Abstract

A series of single-phased emission-tunable Na0.34Ca0.66Al1.66Si2.34O8:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphors were successfully synthesized by a wet-chemical synthesis method. Photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectra indicate that the phosphor can be efficiently excited by UV radiation from 250 to 420 nm. Also, NCASO:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor exhibit a broad blue emission band at 440 nm and an orange emission band at 570 nm, which originate from Eu2+ and Mn2+ ions, respectively. Therefore, overall emission color can be tuned from blue to white by increasing the concentration of Mn2+ ions in the host lattice utilizing energy transfer from Eu2+ to Mn2+ ions. This energy transfer phenomenon was demonstrated to be a resonant type through dipole-dipole interaction determined with the help of PL spectra, decay time measurement, and energy transfer efficiency of the phosphor. These results indicate that NCASO:Eu2+,Mn2+ can be a promising single-phased white-emitting phosphor for white-light UV LEDs.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  18. C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, “Sr3B2O6:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential single-phased white-emitting borate phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(8), 081902 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, D. Kim, S. H. Cheong, G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “New full-color-emitting phosphor, Eu2+-doped Na2− xAl2− xSixO4 (0≤ x≤ 1), obtained using phase transitions for solid-state white lighting,” J. Mater. Chem.22(12), 5374–5381 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Y. Lee, J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, S. H. Cheong, and D. Y. Jeon, “Novel blue-emitting NaxCa1-xAl2-xSi2+xO8:Eu2+ (x = 0.34) phosphor with high luminescent efficiency for UV-pumped light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.51(20), 10688–10694 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  23. R. Pang, C. Li, L. Shi, and Q. Su, “A novel blue-emitting long-lasting proyphosphate phosphor Sr2P2O7:Eu2+,Y3+,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids70(2), 303–306 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. C. H. Huang and T. M. Chen, “Ca9La(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: an emission-tunable phosphor through efficient energy transfer for white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express18(5), 5089–5099 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. N. Ruelle, M. Pham-Thi, and C. Fouassier, “Cathodoluminescent properties and energy transfer in red calcium sulfide phosphors (CaS: Eu,Mn),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.31(Part 1, No. 9A), 2786–2790 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  26. W. J. Yang and T. M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. D. Dexter and J. H. Schulman, “Theory of concentration quenching in inorganic phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.22(6), 1063 (1954).
    [CrossRef]
  28. G. Blasse, “Energytransfer in oxidicphosphors,” Philips Res. Rep.24, 131 (1969).
  29. R. Reisfeld, E. Greenberg, R. Velapoldi, and B. Barnett, “Luminescence quantum efficiency of Gd and Tb in borate glasses and the mechanism of energy transfer between them,” J. Chem. Phys.56(4), 1698 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  30. N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. B. M. Antipeuko, I. M. Bataev, V. L. Ermolaev, E. I. Lyubimov, and T. A. Privalova, “Ion-to-ion radiationless transfer of electron excitation energy between rare-earth ions in POCl3-SnCl4,” Opt. Spektrosk.29, 335 (1970).
  32. R. Reisfeld and N. Lieblich-Soffer, “Energy transfer from UO22+ to Sm3+ in phosphate glass,” J. Solid State Chem.28(3), 391–395 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  33. R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  34. C. H. Huang, W. R. Liu, and T. M. Chen, “Single-phased white-light phosphors Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ under near-ultraviolet excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. C114, 28698 (2010).
  35. N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, D. Kim, S. H. Cheong, G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “New full-color-emitting phosphor, Eu2+-doped Na2− xAl2− xSixO4 (0≤ x≤ 1), obtained using phase transitions for solid-state white lighting,” J. Mater. Chem.22(12), 5374–5381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Y. Lee, J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, S. H. Cheong, and D. Y. Jeon, “Novel blue-emitting NaxCa1-xAl2-xSi2+xO8:Eu2+ (x = 0.34) phosphor with high luminescent efficiency for UV-pumped light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.51(20), 10688–10694 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

G. Li, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence of Ce3+/Mn2+-coactivated Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 through energy transfer and modulation of excitation: potential single-phase white/yellow-emitting phosphors,” J. Mater. Chem.21(35), 13334–13344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, M. Yang, Y. Song, Y. Zheng, and H. You, “A tunable single-component warm white-light Sr3Y(PO4)3:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for white-light emitting diodes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(33), 15077–15082 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Huang, T. M. Chen, W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS. Appl. Mater. Inter.2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Huang, W. R. Liu, and T. M. Chen, “Single-phased white-light phosphors Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ under near-ultraviolet excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. C114, 28698 (2010).

