Abstract

Intense blue emission from Ca4P2O9:Ce3+ phosphor was observed with CIE chromaticity coordinates (0.157, 0.094) and a high external quantum yield up to 64.8%. Concentration quenching effect of Ca4P2O9:xCe3+ indicated that the optimal Ce3+ concentration was at x = 0.005, and the energy transfer among the nearest neighbor ions accounted for this quenching. Good thermal stability of the optimal phosphor was also shown, since 90% of the initial intensity (at 300 K) remained as the temperature increased from 300 to 400 K. Ca4P2O9:0.005Ce3+ can act as a promising blue-emitting phosphor for white LEDs.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

Z. Tao, Y. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Blue luminescence and structural properties of Ce3+-activated phosphosilicate apatite Sr5(PO4)2(SiO4),” Dalton Trans.42(6), 2121–2129 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

Z. Xia, R.-S. Liu, K.-W. Huang, and V. Drozd, “Ca2Al3O6F:Eu2+: a green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(30), 15183–15189 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “Luminescence properties, crystal structure and LED package of potential blue-emitting phosphors--Ca2BN2F:Eu2+.,” Opt. Express20(25), 27361–27366 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, C. P. Wu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and T. M. Chen, “High efficiency and high color purity blue-emitting NaSrBO3:Ce3+ phosphor for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(19), 6869–6874 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. K. Chang, C. C. Liao, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “Ca2PO4Cl:Eu2+: an intense near-ultraviolet converting blue phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(9), 1755–1758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Y. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Li, G. Song, Y. Wang, W. Zhuang, and Z. Long, “Phosphor-conversion white light using InGaN ultraviolet laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

K. Takahashi, N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, M. Harada, K. I. Yoshimura, and Y. Tomomura, “Luminescence properties of blue La1-x CexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz)(z~1) oxynitride phosphors and their application in white light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 091923 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazaki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(Part 2, No. 4A), L371–L373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Kim, Y. I. Kim, H. G. Chun, T. Y. Cho, J. S. Jung, and J. G. Kang, “Structural and optical properties of BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor,” Chem. Mater.14(12), 5045–5052 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Oshio, T. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, and H. Kobayashi, “Mechanism of luminance decrease in BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor by oxidation,” J. Electrochem. Soc.145(11), 3903–3907 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. J. Faber, D. R. Simons, Y. Yan, and H. de Waal, “Photoluminescence quenching by OH in Er- and Pr-doped glasses for 1.5 and 1.3 μm optical amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE2290, 80–88 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

G. Blasse, “Energy transfer between inequivalent Eu2+ ions,” J. Solid State Chem.62(2), 207–211 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

B. Dickens, W. Brown, G. Kruger, and J. Stewart, “Ca4(PO4)2O, tetracalcium diphosphate monoxide. Crystal structure and relationships to Ca5 (PO4) 3OH and K3Na(SO4)2,” Acta Crystallogr. B29(10), 2046–2056 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

L. Ozawa and P. M. Jaffe, “The mechanism of the emission color shift with activator concentration in Eu+3 activated phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc.118(10), 1678–1679 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1967 (2)

L. Van Uitert, “Characterization of energy transfer interactions between rare earth ions,” J. Electrochem. Soc.114(10), 1048–1053 (1967).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Kreidler and F. A. Hummel, “Phase relations in the system SrO-P2O5 and the influence of water vapor on the formation of Sr4P2O9,” Inorg. Chem.6(5), 884–891 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys.21(5), 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse, “Energy transfer between inequivalent Eu2+ ions,” J. Solid State Chem.62(2), 207–211 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Brown, W.

B. Dickens, W. Brown, G. Kruger, and J. Stewart, “Ca4(PO4)2O, tetracalcium diphosphate monoxide. Crystal structure and relationships to Ca5 (PO4) 3OH and K3Na(SO4)2,” Acta Crystallogr. B29(10), 2046–2056 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. K.

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. K. Chang, C. C. Liao, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “Ca2PO4Cl:Eu2+: an intense near-ultraviolet converting blue phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(9), 1755–1758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. J.

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Y. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Li, G. Song, Y. Wang, W. Zhuang, and Z. Long, “Phosphor-conversion white light using InGaN ultraviolet laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. M.

