Abstract

In this paper we analyze the interplay between transparency and efficiency in dye sensitized solar cells by varying fabrication parameters such as the thickness of the nano-crystalline TiO2 layer, the dye loading and the dye type. Both transparency and efficiency show a saturation trend when plotted versus dye loading. By introducing the transparency-efficiency plot, we show that the relation between transparency and efficiency is linear and is almost independent on the TiO2 thickness for a certain thickness range. On the contrary, the relation between transparency and efficiency depends strongly on the type of the dye. Moreover, we show that co-sensitization techniques can be effectively used to access regions of the transparency-efficiency space that are forbidden for single dye sensitization. The relation found between transparency and efficiency (T&E) can be the general guide for optimization of Dye Solar Cells in building integration applications.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Chen, Z. Zeng, C. Li, W. Wang, X. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Highly efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes with plural organic dyes,” New J. Chem.29(6), 773–776 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Yoon, S. Tak, J. Kim, Y. Jun, K. Kang, and J. Park, “Application of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells to building integrated photovoltaic systems,” Build. Environ.46(10), 1899–1904 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Diffusion Properties of Dye Molecules in Nanoporous TiO2 Networks,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(17), 3967–3970 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, and S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(9), 093304 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

D. Colonna, V. Capogna, A. Lembo, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, and A. Di Carlo, “Efficient Cosensitization Strategy for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Apex5(2), 022303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

S. Yoon, S. Tak, J. Kim, Y. Jun, K. Kang, and J. Park, “Application of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells to building integrated photovoltaic systems,” Build. Environ.46(10), 1899–1904 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, and S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(9), 093304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Diffusion Properties of Dye Molecules in Nanoporous TiO2 Networks,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(17), 3967–3970 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, Z. Zeng, C. Li, W. Wang, X. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Highly efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes with plural organic dyes,” New J. Chem.29(6), 773–776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Pollard, D. Zhang, J. A. Downing, F. J. Knorr, and J. L. McHale, “Solvent Effects on Interfacial Electron Transfer from Ru(4,4′-dicarboxylic acid-2,2′-bipyridine)2(NCS)2 to Nanoparticulate TiO2: Spectroscopy and Solar Photoconversion,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(50), 11443–11452 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

B. O'Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, H.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bailat, J.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. M.

D. Colonna, V. Capogna, A. Lembo, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, and A. Di Carlo, “Efficient Cosensitization Strategy for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Apex5(2), 022303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Capogna, V.

D. Colonna, V. Capogna, A. Lembo, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, and A. Di Carlo, “Efficient Cosensitization Strategy for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Apex5(2), 022303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, Z. Zeng, C. Li, W. Wang, X. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Highly efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes with plural organic dyes,” New J. Chem.29(6), 773–776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cid, J.-J.

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Colonna, D.

D. Colonna, V. Capogna, A. Lembo, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, and A. Di Carlo, “Efficient Cosensitization Strategy for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Apex5(2), 022303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Di Carlo, A.

D. Colonna, V. Capogna, A. Lembo, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, and A. Di Carlo, “Efficient Cosensitization Strategy for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Apex5(2), 022303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Downing, J. A.

J. A. Pollard, D. Zhang, J. A. Downing, F. J. Knorr, and J. L. McHale, “Solvent Effects on Interfacial Electron Transfer from Ru(4,4′-dicarboxylic acid-2,2′-bipyridine)2(NCS)2 to Nanoparticulate TiO2: Spectroscopy and Solar Photoconversion,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(50), 11443–11452 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Droz, C.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dürr, M.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Diffusion Properties of Dye Molecules in Nanoporous TiO2 Networks,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(17), 3967–3970 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fukuda, S.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Furube, A.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Geiger, T.

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goto, M.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grätzel, M.

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. O'Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hara, K.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hayase, S.

F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, and S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(9), 093304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, M.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Inakazu, F.

F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, and S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(9), 093304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jang, S.-R.

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jun, Y.

S. Yoon, S. Tak, J. Kim, Y. Jun, K. Kang, and J. Park, “Application of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells to building integrated photovoltaic systems,” Build. Environ.46(10), 1899–1904 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kang, K.

S. Yoon, S. Tak, J. Kim, Y. Jun, K. Kang, and J. Park, “Application of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells to building integrated photovoltaic systems,” Build. Environ.46(10), 1899–1904 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Katoh, R.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

S. Yoon, S. Tak, J. Kim, Y. Jun, K. Kang, and J. Park, “Application of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells to building integrated photovoltaic systems,” Build. Environ.46(10), 1899–1904 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knorr, F. J.

