Abstract

We present detailed experimental investigations of the temporal, spectral and spatial behavior of a gain-switched distributed feedback (DFB) laser emitting at a wavelength of 1064 nm. Gain-switching is achieved by injecting nearly rectangular shaped current pulses having a length of 50 ns and a very high amplitude up to 2.5 A. The repetition frequency is 200 kHz. The laser has a ridge waveguide (RW) for lateral waveguiding with a ridge width of 3 µm and a cavity length of 1.5 mm. Time resolved investigations show, depending on the amplitude of the current pulses, that the optical power exhibits different types of oscillatory behavior during the pulses, accompanied by changes in the lateral near field intensity profiles and optical spectra. Three different types of instabilities can be distinguished: mode beating with frequencies between 25 GHz and 30 GHz, switching between different lateral intensity profiles with a frequency of 0.4 GHz and self-sustained oscillations with a frequency of 4 GHz. The investigations are of great relevance for the utilization of gain-switched DFB-RW lasers as seed lasers for fiber laser systems and in other applications, which require a high optical power.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. K. O`Daniel and M. Achtenhagen, “High-power spectrally-stable DBR semiconductor lasers designed for pulsing in the nanosecond regime,” Proc. SPIE7616, 76160W (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Zeller, M. Kamp, J. Koeth, and L. Worschech, “High power pulsed 976nm DFB laser diodes,” Proc. SPIE7682, 76820T–76820T-9 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. O. Ziegler, M. Münkel, T. Burkhard, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of ridge waveguide laser diodes: picosecond pulsing and switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.16(11), 2015–2022 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Wenzel, “Green’s function based simulation of the optical spectrum of multisection lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(3), 865–871 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig.2010, 1110–1113 (2010).
  10. C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Wenzel, M. Dallmer, and G. Erbert, “Thermal lensing in high-power ridge-waveguide lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.40(5-6), 379–384 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Achtenhagen, A. A. Hardy, and C. S. Harder, “Coherent Kinks in High-Power Ridge Waveguide Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2225–2232 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Ctyroký, V. Kuzmiak, and S. Eyderman, “Waveguide structures with antisymmetric gain/loss profile,” Opt. Express18(21), 21585–21593 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Wenzel, U. Bandelow, H. J. Wünsche, and J. Rehberg, “Mechanism of fast self-pulsations in two-section DFB laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.32(1), 69–78 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. A. Shore and T. E. Rozzi, “Transverse Switching Due to Hopf Bifurcation in Semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.20(3), 246–255 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B103(3), 603–607 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2012

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B103(3), 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. Ctyroký, V. Kuzmiak, and S. Eyderman, “Waveguide structures with antisymmetric gain/loss profile,” Opt. Express18(21), 21585–21593 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig.2010, 1110–1113 (2010).

J. K. O`Daniel and M. Achtenhagen, “High-power spectrally-stable DBR semiconductor lasers designed for pulsing in the nanosecond regime,” Proc. SPIE7616, 76160W (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zeller, M. Kamp, J. Koeth, and L. Worschech, “High power pulsed 976nm DFB laser diodes,” Proc. SPIE7682, 76820T–76820T-9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Wenzel, M. Dallmer, and G. Erbert, “Thermal lensing in high-power ridge-waveguide lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.40(5-6), 379–384 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2003

H. Wenzel, “Green’s function based simulation of the optical spectrum of multisection lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(3), 865–871 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. O. Ziegler, M. Münkel, T. Burkhard, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of ridge waveguide laser diodes: picosecond pulsing and switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.16(11), 2015–2022 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

H. Wenzel, U. Bandelow, H. J. Wünsche, and J. Rehberg, “Mechanism of fast self-pulsations in two-section DFB laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.32(1), 69–78 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1984

K. A. Shore and T. E. Rozzi, “Transverse Switching Due to Hopf Bifurcation in Semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.20(3), 246–255 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Achtenhagen, M.

J. K. O`Daniel and M. Achtenhagen, “High-power spectrally-stable DBR semiconductor lasers designed for pulsing in the nanosecond regime,” Proc. SPIE7616, 76160W (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Achtenhagen, A. A. Hardy, and C. S. Harder, “Coherent Kinks in High-Power Ridge Waveguide Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2225–2232 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bandelow, U.

H. Wenzel, U. Bandelow, H. J. Wünsche, and J. Rehberg, “Mechanism of fast self-pulsations in two-section DFB laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.32(1), 69–78 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bertrand, A.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Boucart, J.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Brox, O.

