Abstract

We demonstrate coherent spectral beam combining and femtosecond pulse spectral synthesis using three parallel fiber chirped pulse amplifiers, each amplifying different ultrashort-pulse spectra. This proof-of-concept experiment opens a path to simultaneously overcome individual-amplifier energy and power limitations, as well as limitations on amplified pulse spectra due to the gain narrowing in a single fiber amplifier.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspective,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), B63–B92 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett.35(2), 94–96 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett.32(24), 3495–3497 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. A. Siiman, W. Z. Chang, T. Zhou, and A. Galvanauskas, “Coherent femtosecond pulse combining of multiple parallel chirped pulse fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express20(16), 18097–18116 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Klenke, E. Seise, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, S. Breitkopf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Coherently-combined two channel femtosecond fiber CPA system producing 3 mJ pulse energy,” Opt. Express19(24), 24280–24285 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. Daniault, M. Hanna, L. Lombard, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, D. Goular, P. Bourdon, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Coherent beam combining of two femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 621–623 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 33–36 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. M. Shay, “Theory of electronically phased coherent beam combination without a reference beam,” Opt. Express14(25), 12188–12195 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. M. Shay, V. Benham, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, “Self-synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 480–486 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11(3), 567–577 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. H. Loftus, A. Liu, P. R. Hoffman, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, R. Royse, and E. Honea, “522 W average power, spectrally beam-combined fiber laser with near-diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett.32(4), 349–351 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. O. Andrusyak, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, N. Vorobiev, and L. Glebov, “Applications of volume Bragg gratings for spectral control and beam combining of high power fiber lasers,” SPIE7195, 71951Q, 71951Q-11 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Regelskis, K. Hou, G. Raciukaitis, and A. Galvanauskas, “Spatial-dispersion-free spectral beam combining of high power pulsed Yb-doped fiber lasers,” CLEO, CMA4 (2008)

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

O. Andrusyak, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, N. Vorobiev, and L. Glebov, “Applications of volume Bragg gratings for spectral control and beam combining of high power fiber lasers,” SPIE7195, 71951Q, 71951Q-11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11(3), 567–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, T. V.

Andrusyak, O.

O. Andrusyak, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, N. Vorobiev, and L. Glebov, “Applications of volume Bragg gratings for spectral control and beam combining of high power fiber lasers,” SPIE7195, 71951Q, 71951Q-11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Benham, V.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, “Self-synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, S.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Birge, J. R.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bourdon, P.

Breitkopf, S.

Cerullo, G.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W. Z.

Chen, L. J.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cirmi, G.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Daniault, L.

Demmler, S.

Druon, F.

Eggert, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11(3), 567–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gabler, T.

Galvanauskas, A.

Georges, P.

Glebov, L.

O. Andrusyak, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, N. Vorobiev, and L. Glebov, “Applications of volume Bragg gratings for spectral control and beam combining of high power fiber lasers,” SPIE7195, 71951Q, 71951Q-11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Goular, D.

Hall, J. L.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanf, S.

Hanke, T.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, M.

Hoffman, P. R.

Honea, E.

Hong, K. H.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. W.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kartner, F. X.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Klenke, A.

Krauss, G.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, E.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Liu, A.

Loftus, T. H.

Lohss, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lombard, L.

Lu, C. A.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, “Self-synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L. S.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moses, J.

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mottay, E.

Murnane, M. M.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nilsson, J.

Norsen, M.

Pilkington, D.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, “Self-synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Royse, R.

Sanchez, A. D.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, “Self-synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Seise, E.

Sell, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shay, T. M.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, “Self-synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, “Theory of electronically phased coherent beam combination without a reference beam,” Opt. Express14(25), 12188–12195 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shelton, R. K.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siiman, L. A.

Smirnov, V.

O. Andrusyak, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, N. Vorobiev, and L. Glebov, “Applications of volume Bragg gratings for spectral control and beam combining of high power fiber lasers,” SPIE7195, 71951Q, 71951Q-11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, A. M.

Tünnermann, A.

Venus, G.

O. Andrusyak, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, N. Vorobiev, and L. Glebov, “Applications of volume Bragg gratings for spectral control and beam combining of high power fiber lasers,” SPIE7195, 71951Q, 71951Q-11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vorobiev, N.

O. Andrusyak, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, N. Vorobiev, and L. Glebov, “Applications of volume Bragg gratings for spectral control and beam combining of high power fiber lasers,” SPIE7195, 71951Q, 71951Q-11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, C.

Ye, J.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zaouter, Y.

Zhou, T.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, “Self-synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11(3), 567–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K. H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L. J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

SPIE (1)

O. Andrusyak, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, N. Vorobiev, and L. Glebov, “Applications of volume Bragg gratings for spectral control and beam combining of high power fiber lasers,” SPIE7195, 71951Q, 71951Q-11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. Regelskis, K. Hou, G. Raciukaitis, and A. Galvanauskas, “Spatial-dispersion-free spectral beam combining of high power pulsed Yb-doped fiber lasers,” CLEO, CMA4 (2008)

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