Abstract

We experimentally investigated the nonlinear optical interaction between the instantaneous four-wave mixing and the cascaded quadratic frequency conversion in commonly used nonlinear optical KTP and LiNbO3 with the aim of a possible background suppression of the non-resonant background in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering. The possibility of background-free heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microspectroscopy is investigated at the interface formed by a liquid (isopropyl alcohol) and a nonlinear crystal (LiNbO3).

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

2012

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “Detecting anthrax in the mail by coherent Raman microspectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.109(4), 1151–1153 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Golovan, K. A. Gonchar, L. A. Osminkina, V. Y. Timoshenko, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in silicon nanowire ensembles,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 145–150 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, “Maximum entropy and time-domain Kramers–Kronig phase retrieval approaches are functionally equivalent for CARS microspectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.43(5), 637–643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Ultrafast and octave-spanning optical nonlinearities from strongly phase-mismatched quadratic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(4), 043902 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Hyperspectral coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy imaging through turbid medium,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021116 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. A. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Improving sensitivity in nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy imaging and sensing,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2008

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Analytical capabilities of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microspectroscopy,” J. Mod. Opt.55(19-20), 3237–3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, R. Arora, V. V. Yakovlev, X. Wang, A. V. Sokolov, and M. O. Scully, “Comparison of coherent and spontaneous Raman microspectroscopies for noninvasive detection of single bacterial endospores,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.104(19), 7776–7779 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.229(1–6), 441–445 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, “Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(21), 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

Aamer, K. A.

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, “Maximum entropy and time-domain Kramers–Kronig phase retrieval approaches are functionally equivalent for CARS microspectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.43(5), 637–643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Abrutis, A.

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ariunbold, G. O.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arora, R.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “Detecting anthrax in the mail by coherent Raman microspectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.109(4), 1151–1153 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Hyperspectral coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy imaging through turbid medium,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021116 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. A. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Improving sensitivity in nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy imaging and sensing,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Analytical capabilities of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microspectroscopy,” J. Mod. Opt.55(19-20), 3237–3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, R. Arora, V. V. Yakovlev, X. Wang, A. V. Sokolov, and M. O. Scully, “Comparison of coherent and spontaneous Raman microspectroscopies for noninvasive detection of single bacterial endospores,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.104(19), 7776–7779 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bache, M.

M. Bache, H. Guo, B. Zhou, and X. Zeng, “The anisotropic Kerr nonlinear refractive index of the beta-barium borate (β-BaB2O4) nonlinear crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express3(3), 357–382 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Ultrafast and octave-spanning optical nonlinearities from strongly phase-mismatched quadratic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(4), 043902 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baronio, F.

Bartasyte, A.

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bierlein, J. D.

Boulet, P.

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chong, A.

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Ultrafast and octave-spanning optical nonlinearities from strongly phase-mismatched quadratic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(4), 043902 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cicerone, M. T.

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, “Maximum entropy and time-domain Kramers–Kronig phase retrieval approaches are functionally equivalent for CARS microspectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.43(5), 637–643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Conforti, M.

Dogariu, A.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudovich, N.

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, “Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(21), 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gleize, J. J.

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golovan, L. A.

L. A. Golovan, K. A. Gonchar, L. A. Osminkina, V. Y. Timoshenko, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in silicon nanowire ensembles,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 145–150 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gonchar, K. A.

L. A. Golovan, K. A. Gonchar, L. A. Osminkina, V. Y. Timoshenko, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in silicon nanowire ensembles,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 145–150 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, H.

Huang, Y.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobata, T.

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. J.

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, “Maximum entropy and time-domain Kramers–Kronig phase retrieval approaches are functionally equivalent for CARS microspectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.43(5), 637–643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. A.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. A. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Improving sensitivity in nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy imaging and sensing,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margueron, S.

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minkovski, N. I.

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.229(1–6), 441–445 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murawski, R. K.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oron, D.

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, “Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(21), 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osminkina, L. A.

L. A. Golovan, K. A. Gonchar, L. A. Osminkina, V. Y. Timoshenko, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in silicon nanowire ensembles,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 145–150 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pestov, D.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petrov, G. I.