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bugge, F.

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

Burkhard, T.

M. O. Ziegler, M. Münkel, T. Burkhard, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of ridge waveguide laser diodes: picosecond pulsing and switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.16(11), 2015–2022 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Button, C.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ctyroký, J.

Dallmer, M.

H. Wenzel, M. Dallmer, and G. Erbert, “Thermal lensing in high-power ridge-waveguide lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.40(5-6), 379–384 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Davies, I.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Elsässer, W.

M. O. Ziegler, M. Münkel, T. Burkhard, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of ridge waveguide laser diodes: picosecond pulsing and switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.16(11), 2015–2022 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elsäßer, W.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G.

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B103(3), 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Wenzel, M. Dallmer, and G. Erbert, “Thermal lensing in high-power ridge-waveguide lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.40(5-6), 379–384 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

Erdmann, R.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eyderman, S.

Fischer, I.

M. O. Ziegler, M. Münkel, T. Burkhard, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of ridge waveguide laser diodes: picosecond pulsing and switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.16(11), 2015–2022 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fricke, J.

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harder, C. S.

Hardy, A. A.

Heinrich, W.

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig.2010, 1110–1113 (2010).

Hernandez, Y.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez-Garcia, E.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, T.

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B103(3), 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig.2010, 1110–1113 (2010).

Hoffmann, Th.

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Inder, D.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jennemann, G.

M. O. Ziegler, M. Münkel, T. Burkhard, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of ridge waveguide laser diodes: picosecond pulsing and switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.16(11), 2015–2022 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

W. Zeller, M. Kamp, J. Koeth, and L. Worschech, “High power pulsed 976nm DFB laser diodes,” Proc. SPIE7682, 76820T–76820T-9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klehr, A.

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B103(3), 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig.2010, 1110–1113 (2010).

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koeth, J.

W. Zeller, M. Kamp, J. Koeth, and L. Worschech, “High power pulsed 976nm DFB laser diodes,” Proc. SPIE7682, 76820T–76820T-9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmiak, V.

Landais, P.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laurent, T.

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lauritsen, K.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lichtenstein, N.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liero, A.

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B103(3), 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig.2010, 1110–1113 (2010).

Lynch, S.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mirasso, C. R.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Münkel, M.

M. O. Ziegler, M. Münkel, T. Burkhard, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of ridge waveguide laser diodes: picosecond pulsing and switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.16(11), 2015–2022 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O`Daniel, J. K.

J. K. O`Daniel and M. Achtenhagen, “High-power spectrally-stable DBR semiconductor lasers designed for pulsing in the nanosecond regime,” Proc. SPIE7616, 76160W (2010).
[CrossRef]

O’Gorman, J.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Paschke, K.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phelan, P.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rehberg, J.

H. Wenzel, U. Bandelow, H. J. Wünsche, and J. Rehberg, “Mechanism of fast self-pulsations in two-section DFB laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.32(1), 69–78 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ressel, P.

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

Riecke, S. M.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rozzi, T. E.

K. A. Shore and T. E. Rozzi, “Transverse Switching Due to Hopf Bifurcation in Semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.20(3), 246–255 (1984).
[CrossRef]

San Miguel, M.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scholz, F.

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schwertfeger, S.

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B103(3), 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig.2010, 1110–1113 (2010).

Shore, K. A.

K. A. Shore and T. E. Rozzi, “Transverse Switching Due to Hopf Bifurcation in Semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.20(3), 246–255 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Thies, A.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, M.

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tränkle, G.

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

van Tartwijk, G. H. M.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, H.

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B103(3), 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Wenzel, M. Dallmer, and G. Erbert, “Thermal lensing in high-power ridge-waveguide lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.40(5-6), 379–384 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Wenzel, “Green’s function based simulation of the optical spectrum of multisection lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(3), 865–871 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Wenzel, U. Bandelow, H. J. Wünsche, and J. Rehberg, “Mechanism of fast self-pulsations in two-section DFB laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.32(1), 69–78 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wiedmann, J.

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

Worschech, L.

W. Zeller, M. Kamp, J. Koeth, and L. Worschech, “High power pulsed 976nm DFB laser diodes,” Proc. SPIE7682, 76820T–76820T-9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wünsche, H. J.