C. H. Huang and T. M. Chen, “Ca9La(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: an emission-tunable phosphor through efficient energy transfer for white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express18(5), 5089–5099 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

R. Pang, C. Li, L. Shi, and Q. Su, “A novel blue-emitting long-lasting proyphosphate phosphor Sr2P2O7:Eu2+,Y3+,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids70(2), 303–306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Jang, Y. H. Won, and D. Y. Jeon, “Improvement of electroluminescent property of blue LED coated with highly luminescent yellow-emitting phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B95(4), 715–720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, “Luminescent properties of SrMg2(PO4)2:Eu2+, and Mn2+ as a potential phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater.91(2), 327–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, “White light–generation phosphor Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Ce3+, Mn2+ for light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(11), J310–J314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, “Sr3B2O6:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential single-phased white-emitting borate phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(8), 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, “Enhancement of red spectral emission intensity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor via Pr co-doping and Tb substitution for the application to white LEDs,” J. Lumin.126(2), 371–377 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

W. J. Yang and T. M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, “A simple, efficient synthetic route to Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+-based red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Mater.18(23), 5578–5583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K. Machida, “Characterization and luminescence properties of Sr2Si5N8:Eu phosphor for white light-emitting-diode illumination,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(16), 161908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. Nishiura, Y. Wang, and Z. Hou, “π-Conjugated aromatic enynes as a single-emitting component for white electroluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(17), 5592–5593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

W. J. Yang, L. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu-and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, A. C. A. Delsing, G. de With, and H. T. Hintzen, “Luminescence properties of Eu2+-activated alkaline-earth silicon-oxynitride MSi2O2-δN2+ 2/3δ (M= Ca, Sr, Ba): a promising class of novel LED conversion phosphors,” Chem. Mater.17(12), 3242–3248 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Uchida and T. Taguchi, “Lighting theory and luminous characteristics of white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Eng.44(12), 124003 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. Yao, J. Lin, L. Zhang, G. Lu, M. Gong, and M. Su, “Luminescent properties of BaMg2Si2O7:Eu2+,Mn2+,” J. Mater. Chem.8(3), 585–588 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

N. Ruelle, M. Pham-Thi, and C. Fouassier, “Cathodoluminescent properties and energy transfer in red calcium sulfide phosphors (CaS: Eu,Mn),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.31(Part 1, No. 9A), 2786–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. Reisfeld and N. Lieblich-Soffer, “Energy transfer from UO22+ to Sm3+ in phosphate glass,” J. Solid State Chem.28(3), 391–395 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

R. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A32(5), 751–767 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

R. Reisfeld, E. Greenberg, R. Velapoldi, and B. Barnett, “Luminescence quantum efficiency of Gd and Tb in borate glasses and the mechanism of energy transfer between them,” J. Chem. Phys.56(4), 1698 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

B. M. Antipeuko, I. M. Bataev, V. L. Ermolaev, E. I. Lyubimov, and T. A. Privalova, “Ion-to-ion radiationless transfer of electron excitation energy between rare-earth ions in POCl3-SnCl4,” Opt. Spektrosk.29, 335 (1970).

1969 (1)

G. Blasse, “Energytransfer in oxidicphosphors,” Philips Res. Rep.24, 131 (1969).

1954 (1)

D. Dexter and J. H. Schulman, “Theory of concentration quenching in inorganic phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.22(6), 1063 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Antipeuko, B. M.