G. I. Petrov, M. Zhi, D. Wang, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Nonresonant background suppression in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy through cascaded nonlinear optical interactions,” Opt. Lett.38(9), 1551–1553 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “Detecting anthrax in the mail by coherent Raman microspectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.109(4), 1151–1153 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Golovan, K. A. Gonchar, L. A. Osminkina, V. Y. Timoshenko, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in silicon nanowire ensembles,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 145–150 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Hyperspectral coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy imaging through turbid medium,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021116 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. A. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Improving sensitivity in nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy imaging and sensing,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Analytical capabilities of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microspectroscopy,” J. Mod. Opt.55(19-20), 3237–3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, R. Arora, V. V. Yakovlev, X. Wang, A. V. Sokolov, and M. O. Scully, “Comparison of coherent and spontaneous Raman microspectroscopies for noninvasive detection of single bacterial endospores,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.104(19), 7776–7779 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.229(1–6), 441–445 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Plausinaitiene, V.

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanna, S.

S. Sanna and W. G. Schmidt, “Lithium niobate X-cut, Y-cut, and Z-cut surfaces from ab initio theory,” Phys. Rev. B81(21), 214116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, W. G.

S. Sanna and W. G. Schmidt, “Lithium niobate X-cut, Y-cut, and Z-cut surfaces from ab initio theory,” Phys. Rev. B81(21), 214116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “Detecting anthrax in the mail by coherent Raman microspectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.109(4), 1151–1153 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, A. Zhang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering for spectral phase retrieval and signal amplification,” Opt. Lett.35(5), 721–723 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, R. Arora, V. V. Yakovlev, X. Wang, A. V. Sokolov, and M. O. Scully, “Comparison of coherent and spontaneous Raman microspectroscopies for noninvasive detection of single bacterial endospores,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.104(19), 7776–7779 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, “Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(21), 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolov, A. V.

X. Wang, A. Zhang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering for spectral phase retrieval and signal amplification,” Opt. Lett.35(5), 721–723 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, R. Arora, V. V. Yakovlev, X. Wang, A. V. Sokolov, and M. O. Scully, “Comparison of coherent and spontaneous Raman microspectroscopies for noninvasive detection of single bacterial endospores,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.104(19), 7776–7779 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stanionyte, S.

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Timoshenko, V. Y.

L. A. Golovan, K. A. Gonchar, L. A. Osminkina, V. Y. Timoshenko, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in silicon nanowire ensembles,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 145–150 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uesu, Y.

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanherzeele, H.

Vartiainen, E.

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, “Maximum entropy and time-domain Kramers–Kronig phase retrieval approaches are functionally equivalent for CARS microspectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.43(5), 637–643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, A. Zhang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering for spectral phase retrieval and signal amplification,” Opt. Lett.35(5), 721–723 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, R. Arora, V. V. Yakovlev, X. Wang, A. V. Sokolov, and M. O. Scully, “Comparison of coherent and spontaneous Raman microspectroscopies for noninvasive detection of single bacterial endospores,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.104(19), 7776–7779 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Welch, G. R.

Wise, F. W.

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Ultrafast and octave-spanning optical nonlinearities from strongly phase-mismatched quadratic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(4), 043902 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. V.

G. I. Petrov, M. Zhi, D. Wang, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Nonresonant background suppression in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy through cascaded nonlinear optical interactions,” Opt. Lett.38(9), 1551–1553 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “Detecting anthrax in the mail by coherent Raman microspectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.109(4), 1151–1153 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Golovan, K. A. Gonchar, L. A. Osminkina, V. Y. Timoshenko, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in silicon nanowire ensembles,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 145–150 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Hyperspectral coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy imaging through turbid medium,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021116 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. A. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Improving sensitivity in nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy imaging and sensing,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Analytical capabilities of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microspectroscopy,” J. Mod. Opt.55(19-20), 3237–3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, R. Arora, V. V. Yakovlev, X. Wang, A. V. Sokolov, and M. O. Scully, “Comparison of coherent and spontaneous Raman microspectroscopies for noninvasive detection of single bacterial endospores,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.104(19), 7776–7779 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.229(1–6), 441–445 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, X.