J. A. Pollard, D. Zhang, J. A. Downing, F. J. Knorr, and J. L. McHale, “Solvent Effects on Interfacial Electron Transfer from Ru(4,4′-dicarboxylic acid-2,2′-bipyridine)2(NCS)2 to Nanoparticulate TiO2: Spectroscopy and Solar Photoconversion,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(50), 11443–11452 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, J.

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koi, Y.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, M.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kroll, U.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lembo, A.

D. Colonna, V. Capogna, A. Lembo, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, and A. Di Carlo, “Efficient Cosensitization Strategy for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Apex5(2), 022303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

Y. Chen, Z. Zeng, C. Li, W. Wang, X. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Highly efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes with plural organic dyes,” New J. Chem.29(6), 773–776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martínez-Ferrero, E.

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McHale, J. L.

J. A. Pollard, D. Zhang, J. A. Downing, F. J. Knorr, and J. L. McHale, “Solvent Effects on Interfacial Electron Transfer from Ru(4,4′-dicarboxylic acid-2,2′-bipyridine)2(NCS)2 to Nanoparticulate TiO2: Spectroscopy and Solar Photoconversion,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(50), 11443–11452 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meguro, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meier, J.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, A.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nazeeruddin, M. K.

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nelles, G.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Diffusion Properties of Dye Molecules in Nanoporous TiO2 Networks,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(17), 3967–3970 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noma, Y.

F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, and S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(9), 093304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nüesch, F.

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Obermaier, M.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Diffusion Properties of Dye Molecules in Nanoporous TiO2 Networks,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(17), 3967–3970 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogomi, Y.

F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, and S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(9), 093304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ohga, Y.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O'Regan, B.

B. O'Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Palomares, E.

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

S. Yoon, S. Tak, J. Kim, Y. Jun, K. Kang, and J. Park, “Application of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells to building integrated photovoltaic systems,” Build. Environ.46(10), 1899–1904 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pollard, J. A.

J. A. Pollard, D. Zhang, J. A. Downing, F. J. Knorr, and J. L. McHale, “Solvent Effects on Interfacial Electron Transfer from Ru(4,4′-dicarboxylic acid-2,2′-bipyridine)2(NCS)2 to Nanoparticulate TiO2: Spectroscopy and Solar Photoconversion,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(50), 11443–11452 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reale, A.

D. Colonna, V. Capogna, A. Lembo, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, and A. Di Carlo, “Efficient Cosensitization Strategy for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Apex5(2), 022303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sawada, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sayama, K.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schade, H.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, A.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Diffusion Properties of Dye Molecules in Nanoporous TiO2 Networks,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(17), 3967–3970 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, A. V.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shinpo, A.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Suezaki, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suga, S.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugihara, H.

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tak, S.

S. Yoon, S. Tak, J. Kim, Y. Jun, K. Kang, and J. Park, “Application of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells to building integrated photovoltaic systems,” Build. Environ.46(10), 1899–1904 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tawada, Y.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Torres, T.

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vallat-Sauvain, E.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vanecek, M.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walter, P.

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

Y. Chen, Z. Zeng, C. Li, W. Wang, X. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Highly efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes with plural organic dyes,” New J. Chem.29(6), 773–776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Y. Chen, Z. Zeng, C. Li, W. Wang, X. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Highly efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes with plural organic dyes,” New J. Chem.29(6), 773–776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wyrsch, N.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yasuda, A.

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Diffusion Properties of Dye Molecules in Nanoporous TiO2 Networks,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(17), 3967–3970 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoon, S.

S. Yoon, S. Tak, J. Kim, Y. Jun, K. Kang, and J. Park, “Application of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells to building integrated photovoltaic systems,” Build. Environ.46(10), 1899–1904 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimi, M.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yum, J.-H.

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z.

