Abstract

We present a colorless network-embedded self-tuning transmitter assisted by a remotely pumped erbium-doped double-pass amplifier located at the remote node for a conventional hybrid stacked-WDM/TDM-PON. The scheme provides up to 256-split PON with 80-Gb/s aggregate upstream capacity obtained with RSOA direct modulation at 2.5 Gb/s.

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References

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  1. G. Kramer, M. De Andrade, R. Roy, and P. Chowdhury, “Evolution of optical access networks: architectures and capacity upgrades,” Proc. IEEE100(5), 1188–1196 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).
  3. D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 187–195 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Cheng, Z. Xu, H. Lin, and D. Liu, “20Gb/s Hybrid TDM/WDM PONs with 512-Split Using Self-Seeded Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2012), Anaheim, CA, Paper NTu2F.5.
  5. L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, and M. Martinelli, “Network-embedded self-tuning cavity for WDM-PON transmitter,” Opt. Express20(4), 3781–3786 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fibre amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1430–1433 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Presi and E. Ciaramella, “Stable Self-seeding of R-SOAs for WDM-PONs” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2011), Anaheim, CA, paper OMP4.
  8. N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Mizuochi, “Next Generation FEC for Optical Communication,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2008), San Diego, CA, paper OTuE5.

2012 (3)

G. Kramer, M. De Andrade, R. Roy, and P. Chowdhury, “Evolution of optical access networks: architectures and capacity upgrades,” Proc. IEEE100(5), 1188–1196 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, and M. Martinelli, “Network-embedded self-tuning cavity for WDM-PON transmitter,” Opt. Express20(4), 3781–3786 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

1993 (1)

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fibre amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1430–1433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Abbou, F. M.

N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Blondel, J.-P.

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fibre amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1430–1433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brenot, R.

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).

Chowdhury, P.

G. Kramer, M. De Andrade, R. Roy, and P. Chowdhury, “Evolution of optical access networks: architectures and capacity upgrades,” Proc. IEEE100(5), 1188–1196 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).

De Andrade, M.

G. Kramer, M. De Andrade, R. Roy, and P. Chowdhury, “Evolution of optical access networks: architectures and capacity upgrades,” Proc. IEEE100(5), 1188–1196 (2012).
[CrossRef]

de Valicourt, G.

Faidz, A. R.

N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gabla, P. M.

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fibre amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1430–1433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hong, U. H.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).

Hossain, N.

N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S.

Jung, D. K.

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer, M. De Andrade, R. Roy, and P. Chowdhury, “Evolution of optical access networks: architectures and capacity upgrades,” Proc. IEEE100(5), 1188–1196 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, J. W.

Mahdi, M. A.

N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marazzi, L.

Martinelli, M.

Mishra, V.

N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Misk, F.

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fibre amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1430–1433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Naji, A. W.

N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

Parolari, P.

Roy, R.

G. Kramer, M. De Andrade, R. Roy, and P. Chowdhury, “Evolution of optical access networks: architectures and capacity upgrades,” Proc. IEEE100(5), 1188–1196 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sano, T.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).

Shim, C.

Shin, D. J.

Shin, H. S.

Suzuki, M.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(3), 209–211 (2012).

J.-P. Blondel, F. Misk, and P. M. Gabla, “Theoretical evaluation and record experimental demonstration of budget improvement with remotely pumped erbium-doped fibre amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1430–1433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

N. Hossain, A. W. Naji, V. Mishra, F. M. Abbou, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and A. R. Faidz, “Modeling, optimization, and experimental evaluation of remotely pumped double-pass EDFA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.49(9), 2257–2261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

G. Kramer, M. De Andrade, R. Roy, and P. Chowdhury, “Evolution of optical access networks: architectures and capacity upgrades,” Proc. IEEE100(5), 1188–1196 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

N. Cheng, Z. Xu, H. Lin, and D. Liu, “20Gb/s Hybrid TDM/WDM PONs with 512-Split Using Self-Seeded Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2012), Anaheim, CA, Paper NTu2F.5.

T. Mizuochi, “Next Generation FEC for Optical Communication,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2008), San Diego, CA, paper OTuE5.

M. Presi and E. Ciaramella, “Stable Self-seeding of R-SOAs for WDM-PONs” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2011), Anaheim, CA, paper OMP4.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Conventional stacked-WDM/TDM-PON. (b) unconventional hybrid TDM/WDM PON.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Self-tuning cavity topology for remotely pumped EDFA exploitation at the RN.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Population in the upper state (N2) and ground state (N1) as a function of the position along a 20-m long EDF at 1550 nm (13-dBm pump power, −10-dBm injected signal power). (b) 20-m double pass EDFA gain as a function of pump power for −10 dBm input signal: simulations (continuous line), experimental measurements (squares).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental set up.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) RSOA E/O response for bias currents from 100 mA to 175 mA. (b) spectrum at 100-mA bias current.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a)-(c) Eye diagrams of channels 1-16-32 respectively. (d)-(f) respective CW and modulated spectra.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

2.5 Gb/s BER at −29 dBm received power for all the 32 channels.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 BER performance at 2.5 Gb/s

Metrics