Abstract

Energy scaling of femtosecond fiber lasers has been constrained by nonlinear impairments and optical fiber damage. Reducing the optical irradiance inside the fiber by increasing mode size lowers these effects. Using an erbium-doped higher-order mode fiber with 6000 µm2 effective area and output fundamental mode re-conversion, we show a breakthrough in pulse energy from a monolithic fiber chirped pulse amplification system using higher-order mode propagation generating 300 µJ pulses with duration <500 fs (FWHM) and peak power >600 MW at 1.55 µm. The erbium-doped HOM fiber has both a record large effective mode area and excellent mode stability, even when coiled to reasonable diameter. This demonstration proves efficacy of a new path for high energy monolithic fiber-optic femtosecond laser systems.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  25. L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Light propagation with ultralarge modal areas in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1797–1799 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(2), 233–244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

K. Hougaard and F. D. Nielsen, “Amplifiers and lasers in PCF configurations,” J. Opt. Fiber Commun.1(1), 63–83 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6950), 847–851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. M. W. French, “The generation of ultrashort laser pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys.58(2), 169–262 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1987 (1)

M. Pessot, P. Maine, and G. Mourou, “1000 times expansion/compression of optical pulses for chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 419–421 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.5(9), 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Carstens, H.

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Cho, G. C.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z (2006).
[CrossRef]

Churin, D.

Cregan, R. F.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Danilevicius, R.

de Sandro, J. P.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Deguil-Robin, N.

Delfyett, P. J.

DeSantolo, A. M.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

DiMarcello, F.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Ditmire, T.

Dong, L.

Eidam, T.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H. J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), 1–5 (2012).

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feder, K.

Fermann, M. E.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fini, J. M.

French, P. M. W.

P. M. W. French, “The generation of ultrashort laser pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys.58(2), 169–262 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ghalmi, S.

Hadrich, S.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hädrich, S.

Hartl, I.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z (2006).
[CrossRef]

Headley, C.

Hougaard, K.

K. Hougaard and F. D. Nielsen, “Amplifiers and lasers in PCF configurations,” J. Opt. Fiber Commun.1(1), 63–83 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jakobsen, C.

Jansen, F.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H. J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), 1–5 (2012).

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jauregui, C.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H. J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), 1–5 (2012).

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jennings, S.

Kim, K.

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6950), 847–851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H. J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), 1–5 (2012).

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(2), 233–244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express13(4), 1055–1058 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Liu, Z.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maine, P.

M. Pessot, P. Maine, and G. Mourou, “1000 times expansion/compression of optical pulses for chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 419–421 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Masor, G.

Mielke, M.

Misas, C. J.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monberg, E.

Mourou, G.

M. Pessot, P. Maine, and G. Mourou, “1000 times expansion/compression of optical pulses for chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 419–421 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, D.

Nguyen, D. T.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nielsen, F. D.

K. Hougaard and F. D. Nielsen, “Amplifiers and lasers in PCF configurations,” J. Opt. Fiber Commun.1(1), 63–83 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

Ortiz, R.

Otto, H. J.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H. J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), 1–5 (2012).

Peng, X.

Perry, M. D.

Pessot, M.

M. Pessot, P. Maine, and G. Mourou, “1000 times expansion/compression of optical pulses for chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 419–421 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, A.

Peyghambarian, N.

Piracha, M. U.

Ramachandran, S.

Regelskis, K.

Rhonehouse, D.

Roser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(2), 233–244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rusteika, N.

Salin, F.

Schimpf, D. N.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

Seise, E.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z (2006).
[CrossRef]

Singh, N.

S. P. Singh and N. Singh, “Nonlinear effects in optical fibers: origin, management and applications,” Prog. Electromagn. Res.73, 249–275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S. P.

S. P. Singh and N. Singh, “Nonlinear effects in optical fibers: origin, management and applications,” Prog. Electromagn. Res.73, 249–275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stohl, D.

Stuart, B. C.

Stutzki, F.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H. J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), 1–5 (2012).

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Supradeepa, V. R.

Treacy, E.

E. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.5(9), 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(2), 233–244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Viskontas, K.

Westbrook, P. S.

Wisk, P.

Yan, M. F.

Zellmer, H.

Želudevicius, J.

Zong, J.

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.5(9), 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(2), 233–244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Fiber Commun. (1)

K. Hougaard and F. D. Nielsen, “Amplifiers and lasers in PCF configurations,” J. Opt. Fiber Commun.1(1), 63–83 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H. J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), 1–5 (2012).

Nature (1)

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6950), 847–851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Pessot, P. Maine, and G. Mourou, “1000 times expansion/compression of optical pulses for chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 419–421 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Electromagn. Res. (1)

S. P. Singh and N. Singh, “Nonlinear effects in optical fibers: origin, management and applications,” Prog. Electromagn. Res.73, 249–275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

P. M. W. French, “The generation of ultrashort laser pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys.58(2), 169–262 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

F. Abedin and D. K. Kalla, “Review on heat affected zone (HAZ) in laser machining,” in Proceedings of the 6th Annual GRASP Symposium (Wichita State University, 2010), pp. 63–64.

A. Galvanauskas, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber amplifiers,” in Ultrafast Lasers: Technology and Applications, M. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, eds. (Marcel Dekker, 2002), pp. 155–218.

J. Li, X. Peng, and L. Dong, “Robust fundamental mode operation in a ytterbium-doped leakage channel fiber with an effective area of ~3000μm2,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME3.

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