H. Wenzel, U. Bandelow, H. J. Wünsche, and J. Rehberg, “Mechanism of fast self-pulsations in two-section DFB laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.32(1), 69–78 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zeller, W.

W. Zeller, M. Kamp, J. Koeth, and L. Worschech, “High power pulsed 976nm DFB laser diodes,” Proc. SPIE7682, 76820T–76820T-9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zibik, E. A.

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ziegler, M. O.

M. O. Ziegler, M. Münkel, T. Burkhard, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of ridge waveguide laser diodes: picosecond pulsing and switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.16(11), 2015–2022 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

S. Schwertfeger, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, A. Liero, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond pulses with 50W peak power and reduced ASE background from an all-semiconductor MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. B103(3), 603–607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

A. Klehr, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, O. Brox, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, and G. Erbert, “High peak-power nanosecond pulses generated with DFB RW laser,” Electron. Lett.47(18), 1039–1040 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. R. Mirasso, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, E. Hernandez-Garcia, D. Lenstra, S. Lynch, P. Landais, P. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, M. San Miguel, and W. Elsäßer, “Self-Pulsating Semiconductor Lasers: Theory and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(5), 764–770 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond Spectral Dynamics of Gain-Switched DFB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Wenzel, U. Bandelow, H. J. Wünsche, and J. Rehberg, “Mechanism of fast self-pulsations in two-section DFB laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.32(1), 69–78 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Shore and T. E. Rozzi, “Transverse Switching Due to Hopf Bifurcation in Semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.20(3), 246–255 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

H. Wenzel, “Green’s function based simulation of the optical spectrum of multisection lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(3), 865–871 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig.

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig.2010, 1110–1113 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

M. O. Ziegler, M. Münkel, T. Burkhard, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of ridge waveguide laser diodes: picosecond pulsing and switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.16(11), 2015–2022 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Quantum Electron.

H. Wenzel, M. Dallmer, and G. Erbert, “Thermal lensing in high-power ridge-waveguide lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.40(5-6), 379–384 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

O. Brox, J. Wiedmann, F. Scholz, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, A. Klehr, T. Laurent, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Integrated 1060nm MOPA pump source for high-power green light emitters in display technology,” Proc. SPIE6909, 69091G (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Wenzel, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, O. Brox, M. Thomas, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact sources for the generation of high-peak power wavelength stabilized laser pulses in the picoseconds and nanoseconds ranges,” Proc. SPIE8241, 82410V (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. K. O`Daniel and M. Achtenhagen, “High-power spectrally-stable DBR semiconductor lasers designed for pulsing in the nanosecond regime,” Proc. SPIE7616, 76160W (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zeller, M. Kamp, J. Koeth, and L. Worschech, “High power pulsed 976nm DFB laser diodes,” Proc. SPIE7682, 76820T–76820T-9 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Zibik, A. Bertrand, W. Kaiser, J. Boucart, A. Thies, I. Davies, D. Inder, C. Button, Y. Hernandez, and N. Lichtenstein, “Laser Diodes with Distributed Feedback for Application as Subnanosecond Fiber Laser Seeder,” Proc. SPIE8277, 82771O (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured optical power against current. Red dashed: CW characteristics (up to 0.3 A); blue solid: pulsed characteristics (pulse width 50 ns, period 5 µs).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time-averaged optical spectra. (a): CW operation at a current of 300 mA. (b): Pulsed operation for different pulse currents from 250 mA to 1900 mA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal behavior of the output power of a 1.5 mm long DFB laser driven by 50 ns long electrical pulses with a repetition frequency of 200 kHz (offset in baseline of different pulse currents between 250 mA and 1900 mA for clarity).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal behavior of the optical pulse at 1900 mA. Top, middle and bottom diagrams correspond to instabilities of type “A”, “B” and “C” as marked in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of the period and the frequency of oscillations of type “A” on the pulse time for different pulse currents (marked A, A`, A`` in Fig. 4)

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Color-scale mapping of the optical spectrum versus time obtained with a streak camera for a pulse current of 1900 mA. The ranges denoted by “A”, “B” and “C” are the same as in Fig. 4. Red (blue) denotes high (low) spectral density.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Color-scale mapping of the lateral profile of the near field intensity versus time obtained with a streak camera for a pulse current of 1900 mA. The ranges denoted by “A”, “B” and “C” are the same as in Fig. 4. Red (blue)

Metrics