Abstract

We demonstrate scanning near-field optical microscopy with a spatial resolution below 100 nm by using low intensity broadband synchrotron radiation in the IR regime. The use of such a broadband radiation source opens up the possibility to perform nano-Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy over a wide spectral range.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. P. Dumas, G. D. Sockalingum, and J. Sulé-Suso, “Adding synchrotron radiation to infrared microspectroscopy: What’s new in biomedical applications?” Trends Biotechnol.25(1), 40–44 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Knoll and F. Keilmann, “Near-field probing of vibrational absorption for chemical microscopy,” Nature399(6732), 134–137 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Hillenbrand, M. Stark, and R. Guckenberger, “Higher-harmonics generation in tapping-mode atomic-force microscopy: Insights into the tip-sample interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(23), 3478–3480 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Keilmann and R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field nanoscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” in Nano-Optics and Near-Field Optical Microscopy, A. Zayats and D. Richards, eds., Artech House, Boston, London 235–265 (2009).
  8. A. Hartschuh, “Tip-enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.47(43), 8178–8191 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. B. Raschke, L. Molina, T. Elsaesser, D. H. Kim, W. Knoll, and K. Hinrichs, “Apertureless near-field vibrational imaging of block-copolymer nanostructures with ultrahigh spatial resolution,” ChemPhysChem6(10), 2197–2203 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, “Material-specific mapping of metal/semiconductor/dielectric nanosystems at 10 nm resolution by backscattering near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 25–27 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. A. Schmidt, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Combined far- and near-field chemical nanoscope at ANKA-IR2: applications and detection schemes,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012015 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Huth, M. Schnell, J. Wittborn, N. Ocelic, and R. Hillenbrand, “Intersublevel spectroscopy on single InAs-quantum dots by terahertz near-field microscopy,” Nano Lett.12, 4336–4340 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. Hillenbrand, T. Taubner, and F. Keilmann, “Phonon-enhanced light matter interaction at the nanometre scale,” Nature418(6894), 159–162 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Taubner, R. Hillenbrand, and F. Keilmann, “Nanoscale polymer recognition by spectral signature in scattering infrared near-field microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(21), 5064–5066 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. F. Huth, A. Govyadinov, S. Amarie, W. Nuansing, F. Keilmann, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nano-FTIR absorption spectroscopy of molecular fingerprints at 20 nm spatial resolution,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3973–3978 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Dazzi, R. Prazeres, F. Glotin, and J. M. Ortega, “Local infrared microspectroscopy with subwavelength spatial resolution with an atomic force microscope tip used as a photothermal sensor,” Opt. Lett.30(18), 2388–2390 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Mayet, A. Dazzi, R. Prazeres, F. Allot, F. Glotin, and J. M. Ortega, “Sub-100 nm IR spectroscopy of living cells,” Opt. Lett.33, 2388–2390 (2005).
  21. N. Ocelic and R. Hillenbrand, “Subwavelength-scale tailoring of surface phonon polaritons by focused ion-beam implantation,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 606–609 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. J. Huber, A. Ziegler, T. Köck, and R. Hillenbrand, “Infrared nanoscopy of strained semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol.4(3), 153–157 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Schmidt, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Combined far- and near-field chemical nanoscope at ANKA-IR2: applications and detection schemes,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012015 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Huth, M. Schnell, J. Wittborn, N. Ocelic, and R. Hillenbrand, “Intersublevel spectroscopy on single InAs-quantum dots by terahertz near-field microscopy,” Nano Lett.12, 4336–4340 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Huth, A. Govyadinov, S. Amarie, W. Nuansing, F. Keilmann, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nano-FTIR absorption spectroscopy of molecular fingerprints at 20 nm spatial resolution,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3973–3978 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

A. J. Huber, A. Ziegler, T. Köck, and R. Hillenbrand, “Infrared nanoscopy of strained semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol.4(3), 153–157 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

A. Hartschuh, “Tip-enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.47(43), 8178–8191 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

P. Dumas, G. D. Sockalingum, and J. Sulé-Suso, “Adding synchrotron radiation to infrared microspectroscopy: What’s new in biomedical applications?” Trends Biotechnol.25(1), 40–44 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

M. B. Raschke, L. Molina, T. Elsaesser, D. H. Kim, W. Knoll, and K. Hinrichs, “Apertureless near-field vibrational imaging of block-copolymer nanostructures with ultrahigh spatial resolution,” ChemPhysChem6(10), 2197–2203 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Mayet, A. Dazzi, R. Prazeres, F. Allot, F. Glotin, and J. M. Ortega, “Sub-100 nm IR spectroscopy of living cells,” Opt. Lett.33, 2388–2390 (2005).