B. M. Antipeuko, I. M. Bataev, V. L. Ermolaev, E. I. Lyubimov, and T. A. Privalova, “Ion-to-ion radiationless transfer of electron excitation energy between rare-earth ions in POCl3-SnCl4,” Opt. Spektrosk.29, 335 (1970).

Barnett, B.

R. Reisfeld, E. Greenberg, R. Velapoldi, and B. Barnett, “Luminescence quantum efficiency of Gd and Tb in borate glasses and the mechanism of energy transfer between them,” J. Chem. Phys.56(4), 1698 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bataev, I. M.

B. M. Antipeuko, I. M. Bataev, V. L. Ermolaev, E. I. Lyubimov, and T. A. Privalova, “Ion-to-ion radiationless transfer of electron excitation energy between rare-earth ions in POCl3-SnCl4,” Opt. Spektrosk.29, 335 (1970).

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse, “Energytransfer in oxidicphosphors,” Philips Res. Rep.24, 131 (1969).

Chang, C. K.

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, “Sr3B2O6:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential single-phased white-emitting borate phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(8), 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. M.

C. H. Huang, T. M. Chen, W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS. Appl. Mater. Inter.2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Huang and T. M. Chen, “Ca9La(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: an emission-tunable phosphor through efficient energy transfer for white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express18(5), 5089–5099 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Huang, W. R. Liu, and T. M. Chen, “Single-phased white-light phosphors Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ under near-ultraviolet excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. C114, 28698 (2010).

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, “Sr3B2O6:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential single-phased white-emitting borate phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(8), 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Yang and T. M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Yang, L. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu-and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

G. Li, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence of Ce3+/Mn2+-coactivated Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 through energy transfer and modulation of excitation: potential single-phase white/yellow-emitting phosphors,” J. Mater. Chem.21(35), 13334–13344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheong, S. H.

J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, D. Kim, S. H. Cheong, G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “New full-color-emitting phosphor, Eu2+-doped Na2− xAl2− xSixO4 (0≤ x≤ 1), obtained using phase transitions for solid-state white lighting,” J. Mater. Chem.22(12), 5374–5381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Y. Lee, J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, S. H. Cheong, and D. Y. Jeon, “Novel blue-emitting NaxCa1-xAl2-xSi2+xO8:Eu2+ (x = 0.34) phosphor with high luminescent efficiency for UV-pumped light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.51(20), 10688–10694 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiu, Y. C.

C. H. Huang, T. M. Chen, W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS. Appl. Mater. Inter.2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J. C.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de With, G.

Y. Q. Li, A. C. A. Delsing, G. de With, and H. T. Hintzen, “Luminescence properties of Eu2+-activated alkaline-earth silicon-oxynitride MSi2O2-δN2+ 2/3δ (M= Ca, Sr, Ba): a promising class of novel LED conversion phosphors,” Chem. Mater.17(12), 3242–3248 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Delsing, A. C. A.

Y. Q. Li, A. C. A. Delsing, G. de With, and H. T. Hintzen, “Luminescence properties of Eu2+-activated alkaline-earth silicon-oxynitride MSi2O2-δN2+ 2/3δ (M= Ca, Sr, Ba): a promising class of novel LED conversion phosphors,” Chem. Mater.17(12), 3242–3248 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, D.

D. Dexter and J. H. Schulman, “Theory of concentration quenching in inorganic phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.22(6), 1063 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Ding, X.

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, “Luminescent properties of SrMg2(PO4)2:Eu2+, and Mn2+ as a potential phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater.91(2), 327–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ermolaev, V. L.

B. M. Antipeuko, I. M. Bataev, V. L. Ermolaev, E. I. Lyubimov, and T. A. Privalova, “Ion-to-ion radiationless transfer of electron excitation energy between rare-earth ions in POCl3-SnCl4,” Opt. Spektrosk.29, 335 (1970).

Fouassier, C.

N. Ruelle, M. Pham-Thi, and C. Fouassier, “Cathodoluminescent properties and energy transfer in red calcium sulfide phosphors (CaS: Eu,Mn),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.31(Part 1, No. 9A), 2786–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gao, F.

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, “White light–generation phosphor Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Ce3+, Mn2+ for light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(11), J310–J314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geng, D.

