Abstract

Resonance behaviors of the fundamental resonance mode of diabolo metal bar optical antennas are investigated by using finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) numerical simulations and a dipole oscillator model. It is found that as the waist of the diabolo metal bar optical antenna is reduced, optical energy absorption cross section and near field enhancement at resonance increase significantly. Also reduction of the diabolo waist width causes red-shift of the resonant wavelengths in the spectra of absorption cross-section, scattering cross-section, and the near electric field. A dipole oscillator model including the self-inductance force is used to fit the FDTD numerical simulation results. The dipole oscillator model characterizes well the resonance behaviors of narrow waist diabolo metal bar optical antennas.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (3)

2011 (13)

V. Liberman, R. Adato, A. Mertiri, A. A. Yanik, K. Chen, T. H. Jeys, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Angle-and polarization-dependent collective excitation of plasmonic nanoarrays for surface enhanced infrared spectroscopy,” Opt. Express19(12), 11202–11212 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zuloaga and P. Nordlander, “On the energy shift between near-field and far-field peak intensities in localized plasmon systems,” Nano Lett.11(3), 1280–1283 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhou, E. C. Kinzel, and X. Xu, “Complementary bowtie aperture for localizing and enhancing optical magnetic field,” Opt. Lett.36(15), 2764–2766 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett.11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Kats, N. Yu, P. Genevet, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Effect of radiation damping on the spectral response of plasmonic components,” Opt. Express19(22), 21748–21753 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Giannini, Y. Francescato, H. Amrania, C. C. Phillips, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in nanoscale plasmonic systems: a parameter-free modeling approach,” Nano Lett.11(7), 2835–2840 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Weber, P. Albella, P. Alonso-González, F. Neubrech, H. Gui, T. Nagao, R. Hillenbrand, J. Aizpurua, and A. Pucci, “Longitudinal and transverse coupling in infrared gold nanoantenna arrays: long range versus short range interaction regimes,” Opt. Express19(16), 15047–15061 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Giannini, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. C. Heck, and S. A. Maier, “Plasmonic nanoantennas: fundamentals and their use in controlling the radiative properties of nanoemitters,” Chem. Rev.111(6), 3888–3912 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Ueno and H. Misawa, “Photochemical reaction fields with strong coupling between a photon and a molecule,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem.221(2-3), 130–137 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Huang, H.-H. Hsiao, Y.-T. Chang, H.-H. Chen, Y.-W. Jiang, H.-F. Huang, P.-E. Chang, H.-C. Chang, and S.-C. Lee, “Extraordinary transmission through a silver film perforated with bowtie-shaped aperture array in midinfrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(25), 253107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhong, Y. Wang, R. He, and X. Zhou, “Investigation of plasmonics resonance infrared bowtie metal antenna,” Appl. Phys. B105(2), 231–237 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible plasmonics on unconventional and nonplanar substrates,” Adv. Mater.23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (8)

I. A. Ibrahim, M. Mivelle, T. Grosjean, J. T. Allegre, G. W. Burr, and F. I. Baida, “Bowtie-shaped nanoaperture: a modal study,” Opt. Lett.35(14), 2448–2450 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ding, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and R. Espiau de Lamaestre, “Surface plasmon resonances in silver bowtie nanoantennas with varied bow angles,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 124314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, J. Alkorta, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Phase-resolved mapping of the near-field vector and polarization state in nanoscale antenna gaps,” Nano Lett.10(9), 3524–3528 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pucci, F. Neubrech, D. Weber, S. Hong, T. Toury, and M. L. de la Chapelle, “Surface enhanced infrared spectroscopy using gold nanoantennas,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B247(8), 2071–2074 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, C.-H. Wu, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Radiative engineering of plasmon lifetimes in embedded nanoantenna arrays,” Opt. Express18(5), 4526–4537 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Aksu, A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, and H. Altug, “High-throughput nanofabrication of infrared plasmonic nanoantenna arrays for vibrational nanospectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2511–2518 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Steinberg, M. Scheffler, and M. Dressel, “Microwave inductance of thin metal strips,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 96102–96103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

2008 (4)

E. Cubukcu, E. J. Nanfang Yu, L. Smythe, K. B. Diehl, Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antennas and related devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1448–1461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Fischer and O. J. F. Martin, “Engineering the optical response of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Express16(12), 9144–9154 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(15), 157403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B76(24), 245403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Bharadwaj, P. Anger, and L. Novotny, “Nanoplasmonic enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence,” Nanotechnology18(4), 044017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Rao, L. Hesselink, and J. S. Harris, “High-intensity bowtie-shaped nano-aperture vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser for near-field optics,” Opt. Lett.32(14), 1995–1997 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. L. Muskens, V. Giannini, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Optical scattering resonances of single and coupled dimer plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Express15(26), 17736–17746 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (7)

