Abstract

Characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifier (FOPA) with double-pass pump configuration are experimentally investigated. The double-pass pump FOPA exhibits more than two-fold steeper gain slope in comparison to the conventional FOPA due to elongation of effective fiber length. In the L-band amplification band, a secondary idler is generated and used as the transmission signal in lieu of the original L-band signal. Gain measurement and bit error rate experiments are performed on the secondary idler and the results prove the usability of secondary idler, which is potentially useful for distribution networks.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University, 2008).
  2. T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. D. Marconi, J. M. C. Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, “Nearly 100 nm bandwidth of flat gain with a double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifier,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007 (2007), pp. 1–3.
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(9), 650–652 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.42(9), 519–520 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise figure non-reciprocity in fiber optical parametric amplifiers with zero-dispersion-wavelength variations,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), pp. 1–3.
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(11), 1506–1508 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, K. Shimizu, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Methods for full utilization of the bandwidth of fiber optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Lightwave Technol.24, 3683–3690 (2006).
  11. T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 321–323 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. S. Yeo, F. R. M. Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Continuous wave tunable fiber optical parametric oscillator with double-pass pump configuration,” Appl. Phys. B110(3), 353–357 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. S. Yeo, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain smoothening filter in two-segment fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.286, 353–356 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Rustad, G. Arisholm, and Ø. Farsund, “Effect of idler absorption in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Express19(3), 2815–2830 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. Jauregui, D. Nodop, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Improved parametric generation of light in optical fibers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/EQEC), 2011 Conference on and 12th European Quantum Electronics Conference (2011), p. 1.
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Karlsson, “Four-wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B15(8), 2269–2275 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Watanabe, T. Naito, and T. Chikama, “Compensation of chromatic dispersion in a single-mode fiber by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 92–95 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2013

K. S. Yeo, F. R. M. Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Continuous wave tunable fiber optical parametric oscillator with double-pass pump configuration,” Appl. Phys. B110(3), 353–357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Yeo, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain smoothening filter in two-segment fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.286, 353–356 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2007

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.42(9), 519–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, K. Shimizu, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Methods for full utilization of the bandwidth of fiber optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Lightwave Technol.24, 3683–3690 (2006).

2005

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(11), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

1993

S. Watanabe, T. Naito, and T. Chikama, “Compensation of chromatic dispersion in a single-mode fiber by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 92–95 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Adikan, F. R. M.

K. S. Yeo, F. R. M. Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Continuous wave tunable fiber optical parametric oscillator with double-pass pump configuration,” Appl. Phys. B110(3), 353–357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P.

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arisholm, G.

Boggio, J. M. C.

J. D. Marconi, J. M. C. Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, “Nearly 100 nm bandwidth of flat gain with a double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifier,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007 (2007), pp. 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chikama, T.

S. Watanabe, T. Naito, and T. Chikama, “Compensation of chromatic dispersion in a single-mode fiber by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 92–95 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Farsund, Ø.

Fragnito, H. L.

J. D. Marconi, J. M. C. Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, “Nearly 100 nm bandwidth of flat gain with a double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifier,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007 (2007), pp. 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hedekvist, P. O.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hitam, S.

K. S. Yeo, F. R. M. Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Continuous wave tunable fiber optical parametric oscillator with double-pass pump configuration,” Appl. Phys. B110(3), 353–357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Yeo, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain smoothening filter in two-segment fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.286, 353–356 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kalogerakis, G.

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Karlsson, “Four-wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B15(8), 2269–2275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.42(9), 519–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, K. Shimizu, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Methods for full utilization of the bandwidth of fiber optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Lightwave Technol.24, 3683–3690 (2006).

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(11), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mahamd Adikan, F. R.

K. S. Yeo, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain smoothening filter in two-segment fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.286, 353–356 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

K. S. Yeo, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain smoothening filter in two-segment fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.286, 353–356 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Yeo, F. R. M. Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Continuous wave tunable fiber optical parametric oscillator with double-pass pump configuration,” Appl. Phys. B110(3), 353–357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Marconi, J. D.

J. D. Marconi, J. M. C. Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, “Nearly 100 nm bandwidth of flat gain with a double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifier,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007 (2007), pp. 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, K. Shimizu, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Methods for full utilization of the bandwidth of fiber optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Lightwave Technol.24, 3683–3690 (2006).

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.42(9), 519–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(11), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mokhtar, M.

K. S. Yeo, F. R. M. Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Continuous wave tunable fiber optical parametric oscillator with double-pass pump configuration,” Appl. Phys. B110(3), 353–357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Yeo, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain smoothening filter in two-segment fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.286, 353–356 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Naito, T.

S. Watanabe, T. Naito, and T. Chikama, “Compensation of chromatic dispersion in a single-mode fiber by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 92–95 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B. E.

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B.-E.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rustad, G.

Shimizu, K.

Sunnerud, H.

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Uesaka, K.

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, K. Shimizu, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Methods for full utilization of the bandwidth of fiber optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Lightwave Technol.24, 3683–3690 (2006).

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(11), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe, T. Naito, and T. Chikama, “Compensation of chromatic dispersion in a single-mode fiber by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 92–95 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. K. Y.

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, K. Shimizu, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Methods for full utilization of the bandwidth of fiber optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Lightwave Technol.24, 3683–3690 (2006).

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(11), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yeo, K. S.

K. S. Yeo, F. R. M. Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Continuous wave tunable fiber optical parametric oscillator with double-pass pump configuration,” Appl. Phys. B110(3), 353–357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Yeo, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain smoothening filter in two-segment fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.286, 353–356 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

K. S. Yeo, F. R. M. Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Continuous wave tunable fiber optical parametric oscillator with double-pass pump configuration,” Appl. Phys. B110(3), 353–357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.42(9), 519–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Polarization-independent one-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(11), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Watanabe, T. Naito, and T. Chikama, “Compensation of chromatic dispersion in a single-mode fiber by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 92–95 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

K. S. Yeo, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, M. Mokhtar, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain smoothening filter in two-segment fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.286, 353–356 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

C. Jauregui, D. Nodop, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Improved parametric generation of light in optical fibers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/EQEC), 2011 Conference on and 12th European Quantum Electronics Conference (2011), p. 1.
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University, 2008).

J. D. Marconi, J. M. C. Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, “Nearly 100 nm bandwidth of flat gain with a double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifier,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007 (2007), pp. 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise figure non-reciprocity in fiber optical parametric amplifiers with zero-dispersion-wavelength variations,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), pp. 1–3.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the proposed double-pass pump FOPA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Gain versus signal power for signal wavelength range from 1542 nm to 1579 nm for case (a) conventional FOPA and (b) double-pass FOPA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Amplified spectrum when signal is fixed at 1578 nm, and (b) gain profiles comparison of double-pass FOPA (DP) and conventional FOPA (Conv).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gain slope comparison for double-pass pump FOPA and conventional FOPA.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Amplified spectra of conventional FOPA at signal wavelength (a) 1543 nm and (b) 1579 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Amplified spectra of double-pass FOPA at signal wavelength (a) 1543 nm and (b) 1579 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental setup to measure the transmission performance at 10 Gbps.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

10 Gbps eye diagrams back-to-back signal at (a) 1548 nm and (b) 1573 nm, double-pass pump amplified signal at (c) 1548 nm and (d) 1573 nm.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Bit error rate curves comparison (a) at signal 1548 nm and (b) 1573 nm; back-to-back (B2B), conventional FOPA (Conv) and double-pass FOPA (DP).

Metrics