A. Dazzi, R. Prazeres, F. Glotin, and J. M. Ortega, “Local infrared microspectroscopy with subwavelength spatial resolution with an atomic force microscope tip used as a photothermal sensor,” Opt. Lett.30(18), 2388–2390 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

N. Ocelic and R. Hillenbrand, “Subwavelength-scale tailoring of surface phonon polaritons by focused ion-beam implantation,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 606–609 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Taubner, R. Hillenbrand, and F. Keilmann, “Nanoscale polymer recognition by spectral signature in scattering infrared near-field microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(21), 5064–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

R. Hillenbrand, T. Taubner, and F. Keilmann, “Phonon-enhanced light matter interaction at the nanometre scale,” Nature418(6894), 159–162 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, “Material-specific mapping of metal/semiconductor/dielectric nanosystems at 10 nm resolution by backscattering near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 25–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. Hillenbrand, M. Stark, and R. Guckenberger, “Higher-harmonics generation in tapping-mode atomic-force microscopy: Insights into the tip-sample interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(23), 3478–3480 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

B. Knoll and F. Keilmann, “Near-field probing of vibrational absorption for chemical microscopy,” Nature399(6732), 134–137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Allot, F.

C. Mayet, A. Dazzi, R. Prazeres, F. Allot, F. Glotin, and J. M. Ortega, “Sub-100 nm IR spectroscopy of living cells,” Opt. Lett.33, 2388–2390 (2005).

Amarie, S.

F. Huth, A. Govyadinov, S. Amarie, W. Nuansing, F. Keilmann, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nano-FTIR absorption spectroscopy of molecular fingerprints at 20 nm spatial resolution,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3973–3978 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ataka, K.

F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballout, F.

F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bechtel, H. A.

L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bründermann, E.

D. A. Schmidt, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Combined far- and near-field chemical nanoscope at ANKA-IR2: applications and detection schemes,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012015 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cebula, M.

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chumakov, D.

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dazzi, A.

Dorozhkin, P.

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dumas, P.

P. Dumas, G. D. Sockalingum, and J. Sulé-Suso, “Adding synchrotron radiation to infrared microspectroscopy: What’s new in biomedical applications?” Trends Biotechnol.25(1), 40–44 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elsaesser, T.

M. B. Raschke, L. Molina, T. Elsaesser, D. H. Kim, W. Knoll, and K. Hinrichs, “Apertureless near-field vibrational imaging of block-copolymer nanostructures with ultrahigh spatial resolution,” ChemPhysChem6(10), 2197–2203 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eng, L. M.

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feikes, J.

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Glotin, F.

Govyadinov, A.

F. Huth, A. Govyadinov, S. Amarie, W. Nuansing, F. Keilmann, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nano-FTIR absorption spectroscopy of molecular fingerprints at 20 nm spatial resolution,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3973–3978 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grafström, S.

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guckenberger, R.

R. Hillenbrand, M. Stark, and R. Guckenberger, “Higher-harmonics generation in tapping-mode atomic-force microscopy: Insights into the tip-sample interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(23), 3478–3480 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Z.

L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Härtling, T.

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartschuh, A.

A. Hartschuh, “Tip-enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.47(43), 8178–8191 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Havenith, M.

D. A. Schmidt, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Combined far- and near-field chemical nanoscope at ANKA-IR2: applications and detection schemes,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012015 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heberle, J.

F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hecker, M.

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Helm, M.

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hermann, P.

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hillenbrand, R.

