Abstract

We present the fabrication and characterization of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in an endlessly single-mode microstructured polymer optical fiber (mPOF) made of humidity-insensitive high-Tg TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer. The mPOF is the first made from grade 5013 TOPAS with a glass transition temperature of Tg = 135°C and we experimentally demonstrate high strain operation (2.5%) of the FBG at 98°C and stable operation up to a record high temperature of 110°C. The Bragg wavelengths of the FBGs are around 860 nm, where the propagation loss is 5.1dB/m, close to the fiber loss minimum of 3.67dB/m at 787nm.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  23. G. Khanarian, “Optical properties of cyclic olefin copolymers,” Opt. Eng. 40(6), 1024–1029 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  26. K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8592–8601 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  28. H. Bao, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, P. U. Jepsen, and O. Bang, “Fabrication and characterization of porous-core honeycomb bandgap THz fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 29507–29517 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. See, www.topas.com
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    [CrossRef]
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2012

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating Based-Accelerometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Tunable polymer Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) inscription: Fabrication of dual-FBG temperature compensated polymer optical fiber strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 401–403 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Argyros, R. Lwin, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Poulin, L. Poladian, and M. C. J. Large, “Low loss and temperature stable microstructured polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 192–197 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Makino, T. Kado, A. Inoue, and Y. Koike, “Low loss graded index polymer optical fiber with high stability under damp heat conditions,” Opt. Express 20(12), 12893–12898 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Bao, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, P. U. Jepsen, and O. Bang, “Fabrication and characterization of porous-core honeycomb bandgap THz fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 29507–29517 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

C. Markos, W. Yuan, K. Vlachos, G. E. Town, and O. Bang, “Label-free biosensing with high sensitivity in dual-core microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7790–7798 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow bandwidth 850 nm fiber Bragg gratings in few-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. J. Large, and A. Argyros, “Multiplexed FBG sensor recorded in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D, 77140D-10 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827 nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, “Optical fibre temperature and humidity sensor,” Electron. Lett. 46(9), 643–644 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2007

2006

2005

2004

T. Ishigure, M. Hirai, M. Sato, and Y. Koike, “Graded-index plastic optical fiber with high mechanical properties enabling easy network installations. I,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 91(1), 404–409 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

1999

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abbott, D.

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adam, A. J. L.

Afshar V., S.

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Andresen, S.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating Based-Accelerometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

A. Argyros, R. Lwin, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Poulin, L. Poladian, and M. C. J. Large, “Low loss and temperature stable microstructured polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 192–197 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. J. Large, and A. Argyros, “Multiplexed FBG sensor recorded in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D, 77140D-10 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8844–8850 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and S. Kalluri, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering in a hollow core microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express 15(21), 13675–13681 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Liquid-filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14(9), 4135–4140 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, “Continuous wave ultraviolet light-induced fiber Bragg gratings in few- and single-mode microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30(24), 3296–3298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. A. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, and N. A. P. Nicorovici, “Microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Express 9(7), 319–327 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atakaramians, S.

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bache, M.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Tunable polymer Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) inscription: Fabrication of dual-FBG temperature compensated polymer optical fiber strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 401–403 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating Based-Accelerometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Bao, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, P. U. Jepsen, and O. Bang, “Fabrication and characterization of porous-core honeycomb bandgap THz fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 29507–29517 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow bandwidth 850 nm fiber Bragg gratings in few-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Markos, W. Yuan, K. Vlachos, G. E. Town, and O. Bang, “Label-free biosensing with high sensitivity in dual-core microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7790–7798 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Emiliyanov, J. B. Jensen, O. Bang, P. E. Hoiby, L. H. Pedersen, E. M. Kjaer, and L. Lindvold, “Localized biosensing with TOPAS microstructured polymer optical fiber: Erratum,” Opt. Lett. 32(9), 1059 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Emiliyanov, J. B. Jensen, O. Bang, P. E. Hoiby, L. H. Pedersen, E. M. Kjaer, and L. Lindvold, “Localized biosensing with Topas microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 460–462 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Jensen, P.E. Hoiby, G. Emiliyanov, O. Bang, L.H. Pedersen, and A. Bjarklev, “Selective detection of antibodies in microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5883–5889 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, H.

