Abstract

High quality ZnO microcylinders (MCDs), which naturally form three-dimensional (3D) optical microcavities, were synthesized by a simple vapor transportation deposition method. The exciton-polariton effects in these 3D microcavities were investigated through the angle-resolved micro-photoluminescence (µ-PL) mappings. By using the coupled oscillator model, the 3D confinement effect of polaritons, i.e., two-dimensional (2D) whispering gallery (WG) type confinement in the cross section of the ZnO MCD, overlapping with the one-dimensional (1D) Fabry-Pérot (F-P) type confinement along the c-axis, was well interpreted.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, P. Ravindran, H. C. Gerritsen, L. Kuipers, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Exciton polaritons confined in a ZnO nanowire cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(14), 147401 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Chen, B. Ling, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Room temperature excitonic whispering gallery mode lasing from high-quality hexagonal ZnO microdisks,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)23(19), 2199–2204 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, “ Polaritonic devices,” Physica E43, 1543–1568 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. M. Menon, L. I. Deych, and A. A. Lisyansky, “Nonlinear optics: Towards polaritonic logic circuits,” Nat. Photonics4(6), 345–346 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Xie, W. Zhou, X. Shen, and Z. Chen, “Facile synthesis and ultraviolet lasing properties of ZnO microtubes,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(41), 17369–17373 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. S. Kim, Y. J. Kim, G. C. Yi, and H. Cheong, “Whispering-gallery-modelike resonance of luminescence from a single hexagonal ZnO microdisk,” J. Appl. Phys.106(9), 094310 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. P. Dietrich, M. Lange, C. Strum, R. Schmidt-Grund, and M. Grundmann, “One- and two-dimensional cavity modes in ZnO microwires,” New J. Phys.13(10), 103021 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Wouters, T. C. H. Liew, and V. Savona, “Energy relaxation in one-dimensional polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 245315 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Fox, Quantum Optics (Oxford, 2006), Chap. 10.
  21. T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering gallery modes in nanosized dielectric resonators with hexagonal cross section,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(10), 103903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (7)

H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, “ Polaritonic devices,” Physica E43, 1543–1568 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Dietrich, M. Lange, C. Strum, R. Schmidt-Grund, and M. Grundmann, “One- and two-dimensional cavity modes in ZnO microwires,” New J. Phys.13(10), 103021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Chen, B. Ling, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Room temperature excitonic whispering gallery mode lasing from high-quality hexagonal ZnO microdisks,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)23(19), 2199–2204 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

M. Wouters, T. C. H. Liew, and V. Savona, “Energy relaxation in one-dimensional polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 245315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Xie, W. Zhou, X. Shen, and Z. Chen, “Facile synthesis and ultraviolet lasing properties of ZnO microtubes,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(41), 17369–17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Menon, L. I. Deych, and A. A. Lisyansky, “Nonlinear optics: Towards polaritonic logic circuits,” Nat. Photonics4(6), 345–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Kim, Y. J. Kim, G. C. Yi, and H. Cheong, “Whispering-gallery-modelike resonance of luminescence from a single hexagonal ZnO microdisk,” J. Appl. Phys.106(9), 094310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, P. Ravindran, H. C. Gerritsen, L. Kuipers, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Exciton polaritons confined in a ZnO nanowire cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(14), 147401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering gallery modes in nanosized dielectric resonators with hexagonal cross section,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(10), 103903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahn, Y. H.

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

André, R.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baas, A.

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

Bai, L. H.

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bloch, J.

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouchoule, S.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brantut, J.-P.

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

Bretagnon, T.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brimont, C.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Butté, R.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cerna, R.

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R.

R. Chen, B. Ling, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Room temperature excitonic whispering gallery mode lasing from high-quality hexagonal ZnO microdisks,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)23(19), 2199–2204 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Xie, W. Zhou, X. Shen, and Z. Chen, “Facile synthesis and ultraviolet lasing properties of ZnO microtubes,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(41), 17369–17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. H.

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheong, H.

S. S. Kim, Y. J. Kim, G. C. Yi, and H. Cheong, “Whispering-gallery-modelike resonance of luminescence from a single hexagonal ZnO microdisk,” J. Appl. Phys.106(9), 094310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Deveaud, B.