G. Li, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence of Ce3+/Mn2+-coactivated Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 through energy transfer and modulation of excitation: potential single-phase white/yellow-emitting phosphors,” J. Mater. Chem.21(35), 13334–13344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M.

G. Yao, J. Lin, L. Zhang, G. Lu, M. Gong, and M. Su, “Luminescent properties of BaMg2Si2O7:Eu2+,Mn2+,” J. Mater. Chem.8(3), 585–588 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Greenberg, E.

R. Reisfeld, E. Greenberg, R. Velapoldi, and B. Barnett, “Luminescence quantum efficiency of Gd and Tb in borate glasses and the mechanism of energy transfer between them,” J. Chem. Phys.56(4), 1698 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Guo, C.

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, “White light–generation phosphor Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Ce3+, Mn2+ for light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(11), J310–J314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, “Luminescent properties of SrMg2(PO4)2:Eu2+, and Mn2+ as a potential phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater.91(2), 327–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, N.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, M. Yang, Y. Song, Y. Zheng, and H. You, “A tunable single-component warm white-light Sr3Y(PO4)3:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for white-light emitting diodes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(33), 15077–15082 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, J. Y.

J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, D. Kim, S. H. Cheong, G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “New full-color-emitting phosphor, Eu2+-doped Na2− xAl2− xSixO4 (0≤ x≤ 1), obtained using phase transitions for solid-state white lighting,” J. Mater. Chem.22(12), 5374–5381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Y. Lee, J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, S. H. Cheong, and D. Y. Jeon, “Novel blue-emitting NaxCa1-xAl2-xSi2+xO8:Eu2+ (x = 0.34) phosphor with high luminescent efficiency for UV-pumped light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.51(20), 10688–10694 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanzawa, H.

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K. Machida, “Characterization and luminescence properties of Sr2Si5N8:Eu phosphor for white light-emitting-diode illumination,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(16), 161908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hintzen, H. T.

Y. Q. Li, A. C. A. Delsing, G. de With, and H. T. Hintzen, “Luminescence properties of Eu2+-activated alkaline-earth silicon-oxynitride MSi2O2-δN2+ 2/3δ (M= Ca, Sr, Ba): a promising class of novel LED conversion phosphors,” Chem. Mater.17(12), 3242–3248 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hirosaki, N.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, “A simple, efficient synthetic route to Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+-based red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Mater.18(23), 5578–5583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Horikawa, T.

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K. Machida, “Characterization and luminescence properties of Sr2Si5N8:Eu phosphor for white light-emitting-diode illumination,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(16), 161908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Z.

Y. Liu, M. Nishiura, Y. Wang, and Z. Hou, “π-Conjugated aromatic enynes as a single-emitting component for white electroluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(17), 5592–5593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C. H.

C. H. Huang, W. R. Liu, and T. M. Chen, “Single-phased white-light phosphors Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ under near-ultraviolet excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. C114, 28698 (2010).

C. H. Huang, T. M. Chen, W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS. Appl. Mater. Inter.2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Huang and T. M. Chen, “Ca9La(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: an emission-tunable phosphor through efficient energy transfer for white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express18(5), 5089–5099 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, “Luminescent properties of SrMg2(PO4)2:Eu2+, and Mn2+ as a potential phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater.91(2), 327–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, M. Yang, Y. Song, Y. Zheng, and H. You, “A tunable single-component warm white-light Sr3Y(PO4)3:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for white-light emitting diodes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(33), 15077–15082 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Im, W. B.

G. Y. Lee, J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, S. H. Cheong, and D. Y. Jeon, “Novel blue-emitting NaxCa1-xAl2-xSi2+xO8:Eu2+ (x = 0.34) phosphor with high luminescent efficiency for UV-pumped light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.51(20), 10688–10694 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, D. Kim, S. H. Cheong, G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “New full-color-emitting phosphor, Eu2+-doped Na2− xAl2− xSixO4 (0≤ x≤ 1), obtained using phase transitions for solid-state white lighting,” J. Mater. Chem.22(12), 5374–5381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, “Enhancement of red spectral emission intensity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor via Pr co-doping and Tb substitution for the application to white LEDs,” J. Lumin.126(2), 371–377 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jang, H. S.

