Abstract

Photoluminescence (PL) in the InGaN quantum well based light-emitting diodes (LED) is greatly mediated through the coupling with the Surface Plasmons (SPs) at the interface of the sputtered Ag film. SPs coupled PL is independently tuned through controlling the grain size of the sputtered Ag films. The grain size of ~50 nm exhibits the maximum light extraction efficiency (LEE) at the wavelength of 460 nm. This grain size agrees with the periodic lattice constant of the grating structure in the calculation, where the momentum mismatch between the SPs and the radiative light can be compensated.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Okamoto and Y. Kawakami, “High-Efficiency InGaN/GaN Light Emitters Based on Nanophotonics and Plasmonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(4), 1199–1209 (2009).
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2012 (2)

2011 (4)

M. Jamshidnejad, I. Kazeminejad, and A. Razeghizadeh, “Simulation of silver thin films’ growth and influence of deposition rate on final grain size under angle flux and standard situation,” Int. Nano Lett.1(1), 59–61 (2011).

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.-W. Jang, T. Sahoo, D.-W. Jeon, M. Kim, J.-W. Jeon, D.-S. Jo, M.-K. Kim, Y.-T. Yu, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Quantum efficiency control of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well structures using Ag/SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto and Y. Kawakami, “High-Efficiency InGaN/GaN Light Emitters Based on Nanophotonics and Plasmonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(4), 1199–1209 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

Z. Rakocevic, R. Petrovic, and S. Strbac, “Surface roughness of ultra-thin silver films sputter deposited on a glass,” J. Microsc.232(3), 595–600 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. M. Delgado, J. M. Orts, and A. Rodes, “A comparison between chemical and sputtering methods for preparing thin-film silver electrodes for in situ ATR-SEIRAS studies,” Electrochim. Acta52(14), 4605–4613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hums, T. Finger, T. Hempel, J. Christen, A. Dadgar, A. Hoffmann, and A. Krost, “Fabry-Perot effects in InGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si-substrate,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface Plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, “Light-emitting devices: turning the tables on surface plasmons,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 588–589 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B66(15), 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Baek, J.-H.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, “Light-emitting devices: turning the tables on surface plasmons,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 588–589 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Byeon, C. C.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cho, C. Y.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cho, Y.-H.

Christen, J.

C. Hums, T. Finger, T. Hempel, J. Christen, A. Dadgar, A. Hoffmann, and A. Krost, “Fabry-Perot effects in InGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si-substrate,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dadgar, A.

C. Hums, T. Finger, T. Hempel, J. Christen, A. Dadgar, A. Hoffmann, and A. Krost, “Fabry-Perot effects in InGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si-substrate,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dal Negro, L.

Delgado, J. M.

J. M. Delgado, J. M. Orts, and A. Rodes, “A comparison between chemical and sputtering methods for preparing thin-film silver electrodes for in situ ATR-SEIRAS studies,” Electrochim. Acta52(14), 4605–4613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dimakis, E.

DiMaria, J.

Everitt, H. O.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B66(15), 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Finger, T.

C. Hums, T. Finger, T. Hempel, J. Christen, A. Dadgar, A. Hoffmann, and A. Krost, “Fabry-Perot effects in InGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si-substrate,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hempel, T.

C. Hums, T. Finger, T. Hempel, J. Christen, A. Dadgar, A. Hoffmann, and A. Krost, “Fabry-Perot effects in InGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si-substrate,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Henson, J.

Hoffmann, A.

C. Hums, T. Finger, T. Hempel, J. Christen, A. Dadgar, A. Hoffmann, and A. Krost, “Fabry-Perot effects in InGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si-substrate,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hums, C.

C. Hums, T. Finger, T. Hempel, J. Christen, A. Dadgar, A. Hoffmann, and A. Krost, “Fabry-Perot effects in InGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si-substrate,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jamshidnejad, M.

M. Jamshidnejad, I. Kazeminejad, and A. Razeghizadeh, “Simulation of silver thin films’ growth and influence of deposition rate on final grain size under angle flux and standard situation,” Int. Nano Lett.1(1), 59–61 (2011).

Jang, L.-W.

Jeon, D.-W.

Jeon, J.-W.

L.-W. Jang, T. Sahoo, D.-W. Jeon, M. Kim, J.-W. Jeon, D.-S. Jo, M.-K. Kim, Y.-T. Yu, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Quantum efficiency control of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well structures using Ag/SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, H.

