) SAED pattern from (a), (d) core of a CDF with heat-treatment, (e) enlarged area from (d), (f) SAED pattern from (d).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

EDX spectra of CDFs (a) without heat treatment, (b) with heat treatment.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Structural environment of Cr4+ ion in olivine structure that Si4+ ions substituted by Cr4+ ions.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Powder compositions

Metrics