Bassett, I.

Bjarklev, A.

Carroll, K. E.

Chu, P. L.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cox, F. M.

de Sterke, C. M.

Dobb, H.

Dubois, C.

Dupuis, A.

Emiliyanov, G.

Fleming, S.

Gao, Y.

Godbout, N.

Guo, N.

Hansen, K. S.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Herholdt-Rasmussen, N.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating Based-Accelerometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hirai, M.

T. Ishigure, M. Hirai, M. Sato, and Y. Koike, “Graded-index plastic optical fiber with high mechanical properties enabling easy network installations. I,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 91(1), 404–409 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hoiby, P. E.

Hoiby, P.E.

Inoue, A.

Ishigure, T.

T. Ishigure, M. Hirai, M. Sato, and Y. Koike, “Graded-index plastic optical fiber with high mechanical properties enabling easy network installations. I,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 91(1), 404–409 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Issa, N. A.

Jacobsen, T.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. B.

Jepsen, P. U.

Johnson, I. P.

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. J. Large, and A. Argyros, “Multiplexed FBG sensor recorded in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D, 77140D-10 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827 nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kado, T.

Kalli, K.

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. J. Large, and A. Argyros, “Multiplexed FBG sensor recorded in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D, 77140D-10 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827 nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8844–8850 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, “Continuous wave ultraviolet light-induced fiber Bragg gratings in few- and single-mode microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30(24), 3296–3298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalluri, S.

Khan, L.

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Khanarian, G.

G. Khanarian, “Optical properties of cyclic olefin copolymers,” Opt. Eng. 40(6), 1024–1029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kjaer, E. M.

Koike, Y.

K. Makino, T. Kado, A. Inoue, and Y. Koike, “Low loss graded index polymer optical fiber with high stability under damp heat conditions,” Opt. Express 20(12), 12893–12898 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ishigure, M. Hirai, M. Sato, and Y. Koike, “Graded-index plastic optical fiber with high mechanical properties enabling easy network installations. I,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 91(1), 404–409 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lacroix, S.

Large, M. C. J.

A. Argyros, R. Lwin, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Poulin, L. Poladian, and M. C. J. Large, “Low loss and temperature stable microstructured polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 192–197 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. J. Large, and A. Argyros, “Multiplexed FBG sensor recorded in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D, 77140D-10 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and S. Kalluri, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering in a hollow core microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express 15(21), 13675–13681 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8844–8850 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Liquid-filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14(9), 4135–4140 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, “Continuous wave ultraviolet light-induced fiber Bragg gratings in few- and single-mode microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30(24), 3296–3298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. A. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, and N. A. P. Nicorovici, “Microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Express 9(7), 319–327 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Lindvold, L.

Lwin, R.

Makino, K.

Manos, S.

Markos, C.

C. Markos, W. Yuan, K. Vlachos, G. E. Town, and O. Bang, “Label-free biosensing with high sensitivity in dual-core microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7790–7798 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow bandwidth 850 nm fiber Bragg gratings in few-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R. C.

Monro, T. M.

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, M.

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nicorovici, N. A. P.

Nielsen, F. K.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, K.

A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Bao, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, P. U. Jepsen, and O. Bang, “Fabrication and characterization of porous-core honeycomb bandgap THz fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 29507–29517 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pedersen, L. H.

Pedersen, L.H.

Peng, G. D.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, “Optical fibre temperature and humidity sensor,” Electron. Lett. 46(9), 643–644 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Planken, P. C. M.

Poladian, L.

Poulin, J.

Rasmussen, H. K.

Rasmussen, H. K.

A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rose, B.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

T. Ishigure, M. Hirai, M. Sato, and Y. Koike, “Graded-index plastic optical fiber with high mechanical properties enabling easy network installations. I,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 91(1), 404–409 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Sørensen, O. B.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stefani, A.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating Based-Accelerometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Tunable polymer Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) inscription: Fabrication of dual-FBG temperature compensated polymer optical fiber strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 401–403 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow bandwidth 850 nm fiber Bragg gratings in few-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Town, G. E.

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

Vlachos, K.

Webb, D. J.

