Abstract

Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides (DLSPPWs) are typically made using nanolithography fabrication methods. In this paper we demonstrate that near-field electrospinning of polymer nanofibers directly onto a gold coated substrate can be used as an alternative method for rapid prototype fabrication of DLSPPWs. Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) have been excited directly inside the electrospun fibers using a prism in the Kretschmann-Raether configuration. A scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM) was used to characterize the propagation of the excited SPP inside the polymer fiber demonstrating the potential for using electrospun polymer fibers as SPP waveguides.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Integrated optical components utilizing long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 413–422 (2005).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. V. Novikov and A. A. Maradudin, “Channel Polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B66(3), 035403 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long range propagation,” Nat. Photonics2(8), 496–500 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Chang, K. Limkrailassiri, and L. Lin, “Continous near-field electrospinning for large area deposition of orderly nanofiber patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(12), 123111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long range propagation,” Nat. Photonics2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, “Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. B78(16), 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

T. Holmgaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

D. Sun, C. Chang, S. Li, and L. Lin, “Near-field electrospinning,” Nano Lett.6(4), 839–842 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tomczak, S. Gu, M. Han, N. F. van Hulst, and G. Julius Vancso, “Single light emitters in electrospun polymer nanofibers: Effect of local confinement on radiative decay,” Eur. Polym. J.42(10), 2205–2210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Lett.31(9), 1307–1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(5), 668–670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

I. V. Novikov and A. A. Maradudin, “Channel Polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B66(3), 035403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B61(15), 10484–10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berini, P.

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B61(15), 10484–10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bolger, P.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, “Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. B78(16), 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boltasseva, A.

Bouhelier, A.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S.

T. Holmgaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide-ring resonators,” Opt. Express17(4), 2968–2975 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, “Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. B78(16), 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Lett.31(9), 1307–1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Integrated optical components utilizing long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 413–422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(5), 668–670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.

C. Chang, K. Limkrailassiri, and L. Lin, “Continous near-field electrospinning for large area deposition of orderly nanofiber patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(12), 123111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Sun, C. Chang, S. Li, and L. Lin, “Near-field electrospinning,” Nano Lett.6(4), 839–842 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Chichkov, B. N.

Colas des Francs, G.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide-ring resonators,” Opt. Express17(4), 2968–2975 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, “Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. B78(16), 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genov, D. A.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long range propagation,” Nat. Photonics2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gonzàlez, M. U.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grandidier, J.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gu, S.

N. Tomczak, S. Gu, M. Han, N. F. van Hulst, and G. Julius Vancso, “Single light emitters in electrospun polymer nanofibers: Effect of local confinement on radiative decay,” Eur. Polym. J.42(10), 2205–2210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, M.

N. Tomczak, S. Gu, M. Han, N. F. van Hulst, and G. Julius Vancso, “Single light emitters in electrospun polymer nanofibers: Effect of local confinement on radiative decay,” Eur. Polym. J.42(10), 2205–2210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide-ring resonators,” Opt. Express17(4), 2968–2975 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, “Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. B78(16), 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Julius Vancso, G.

N. Tomczak, S. Gu, M. Han, N. F. van Hulst, and G. Julius Vancso, “Single light emitters in electrospun polymer nanofibers: Effect of local confinement on radiative decay,” Eur. Polym. J.42(10), 2205–2210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kjaer, K.

Krasavin, A. V.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, “Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. B78(16), 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J. Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larsen, M. S.

Leitner, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Integrated optical components utilizing long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 413–422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(5), 668–670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

D. Sun, C. Chang, S. Li, and L. Lin, “Near-field electrospinning,” Nano Lett.6(4), 839–842 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Limkrailassiri, K.

C. Chang, K. Limkrailassiri, and L. Lin, “Continous near-field electrospinning for large area deposition of orderly nanofiber patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(12), 123111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L.

C. Chang, K. Limkrailassiri, and L. Lin, “Continous near-field electrospinning for large area deposition of orderly nanofiber patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(12), 123111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Sun, C. Chang, S. Li, and L. Lin, “Near-field electrospinning,” Nano Lett.6(4), 839–842 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maradudin, A. A.

I. V. Novikov and A. A. Maradudin, “Channel Polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B66(3), 035403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Markey, L.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide-ring resonators,” Opt. Express17(4), 2968–2975 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, “Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. B78(16), 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marquart, C.

Massenot, S.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nikolajsen, T.

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Integrated optical components utilizing long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 413–422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(5), 668–670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Novikov, I. V.

I. V. Novikov and A. A. Maradudin, “Channel Polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B66(3), 035403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oulton, R. F.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long range propagation,” Nat. Photonics2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Passinger, S.

Pile, D. F. P.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long range propagation,” Nat. Photonics2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Radko, I. P.

Reinhardt, C.

Renger, J.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salakhutdinov, I.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(5), 668–670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sorger, V. J.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long range propagation,” Nat. Photonics2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steinberger, B.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. L.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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D. Sun, C. Chang, S. Li, and L. Lin, “Near-field electrospinning,” Nano Lett.6(4), 839–842 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. Tomczak, S. Gu, M. Han, N. F. van Hulst, and G. Julius Vancso, “Single light emitters in electrospun polymer nanofibers: Effect of local confinement on radiative decay,” Eur. Polym. J.42(10), 2205–2210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

N. Tomczak, S. Gu, M. Han, N. F. van Hulst, and G. Julius Vancso, “Single light emitters in electrospun polymer nanofibers: Effect of local confinement on radiative decay,” Eur. Polym. J.42(10), 2205–2210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, “Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. B78(16), 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

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[CrossRef]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, and R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Eur. Polym. J. (1)

N. Tomczak, S. Gu, M. Han, N. F. van Hulst, and G. Julius Vancso, “Single light emitters in electrospun polymer nanofibers: Effect of local confinement on radiative decay,” Eur. Polym. J.42(10), 2205–2210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

D. Sun, C. Chang, S. Li, and L. Lin, “Near-field electrospinning,” Nano Lett.6(4), 839–842 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long range propagation,” Nat. Photonics2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, “Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. B78(16), 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the setup used for near-field electrospinning of DLSPPWs. HV: High voltage supply, HN: Hypodermic needle, RS: Rotation stage, PZS: 2D Piezo stage, 3DS: 3D manual positioning stage, C: Collector, TB: Teflon block, S: Syringe.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the SNOM setup used for near-field investigation. A detailed description of the setup can be found in [11].

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

AFM image of a typical area of the electrospun nanofibers (a), including a cross sectional profile of the fiber that shows the dimensions of the waveguides to be 1.8 µm in width and 160 nm in height (b), SEM image of a nanofiber (c).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Near field images demonstrating the excitation of DLSPPW modes in the electrospun fibers. (a) Topography, (b) optical signal at θi = 46°, (c) optical signal at θi = 49°. When the beam is incident on the sample with an angle that does not match the right effective index no plasmon propagation is detected (b). When the stage is rotated to match the right values of the angle of incidence, the recorded image shows the plasmon propagating in the waveguide, with the excitation beam no longer visible. A red circle marks the area where the excitation beam is focused. An averaged cross section (d) shows the confinement of the plasmon in the waveguide.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Near field images of the propagating SPP wave demonstrating SPP waveguiding by the electrospun dielectric nanofiber. (a) Topography, (b) SNOM image for excitation with λ = 1530nm, (c) SNOM image for excitation with λ = 1570nm, (d) SNOM image for excitation with λ = 1630nm.

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