Abstract

We demonstrate a high power all-fiber single frequency Tm-doped fiber amplifier. The maximum output power reached 102 W and the central wavelength was 1.97 μm. The single frequency laser signal from a seed laser was amplified based on a monolithic master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) configuration. The slope efficiency was about 50% against the absorbed pump power. Neither parasitic lasing nor nonlinear effect was observed in the monolithic fiber amplifier. The SBS threshold of the single frequency Tm-doped fiber amplifier was analyzed and estimated. The output power is not limited by the SBS threshold and could be further improved by increasing the pump power. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of average power exceeding 100 W from monolithic all-fiber laser near 2 μm wavelength.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

2012 (4)

2011 (3)

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “220 μJ monolithic single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser at 2 μm by using highly Tm-doped germanate fibers,” Opt. Lett.36(18), 3575–3577 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-Power Single-Frequency Thulium-Doped Fiber DBR Laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-μm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng.50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (6)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (3)

A. Mocofanescu, L. Wang, R. Jain, K. Shaw, A. Gavrielides, P. Peterson, and M. Sharma, “SBS threshold for single mode and multimode GRIN fibers in an all fiber configuration,” Opt. Express13(6), 2019–2024 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Meleshkevich, A. Drozhzhin, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and D. Starodubov, “10 W single-mode single frequency Tm-doped fiber amplifiers optimized for 1800-2020-nm band,” Proc. SPIE5709, 117–124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1991 (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single‐frequency, erbium‐doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.6(5), 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

Agger, S.

Amzajerdian, F.

Aoki, Y.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.6(5), 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

Beach, R. J.

Book, L. D.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-μm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng.50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyland, A. J.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-Power Single-Frequency Thulium-Doped Fiber DBR Laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bradford, J. B.

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Case, B.

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Chen, D.

Clarkson, W. A.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-Power Single-Frequency Thulium-Doped Fiber DBR Laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber Master-Oscillator Power-Amplifier,” Opt. Express18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dawson, J. W.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, R. J. Beach, M. Y. Shverdin, E. A. Stappaerts, A. K. Sridharan, P. H. Pax, J. E. Heebner, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Analysis of the scalability of diffraction-limited fiber lasers and amplifiers to high average power,” Opt. Express16(17), 13240–13266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single‐frequency, erbium‐doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Drozhzhin, A.

M. Meleshkevich, A. Drozhzhin, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and D. Starodubov, “10 W single-mode single frequency Tm-doped fiber amplifiers optimized for 1800-2020-nm band,” Proc. SPIE5709, 117–124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ehrenreich, T.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1kW all-glass Tm:fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE7580, 758016 (2010).

Fang, Q.

Feng, Z.

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gao, C.

Gao, M.

Gapontsev, D.

M. Meleshkevich, A. Drozhzhin, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and D. Starodubov, “10 W single-mode single frequency Tm-doped fiber amplifiers optimized for 1800-2020-nm band,” Proc. SPIE5709, 117–124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gavrielides, A.

Geng, J.

Goldberg, L.

Goodno, G. D.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-μm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng.50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, X.

Heebner, J. E.

Huang, C.

Ibsen, M.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-Power Single-Frequency Thulium-Doped Fiber DBR Laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber Master-Oscillator Power-Amplifier,” Opt. Express18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

Jain, R.

Jiang, S.

Jiang, Z.

Johnson, E. G.

Kadwani, P.

Kieu, K.

Kim, J. W.

King, T. A.

Kliner, D. A. V.

Koplow, J. P.

Leigh, M.

Leveille, R.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1kW all-glass Tm:fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE7580, 758016 (2010).

Li, C.

Li, H.

Lin, Z.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, J. Xu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse and supercontinuum generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Liu, K.

J. Liu, J. Xu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse and supercontinuum generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Liu, Z.

Luo, T.

Ma, P.

Ma, Y.

Majid, I.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1kW all-glass Tm:fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE7580, 758016 (2010).

Meleshkevich, M.

M. Meleshkevich, A. Drozhzhin, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and D. Starodubov, “10 W single-mode single frequency Tm-doped fiber amplifiers optimized for 1800-2020-nm band,” Proc. SPIE5709, 117–124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Messerly, M. J.

Miller, C.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single‐frequency, erbium‐doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mito, I.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.6(5), 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mo, S.

Mocofanescu, A.

Moulton, P.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1kW all-glass Tm:fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE7580, 758016 (2010).

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, D. T.

Park, N.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single‐frequency, erbium‐doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pax, P. H.

Pearson, L.

Petersen, E.

Petersen, E. B.

Peterson, P.

Peyghambarian, N.

Platonov, N.

M. Meleshkevich, A. Drozhzhin, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and D. Starodubov, “10 W single-mode single frequency Tm-doped fiber amplifiers optimized for 1800-2020-nm band,” Proc. SPIE5709, 117–124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poutous, M. K.

Povlsen, J. H.

Pung, A.

Richardson, M.

Rines, G.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1kW all-glass Tm:fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE7580, 758016 (2010).

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-μm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng.50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sahu, J. K.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-Power Single-Frequency Thulium-Doped Fiber DBR Laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber Master-Oscillator Power-Amplifier,” Opt. Express18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

Sharma, M.

Shaw, K.

Shi, W.

Shverdin, M. Y.

Siders, C. W.

Sims, R. A.

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

Sridharan, A. K.

Stappaerts, E. A.

Starodubov, D.

M. Meleshkevich, A. Drozhzhin, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and D. Starodubov, “10 W single-mode single frequency Tm-doped fiber amplifiers optimized for 1800-2020-nm band,” Proc. SPIE5709, 117–124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Su, R.

Tajima, K.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.6(5), 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tan, F.