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Deveaud-Plédran, B.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Deych, L. I.

V. M. Menon, L. I. Deych, and A. A. Lisyansky, “Nonlinear optics: Towards polaritonic logic circuits,” Nat. Photonics4(6), 345–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dietrich, C. P.

C. P. Dietrich, M. Lange, C. Strum, R. Schmidt-Grund, and M. Grundmann, “One- and two-dimensional cavity modes in ZnO microwires,” New J. Phys.13(10), 103021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, H.

H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Xie, W. Zhou, X. Shen, and Z. Chen, “Facile synthesis and ultraviolet lasing properties of ZnO microtubes,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(41), 17369–17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dong, H. X.

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

El Daif, O.

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

El Daïf, O.

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

Ferrier, L.

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fontanesi, L.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ganière, J.

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gerritsen, H. C.

L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, P. Ravindran, H. C. Gerritsen, L. Kuipers, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Exciton polaritons confined in a ZnO nanowire cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(14), 147401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gil, B.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grandjean, N.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grundmann, M.

C. P. Dietrich, M. Lange, C. Strum, R. Schmidt-Grund, and M. Grundmann, “One- and two-dimensional cavity modes in ZnO microwires,” New J. Phys.13(10), 103021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering gallery modes in nanosized dielectric resonators with hexagonal cross section,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(10), 103903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guillet, T.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Idrissi Kaitouni, R.

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

Johne, R.

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaidashev, E. M.

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering gallery modes in nanosized dielectric resonators with hexagonal cross section,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(10), 103903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaitouni, R. I.

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, A. G.

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. S.

S. S. Kim, Y. J. Kim, G. C. Yi, and H. Cheong, “Whispering-gallery-modelike resonance of luminescence from a single hexagonal ZnO microdisk,” J. Appl. Phys.106(9), 094310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. J.

S. S. Kim, Y. J. Kim, G. C. Yi, and H. Cheong, “Whispering-gallery-modelike resonance of luminescence from a single hexagonal ZnO microdisk,” J. Appl. Phys.106(9), 094310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koh, K. H.

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, P. Ravindran, H. C. Gerritsen, L. Kuipers, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Exciton polaritons confined in a ZnO nanowire cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(14), 147401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagoudakis, K. G.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lange, M.

C. P. Dietrich, M. Lange, C. Strum, R. Schmidt-Grund, and M. Grundmann, “One- and two-dimensional cavity modes in ZnO microwires,” New J. Phys.13(10), 103021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Léger, Y.

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lemaître, A.

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leroux, M.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Levrat, J.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leymarie, J.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liew, T. C. H.

T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, “ Polaritonic devices,” Physica E43, 1543–1568 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Wouters, T. C. H. Liew, and V. Savona, “Energy relaxation in one-dimensional polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 245315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ling, B.

R. Chen, B. Ling, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Room temperature excitonic whispering gallery mode lasing from high-quality hexagonal ZnO microdisks,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)23(19), 2199–2204 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ling, Y. J.

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lisyansky, A. A.

V. M. Menon, L. I. Deych, and A. A. Lisyansky, “Nonlinear optics: Towards polaritonic logic circuits,” Nat. Photonics4(6), 345–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. Z.

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lorenz, M.

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering gallery modes in nanosized dielectric resonators with hexagonal cross section,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(10), 103903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, J.

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lugan, P.

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Malpuech, G.

T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, “ Polaritonic devices,” Physica E43, 1543–1568 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manni, F.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menon, V. M.

V. M. Menon, L. I. Deych, and A. A. Lisyansky, “Nonlinear optics: Towards polaritonic logic circuits,” Nat. Photonics4(6), 345–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mexis, M.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morier-Genoud, F.

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

Nardin, G.

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

Ngo, Q. M.

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nobis, T.

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering gallery modes in nanosized dielectric resonators with hexagonal cross section,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(10), 103903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orosz, L.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Paraiso, T.

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Paraïso, T. K.

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. Y.

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. H.

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pietka, B.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Portella-Oberli, M. T.

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rahm, A.

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering gallery modes in nanosized dielectric resonators with hexagonal cross section,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(10), 103903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ravindran, P.