H. S. Jang, Y. H. Won, and D. Y. Jeon, “Improvement of electroluminescent property of blue LED coated with highly luminescent yellow-emitting phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B95(4), 715–720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, “Enhancement of red spectral emission intensity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor via Pr co-doping and Tb substitution for the application to white LEDs,” J. Lumin.126(2), 371–377 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jang, S. M.

C. H. Huang, T. M. Chen, W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS. Appl. Mater. Inter.2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, D. Y.

G. Y. Lee, J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, S. H. Cheong, and D. Y. Jeon, “Novel blue-emitting NaxCa1-xAl2-xSi2+xO8:Eu2+ (x = 0.34) phosphor with high luminescent efficiency for UV-pumped light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.51(20), 10688–10694 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, D. Kim, S. H. Cheong, G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “New full-color-emitting phosphor, Eu2+-doped Na2− xAl2− xSixO4 (0≤ x≤ 1), obtained using phase transitions for solid-state white lighting,” J. Mater. Chem.22(12), 5374–5381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Jang, Y. H. Won, and D. Y. Jeon, “Improvement of electroluminescent property of blue LED coated with highly luminescent yellow-emitting phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B95(4), 715–720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, “Enhancement of red spectral emission intensity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor via Pr co-doping and Tb substitution for the application to white LEDs,” J. Lumin.126(2), 371–377 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, P. E.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, D. Kim, S. H. Cheong, G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “New full-color-emitting phosphor, Eu2+-doped Na2− xAl2− xSixO4 (0≤ x≤ 1), obtained using phase transitions for solid-state white lighting,” J. Mater. Chem.22(12), 5374–5381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. C.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. S.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. S.

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, “Enhancement of red spectral emission intensity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor via Pr co-doping and Tb substitution for the application to white LEDs,” J. Lumin.126(2), 371–377 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T. W.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kimoto, K.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, N.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, K. H.

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, D. C.

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, “Enhancement of red spectral emission intensity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor via Pr co-doping and Tb substitution for the application to white LEDs,” J. Lumin.126(2), 371–377 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G.

J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, D. Kim, S. H. Cheong, G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “New full-color-emitting phosphor, Eu2+-doped Na2− xAl2− xSixO4 (0≤ x≤ 1), obtained using phase transitions for solid-state white lighting,” J. Mater. Chem.22(12), 5374–5381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. Y.

G. Y. Lee, J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, S. H. Cheong, and D. Y. Jeon, “Novel blue-emitting NaxCa1-xAl2-xSi2+xO8:Eu2+ (x = 0.34) phosphor with high luminescent efficiency for UV-pumped light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.51(20), 10688–10694 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

R. Pang, C. Li, L. Shi, and Q. Su, “A novel blue-emitting long-lasting proyphosphate phosphor Sr2P2O7:Eu2+,Y3+,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids70(2), 303–306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

G. Li, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence of Ce3+/Mn2+-coactivated Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 through energy transfer and modulation of excitation: potential single-phase white/yellow-emitting phosphors,” J. Mater. Chem.21(35), 13334–13344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Li, A. C. A. Delsing, G. de With, and H. T. Hintzen, “Luminescence properties of Eu2+-activated alkaline-earth silicon-oxynitride MSi2O2-δN2+ 2/3δ (M= Ca, Sr, Ba): a promising class of novel LED conversion phosphors,” Chem. Mater.17(12), 3242–3248 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liang, L.

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, “White light–generation phosphor Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Ce3+, Mn2+ for light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(11), J310–J314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lieblich-Soffer, N.

R. Reisfeld and N. Lieblich-Soffer, “Energy transfer from UO22+ to Sm3+ in phosphate glass,” J. Solid State Chem.28(3), 391–395 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

G. Li, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence of Ce3+/Mn2+-coactivated Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 through energy transfer and modulation of excitation: potential single-phase white/yellow-emitting phosphors,” J. Mater. Chem.21(35), 13334–13344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Yao, J. Lin, L. Zhang, G. Lu, M. Gong, and M. Su, “Luminescent properties of BaMg2Si2O7:Eu2+,Mn2+,” J. Mater. Chem.8(3), 585–588 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, W. R.