J. Liu, J. Xu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse and supercontinuum generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Tang, Y.

Tankala, K.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1kW all-glass Tm:fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE7580, 758016 (2010).

Vahala, K. J.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single‐frequency, erbium‐doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Varming, P.

Voo, N. Y.

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, P.

J. Liu, J. Xu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse and supercontinuum generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

Weber, M. E.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-μm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng.50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, S. B.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-μm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng.50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Willis, C. C. C.

Wu, J.

Xu, J.

Y. Tang, C. Huang, S. Wang, H. Li, and J. Xu, “High-power narrow-bandwidth thulium fiber laser with an all-fiber cavity,” Opt. Express20(16), 17539–17544 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, J. Xu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse and supercontinuum generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Xu, S.

Xu, X.

Yang, C.

Yang, Q.

Yang, Z.

Yao, Z.

Yu, J.

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-Power Single-Frequency Thulium-Doped Fiber DBR Laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber Master-Oscillator Power-Amplifier,” Opt. Express18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, P.

Zhu, L.

Zong, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single‐frequency, erbium‐doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett.59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

N. Y. Voo, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “345-mW 1836-nm single-frequency DFB fiber laser MOPA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2550–2552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-Power Single-Frequency Thulium-Doped Fiber DBR Laser at 1943 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(7), 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.6(5), 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-μm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng.50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

A. Mocofanescu, L. Wang, R. Jain, K. Shaw, A. Gavrielides, P. Peterson, and M. Sharma, “SBS threshold for single mode and multimode GRIN fibers in an all fiber configuration,” Opt. Express13(6), 2019–2024 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, R. J. Beach, M. Y. Shverdin, E. A. Stappaerts, A. K. Sridharan, P. H. Pax, J. E. Heebner, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Analysis of the scalability of diffraction-limited fiber lasers and amplifiers to high average power,” Opt. Express16(17), 13240–13266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band,” Opt. Express17(10), 8237–8245 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. He, S. Xu, C. Li, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Mo, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “1.95 μm kHz-linewidth single-frequency fiber laser using self-developed heavily Tm3+-doped germanate glass fiber,” Opt. Express21(18), 20800–20805 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Yang, S. Xu, S. Mo, C. Li, Z. Feng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, and Z. Jiang, “10.9 W kHz-linewidth one-stage all-fiber linearly-polarized MOPA laser at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express21(10), 12546–12551 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fang, W. Shi, K. Kieu, E. Petersen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High power and high energy monolithic single frequency 2 μm nanosecond pulsed fiber laser by using large core Tm-doped germanate fibers: experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express20(15), 16410–16420 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber Master-Oscillator Power-Amplifier,” Opt. Express18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tang, C. Huang, S. Wang, H. Li, and J. Xu, “High-power narrow-bandwidth thulium fiber laser with an all-fiber cavity,” Opt. Express20(16), 17539–17544 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Shah, R. A. Sims, P. Kadwani, C. C. C. Willis, J. B. Bradford, A. Pung, M. K. Poutous, E. G. Johnson, and M. Richardson, “Integrated Tm:fiber MOPA with polarized output and narrow linewidth with 100 W average power,” Opt. Express20(18), 20558–20563 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (9)

J. Geng, J. Wu, S. Jiang, and J. Yu, “Efficient operation of diode-pumped single-frequency thulium-doped fiber lasers near 2 micro m,” Opt. Lett.32(4), 355–357 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “High-power diode-cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1462–1464 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, and F. Amzajerdian, “Single-frequency narrow-linewidth Tm-doped fiber laser using silicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett.34(22), 3493–3495 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gao, M. Gao, Y. Zhang, Z. Lin, and L. Zhu, “Stable single-frequency output at 2.01 microm from a diode-pumped monolithic double diffusion-bonded Tm:YAG nonplanar ring oscillator at room temperature,” Opt. Lett.34(19), 3029–3031 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Agger, J. H. Povlsen, and P. Varming, “Single-frequency thulium-doped distributed-feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.29(13), 1503–1505 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, T. Luo, B. Case, S. Jiang, F. Amzajerdian, and J. Yu, “Single-frequency gain-switched Ho-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.37(18), 3795–3797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “220 μJ monolithic single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser at 2 μm by using highly Tm-doped germanate fibers,” Opt. Lett.36(18), 3575–3577 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. Meleshkevich, A. Drozhzhin, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and D. Starodubov, “10 W single-mode single frequency Tm-doped fiber amplifiers optimized for 1800-2020-nm band,” Proc. SPIE5709, 117–124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1kW all-glass Tm:fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE7580, 758016 (2010).

Other (3)

D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, M. Meleshkevich, Mishechkin, Shkurikhin S. Agger, P. Varming, and J. H. Poylsen, “20W single-frequency fiber laser operating at 1.93 μm,” Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2007. Conference on. IEEE1–2 (2007).

J. Liu, J. Xu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse and supercontinuum generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Fourth Edition) (Academic Press, Rochester, New York, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of pre-amplifier of the SF TDFA. WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; TDF: Tm -doped fiber; ISO: Isolator; DC TDF: double cladding Tm-doped fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Setup of main-amplifier of the SF TDFA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power of the SF MOPA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectrum of the SF MOPA. Inset: the spectrum in a narrow range.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Backward power of the main-amplifier. Inset: backward spectrum.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 List of Parameters Used in Estimation of SBS Threshold in Tm-doped SF MOPA

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P th SBS 21 A eff K L g B Δ υ P +Δ υ B Δ υ B ln(G)
P th SBS 21 A eff K L g B ln(G)
A eff = Γ 2 π a 2 =π r modefield 2
g B = 8 π 2 γ e 2 n p λ p 2 ρ 0 c ν A Γ B

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