F. Huth, A. Govyadinov, S. Amarie, W. Nuansing, F. Keilmann, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nano-FTIR absorption spectroscopy of molecular fingerprints at 20 nm spatial resolution,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3973–3978 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Huth, M. Schnell, J. Wittborn, N. Ocelic, and R. Hillenbrand, “Intersublevel spectroscopy on single InAs-quantum dots by terahertz near-field microscopy,” Nano Lett.12, 4336–4340 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Huber, A. Ziegler, T. Köck, and R. Hillenbrand, “Infrared nanoscopy of strained semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol.4(3), 153–157 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ocelic and R. Hillenbrand, “Subwavelength-scale tailoring of surface phonon polaritons by focused ion-beam implantation,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 606–609 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Taubner, R. Hillenbrand, and F. Keilmann, “Nanoscale polymer recognition by spectral signature in scattering infrared near-field microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(21), 5064–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, “Material-specific mapping of metal/semiconductor/dielectric nanosystems at 10 nm resolution by backscattering near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 25–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Hillenbrand, T. Taubner, and F. Keilmann, “Phonon-enhanced light matter interaction at the nanometre scale,” Nature418(6894), 159–162 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hillenbrand, M. Stark, and R. Guckenberger, “Higher-harmonics generation in tapping-mode atomic-force microscopy: Insights into the tip-sample interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(23), 3478–3480 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hinrichs, K.

M. B. Raschke, L. Molina, T. Elsaesser, D. H. Kim, W. Knoll, and K. Hinrichs, “Apertureless near-field vibrational imaging of block-copolymer nanostructures with ultrahigh spatial resolution,” ChemPhysChem6(10), 2197–2203 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoehl, A.

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Holman, H.-Y. N.

L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huber, A. J.

A. J. Huber, A. Ziegler, T. Köck, and R. Hillenbrand, “Infrared nanoscopy of strained semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol.4(3), 153–157 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huth, F.

F. Huth, A. Govyadinov, S. Amarie, W. Nuansing, F. Keilmann, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nano-FTIR absorption spectroscopy of molecular fingerprints at 20 nm spatial resolution,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3973–3978 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Huth, M. Schnell, J. Wittborn, N. Ocelic, and R. Hillenbrand, “Intersublevel spectroscopy on single InAs-quantum dots by terahertz near-field microscopy,” Nano Lett.12, 4336–4340 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kehr, S. C.

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keilmann, F.

F. Huth, A. Govyadinov, S. Amarie, W. Nuansing, F. Keilmann, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nano-FTIR absorption spectroscopy of molecular fingerprints at 20 nm spatial resolution,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3973–3978 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Taubner, R. Hillenbrand, and F. Keilmann, “Nanoscale polymer recognition by spectral signature in scattering infrared near-field microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(21), 5064–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, “Material-specific mapping of metal/semiconductor/dielectric nanosystems at 10 nm resolution by backscattering near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 25–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Hillenbrand, T. Taubner, and F. Keilmann, “Phonon-enhanced light matter interaction at the nanometre scale,” Nature418(6894), 159–162 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Knoll and F. Keilmann, “Near-field probing of vibrational absorption for chemical microscopy,” Nature399(6732), 134–137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. H.

M. B. Raschke, L. Molina, T. Elsaesser, D. H. Kim, W. Knoll, and K. Hinrichs, “Apertureless near-field vibrational imaging of block-copolymer nanostructures with ultrahigh spatial resolution,” ChemPhysChem6(10), 2197–2203 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klein, R.

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Knoll, B.

B. Knoll and F. Keilmann, “Near-field probing of vibrational absorption for chemical microscopy,” Nature399(6732), 134–137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knoll, W.

M. B. Raschke, L. Molina, T. Elsaesser, D. H. Kim, W. Knoll, and K. Hinrichs, “Apertureless near-field vibrational imaging of block-copolymer nanostructures with ultrahigh spatial resolution,” ChemPhysChem6(10), 2197–2203 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Köck, T.

A. J. Huber, A. Ziegler, T. Köck, and R. Hillenbrand, “Infrared nanoscopy of strained semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol.4(3), 153–157 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kopf, I.

F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krassen, H.

F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, M. C.

L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matschulat, A.

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mayet, C.

C. Mayet, A. Dazzi, R. Prazeres, F. Allot, F. Glotin, and J. M. Ortega, “Sub-100 nm IR spectroscopy of living cells,” Opt. Lett.33, 2388–2390 (2005).

Mieth, O.

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molina, L.

M. B. Raschke, L. Molina, T. Elsaesser, D. H. Kim, W. Knoll, and K. Hinrichs, “Apertureless near-field vibrational imaging of block-copolymer nanostructures with ultrahigh spatial resolution,” ChemPhysChem6(10), 2197–2203 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, R.

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nuansing, W.

F. Huth, A. Govyadinov, S. Amarie, W. Nuansing, F. Keilmann, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nano-FTIR absorption spectroscopy of molecular fingerprints at 20 nm spatial resolution,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3973–3978 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ocelic, N.