C. H. Huang, W. R. Liu, and T. M. Chen, “Single-phased white-light phosphors Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ under near-ultraviolet excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. C114, 28698 (2010).

C. H. Huang, T. M. Chen, W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS. Appl. Mater. Inter.2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, M. Nishiura, Y. Wang, and Z. Hou, “π-Conjugated aromatic enynes as a single-emitting component for white electroluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(17), 5592–5593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, G.

G. Yao, J. Lin, L. Zhang, G. Lu, M. Gong, and M. Su, “Luminescent properties of BaMg2Si2O7:Eu2+,Mn2+,” J. Mater. Chem.8(3), 585–588 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Luan, L.

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, “Luminescent properties of SrMg2(PO4)2:Eu2+, and Mn2+ as a potential phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater.91(2), 327–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, “White light–generation phosphor Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Ce3+, Mn2+ for light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(11), J310–J314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luo, L.

W. J. Yang, L. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu-and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lyubimov, E. I.

B. M. Antipeuko, I. M. Bataev, V. L. Ermolaev, E. I. Lyubimov, and T. A. Privalova, “Ion-to-ion radiationless transfer of electron excitation energy between rare-earth ions in POCl3-SnCl4,” Opt. Spektrosk.29, 335 (1970).

Machida, K.

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K. Machida, “Characterization and luminescence properties of Sr2Si5N8:Eu phosphor for white light-emitting-diode illumination,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(16), 161908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mitomo, M.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, “A simple, efficient synthetic route to Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+-based red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Mater.18(23), 5578–5583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nishiura, M.

Y. Liu, M. Nishiura, Y. Wang, and Z. Hou, “π-Conjugated aromatic enynes as a single-emitting component for white electroluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(17), 5592–5593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pang, R.

R. Pang, C. Li, L. Shi, and Q. Su, “A novel blue-emitting long-lasting proyphosphate phosphor Sr2P2O7:Eu2+,Y3+,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids70(2), 303–306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. L.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. H.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peng, C.

G. Li, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence of Ce3+/Mn2+-coactivated Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 through energy transfer and modulation of excitation: potential single-phase white/yellow-emitting phosphors,” J. Mater. Chem.21(35), 13334–13344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pham-Thi, M.

N. Ruelle, M. Pham-Thi, and C. Fouassier, “Cathodoluminescent properties and energy transfer in red calcium sulfide phosphors (CaS: Eu,Mn),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.31(Part 1, No. 9A), 2786–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Piao, X.

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K. Machida, “Characterization and luminescence properties of Sr2Si5N8:Eu phosphor for white light-emitting-diode illumination,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(16), 161908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Privalova, T. A.

B. M. Antipeuko, I. M. Bataev, V. L. Ermolaev, E. I. Lyubimov, and T. A. Privalova, “Ion-to-ion radiationless transfer of electron excitation energy between rare-earth ions in POCl3-SnCl4,” Opt. Spektrosk.29, 335 (1970).

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld and N. Lieblich-Soffer, “Energy transfer from UO22+ to Sm3+ in phosphate glass,” J. Solid State Chem.28(3), 391–395 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. Reisfeld, E. Greenberg, R. Velapoldi, and B. Barnett, “Luminescence quantum efficiency of Gd and Tb in borate glasses and the mechanism of energy transfer between them,” J. Chem. Phys.56(4), 1698 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ruelle, N.

N. Ruelle, M. Pham-Thi, and C. Fouassier, “Cathodoluminescent properties and energy transfer in red calcium sulfide phosphors (CaS: Eu,Mn),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.31(Part 1, No. 9A), 2786–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sakuma, K.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schulman, J. H.

D. Dexter and J. H. Schulman, “Theory of concentration quenching in inorganic phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.22(6), 1063 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Sekiguchi, T.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shang, M.

