Abstract

We report on wide spectral tunability of a quasi-continuous wave Pr3+:KY3F10 laser under InGaN laser diode excitation at 445 nm. The total tuning range exceeded 100 nm in the visible spectral range on several intervals between 521 nm and 737 nm. The broadest continuously tunable region of almost 50 nm extended from 688 nm to 737 nm. Furthermore we present what is to the best of our knowledge the first demonstration of continuous wave laser operation in Pr3+:KY3F10 on three transitions in the green spectral region. The highest output power of 121 mW was achieved at an emission wavelength of 554 nm with a slope efficiency of 27%.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, “Diode pumping of a continuous-wave Pr3+-doped LiYF4 laser,” Opt. Lett.29(22), 2638–2640 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Fujitomo, M. Murakami, J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “Visible lasers in waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibers excited by GaN laser diodes,” Advanced Solid State Lasers Conference, AM2A.2, Paris, (2013).
  3. M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 363–367 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  19. A. Richter, “Laser parameters and performance of Pr3+-doped fluorides operating in the visible spectral region,” PhD-thesis, University of Hamburg, (Cuvillier, Hamburg 2008).
  20. A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Morcorgé, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B72(8), 909–912 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. W. Metz, D. Parisi, K. Hasse, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, M. Tonelli, and G. Huber, “Room Temperature Cyan Pr3+:BaY2F8 Laser at 495 nm,” Advanced Solid State Lasers Conference, AF2A.7, Paris, 2013.

2013

2012

2011

2009

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, I. Hara, and Y. Kubota, “Visible-NIR tunable Pr3+-doped fiber laser pumped by a GaN laser diode,” Opt. Express17(22), 20227–20232 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, and M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Ostroumov and W. Seelert, “1 W of 261 nm generation in Pr:LiYF4 laser pumped by an optically pumped semiconductor at 479 nm,” Proc. SPIE6871, 68711K (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2004

2003

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, “Basic enhancement of the overall efficiency of intracavity frequency-doubling devices for 1 µm continuous-wave Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(18), 3653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Morcorgé, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B72(8), 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996

1915

R. Nacken, “Über das Wachsen von Kristallpolyedern in ihrem Schmelzfluß,” Neues Jahrb. Geol. Palaeontol.2, 133 (1915).

Bengoechea, J.

Braud, A.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Morcorgé, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B72(8), 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bu, Y.

Cai, Z.

Camy, P.

Chai, B. H. T.

Diaf, M.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, and M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

Dong, Y.

Y. Dong, S. T. Li, and X. H. Zhang, “All-solid-state blue laser pumped Pr:KY3F10-BBO ultraviolet laser at 305 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 116–119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

B. Xu, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, Z. Cai, and R. Moncorgé, “Visible laser operation of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals pumped by a 469 nm blue laser,” Opt. Express19(2), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, and M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, “Diode-pumped Pr3+:KY3F10 red laser,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1462–1464 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Morcorgé, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B72(8), 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fechner, M.

Ferrier, A.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, and M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fibrich, M.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

French, P. M. W.

Gün, T.

Hansen, N.-O.

Hara, I.

Hashimoto, K.

Heumann, E.

Huang, S.

Huber, G.

Jelínková, H.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kannari, F.

Kasuga, K.

Khiari, S.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, and M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

P. W. Metz, F. Moglia, F. Reichert, S. Müller, D.-T. Marzahl, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Novel Rare Earth Solid State Lasers with Emission Wavelengths in the Visible Spectral Range,” CLEO/Europe 2013, CA-2.5 SUN, (2013).

Kubota, Y.

Li, S. T.

Y. Dong, S. T. Li, and X. H. Zhang, “All-solid-state blue laser pumped Pr:KY3F10-BBO ultraviolet laser at 305 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 116–119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Luo, Z.

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, “Basic enhancement of the overall efficiency of intracavity frequency-doubling devices for 1 µm continuous-wave Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(18), 3653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marzahl, D.-T.

Meng, Z.

Metz, P.

Metz, P. W.

P. W. Metz, F. Moglia, F. Reichert, S. Müller, D.-T. Marzahl, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Novel Rare Earth Solid State Lasers with Emission Wavelengths in the Visible Spectral Range,” CLEO/Europe 2013, CA-2.5 SUN, (2013).

Moglia, F.

F. Reichert, F. Moglia, D.-T. Marzahl, P. Metz, M. Fechner, N.-O. Hansen, and G. Huber, “Diode pumped laser operation and spectroscopy of Pr3+:LaF3.,” Opt. Express20(18), 20387–20395 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Metz, F. Moglia, F. Reichert, S. Müller, D.-T. Marzahl, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Novel Rare Earth Solid State Lasers with Emission Wavelengths in the Visible Spectral Range,” CLEO/Europe 2013, CA-2.5 SUN, (2013).