L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, P. Ravindran, H. C. Gerritsen, L. Kuipers, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Exciton polaritons confined in a ZnO nanowire cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(14), 147401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, Q. J.

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Réveret, F.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Richard, M.

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

Richard, M. E.

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rossbach, G.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rühle, S.

L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, P. Ravindran, H. C. Gerritsen, L. Kuipers, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Exciton polaritons confined in a ZnO nanowire cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(14), 147401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sagnes, I.

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarchi, D.

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Savona, V.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wouters, T. C. H. Liew, and V. Savona, “Energy relaxation in one-dimensional polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 245315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt-Grund, R.

C. P. Dietrich, M. Lange, C. Strum, R. Schmidt-Grund, and M. Grundmann, “One- and two-dimensional cavity modes in ZnO microwires,” New J. Phys.13(10), 103021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Semond, F.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Senellart, P.

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shelykh, I. A.

T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, “ Polaritonic devices,” Physica E43, 1543–1568 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X.

H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Xie, W. Zhou, X. Shen, and Z. Chen, “Facile synthesis and ultraviolet lasing properties of ZnO microtubes,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(41), 17369–17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X. C.

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solnyshkov, D. D.

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staehli, J.

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Staehli, J. L.

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strum, C.

C. P. Dietrich, M. Lange, C. Strum, R. Schmidt-Grund, and M. Grundmann, “One- and two-dimensional cavity modes in ZnO microwires,” New J. Phys.13(10), 103021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. D.

R. Chen, B. Ling, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Room temperature excitonic whispering gallery mode lasing from high-quality hexagonal ZnO microdisks,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)23(19), 2199–2204 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, L.

H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Xie, W. Zhou, X. Shen, and Z. Chen, “Facile synthesis and ultraviolet lasing properties of ZnO microtubes,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(41), 17369–17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L. X.

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, S. L.

H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. W.

R. Chen, B. Ling, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Room temperature excitonic whispering gallery mode lasing from high-quality hexagonal ZnO microdisks,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)23(19), 2199–2204 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Vugt, L. K.

L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, P. Ravindran, H. C. Gerritsen, L. Kuipers, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Exciton polaritons confined in a ZnO nanowire cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(14), 147401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanmaekelbergh, D.

L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, P. Ravindran, H. C. Gerritsen, L. Kuipers, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Exciton polaritons confined in a ZnO nanowire cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(14), 147401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wertz, E.

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wouters, M.

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wouters, T. C. H. Liew, and V. Savona, “Energy relaxation in one-dimensional polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 245315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W.

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Xie, W. Zhou, X. Shen, and Z. Chen, “Facile synthesis and ultraviolet lasing properties of ZnO microtubes,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(41), 17369–17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, H.

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yi, G. C.

S. S. Kim, Y. J. Kim, G. C. Yi, and H. Cheong, “Whispering-gallery-modelike resonance of luminescence from a single hexagonal ZnO microdisk,” J. Appl. Phys.106(9), 094310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, K.

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S. F.

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W.

H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Xie, W. Zhou, X. Shen, and Z. Chen, “Facile synthesis and ultraviolet lasing properties of ZnO microtubes,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(41), 17369–17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W. H.

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z. Q.

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zúñiga-Pérez, J.

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

R. Chen, B. Ling, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Room temperature excitonic whispering gallery mode lasing from high-quality hexagonal ZnO microdisks,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)23(19), 2199–2204 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. Z. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, A. G. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J. Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daïf, A. Baas, T. Guillet, J.-P. Brantut, R. I. Kaitouni, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Polariton quantum boxes in semiconductor microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(6), 061105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. X. Dong, S. L. Sun, L. X. Sun, W. Xie, L. Zhou, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Single-crystalline polyhedral In2O3 vertical Fabry-Pérot resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(1), 011913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Guillet, M. Mexis, J. Levrat, G. Rossbach, C. Brimont, T. Bretagnon, B. Gil, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, L. Orosz, F. Réveret, J. Leymarie, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, M. Leroux, F. Semond, and S. Bouchoule, “Polariton lasing in a hybrid bulk ZnO microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. S. Kim, Y. J. Kim, G. C. Yi, and H. Cheong, “Whispering-gallery-modelike resonance of luminescence from a single hexagonal ZnO microdisk,” J. Appl. Phys.106(9), 094310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Xie, W. Zhou, X. Shen, and Z. Chen, “Facile synthesis and ultraviolet lasing properties of ZnO microtubes,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(41), 17369–17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