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jo, D.-S.

L.-W. Jang, D.-W. Jeon, T. Sahoo, D.-S. Jo, J.-W. Ju, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Baek, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Song, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Localized surface Plasmon enhanced quantum efficiency of InGaN/GaN quantum wells by Ag/SiO2 nanoparticles,” Opt. Express20(3), 2116–2123 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-W. Jang, T. Sahoo, D.-W. Jeon, M. Kim, J.-W. Jeon, D.-S. Jo, M.-K. Kim, Y.-T. Yu, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Quantum efficiency control of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well structures using Ag/SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J.-W.

Jung, G. Y.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, Y.

K. Okamoto and Y. Kawakami, “High-Efficiency InGaN/GaN Light Emitters Based on Nanophotonics and Plasmonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(4), 1199–1209 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface Plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kazeminejad, I.

M. Jamshidnejad, I. Kazeminejad, and A. Razeghizadeh, “Simulation of silver thin films’ growth and influence of deposition rate on final grain size under angle flux and standard situation,” Int. Nano Lett.1(1), 59–61 (2011).

Kim, B. H.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. D.

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. Y.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.

L.-W. Jang, T. Sahoo, D.-W. Jeon, M. Kim, J.-W. Jeon, D.-S. Jo, M.-K. Kim, Y.-T. Yu, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Quantum efficiency control of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well structures using Ag/SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.-K.

L.-W. Jang, T. Sahoo, D.-W. Jeon, M. Kim, J.-W. Jeon, D.-S. Jo, M.-K. Kim, Y.-T. Yu, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Quantum efficiency control of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well structures using Ag/SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. T.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ko, H. D.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Krost, A.

C. Hums, T. Finger, T. Hempel, J. Christen, A. Dadgar, A. Hoffmann, and A. Krost, “Fabry-Perot effects in InGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si-substrate,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, T.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B66(15), 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, M. K.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y. L.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lan, C. C.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-W.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B66(15), 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, I.-H.

Lee, K. J.

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. J.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-J.

Lee, S.-M.

Lee, Y. S.

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Li, Y. L.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C. P.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C. H.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Minissale, S.

Moustakas, T. D.

Mukai, T.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface Plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface Plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neogi, A.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B66(15), 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface Plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, T. S.

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto and Y. Kawakami, “High-Efficiency InGaN/GaN Light Emitters Based on Nanophotonics and Plasmonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(4), 1199–1209 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface Plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orts, J. M.

J. M. Delgado, J. M. Orts, and A. Rodes, “A comparison between chemical and sputtering methods for preparing thin-film silver electrodes for in situ ATR-SEIRAS studies,” Electrochim. Acta52(14), 4605–4613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paiella, R.

Park, A. H.

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, I. K.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-W.

Park, S. J.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petrovic, R.

Z. Rakocevic, R. Petrovic, and S. Strbac, “Surface roughness of ultra-thin silver films sputter deposited on a glass,” J. Microsc.232(3), 595–600 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polyakov, A. Y.

Rakocevic, Z.

Z. Rakocevic, R. Petrovic, and S. Strbac, “Surface roughness of ultra-thin silver films sputter deposited on a glass,” J. Microsc.232(3), 595–600 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Razeghizadeh, A.

M. Jamshidnejad, I. Kazeminejad, and A. Razeghizadeh, “Simulation of silver thin films’ growth and influence of deposition rate on final grain size under angle flux and standard situation,” Int. Nano Lett.1(1), 59–61 (2011).

Rodes, A.

J. M. Delgado, J. M. Orts, and A. Rodes, “A comparison between chemical and sputtering methods for preparing thin-film silver electrodes for in situ ATR-SEIRAS studies,” Electrochim. Acta52(14), 4605–4613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sahoo, T.

L.-W. Jang, D.-W. Jeon, T. Sahoo, D.-S. Jo, J.-W. Ju, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Baek, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Song, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Localized surface Plasmon enhanced quantum efficiency of InGaN/GaN quantum wells by Ag/SiO2 nanoparticles,” Opt. Express20(3), 2116–2123 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-W. Jang, T. Sahoo, D.-W. Jeon, M. Kim, J.-W. Jeon, D.-S. Jo, M.-K. Kim, Y.-T. Yu, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Quantum efficiency control of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well structures using Ag/SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface Plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, T. H.

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, J.-H.