Zhang, A.

Zhi, M.

Zhi, M. C.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, B.

Zhou, B. B.

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Ultrafast and octave-spanning optical nonlinearities from strongly phase-mismatched quadratic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(4), 043902 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Hyperspectral coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy imaging through turbid medium,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021116 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. A. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Improving sensitivity in nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy imaging and sensing,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(2), 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Opt.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Analytical capabilities of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microspectroscopy,” J. Mod. Opt.55(19-20), 3237–3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

A. Bartasyte, V. Plausinaitiene, A. Abrutis, S. Stanionyte, S. Margueron, P. Boulet, T. Kobata, Y. Uesu, and J. J. Gleize, “Identification of LiNbO₃, LiNb₃O₈ and Li₃NbO₄ phases in thin films synthesized with different deposition techniques by means of XRD and Raman spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter25(20), 205901 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Raman Spectrosc.

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, “Maximum entropy and time-domain Kramers–Kronig phase retrieval approaches are functionally equivalent for CARS microspectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.43(5), 637–643 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

L. A. Golovan, K. A. Gonchar, L. A. Osminkina, V. Y. Timoshenko, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in silicon nanowire ensembles,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 145–150 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.229(1–6), 441–445 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater. Express

Phys. Rev. B

S. Sanna and W. G. Schmidt, “Lithium niobate X-cut, Y-cut, and Z-cut surfaces from ab initio theory,” Phys. Rev. B81(21), 214116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Ultrafast and octave-spanning optical nonlinearities from strongly phase-mismatched quadratic interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(4), 043902 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, “Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(21), 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “Detecting anthrax in the mail by coherent Raman microspectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.109(4), 1151–1153 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, R. Arora, V. V. Yakovlev, X. Wang, A. V. Sokolov, and M. O. Scully, “Comparison of coherent and spontaneous Raman microspectroscopies for noninvasive detection of single bacterial endospores,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.104(19), 7776–7779 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. C. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the laser-pulse configuration for coherent Raman spectroscopy,” Science316(5822), 265–268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

R. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).

J. Cheng and X. S. Xie, Coherent Raman Scattering Microscopy (CRC Press, 2012).

M. Bache and R. Schiek, “Review of measurements of Kerr nonlinearities in lithium niobate: the role of the delayed Raman response,” arXiv:1211.1721 [physics.optics].

D. N. Nikogosyan, “Basic nonlinear optical crystals,” in Nonlinear Optical Crystals, A Complete Survey, (Springer, 2005).

http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/product/aldrich/w292907?lang=en&region=US .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimentally measured CARS spectra of the KTP crystal (φ = 23.4 degree) generated under different phase matching conditions. Both the pump/probe and the Stokes beams are either o-polarized (red dotted line) or e-polarized (black solid line). Inset: the KTP crystal axis and the direction of the e- and o- polarized light.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The experimentally measured CARS spectra generated in the LiNbO3 crystal under different phase matching conditions. Both the pump/probe and the Stokes beams are either o-polarized (red dotted line) or e-polarized (black solid line). Inset: the Y-cut LiNbO3 crystal axis and the direction of the e- and o- polarized light.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The experimentally measured CARS spectra generated at or near the interface between isopropyl alcohol solution and LiNbO3 crystals, as the position of the focus is moved from the bulk of isopropyl alcohol (red solid line) to the bulk of LiNbO3 crystal (green dotted line) with the incident light polarizations perpendicular to the c-axis of the LiNbO3 crystal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimentally measured CARS spectra generated at or near the interface between isopropyl alcohol and the LiNbO3 crystal with the incident light polarizations parallel to the c-axis of the LiNbO3 crystal. The position of the focus is moved from the bulk of isopropyl alcohol (pink solid line) to the bulk of LiNbO3 crystal (red dot-dashed line). Two frequency ranges are plotted with different vertical scales to emphasize appearance of the non-resonant background suppression of isopropyl alcohol line at around 1460 cm−1 (green dashed curve).

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