V. M. Menon, L. I. Deych, and A. A. Lisyansky, “Nonlinear optics: Towards polaritonic logic circuits,” Nat. Photonics4(6), 345–346 (2010).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

C. P. Dietrich, M. Lange, C. Strum, R. Schmidt-Grund, and M. Grundmann, “One- and two-dimensional cavity modes in ZnO microwires,” New J. Phys.13(10), 103021 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

M. Wouters, T. C. H. Liew, and V. Savona, “Energy relaxation in one-dimensional polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 245315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Kaitouni, O. El Daïf, A. Baas, M. Richard, T. Paraiso, P. Lugan, T. Guillet, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Ganière, J. Staehli, V. Savona, and B. Deveaud, “Engineering the spatial confinement of exciton polaritons in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B74(15), 155311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Cerna, D. Sarchi, T. K. Paraïso, G. Nardin, Y. Léger, M. E. Richard, B. Pietka, O. El Daif, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Savona, M. T. Portella-Oberli, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Coherent optical control of the wave function of zero-demensional exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 121309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, P. Ravindran, H. C. Gerritsen, L. Kuipers, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Exciton polaritons confined in a ZnO nanowire cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(14), 147401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Manni, K. G. Lagoudakis, B. Pietka, L. Fontanesi, M. Wouters, V. Savona, R. André, and B. Deveaud-Plédran, “Polariton condensation in a one-dimensional disordered potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(17), 176401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ferrier, E. Wertz, R. Johne, D. D. Solnyshkov, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Interactions in confined polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(12), 126401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. X. Sun, Z. H. Chen, Q. J. Ren, K. Yu, L. H. Bai, W. H. Zhou, H. Xiong, Z. Q. Zhu, and X. C. Shen, “Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(15), 156403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Xie, H. X. Dong, S. F. Zhang, L. X. Sun, W. H. Zhou, Y. J. Ling, J. Lu, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Room-temperature polariton parametric scattering driven by a one-dimensional polariton condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(16), 166401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering gallery modes in nanosized dielectric resonators with hexagonal cross section,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(10), 103903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

A. Baas, O. El Daïf, M. Richard, J.-P. Brantut, G. Nardin, R. Idrissi Kaitouni, T. Guillet, V. Savona, J. L. Staehli, F. Morier-Genoud, and B. Deveaud, “Zero dimensional exciton-polaritons,” Phys. Status Solidi243(10), 2311–2316 (2006) (b).
[CrossRef]

Physica E (1)

T. C. H. Liew, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, “ Polaritonic devices,” Physica E43, 1543–1568 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Fox, Quantum Optics (Oxford, 2006), Chap. 10.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) (b) SEM images of one typical single microcylinder, top-view and side-view (30◦ tilt), respectively. (c) A cylinder 〉at-on the substrate with smooth top and bottom surface. (d) EDX spectrum of single microcylinder. The atom ratio is 48%: 52% for Zn and O.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) is the schematic diagram for excitation and collection. (b), (c) and (d) are the resolved PL spectral mapping of single MCD when excited at different positions as shown in the above schematic diagrams. The solid blue curves are theoretical results for F-P polariton modes and dashed red curves indicate the dispersion of WG polariton modes at large angle. The black dots are three-dimensionally confined polariton states by the theoretical simulation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence intensity distribute along the two solid curves in Fig. 2(b). The blue solid dots are experiment data fetched along the curves with fixed k WG and k FP , respectively. Solid lines here are theoretical fitting results.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The magnification of the discrete polariton state that has been circled in Fig. 2(b).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k FP = π N FP H
k WG = 2π 3 3 R [ N WG + 6 π arctan( n 3 n 2 4 ) ]
k total = k WG 2 + k F-P 2
E LP = 1 2 [ E exc + c n k tatal Ω 2 + ( E exc c n k tatal ) 2 ]

Metrics