S. W. Prescott and P. Mulvaney, “Gold nanorod extinction spectra,” J. Appl. Phys.99(12), 123504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Romero, J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García De Abajo, “Plasmons in nearly touching metallic nanoparticles: singular response in the limit of touching dimers,” Opt. Express14(21), 9988–9999 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement,” Chem. Phys. Lett.422(4-6), 303–307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Toward nanometer-scale optical photolithography: Utilizing the near-field of bowtie optical nanoantennas,” Nano Lett.6(3), 355–360 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett.6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Plasmonic effects in near-field optical transmission enhancement through a single bowtie-shaped aperture,” Appl. Phys. B84(1-2), 3–9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Enhanced optical near field from a bowtie aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(15), 153110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip Au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B72(16), 165409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Brioude, X. C. Jiang, and M. P. Pileni, “Optical properties of gold nanorods: DDA simulations supported by experiments,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(27), 13138–13142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett.4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett.4(5), 899–903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Bruzzone, M. Malvaldi, G. P. Arrighini, and C. Guidotti, “Light scattering by gold nanoparticles: Role of simple dielectric models,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(30), 10853–10858 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1087–1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun.220(1-3), 137–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(7), 077402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(40), 8410–8426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1908 (1)

E. B. Rosa, “The self and mutual inductances of linear conductors,” Bur. Stand. (U. S.), Bull.4(2), 301–344 (1908).
[CrossRef]

Adam, P. M.

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement,” Chem. Phys. Lett.422(4-6), 303–307 (2006).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A three-dimensional (3D) perspective of a narrow waist gold metal bar optical antenna on a sapphire substrate. The insert above shows the top view of the diabolo optical antenna.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Scattering cross-section and (b) absorption cross-section of narrow waist gold bar diabolo antennas versus the free space wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dipole oscillator model fittings for scattering and absorption cross-sections of diabolo metal bars with different waist widths of (a) 30 nm, (b) 63 nm, (c) 110 nm, (d) 160 nm, (e) 210 nm, and (f) 260 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Electric field intensity at a point monitor near one end of narrow waist diabolo metal bar antennas versus the free space wavelength. (b) Dipole oscillator model fitted near electric field resonance curves.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The electric field intensity distribution at the resonance wavelengths of narrow waist metal bar antennas with waist widths: (a) w = 30 nm, (b) w = 63 nm, (c) w = 110 nm, (d) w = 160 nm, (e) w = 210 nm, and (f) w = 260 nm. Their resonance wavelengths are (a) 4.849 μm, (b) 4.685 μm, (c) 4.567 μm, (d) 4.477 μm, (e) 4.423 μm, and (f) 4.377 μm, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) The line integration of resonance enhanced near electric field intensity surrounding diabolo metal bar antennas. The insert shows the integration contour 10 nm outside of the diabolo antenna. (b) The averaged near electric field intensity at resonance versus the waist width.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Physical parameters in the dipole oscillator model for the diabolo optical antennas

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F= q e L l dI dt = q e 2 L l d 2 x(ω,t) d t 2 .
m e d 2 x(ω,t) d t 2 + Γ a dx(ω,t) dt +κx(ω,t)= q e E 0 e jωt + Γ s d 3 x(ω,t) d t 3 q e 2 L l d 2 x(ω,t) d t 2 .
m e * d 2 x(ω,t) d t 2 + Γ a dx(ω,t) dt +κx= q e E 0 e jωt + Γ s d 3 x(ω,t) d t 3 .
x(ω,t)= x 0 (ω) e jωt = ( q/ m e * ) E 0 ω 0 2 ω 2 +j ω m e * ( Γ a + ω 2 Γ s ) e jωt .
P sca ( ω )= N 2 ω 4 Γ s | x 0 ( ω ) | 2
P abs ( ω )= N 2 ω 2 Γ a | x 0 ( ω ) | 2
C sca ( ω )= P sca ( ω )/ I 0
C abs ( ω )= P abs ( ω )/ I 0 ,
Γ s Γ a = 1 ω 2 C scat (ω) C abs (ω) .
Γ s Γ a = 1 ω o 2 C scat ( ω o ) C abs ( ω o ) .
U = | E | 2 d l .
| E | 2 = | E | 2 d l d l .

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