W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, C. P. Wu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and T. M. Chen, “High efficiency and high color purity blue-emitting NaSrBO3:Ce3+ phosphor for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(19), 6869–6874 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. K. Chang, C. C. Liao, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “Ca2PO4Cl:Eu2+: an intense near-ultraviolet converting blue phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(9), 1755–1758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, Y. C.

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “Luminescence properties, crystal structure and LED package of potential blue-emitting phosphors--Ca2BN2F:Eu2+.,” Opt. Express20(25), 27361–27366 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, C. P. Wu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and T. M. Chen, “High efficiency and high color purity blue-emitting NaSrBO3:Ce3+ phosphor for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(19), 6869–6874 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. K. Chang, C. C. Liao, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “Ca2PO4Cl:Eu2+: an intense near-ultraviolet converting blue phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(9), 1755–1758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cho, T. Y.

K. B. Kim, Y. I. Kim, H. G. Chun, T. Y. Cho, J. S. Jung, and J. G. Kang, “Structural and optical properties of BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor,” Chem. Mater.14(12), 5045–5052 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chun, H. G.

K. B. Kim, Y. I. Kim, H. G. Chun, T. Y. Cho, J. S. Jung, and J. G. Kang, “Structural and optical properties of BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor,” Chem. Mater.14(12), 5045–5052 (2002).
[CrossRef]

de Waal, H.

A. J. Faber, D. R. Simons, Y. Yan, and H. de Waal, “Photoluminescence quenching by OH in Er- and Pr-doped glasses for 1.5 and 1.3 μm optical amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE2290, 80–88 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, D. L.

D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys.21(5), 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Dickens, B.

B. Dickens, W. Brown, G. Kruger, and J. Stewart, “Ca4(PO4)2O, tetracalcium diphosphate monoxide. Crystal structure and relationships to Ca5 (PO4) 3OH and K3Na(SO4)2,” Acta Crystallogr. B29(10), 2046–2056 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Drozd, V.

Z. Xia, R.-S. Liu, K.-W. Huang, and V. Drozd, “Ca2Al3O6F:Eu2+: a green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(30), 15183–15189 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Faber, A. J.

A. J. Faber, D. R. Simons, Y. Yan, and H. de Waal, “Photoluminescence quenching by OH in Er- and Pr-doped glasses for 1.5 and 1.3 μm optical amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE2290, 80–88 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Harada, M.

K. Takahashi, N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, M. Harada, K. I. Yoshimura, and Y. Tomomura, “Luminescence properties of blue La1-x CexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz)(z~1) oxynitride phosphors and their application in white light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 091923 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hirosaki, N.

K. Takahashi, N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, M. Harada, K. I. Yoshimura, and Y. Tomomura, “Luminescence properties of blue La1-x CexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz)(z~1) oxynitride phosphors and their application in white light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 091923 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hua, Y.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. H.

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “Luminescence properties, crystal structure and LED package of potential blue-emitting phosphors--Ca2BN2F:Eu2+.,” Opt. Express20(25), 27361–27366 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, C. P. Wu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and T. M. Chen, “High efficiency and high color purity blue-emitting NaSrBO3:Ce3+ phosphor for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(19), 6869–6874 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K.-W.

Z. Xia, R.-S. Liu, K.-W. Huang, and V. Drozd, “Ca2Al3O6F:Eu2+: a green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(30), 15183–15189 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Z. Tao, Y. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Blue luminescence and structural properties of Ce3+-activated phosphosilicate apatite Sr5(PO4)2(SiO4),” Dalton Trans.42(6), 2121–2129 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hummel, F. A.

E. R. Kreidler and F. A. Hummel, “Phase relations in the system SrO-P2O5 and the influence of water vapor on the formation of Sr4P2O9,” Inorg. Chem.6(5), 884–891 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S. T.

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Izuno, K.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazaki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(Part 2, No. 4A), L371–L373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jaffe, P. M.

L. Ozawa and P. M. Jaffe, “The mechanism of the emission color shift with activator concentration in Eu+3 activated phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc.118(10), 1678–1679 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Jang, S. M.

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “Luminescence properties, crystal structure and LED package of potential blue-emitting phosphors--Ca2BN2F:Eu2+.,” Opt. Express20(25), 27361–27366 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. K. Chang, C. C. Liao, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “Ca2PO4Cl:Eu2+: an intense near-ultraviolet converting blue phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(9), 1755–1758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jia, G.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D. R.

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J. S.