G. Li, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence of Ce3+/Mn2+-coactivated Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 through energy transfer and modulation of excitation: potential single-phase white/yellow-emitting phosphors,” J. Mater. Chem.21(35), 13334–13344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shannon, R.

R. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A32(5), 751–767 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

R. Pang, C. Li, L. Shi, and Q. Su, “A novel blue-emitting long-lasting proyphosphate phosphor Sr2P2O7:Eu2+,Y3+,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids70(2), 303–306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, M. Yang, Y. Song, Y. Zheng, and H. You, “A tunable single-component warm white-light Sr3Y(PO4)3:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for white-light emitting diodes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(33), 15077–15082 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, M.

G. Yao, J. Lin, L. Zhang, G. Lu, M. Gong, and M. Su, “Luminescent properties of BaMg2Si2O7:Eu2+,Mn2+,” J. Mater. Chem.8(3), 585–588 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

R. Pang, C. Li, L. Shi, and Q. Su, “A novel blue-emitting long-lasting proyphosphate phosphor Sr2P2O7:Eu2+,Y3+,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids70(2), 303–306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suehiro, T.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, “A simple, efficient synthetic route to Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+-based red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Mater.18(23), 5578–5583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taguchi, T.

Y. Uchida and T. Taguchi, “Lighting theory and luminous characteristics of white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Eng.44(12), 124003 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, Y.

Y. Uchida and T. Taguchi, “Lighting theory and luminous characteristics of white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Eng.44(12), 124003 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Velapoldi, R.

R. Reisfeld, E. Greenberg, R. Velapoldi, and B. Barnett, “Luminescence quantum efficiency of Gd and Tb in borate glasses and the mechanism of energy transfer between them,” J. Chem. Phys.56(4), 1698 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Wang, N. S.

W. J. Yang, L. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu-and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Liu, M. Nishiura, Y. Wang, and Z. Hou, “π-Conjugated aromatic enynes as a single-emitting component for white electroluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(17), 5592–5593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Won, Y. H.

H. S. Jang, Y. H. Won, and D. Y. Jeon, “Improvement of electroluminescent property of blue LED coated with highly luminescent yellow-emitting phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B95(4), 715–720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xie, R. J.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, “A simple, efficient synthetic route to Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+-based red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Mater.18(23), 5578–5583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F. F.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, “A simple, efficient synthetic route to Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+-based red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Mater.18(23), 5578–5583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, “White light–generation phosphor Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Ce3+, Mn2+ for light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(11), J310–J314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, M.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, M. Yang, Y. Song, Y. Zheng, and H. You, “A tunable single-component warm white-light Sr3Y(PO4)3:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for white-light emitting diodes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(33), 15077–15082 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, W. J.

W. J. Yang and T. M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Yang, L. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu-and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yao, G.

G. Yao, J. Lin, L. Zhang, G. Lu, M. Gong, and M. Su, “Luminescent properties of BaMg2Si2O7:Eu2+,Mn2+,” J. Mater. Chem.8(3), 585–588 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, Y. T.

C. H. Huang, T. M. Chen, W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS. Appl. Mater. Inter.2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, H. S.

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

You, H.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, M. Yang, Y. Song, Y. Zheng, and H. You, “A tunable single-component warm white-light Sr3Y(PO4)3:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for white-light emitting diodes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(33), 15077–15082 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

G. Yao, J. Lin, L. Zhang, G. Lu, M. Gong, and M. Su, “Luminescent properties of BaMg2Si2O7:Eu2+,Mn2+,” J. Mater. Chem.8(3), 585–588 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, M. Yang, Y. Song, Y. Zheng, and H. You, “A tunable single-component warm white-light Sr3Y(PO4)3:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for white-light emitting diodes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(33), 15077–15082 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS. Appl. Mater. Inter. (1)

C. H. Huang, T. M. Chen, W. R. Liu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS. Appl. Mater. Inter.2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A: Mater. (1)

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[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. S. Jang, Y. H. Won, and D. Y. Jeon, “Improvement of electroluminescent property of blue LED coated with highly luminescent yellow-emitting phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B95(4), 715–720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