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. J. Large, and A. Argyros, “Multiplexed FBG sensor recorded in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D, 77140D-10 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, “Optical fibre temperature and humidity sensor,” Electron. Lett. 46(9), 643–644 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827 nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8844–8850 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Dobb, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, “Continuous wave ultraviolet light-induced fiber Bragg gratings in few- and single-mode microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30(24), 3296–3298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, B.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Z.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, W.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating Based-Accelerometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Tunable polymer Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) inscription: Fabrication of dual-FBG temperature compensated polymer optical fiber strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 401–403 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow bandwidth 850 nm fiber Bragg gratings in few-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Markos, W. Yuan, K. Vlachos, G. E. Town, and O. Bang, “Label-free biosensing with high sensitivity in dual-core microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7790–7798 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zagari, J.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, W.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, “Optical fibre temperature and humidity sensor,” Electron. Lett. 46(9), 643–644 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., M. Nagel, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Direct probing of evanescent field for characterization of porous terahertz fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(12), 121104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827 nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, “Optical fibre temperature and humidity sensor,” Electron. Lett. 46(9), 643–644 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Tunable polymer Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) inscription: Fabrication of dual-FBG temperature compensated polymer optical fiber strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 401–403 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow bandwidth 850 nm fiber Bragg gratings in few-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating Based-Accelerometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci.

T. Ishigure, M. Hirai, M. Sato, and Y. Koike, “Graded-index plastic optical fiber with high mechanical properties enabling easy network installations. I,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 91(1), 404–409 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

G. Khanarian, “Optical properties of cyclic olefin copolymers,” Opt. Eng. 40(6), 1024–1029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

K. Makino, T. Kado, A. Inoue, and Y. Koike, “Low loss graded index polymer optical fiber with high stability under damp heat conditions,” Opt. Express 20(12), 12893–12898 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Bao, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, P. U. Jepsen, and O. Bang, “Fabrication and characterization of porous-core honeycomb bandgap THz fibers,” Opt. Express 20, 29507–29517 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. A. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, and N. A. P. Nicorovici, “Microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Express 9(7), 319–327 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Jensen, P.E. Hoiby, G. Emiliyanov, O. Bang, L.H. Pedersen, and A. Bjarklev, “Selective detection of antibodies in microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5883–5889 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Liquid-filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14(9), 4135–4140 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8844–8850 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and S. Kalluri, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering in a hollow core microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express 15(21), 13675–13681 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Markos, W. Yuan, K. Vlachos, G. E. Town, and O. Bang, “Label-free biosensing with high sensitivity in dual-core microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7790–7798 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. J. Large, and A. Argyros, “Multiplexed FBG sensor recorded in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D, 77140D-10 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, and J. Albert, Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors: Recent Advancements, Industrial Applications and Market Exploitation (Bentham Science Publishers, 2009), Chap. 15.

M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, G. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres (Springer, 2008).

See, www.topas.com

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Reflection spectrum of the high-Tg TOPAS FBG at room temperature. Inset: microscope image of the end fact of the mPOF (130 μm in diameter) with a 3-ring hexagonal holes structure. (b) Measured loss of the fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature response of the FBG in the 130 μm fiber shown in Fig. 1. (a) Bragg wavelength shift versus temperature. (b) Normalized reflected peak power versus temperature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Small strain response of the FBG in the 130 μm fiber shown in Fig. 1. (a-b) Bragg wavelength shift vs strain at (a) 50°C and (b) 100°C. (c-d) Corresponding normalized reflected peak power for (c) 50°C and (d) 100°C. Red lines show strain loading, whereas black lines show subsequent strain release. At each strain value the grating is left for 10 minutes before a recording is made.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Small strain response of the FBG in the 130 μm fiber shown in Fig. 1. (a) Bragg wavelength shift vs strain at 110°C. (b) Corresponding normalized reflected peak power. Red lines show strain loading, whereas black lines show subsequent strain release. At each strain value the grating is left for 10 minutes before a recording is made.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Normalized Bragg grating reflection spectrum indicating the blue-shift of the resonant wavelength. (b) The variation of Bragg wavelength with time at 110°C. After 17 hours at room temperature, the Bragg wavelength remains at the same position as after 7 hours at 110°C.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Large strain response of the 180 µm TOPAS FBG at room temperature, 50°C, and 98°C

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