K. B. Kim, Y. I. Kim, H. G. Chun, T. Y. Cho, J. S. Jung, and J. G. Kang, “Structural and optical properties of BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor,” Chem. Mater.14(12), 5045–5052 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. G.

K. B. Kim, Y. I. Kim, H. G. Chun, T. Y. Cho, J. S. Jung, and J. G. Kang, “Structural and optical properties of BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor,” Chem. Mater.14(12), 5045–5052 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kang, M.

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. B.

K. B. Kim, Y. I. Kim, H. G. Chun, T. Y. Cho, J. S. Jung, and J. G. Kang, “Structural and optical properties of BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor,” Chem. Mater.14(12), 5045–5052 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. I.

K. B. Kim, Y. I. Kim, H. G. Chun, T. Y. Cho, J. S. Jung, and J. G. Kang, “Structural and optical properties of BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor,” Chem. Mater.14(12), 5045–5052 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, H.

S. Oshio, T. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, and H. Kobayashi, “Mechanism of luminance decrease in BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor by oxidation,” J. Electrochem. Soc.145(11), 3903–3907 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kreidler, E. R.

E. R. Kreidler and F. A. Hummel, “Phase relations in the system SrO-P2O5 and the influence of water vapor on the formation of Sr4P2O9,” Inorg. Chem.6(5), 884–891 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Kruger, G.

B. Dickens, W. Brown, G. Kruger, and J. Stewart, “Ca4(PO4)2O, tetracalcium diphosphate monoxide. Crystal structure and relationships to Ca5 (PO4) 3OH and K3Na(SO4)2,” Acta Crystallogr. B29(10), 2046–2056 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, C. H.

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Li, G. Song, Y. Wang, W. Zhuang, and Z. Long, “Phosphor-conversion white light using InGaN ultraviolet laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C. C.

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. K. Chang, C. C. Liao, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “Ca2PO4Cl:Eu2+: an intense near-ultraviolet converting blue phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(9), 1755–1758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.-S.

Z. Xia, R.-S. Liu, K.-W. Huang, and V. Drozd, “Ca2Al3O6F:Eu2+: a green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(30), 15183–15189 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. R.

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “Luminescence properties, crystal structure and LED package of potential blue-emitting phosphors--Ca2BN2F:Eu2+.,” Opt. Express20(25), 27361–27366 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, C. P. Wu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and T. M. Chen, “High efficiency and high color purity blue-emitting NaSrBO3:Ce3+ phosphor for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(19), 6869–6874 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. K. Chang, C. C. Liao, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “Ca2PO4Cl:Eu2+: an intense near-ultraviolet converting blue phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(9), 1755–1758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Long, Z.

Y. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Li, G. Song, Y. Wang, W. Zhuang, and Z. Long, “Phosphor-conversion white light using InGaN ultraviolet laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, T.

S. Oshio, T. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, and H. Kobayashi, “Mechanism of luminance decrease in BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor by oxidation,” J. Electrochem. Soc.145(11), 3903–3907 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moon, T.

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazaki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(Part 2, No. 4A), L371–L373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murazaki, Y.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazaki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(Part 2, No. 4A), L371–L373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Narukawa, Y.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazaki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(Part 2, No. 4A), L371–L373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Niki, I.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazaki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(Part 2, No. 4A), L371–L373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oshio, S.

S. Oshio, T. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, and H. Kobayashi, “Mechanism of luminance decrease in BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor by oxidation,” J. Electrochem. Soc.145(11), 3903–3907 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ozawa, L.

L. Ozawa and P. M. Jaffe, “The mechanism of the emission color shift with activator concentration in Eu+3 activated phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc.118(10), 1678–1679 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Park, B.

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seo, H. J.

Z. Tao, Y. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Blue luminescence and structural properties of Ce3+-activated phosphosilicate apatite Sr5(PO4)2(SiO4),” Dalton Trans.42(6), 2121–2129 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheu, J. K.

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simons, D. R.

A. J. Faber, D. R. Simons, Y. Yan, and H. de Waal, “Photoluminescence quenching by OH in Er- and Pr-doped glasses for 1.5 and 1.3 μm optical amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE2290, 80–88 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Son, D.

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, G.

Y. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Li, G. Song, Y. Wang, W. Zhuang, and Z. Long, “Phosphor-conversion white light using InGaN ultraviolet laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, J.