Strbac, S.

Z. Rakocevic, R. Petrovic, and S. Strbac, “Surface roughness of ultra-thin silver films sputter deposited on a glass,” J. Microsc.232(3), 595–600 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suh, E. K.

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tackeuchi, A.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B66(15), 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B66(15), 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-K.

Yu, Y.-T.

L.-W. Jang, T. Sahoo, D.-W. Jeon, M. Kim, J.-W. Jeon, D.-S. Jo, M.-K. Kim, Y.-T. Yu, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Quantum efficiency control of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well structures using Ag/SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

L.-W. Jang, T. Sahoo, D.-W. Jeon, M. Kim, J.-W. Jeon, D.-S. Jo, M.-K. Kim, Y.-T. Yu, A. Y. Polyakov, and I.-H. Lee, “Quantum efficiency control of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well structures using Ag/SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface Plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Oh, H. Jeong, Y. S. Lee, J. D. Kim, T. H. Seo, H. Kim, A. H. Park, K. J. Lee, and E. K. Suh, “Coupling of InGaN/GaN multiquantum-wells photoluminescence to surface plasmons in platinum nanocluster,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electrochim. Acta (1)

J. M. Delgado, J. M. Orts, and A. Rodes, “A comparison between chemical and sputtering methods for preparing thin-film silver electrodes for in situ ATR-SEIRAS studies,” Electrochim. Acta52(14), 4605–4613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Okamoto and Y. Kawakami, “High-Efficiency InGaN/GaN Light Emitters Based on Nanophotonics and Plasmonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(4), 1199–1209 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Int. Nano Lett. (1)

M. Jamshidnejad, I. Kazeminejad, and A. Razeghizadeh, “Simulation of silver thin films’ growth and influence of deposition rate on final grain size under angle flux and standard situation,” Int. Nano Lett.1(1), 59–61 (2011).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Hums, T. Finger, T. Hempel, J. Christen, A. Dadgar, A. Hoffmann, and A. Krost, “Fabry-Perot effects in InGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si-substrate,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (1)

Z. Rakocevic, R. Petrovic, and S. Strbac, “Surface roughness of ultra-thin silver films sputter deposited on a glass,” J. Microsc.232(3), 595–600 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

W. L. Barnes, “Light-emitting devices: turning the tables on surface plasmons,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 588–589 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonovitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B66(15), 153305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. Edward, Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, Boston, 1985).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The schematic illustration of the sample structure. The laser (405 nm) is incident from the Sapphire side and photoluminescence is collected from the same side. (b) Normalized PL intensity vs. the wavelength for Sample A, B, C and QW without Ag film. All the PL spectra shown in the paper are normalized by taking the PL peak intensity of uncoated InGaN QW at 460 nm as unity 1. Sample A, B and C were grown at different deposition rates, 2.9, 1.0 and 0.4 Å/S, respectively. AFM and PL microscopy images are shown in (c) and (d) for sample A, B and C.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Grain size of the Ag film vs. growth rate. The inset figure presents the statistical distribution of the grain size in the Ag film in sample C. The dotted line is the guide to the eye. (b) PL enhancement vs. the grain size of the Ag film.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Extracted light wavelength as a function of the periodic lattice constant of the Ag film. The dashed and dash-dotted lines are the boundary curves (maximum and minimum periodic lattice constants) to extract the light at the specific wavelength. The solid lines are the average values. Red and blue curves are derived from two sets of dielectric constants of Ag, Johnson and Christy and Palik, respectively. The horizontal dotted line presents the emission wavelength at 460 nm. The vertical dotted lines denote the optimal grain size to emit the wavelength at 460 nm for dielectric constants of Ag using Palik (left) and Johnson and Christy (right) data. The inset illustrates the wave vector mismatch between the Surface Plasmons and the light.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η ext = C ext × η int = C ext × k rad k rad + k non
k sp k l = G ij = 2π a max , k sp + k l = G ij = 2π a min .
k sp (ω)= ω c ε Ag (ω) ε GaN (ω) ε Ag (ω)+ ε GaN (ω) , k l (ω)= ω c ε GaN (ω) .
a max (λ)= λ ε Ag (λ) ε GaN (λ) ε Ag (λ)+ ε GaN (λ) ε GaN (λ) a min (λ)= λ ε Ag (λ) ε GaN (λ) ε Ag (λ)+ ε GaN (λ) + ε GaN (λ)

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