W. J. Yang and T. M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, N. Kimura, K. Sakuma, and M. Mitomo, “2-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes using oxynitride/nitride phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 211905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (3)

W. J. Yang, L. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu-and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, “A simple, efficient synthetic route to Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+-based red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Mater.18(23), 5578–5583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, A. C. A. Delsing, G. de With, and H. T. Hintzen, “Luminescence properties of Eu2+-activated alkaline-earth silicon-oxynitride MSi2O2-δN2+ 2/3δ (M= Ca, Sr, Ba): a promising class of novel LED conversion phosphors,” Chem. Mater.17(12), 3242–3248 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem. (3)

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Y. Lee, J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, S. H. Cheong, and D. Y. Jeon, “Novel blue-emitting NaxCa1-xAl2-xSi2+xO8:Eu2+ (x = 0.34) phosphor with high luminescent efficiency for UV-pumped light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.51(20), 10688–10694 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

Y. Liu, M. Nishiura, Y. Wang, and Z. Hou, “π-Conjugated aromatic enynes as a single-emitting component for white electroluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(17), 5592–5593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, “White light–generation phosphor Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Ce3+, Mn2+ for light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(11), J310–J314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, “Enhancement of red spectral emission intensity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor via Pr co-doping and Tb substitution for the application to white LEDs,” J. Lumin.126(2), 371–377 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor with tunable luminescent properties for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Yao, J. Lin, L. Zhang, G. Lu, M. Gong, and M. Su, “Luminescent properties of BaMg2Si2O7:Eu2+,Mn2+,” J. Mater. Chem.8(3), 585–588 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Han, W. B. Im, D. Kim, S. H. Cheong, G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “New full-color-emitting phosphor, Eu2+-doped Na2− xAl2− xSixO4 (0≤ x≤ 1), obtained using phase transitions for solid-state white lighting,” J. Mater. Chem.22(12), 5374–5381 (2012).
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R. Pang, C. Li, L. Shi, and Q. Su, “A novel blue-emitting long-lasting proyphosphate phosphor Sr2P2O7:Eu2+,Y3+,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids70(2), 303–306 (2009).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

XRD patterns of NCASO:0.07Eu2+,yMn2+ phosphors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PLE and PL spectra of NCASO:0.07Eu2+ phosphor.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral overlap between the normalized PL spectrum of NCASO:Eu2+ and the PLE spectrum of NCASO:Mn2+.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

PLE and PL spectra of NCASO:0.07Eu2+,0.20Mn2+ phosphor.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

PL spectra for NCASO:0.07Eu2+,yMn2+ phosphors on Mn2+ doping content (y)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Decay curves of Eu2+ emission for NCASO:0.07Eu2+,yMn2+ monitored at 440nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Dependence of the energy transfer efficiency ηT on the Mn2+ content (y)

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Dependence of I0 /I of Eu2+ on (a) C6/3,(b) C8/3, and (c) C10/3

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

PL spectra of NCASO:0.07Eu2+,0.20Mn2+ phosphor excited at 365 nm with different temperatures. The inset shows the normalized PL intensity as a function of temperatures.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

CIE chromaticity diagram for NCASO:Eu2+,yMn2+ phosphors (point A to H) excited at 365nm and the ideal white point (0.33, 0.33) depending on the different y value.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Decay times of NCASO:0.07Eu2+,yMn2+ phosphors excited at 375 nm with emission monitored at 440nm.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of the CIE chromaticity coordinates (x, y), IQE and EQE for NCASO:0.07Eu2+,yMn2+ phosphors excited at 365nm

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I= A 1 exp(-t/ τ 1 )+ A 2 exp(-t/ τ 2 )
τ= ( A 1 τ 1 2 + A 2 τ 2 2 ) / ( A 1 τ 1 + A 2 τ 2 )
η T =1- I S I SO
R Eu-Mn = 2 ( 3V 4πxN ) 1 3
η 0 η C n 3
I 0 I C n 3
ln( I o I )=lnA- E a k B T
η 0 = λP(λ)dλ λE(λ)dλ
η i = λP(λ)dλ λ[E(λ)-R(λ)]dλ

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