Moncorgé, R.

Morcorgé, R.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Morcorgé, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B72(8), 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Müller, S.

P. W. Metz, F. Moglia, F. Reichert, S. Müller, D.-T. Marzahl, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Novel Rare Earth Solid State Lasers with Emission Wavelengths in the Visible Spectral Range,” CLEO/Europe 2013, CA-2.5 SUN, (2013).

Nacken, R.

R. Nacken, “Über das Wachsen von Kristallpolyedern in ihrem Schmelzfluß,” Neues Jahrb. Geol. Palaeontol.2, 133 (1915).

Nejezchleb, K.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, H.

Osiac, E.

Ostroumov, V.

V. Ostroumov and W. Seelert, “1 W of 261 nm generation in Pr:LiYF4 laser pumped by an optically pumped semiconductor at 479 nm,” Proc. SPIE6871, 68711K (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pavel, N.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, “Basic enhancement of the overall efficiency of intracavity frequency-doubling devices for 1 µm continuous-wave Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(18), 3653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reichert, F.

Richter, A.

Seelert, W.

V. Ostroumov and W. Seelert, “1 W of 261 nm generation in Pr:LiYF4 laser pumped by an optically pumped semiconductor at 479 nm,” Proc. SPIE6871, 68711K (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, “Diode pumping of a continuous-wave Pr3+-doped LiYF4 laser,” Opt. Lett.29(22), 2638–2640 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Škoda, V.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stareki, F.

Šulc, J.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, J. M.

Taira, T.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, “Basic enhancement of the overall efficiency of intracavity frequency-doubling devices for 1 µm continuous-wave Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(18), 3653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Tigreat, P. Y.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Morcorgé, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B72(8), 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Velazquez, M.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, and M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weichmann, U.

Xu, B.

Xu, H.

Ye, C.

Zeng, C.

Zhang, X. H.

Y. Dong, S. T. Li, and X. H. Zhang, “All-solid-state blue laser pumped Pr:KY3F10-BBO ultraviolet laser at 305 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 116–119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Morcorgé, “Spectroscopy and cw operation of a 1.85 μm Tm:KY3F10 laser,” Appl. Phys. B72(8), 909–912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, “Basic enhancement of the overall efficiency of intracavity frequency-doubling devices for 1 µm continuous-wave Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(18), 3653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, and M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys. Lett.

Y. Dong, S. T. Li, and X. H. Zhang, “All-solid-state blue laser pumped Pr:KY3F10-BBO ultraviolet laser at 305 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(2), 116–119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Neues Jahrb. Geol. Palaeontol.

R. Nacken, “Über das Wachsen von Kristallpolyedern in ihrem Schmelzfluß,” Neues Jahrb. Geol. Palaeontol.2, 133 (1915).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

V. Ostroumov and W. Seelert, “1 W of 261 nm generation in Pr:LiYF4 laser pumped by an optically pumped semiconductor at 479 nm,” Proc. SPIE6871, 68711K (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. W. Metz, F. Moglia, F. Reichert, S. Müller, D.-T. Marzahl, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Novel Rare Earth Solid State Lasers with Emission Wavelengths in the Visible Spectral Range,” CLEO/Europe 2013, CA-2.5 SUN, (2013).

Y. Fujitomo, M. Murakami, J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “Visible lasers in waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibers excited by GaN laser diodes,” Advanced Solid State Lasers Conference, AM2A.2, Paris, (2013).

A. Richter, “Laser parameters and performance of Pr3+-doped fluorides operating in the visible spectral region,” PhD-thesis, University of Hamburg, (Cuvillier, Hamburg 2008).

P. W. Metz, D. Parisi, K. Hasse, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, M. Tonelli, and G. Huber, “Room Temperature Cyan Pr3+:BaY2F8 Laser at 495 nm,” Advanced Solid State Lasers Conference, AF2A.7, Paris, 2013.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Ground state absorption and emission cross sections for transitions originating from the 3PJ manifold of Pr:KYF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic setup for the wavelength tuning of the q-cw Pr:KYF laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus wavelength of the q-cw Pr:KYF laser. The grey line represents a gain spectrum for the maximum expected inversion level in our setup (β = 0.02). The capital characters A-F denote the different sets of mirrors. The colored bars in the lower part visualize the areas where continuous tuning was achieved.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic setup for the cw laser experiments in a free running mode.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectra of the realized green emitting cw Pr:KYF lasers (left) and output characteristics of the laser at 554 nm for different output coupler transmissions TOC (right).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison between the output characteristics of cw Pr:KYF lasers operated at the wavelengths 554 nm, 610 nm, and 645 nm.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 List of realized tuning ranges. λmin and λmax denote on- and offset wavelengths, respectively. Δλ is the full width of the tuning range. Pmax represents the highest output power achieved within the respective interval.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of the cw laser parameters.

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