Abstract

The effective Kerr nonlinearity of hollow-core kagomé-style photonic crystal fiber (PCF) filled with argon gas increases to ~15% of that of bulk silica glass when the pressure is increased from 1 to 150 bar, while the zero dispersion wavelength shifts from 300 to 900 nm. The group velocity dispersion of the system is uniquely pressure-tunable over a wide range while avoiding Raman scattering—absent in noble gases—and having an extremely high optical damage threshold. As a result, detailed and well-controlled studies of nonlinear effects can be performed, in both normal and anomalous dispersion regimes, using only a fixed-frequency pump laser. For example, the absence of Raman scattering permits clean observation, at high powers, of the interaction between a modulational instability side-band and a soliton-created dispersive wave. Excellent agreement is obtained between numerical simulations and experimental results. The system has great potential for the realization of reconfigurable supercontinuum sources, wavelength convertors and short-pulse laser systems.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4729–4749 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St.J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(12), A11–A26 (2011).
  6. M. Azhar, G. Wong, W. Chang, N. Joly and P. St.J. Russell, "Nonlinear optics in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with liquid argon," in CLEO: Science and Innovations, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CTh4B.4.
  7. E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.43, 1783–1809 (1964).
  8. J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, G. K. L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-controlled phase matching to third harmonic in Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.35(17), 2922–2924 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. Chang, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Influence of ionization on ultrafast gas-based nonlinear fiber optics,” Opt. Express19(21), 21018–21027 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Agarwal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2006)
  11. N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt.12(1130011), 1–18 (2010).
  13. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Droques, B. Barviau, A. Kudlinski, M. Taki, A. Boucon, T. Sylvestre, and A. Mussot, “Symmetry-breaking dynamics of the modulational instability spectrum,” Opt. Lett.36(8), 1359–1361 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs,” Opt. Express13(2), 534–544 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St.J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(12), A11–A26 (2011).

W. Chang, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Influence of ionization on ultrafast gas-based nonlinear fiber optics,” Opt. Express19(21), 21018–21027 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Droques, B. Barviau, A. Kudlinski, M. Taki, A. Boucon, T. Sylvestre, and A. Mussot, “Symmetry-breaking dynamics of the modulational instability spectrum,” Opt. Lett.36(8), 1359–1361 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2006

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4729–4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

1995

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1964

E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.43, 1783–1809 (1964).

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barviau, B.

Biancalana, F.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boucon, A.

Chang, W.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St.J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(12), A11–A26 (2011).

W. Chang, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Influence of ionization on ultrafast gas-based nonlinear fiber optics,” Opt. Express19(21), 21018–21027 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Droques, M.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Duligall, J.

Fulconis, J.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hölzer, P.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chang, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Influence of ionization on ultrafast gas-based nonlinear fiber optics,” Opt. Express19(21), 21018–21027 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, G. K. L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-controlled phase matching to third harmonic in Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.35(17), 2922–2924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joly, N. Y.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St.J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(12), A11–A26 (2011).

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chang, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Influence of ionization on ultrafast gas-based nonlinear fiber optics,” Opt. Express19(21), 21018–21027 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, G. K. L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-controlled phase matching to third harmonic in Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.35(17), 2922–2924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kudlinski, A.

Marcatili, E.

E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.43, 1783–1809 (1964).

Mussot, A.

Nazarkin, A.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chang, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Influence of ionization on ultrafast gas-based nonlinear fiber optics,” Opt. Express19(21), 21018–21027 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, G. K. L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-controlled phase matching to third harmonic in Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.35(17), 2922–2924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nold, J.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St.J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(12), A11–A26 (2011).

W. Chang, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Influence of ionization on ultrafast gas-based nonlinear fiber optics,” Opt. Express19(21), 21018–21027 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, G. K. L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-controlled phase matching to third harmonic in Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.35(17), 2922–2924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Podlipensky, A.

Rarity, J. G.

Russell, P. St. J.

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chang, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Influence of ionization on ultrafast gas-based nonlinear fiber optics,” Opt. Express19(21), 21018–21027 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, G. K. L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-controlled phase matching to third harmonic in Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.35(17), 2922–2924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4729–4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs,” Opt. Express13(2), 534–544 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St.J.

Saleh, M. F.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scharrer, M.

Schmeltzer, R.

E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.43, 1783–1809 (1964).

Sylvestre, T.

Taki, M.

Travers, J. C.

W. Chang, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Influence of ionization on ultrafast gas-based nonlinear fiber optics,” Opt. Express19(21), 21018–21027 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St.J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(12), A11–A26 (2011).

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt.12(1130011), 1–18 (2010).

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wong, G. K. L.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, G. K. L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-controlled phase matching to third harmonic in Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.35(17), 2922–2924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.43, 1783–1809 (1964).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt.

J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt.12(1130011), 1–18 (2010).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J. C. Travers, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Biancalana, “Theory of photoionization-induced blueshift of ultrashort solitons in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. Agarwal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2006)

M. Azhar, G. Wong, W. Chang, N. Joly and P. St.J. Russell, "Nonlinear optics in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with liquid argon," in CLEO: Science and Innovations, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CTh4B.4.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Variation of λ0 (blue trace) with Ar pressure in a kagomé HC-PCF with core diameter 18 μm. The horizontal dashed line marks the pump laser wavelength and the shaded region denotes anomalous dispersion. The green circles indicate the pressures at which experiments were performed. The red curves show how the soliton order varies with pressure for various input pump energies (0.13, 0.4, 0.8 μJ). The nonlinearity γ varies linearly from zero to 8 × 10−5 W−1m−1 over the pressure range shown. The inset shows a scanning electron micrograph of the fiber structure. N and A denote the regions of normal and anomalous dispersion

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental and numerical evolution of the output spectra with launched pulse energy for five different gas pressures. The black and white dashed vertical lines indicate the location of λ0. A and N denote anomalous and normal dispersion regimes. The pump frequency is kept constant at 0.375 PHz (800 nm). The arrows show the soliton recoil.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical X-FROG traces at 75 bar. (a) MI bands at 170 nJ launched pulse energy and (b) asymmetric spectrum at 250 nJ pulse energy when the dispersive wave band overlaps with the high frequency sideband of the MI. The black and white dashed lines indicate the position of the zero dispersion frequency c/λ0. The red curve indicates the mismatch in propagation constant β between the solitons and dispersive waves at a given frequency. The β mismatch is zero at the white circle for a soliton at the pump frequency, resulting in generation of a dispersive wave in the normal dispersion regime. The red arrow marks the pump frequency.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Numerical X-FROG traces for 250 nJ launched pulses at 90 bar. (a) Symmetric MI spectrum after 28 cm of propagation. Arrow denotes the asymmetric SPM due to higher order dispersion. (b) after 58.5 cm. Dotted lines have same meaning than for Fig. 3.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n lm (λ,p,T)1+δ(λ) p 2 p 0 T 0 T λ 2 u 01 2 8 π 2 a 2

Metrics