B. Dickens, W. Brown, G. Kruger, and J. Stewart, “Ca4(PO4)2O, tetracalcium diphosphate monoxide. Crystal structure and relationships to Ca5 (PO4) 3OH and K3Na(SO4)2,” Acta Crystallogr. B29(10), 2046–2056 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y. K.

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, K.

K. Takahashi, N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, M. Harada, K. I. Yoshimura, and Y. Tomomura, “Luminescence properties of blue La1-x CexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz)(z~1) oxynitride phosphors and their application in white light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 091923 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, S.

S. Oshio, T. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, and H. Kobayashi, “Mechanism of luminance decrease in BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor by oxidation,” J. Electrochem. Soc.145(11), 3903–3907 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Z.

Z. Tao, Y. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Blue luminescence and structural properties of Ce3+-activated phosphosilicate apatite Sr5(PO4)2(SiO4),” Dalton Trans.42(6), 2121–2129 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomomura, Y.

K. Takahashi, N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, M. Harada, K. I. Yoshimura, and Y. Tomomura, “Luminescence properties of blue La1-x CexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz)(z~1) oxynitride phosphors and their application in white light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 091923 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, J. M.

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Van Uitert, L.

L. Van Uitert, “Characterization of energy transfer interactions between rare earth ions,” J. Electrochem. Soc.114(10), 1048–1053 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Li, G. Song, Y. Wang, W. Zhuang, and Z. Long, “Phosphor-conversion white light using InGaN ultraviolet laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. P.

W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, C. P. Wu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and T. M. Chen, “High efficiency and high color purity blue-emitting NaSrBO3:Ce3+ phosphor for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(19), 6869–6874 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L. W.

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, R.

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Z.

Z. Xia, R.-S. Liu, K.-W. Huang, and V. Drozd, “Ca2Al3O6F:Eu2+: a green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(30), 15183–15189 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xie, R. J.

K. Takahashi, N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, M. Harada, K. I. Yoshimura, and Y. Tomomura, “Luminescence properties of blue La1-x CexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz)(z~1) oxynitride phosphors and their application in white light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 091923 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Li, G. Song, Y. Wang, W. Zhuang, and Z. Long, “Phosphor-conversion white light using InGaN ultraviolet laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazaki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(Part 2, No. 4A), L371–L373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y.

A. J. Faber, D. R. Simons, Y. Yan, and H. de Waal, “Photoluminescence quenching by OH in Er- and Pr-doped glasses for 1.5 and 1.3 μm optical amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE2290, 80–88 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, Y. T.

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, Y. T. Yeh, and S. M. Jang, “Luminescence properties, crystal structure and LED package of potential blue-emitting phosphors--Ca2BN2F:Eu2+.,” Opt. Express20(25), 27361–27366 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, C. P. Wu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and T. M. Chen, “High efficiency and high color purity blue-emitting NaSrBO3:Ce3+ phosphor for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(19), 6869–6874 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. K. Chang, C. C. Liao, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “Ca2PO4Cl:Eu2+: an intense near-ultraviolet converting blue phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(9), 1755–1758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, K. I.

K. Takahashi, N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, M. Harada, K. I. Yoshimura, and Y. Tomomura, “Luminescence properties of blue La1-x CexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz)(z~1) oxynitride phosphors and their application in white light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 091923 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, W.

Y. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Li, G. Song, Y. Wang, W. Zhuang, and Z. Long, “Phosphor-conversion white light using InGaN ultraviolet laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Acta Crystallogr. B (1)

B. Dickens, W. Brown, G. Kruger, and J. Stewart, “Ca4(PO4)2O, tetracalcium diphosphate monoxide. Crystal structure and relationships to Ca5 (PO4) 3OH and K3Na(SO4)2,” Acta Crystallogr. B29(10), 2046–2056 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Li, G. Song, Y. Wang, W. Zhuang, and Z. Long, “Phosphor-conversion white light using InGaN ultraviolet laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, M. Harada, K. I. Yoshimura, and Y. Tomomura, “Luminescence properties of blue La1-x CexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz)(z~1) oxynitride phosphors and their application in white light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 091923 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

K. B. Kim, Y. I. Kim, H. G. Chun, T. Y. Cho, J. S. Jung, and J. G. Kang, “Structural and optical properties of BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor,” Chem. Mater.14(12), 5045–5052 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dalton Trans. (1)