F. Huth, M. Schnell, J. Wittborn, N. Ocelic, and R. Hillenbrand, “Intersublevel spectroscopy on single InAs-quantum dots by terahertz near-field microscopy,” Nano Lett.12, 4336–4340 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ocelic and R. Hillenbrand, “Subwavelength-scale tailoring of surface phonon polaritons by focused ion-beam implantation,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 606–609 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortega, J. M.

Prazeres, R.

Raschke, M. B.

M. B. Raschke, L. Molina, T. Elsaesser, D. H. Kim, W. Knoll, and K. Hinrichs, “Apertureless near-field vibrational imaging of block-copolymer nanostructures with ultrahigh spatial resolution,” ChemPhysChem6(10), 2197–2203 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ries, M.

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rinderknecht, J.

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmid, P.

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, D. A.

D. A. Schmidt, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Combined far- and near-field chemical nanoscope at ANKA-IR2: applications and detection schemes,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012015 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schnell, M.

F. Huth, M. Schnell, J. Wittborn, N. Ocelic, and R. Hillenbrand, “Intersublevel spectroscopy on single InAs-quantum dots by terahertz near-field microscopy,” Nano Lett.12, 4336–4340 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seidel, J.

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serdyukov, A.

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shelaev, A.

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sockalingum, G. D.

P. Dumas, G. D. Sockalingum, and J. Sulé-Suso, “Adding synchrotron radiation to infrared microspectroscopy: What’s new in biomedical applications?” Trends Biotechnol.25(1), 40–44 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stark, M.

R. Hillenbrand, M. Stark, and R. Guckenberger, “Higher-harmonics generation in tapping-mode atomic-force microscopy: Insights into the tip-sample interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(23), 3478–3480 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stehr, D.

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sulé-Suso, J.

P. Dumas, G. D. Sockalingum, and J. Sulé-Suso, “Adding synchrotron radiation to infrared microspectroscopy: What’s new in biomedical applications?” Trends Biotechnol.25(1), 40–44 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taubner, T.

T. Taubner, R. Hillenbrand, and F. Keilmann, “Nanoscale polymer recognition by spectral signature in scattering infrared near-field microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(21), 5064–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Hillenbrand, T. Taubner, and F. Keilmann, “Phonon-enhanced light matter interaction at the nanometre scale,” Nature418(6894), 159–162 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ulm, G.

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

von Hartrott, M.

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weisheit, M.

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winnerl, S.

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittborn, J.

F. Huth, M. Schnell, J. Wittborn, N. Ocelic, and R. Hillenbrand, “Intersublevel spectroscopy on single InAs-quantum dots by terahertz near-field microscopy,” Nano Lett.12, 4336–4340 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wüstefeld, G.

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ziegler, A.

A. J. Huber, A. Ziegler, T. Köck, and R. Hillenbrand, “Infrared nanoscopy of strained semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol.4(3), 153–157 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

L. Chen, H.-Y. N. Holman, Z. Hao, H. A. Bechtel, M. C. Martin, C. Wu, and S. Chu, “Synchrotron infrared measurements of protein phosphorylation in living single PC12 cells during neuronal differentiation,” Anal. Chem.84(9), 4118–4125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

A. Hartschuh, “Tip-enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.47(43), 8178–8191 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. Hillenbrand, M. Stark, and R. Guckenberger, “Higher-harmonics generation in tapping-mode atomic-force microscopy: Insights into the tip-sample interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(23), 3478–3480 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, “Material-specific mapping of metal/semiconductor/dielectric nanosystems at 10 nm resolution by backscattering near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 25–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Taubner, R. Hillenbrand, and F. Keilmann, “Nanoscale polymer recognition by spectral signature in scattering infrared near-field microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(21), 5064–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef]

ChemPhysChem (1)

M. B. Raschke, L. Molina, T. Elsaesser, D. H. Kim, W. Knoll, and K. Hinrichs, “Apertureless near-field vibrational imaging of block-copolymer nanostructures with ultrahigh spatial resolution,” ChemPhysChem6(10), 2197–2203 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. (2)

R. Müller, A. Hoehl, A. Matschulat, A. Serdyukov, G. Ulm, J. Feikes, M. Ries, and G. Wüstefeld, “Status of the IR and THz beamlines at the Metrology Light Source,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Schmidt, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Combined far- and near-field chemical nanoscope at ANKA-IR2: applications and detection schemes,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.359, 012015 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

