Abstract

We report the highest power operation of a resonantly cladding-pumped, holmium-doped silica fibre laser. The cladding pumped all-glass fibre utilises a fluorine doped glass layer to provide low loss cladding guidance of the 1.95 µm pump radiation. The operation of both single mode and large-mode area fibre lasers was demonstrated, with up to 140 W of output power achieved. A slope efficiency of 59% versus launched pump power was demonstrated. The free running emission was measured to be 2.12-2.15 µm demonstrating the potential of this architecture to address the long wavelength operation of silica based fibre lasers with high efficiency.

© 2013 OSA

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2012 (1)

N. Simakov, A. Davidson, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, and J. Haub, “Mid-infrared generation in ZnGeP2 pumped by a monolithic, power scalable 2-µm source,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373K, 82373K-6 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

A. S. Kurkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber 10 W holmium lasers pumped at λ=1.15 microm,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 490–492 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kieleck, A. Hildenbrand, M. Eichhorn, D. Faye, E. Lallier, B. Gerard, and S. D. Jackson, “OP-GaAs OPO pumped by 2 µm Q-switched lasers: Tm:Ho:silica fiber laser and Ho:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 7836, 783607, 783607-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Tang, L. Xu, Y. Yang, and J. Xu, “High-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(22), 22964–22972 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “Single frequency fiber laser at 2.05 µm based on Ho-doped germanate glass fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951K, 71951K-7 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Shirakawa, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High-power Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1150-1200 nm,” Opt. Express 17(2), 447–454 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

S. D. Jackson, “Midinfrared holmium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(2), 187–191 (2006).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Compt. Rend. Phys. 7(2), 213–223 (2006).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

S. Nagel, J. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 30(4), 305–322 (1982).
[Crossref]

Augere, B.

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Compt. Rend. Phys. 7(2), 213–223 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bennetts, S.

N. Simakov, A. Davidson, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, and J. Haub, “Mid-infrared generation in ZnGeP2 pumped by a monolithic, power scalable 2-µm source,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373K, 82373K-6 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and D. G. Lancaster, “High-power 83 W holmium-doped silica fiber laser operating with high beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 241–243 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Broeng, J.

Budni, P. A.

Bugge, F.

Cariou, J.-P.

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Compt. Rend. Phys. 7(2), 213–223 (2006).
[Crossref]

Carmody, N.

N. Simakov, A. Davidson, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, and J. Haub, “Mid-infrared generation in ZnGeP2 pumped by a monolithic, power scalable 2-µm source,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373K, 82373K-6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chavez-Pirson, A.

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “Single frequency fiber laser at 2.05 µm based on Ho-doped germanate glass fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951K, 71951K-7 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chicklis, E. P.

Creeden, D.

Davidson, A.

N. Simakov, A. Davidson, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, and J. Haub, “Mid-infrared generation in ZnGeP2 pumped by a monolithic, power scalable 2-µm source,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373K, 82373K-6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Davies, P.

N. Simakov, A. Davidson, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, and J. Haub, “Mid-infrared generation in ZnGeP2 pumped by a monolithic, power scalable 2-µm source,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373K, 82373K-6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Eichhorn, M.

C. Kieleck, A. Hildenbrand, M. Eichhorn, D. Faye, E. Lallier, B. Gerard, and S. D. Jackson, “OP-GaAs OPO pumped by 2 µm Q-switched lasers: Tm:Ho:silica fiber laser and Ho:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 7836, 783607, 783607-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Erbert, G.

Fabian, H.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Faye, D.

C. Kieleck, A. Hildenbrand, M. Eichhorn, D. Faye, E. Lallier, B. Gerard, and S. D. Jackson, “OP-GaAs OPO pumped by 2 µm Q-switched lasers: Tm:Ho:silica fiber laser and Ho:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 7836, 783607, 783607-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gerard, B.

C. Kieleck, A. Hildenbrand, M. Eichhorn, D. Faye, E. Lallier, B. Gerard, and S. D. Jackson, “OP-GaAs OPO pumped by 2 µm Q-switched lasers: Tm:Ho:silica fiber laser and Ho:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 7836, 783607, 783607-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grzesik, U.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Haken, U.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Haub, J.

N. Simakov, A. Davidson, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, and J. Haub, “Mid-infrared generation in ZnGeP2 pumped by a monolithic, power scalable 2-µm source,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373K, 82373K-6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Heitmann, W.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hemming, A.