Z. Tao, Y. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Blue luminescence and structural properties of Ce3+-activated phosphosilicate apatite Sr5(PO4)2(SiO4),” Dalton Trans.42(6), 2121–2129 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

E. R. Kreidler and F. A. Hummel, “Phase relations in the system SrO-P2O5 and the influence of water vapor on the formation of Sr4P2O9,” Inorg. Chem.6(5), 884–891 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys.21(5), 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (3)

L. Ozawa and P. M. Jaffe, “The mechanism of the emission color shift with activator concentration in Eu+3 activated phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc.118(10), 1678–1679 (1971).
[CrossRef]

L. Van Uitert, “Characterization of energy transfer interactions between rare earth ions,” J. Electrochem. Soc.114(10), 1048–1053 (1967).
[CrossRef]

S. Oshio, T. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, and H. Kobayashi, “Mechanism of luminance decrease in BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphor by oxidation,” J. Electrochem. Soc.145(11), 3903–3907 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (3)

Y. C. Chiu, W. R. Liu, C. K. Chang, C. C. Liao, Y. T. Yeh, S. M. Jang, and T. M. Chen, “Ca2PO4Cl:Eu2+: an intense near-ultraviolet converting blue phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.20(9), 1755–1758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Liu, C. H. Huang, C. P. Wu, Y. C. Chiu, Y. T. Yeh, and T. M. Chen, “High efficiency and high color purity blue-emitting NaSrBO3:Ce3+ phosphor for near-UV light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(19), 6869–6874 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xia, R.-S. Liu, K.-W. Huang, and V. Drozd, “Ca2Al3O6F:Eu2+: a green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(30), 15183–15189 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

D. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Li, Y. Hua, G. Jia, S. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Li, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

T. Moon, S. T. Hwang, D. R. Jung, D. Son, C. Kim, J. Kim, M. Kang, and B. Park, “Hydroxyl-quenching effects on the photoluminescence properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(11), 4164–4167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

G. Blasse, “Energy transfer between inequivalent Eu2+ ions,” J. Solid State Chem.62(2), 207–211 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

C. H. Kuo, J. K. Sheu, S. J. Chang, Y. K. Su, L. W. Wu, J. M. Tsai, C. Liu, and R. Wu, “n-UV + blue/green/red white light emitting diode lamps,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(Part 1, No. 4B), 2284–2287 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Narukawa, I. Niki, K. Izuno, M. Yamada, Y. Murazaki, and T. Mukai, “Phosphor-conversion white light emitting diode using InGaN near-ultraviolet chip,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(Part 2, No. 4A), L371–L373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. J. Faber, D. R. Simons, Y. Yan, and H. de Waal, “Photoluminescence quenching by OH in Er- and Pr-doped glasses for 1.5 and 1.3 μm optical amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE2290, 80–88 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Nakamura and G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer, 1997).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) XRD patterns of Ca4P2O9:xCe3+ (x = 0-0.01) compared with the indexed JCPDS No. 25-1137 for Ca4P2O9; (b) XRD patterns of (Ca1-ySry)4P2O9:0.005Ce3+ (y = 0-1) compared with the indexed JCPDS No. 25-1137 (Ca4P2O9), No. 20-1208 (Sr4P2O9) and No. 33-1348 (Sr5(PO4)3OH).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Photoluminescence excitation (monitored at 420 nm) and emission (excited at 340 nm) spectra of Ca4P2O9:0.005Ce3+; inset shows the emission intensity (I) as a function of the Ce3+ concentration (x mol %); (b) the dependence of lg (I/x) on lg (x) according to Eq. (2).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Excitation spectra of (Ca1-ySry)4P2O9:0.005Ce3+ (y = 0-0.4); (b) The normalized emission spectra of (Ca1-ySry)4P2O9:0.005Ce3+ (y = 0-0.4) under the excitation of 340 nm, the inset shows the emission intensity versus y.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature dependent emission intensity of (Ca1-ySry)4P2O9:0.005Ce3+ for y = 0 and 0.25 respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temperature dependence of the integrated emission intensity normalized with respect to the value at 300 K.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

CIE chromaticity coordinates of Ca4P2O9:0.005Ce3+ and (Ca0.75Sr0.25)4P2O9:0.005Ce3+ phosphors.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R c =2 [ 3V 4π x c Z ] 1 3
I x =k [ 1+β ( x ) θ 3 ] 1 ,
I T = I 0 1+cexp( E a / kT ) ,

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