Y. Chen, Z. Zeng, C. Li, W. Wang, X. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Highly efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes with plural organic dyes,” New J. Chem.29(6), 773–776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Y. Chen, Z. Zeng, C. Li, W. Wang, X. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Highly efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes with plural organic dyes,” New J. Chem.29(6), 773–776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

J. A. Pollard, D. Zhang, J. A. Downing, F. J. Knorr, and J. L. McHale, “Solvent Effects on Interfacial Electron Transfer from Ru(4,4′-dicarboxylic acid-2,2′-bipyridine)2(NCS)2 to Nanoparticulate TiO2: Spectroscopy and Solar Photoconversion,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(50), 11443–11452 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. (1)

J.-J. Cid, J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, M. K. Nazeeruddin, E. Martínez-Ferrero, E. Palomares, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and T. Torres, “Molecular Cosensitization for Efficient Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Angew. Chem.119(44), 8510–8514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Apex (1)

D. Colonna, V. Capogna, A. Lembo, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, and A. Di Carlo, “Efficient Cosensitization Strategy for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Apex5(2), 022303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, and S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(9), 093304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Build. Environ. (1)

S. Yoon, S. Tak, J. Kim, Y. Jun, K. Kang, and J. Park, “Application of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells to building integrated photovoltaic systems,” Build. Environ.46(10), 1899–1904 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (1)

J.-H. Yum, S.-R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, and M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (44): 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. A (2)

M. Dürr, A. Schmid, M. Obermaier, A. Yasuda, and G. Nelles, “Diffusion Properties of Dye Molecules in Nanoporous TiO2 Networks,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(17), 3967–3970 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Pollard, D. Zhang, J. A. Downing, F. J. Knorr, and J. L. McHale, “Solvent Effects on Interfacial Electron Transfer from Ru(4,4′-dicarboxylic acid-2,2′-bipyridine)2(NCS)2 to Nanoparticulate TiO2: Spectroscopy and Solar Photoconversion,” J. Phys. Chem. A109(50), 11443–11452 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

K. Hara, T. Sato, R. Katoh, A. Furube, Y. Ohga, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Molecular Design of Coumarin Dyes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(2), 597–606 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

B. O'Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
[CrossRef]

New J. Chem. (1)

Y. Chen, Z. Zeng, C. Li, W. Wang, X. Wang, and B. Zhang, “Highly efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes with plural organic dyes,” New J. Chem.29(6), 773–776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (1)

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, and J. Bailat, “Thin-film silicon solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy (1)

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, and Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

http://www.schottsolar.com/global/products/building-integrated/

http://www.taiyokogyo.com/tss/

http://www.egl-energy.biz/downloads/EGLSoluxBIPVbrochure.pdf

R.Y. Ogura, S. Nakane, M. Morooka, M. Orihashi, Y. Suzuki and K. Noda, “High-performance dye-sensitized solar cell with a multiple dye system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 073308–073308–073303 (2009).

http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=35062

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sub-set of fabricated photoanodes with Red-Dye (N719). Each glass substrate contains three cells sensitized with the same immersion time.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorbance spectra of photoanodes sensitized with Red Dye, Orange Dye and co-sensitized with both Red and Orange Dye. Photoanodes were fabricated with a TiO2 thickness of 9μm and dipped up to saturation. The co-sensitized cell were dyed into Red Dye for 25min and in Orange Dye up to saturation. Figure also show the eye sensitivity factor V(λ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Efficiency as a function of the immersion time in the Red Dye solution for cells with 6, 9, 12μm thick TiO2 layers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Efficiency as a function of the immersion time in the Orange Dye solution for cells with 6, 9, 12μm thick TiO2 layers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transparency of Red Dye solar cells as a function of the immersion time and for several TiO2 thicknesses.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transparency of Orange Dye solar cells as a function of the immersion time and for several TiO2 thicknesses.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Transparency-Efficiency plot. Transparency versus Efficiency of all dye sensitized solar cells for several TiO2 thicknesses (□, 6μm, ○, 9μm, Δ, 12μm). Results for Red Dye (solid line) and Orange Dye (dashed line) cells are reported.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Transparency-Efficiency plot for several TiO2 thicknesses (□, 6μm, ○, 9μm, Δ, 12μm; see Table 2 for details) of the co-sensitized cells. The Red (solid line) and Orange Dye (dashed line) transparency-efficiency trends, already depicted in Fig. 7, are also reported.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 TiO2 thickness and immersion times in the Red or in the Orange Dye

Tables Icon

Table 2 TiO2 thickness and immersion time firstly in the Red (RD) and then in the Orange Dye (OD)

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ υ = λ=380 780 D λ τ(λ)V(λ)Δλ λ=380 780 D λ V(λ)Δλ

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