N. Simakov, A. Davidson, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, and J. Haub, “Mid-infrared generation in ZnGeP2 pumped by a monolithic, power scalable 2-µm source,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373K, 82373K-6 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and D. G. Lancaster, “High-power 83 W holmium-doped silica fiber laser operating with high beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 241–243 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hildenbrand, A.

C. Kieleck, A. Hildenbrand, M. Eichhorn, D. Faye, E. Lallier, B. Gerard, and S. D. Jackson, “OP-GaAs OPO pumped by 2 µm Q-switched lasers: Tm:Ho:silica fiber laser and Ho:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 7836, 783607, 783607-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hughes, M.

N. Simakov, A. Davidson, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, and J. Haub, “Mid-infrared generation in ZnGeP2 pumped by a monolithic, power scalable 2-µm source,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373K, 82373K-6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Humbach, O.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 19–26 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

Jiang, M.

Ketteridge, P. A.

Kieleck, C.

C. Kieleck, A. Hildenbrand, M. Eichhorn, D. Faye, E. Lallier, B. Gerard, and S. D. Jackson, “OP-GaAs OPO pumped by 2 µm Q-switched lasers: Tm:Ho:silica fiber laser and Ho:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 7836, 783607, 783607-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

King, T.

Kosolapov, A. F.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kurkov, A. S.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. S. Kurkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber 10 W holmium lasers pumped at λ=1.15 microm,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 490–492 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lallier, E.

C. Kieleck, A. Hildenbrand, M. Eichhorn, D. Faye, E. Lallier, B. Gerard, and S. D. Jackson, “OP-GaAs OPO pumped by 2 µm Q-switched lasers: Tm:Ho:silica fiber laser and Ho:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 7836, 783607, 783607-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lancaster, D. G.

Lyngsø, J. K.

MacChesney, J.

S. Nagel, J. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 30(4), 305–322 (1982).
[Crossref]

Marakulin, A. V.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. S. Kurkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber 10 W holmium lasers pumped at λ=1.15 microm,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 490–492 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maruyama, H.

McCarthy, J. C.

Medvedkov, O. I.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Minashina, L. A.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nagel, S.

S. Nagel, J. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 30(4), 305–322 (1982).
[Crossref]

Olausson, C. B.

Peyghambarian, N.

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “Single frequency fiber laser at 2.05 µm based on Ho-doped germanate glass fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951K, 71951K-7 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pollak, T. M.

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sabella, A.

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schunemann, P. G.

Setzler, S. D.

Shirakawa, A.

Sholokhov, E. M.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Simakov, N.

N. Simakov, A. Davidson, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, and J. Haub, “Mid-infrared generation in ZnGeP2 pumped by a monolithic, power scalable 2-µm source,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373K, 82373K-6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

Tsvetkov, V. B.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

Valla, M.

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Compt. Rend. Phys. 7(2), 213–223 (2006).
[Crossref]

Walker, K.

S. Nagel, J. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 30(4), 305–322 (1982).
[Crossref]

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “Single frequency fiber laser at 2.05 µm based on Ho-doped germanate glass fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951K, 71951K-7 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, L.

Yang, Y.

Yao, Z.

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “Single frequency fiber laser at 2.05 µm based on Ho-doped germanate glass fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951K, 71951K-7 (2009).
[Crossref]

Young, Y. E.

Yu, J.

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “Single frequency fiber laser at 2.05 µm based on Ho-doped germanate glass fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951K, 71951K-7 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zawilski, K.

Zong, J.

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “Single frequency fiber laser at 2.05 µm based on Ho-doped germanate glass fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951K, 71951K-7 (2009).
[Crossref]

Compt. Rend. Phys. (1)

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Compt. Rend. Phys. 7(2), 213–223 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Midinfrared holmium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(2), 187–191 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

S. Nagel, J. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 30(4), 305–322 (1982).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fluorine-doped glass clad holmium-doped silica fibre.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of experimental laser layout.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power from single (red) and double (blue) end pumped SM holmium fibre lasers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra of double-end pumped SM holmium fibre laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power of the double-end pumped LMA fibre laser.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Spectra of the double-end pumped LMA holmium fibre laser. (b) Near field beam profile at 25 W (top) and 140 W (bottom).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Description of the Fibres under Investigation

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