F. Huth, M. Schnell, J. Wittborn, N. Ocelic, and R. Hillenbrand, “Intersublevel spectroscopy on single InAs-quantum dots by terahertz near-field microscopy,” Nano Lett.12, 4336–4340 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Huth, A. Govyadinov, S. Amarie, W. Nuansing, F. Keilmann, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nano-FTIR absorption spectroscopy of molecular fingerprints at 20 nm spatial resolution,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3973–3978 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Ocelic and R. Hillenbrand, “Subwavelength-scale tailoring of surface phonon polaritons by focused ion-beam implantation,” Nat. Mater.3(9), 606–609 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

A. J. Huber, A. Ziegler, T. Köck, and R. Hillenbrand, “Infrared nanoscopy of strained semiconductors,” Nat. Nanotechnol.4(3), 153–157 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

R. Hillenbrand, T. Taubner, and F. Keilmann, “Phonon-enhanced light matter interaction at the nanometre scale,” Nature418(6894), 159–162 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Knoll and F. Keilmann, “Near-field probing of vibrational absorption for chemical microscopy,” Nature399(6732), 134–137 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

F. Ballout, H. Krassen, I. Kopf, K. Ataka, E. Bründermann, J. Heberle, and M. Havenith, “Scanning near-field IR microscopy of proteins in lipid bilayers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.13(48), 21432–21436 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. C. Kehr, M. Cebula, O. Mieth, T. Härtling, J. Seidel, S. Grafström, L. M. Eng, S. Winnerl, D. Stehr, and M. Helm, “Anisotropy contrast in phonon-enhanced apertureless near-field microscopy using a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(25), 256403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams (1)

J. Feikes, M. von Hartrott, M. Ries, P. Schmid, G. Wüstefeld, A. Hoehl, R. Klein, R. Müller, and G. Ulm, “Metrology Light Source: The first electron storage ring optimized for generating coherent THz radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams14(3), 030705 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Trends Biotechnol. (1)

P. Dumas, G. D. Sockalingum, and J. Sulé-Suso, “Adding synchrotron radiation to infrared microspectroscopy: What’s new in biomedical applications?” Trends Biotechnol.25(1), 40–44 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ultramicroscopy (1)

P. Hermann, M. Hecker, D. Chumakov, M. Weisheit, J. Rinderknecht, A. Shelaev, P. Dorozhkin, and L. M. Eng, “Imaging and strain analysis of nano-scale SiGe structures by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Ultramicroscopy111(11), 1630–1635 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

F. Keilmann and R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field nanoscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” in Nano-Optics and Near-Field Optical Microscopy, A. Zayats and D. Richards, eds., Artech House, Boston, London 235–265 (2009).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the s-SNOM system using broadband synchrotron radiation in the IR regime from the electron storage ring MLS.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured optical signal amplitude as a function of the distance between tip and Au-coated sample surface for the harmonic demodulation orders n = 1, 2, 3, 4. For a better comparison the signal amplitudes are normalized to unity. During the measurement the tip oscillates with an amplitude of approximately 60 nm while the current in the storage ring is about 61 mA. (Tapping set-point upon surface contact is 90%.)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Topography and corresponding intensity maps (S2, S3- and S4-signal) obtained from a SiC sample coated with a 40 nm thick Au layer by using broadband SR. The dark regions in the intensity maps (b), (c) and (d) indicate surface contaminations on the Au layer and correspond to the bright spots in the topography image (a). The maximum height of these patterns is about 30 nm. The acquisition time for the images is about 20 minutes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Topography (a) and corresponding near-field image (S2-signal) (b)) obtained from a patterned Au layer on SiC substrate by using broadband synchrotron radiation. A line scan performed across the edge (position indicated by dashed white lines in topography (a) and corresponding near-field images (b)) indicates an optical signal increase (d) by the factor of 4 within a distance < 100 nm. (The acquisition time is about 20 minutes.)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Interferograms recorded on the Au (a) and SiC (b) surfaces and comparison of the near-field IR s-SNOM spectra (c) obtained by Fourier transformation of the corresponding interferograms (SiC (red curve) and Au (black curve)). The typical phonon resonance at about 927 cm−1 verifies near-field signal detection. The presented spectral range is limited only by the sensitivity range of the detector (For better visibility only the center part of the interferograms is shown in (a) and (b)).

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