Abstract

The monoclinic vanadate Nd:LaVO4 crystal was characterized, including the first investigation of thermal properties and anisotropic laser performance to our knowledge. The thermal properties behave anisotropically with the highest thermal conductivity of 3.27 W/m/K along the c* direction. With a laser diode as the pump source, the efficient continuous-wave (cw) and passively Q-switched monoclinic Nd:LaVO4 crystal lasers were realized, which resulted in the nearly isotropic maximum output power and laser wavelength. The maximum cw output power is 3.56 W with a slope efficiency of 41.4%, and the passively Q-switched pulse width is 10.9 ns with pulse energy of 38.3 μJ. Based on the laser results, the thermal shock parameter anisotropy is calculated to be 1:1.28. The results show that, in contrast to other vanadate crystals, Nd:LaVO4 is a novel laser material with low symmetry.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

S. Yomogida, M. Higuchi, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and J. Takahashi, “Float zone growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Nd:LaVO4 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth359, 20–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Sun, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. H. Xu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal,” J. Mater. Res.27(19), 2528–2534 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1.064 μm lasing characterization of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innovations14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1999 (2)

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, “Design criteria for concentration optimization in scaling diode end-pumped lasers to high powers: influence of thermal fracture,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(2), 234–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. L. Byer, “Diode laser--pumped solid-state lasers,” Science239(4841), 742–747 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys.32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1949 (1)

C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the thermal conductivity of glasses,” Phys. Rev.75(6), 972–974 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Abbott, G. L.

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys.32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Aguiló, M.

Ba, M.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bagdasarov, K. S.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

Birnbaum, M.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Borowiec, M. T.

Boughton, R. I.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boulanger, B.

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Butler, C. P.

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys.32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. L. Byer, “Diode laser--pumped solid-state lasers,” Science239(4841), 742–747 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cavalli, E.

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, “Design criteria for concentration optimization in scaling diode end-pumped lasers to high powers: influence of thermal fracture,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(2), 234–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X. F.

L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y. T.

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cong, H. J.

S. Q. Sun, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. H. Xu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal,” J. Mater. Res.27(19), 2528–2534 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, F.

Ding, A.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dorozhkin, L. M.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

Ermakova, L. A.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fan, W. L.

L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Grau, J.

Gutowska, M. U.

Higuchi, M.

S. Yomogida, M. Higuchi, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and J. Takahashi, “Float zone growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Nd:LaVO4 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth359, 20–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jenkins, R. J.

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys.32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Joly, S.

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kevorkov, A. M.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kittel, C.

C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the thermal conductivity of glasses,” Phys. Rev.75(6), 972–974 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Krasilov, Y. I.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kuratev, I. I.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, N. T.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Li, P.

L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. L.

L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ling, Z. C.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M. K.

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Massons, J.

Massot, M.

Maunier, C.

Meng, X.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X. L.

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

Ogawa, T.

S. Yomogida, M. Higuchi, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and J. Takahashi, “Float zone growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Nd:LaVO4 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth359, 20–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ozygus, B.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Parker, W. J.

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys.32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Petit, Y.

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Potemkin, A. V.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

Qiu, M. W.

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1.064 μm lasing characterization of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innovations14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Raiskaya, L. N.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Salazar, A.

Segonds, P.

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z. S.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A. V.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Silvestre, Ò.

Song, M. J.

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1.064 μm lasing characterization of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innovations14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

Sun, H. G.

L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L. M.

L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, S. Q.

S. Q. Sun, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. H. Xu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal,” J. Mater. Res.27(19), 2528–2534 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Szewczyk, A.

Takahashi, J.

S. Yomogida, M. Higuchi, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and J. Takahashi, “Float zone growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Nd:LaVO4 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth359, 20–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tseitlin, P. A.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wada, S.

S. Yomogida, M. Higuchi, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and J. Takahashi, “Float zone growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Nd:LaVO4 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth359, 20–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Q.

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. F.

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1.064 μm lasing characterization of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innovations14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

S. Q. Sun, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. H. Xu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal,” J. Mater. Res.27(19), 2528–2534 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, H.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H. R.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H. H.

S. Q. Sun, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. H. Xu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal,” J. Mater. Res.27(19), 2528–2534 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z. H.

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yomogida, S.

S. Yomogida, M. Higuchi, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and J. Takahashi, “Float zone growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Nd:LaVO4 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth359, 20–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

S. Q. Sun, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. H. Xu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal,” J. Mater. Res.27(19), 2528–2534 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, W.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, W. T.

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. G.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

S. Q. Sun, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. H. Xu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal,” J. Mater. Res.27(19), 2528–2534 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L. Z.

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1.064 μm lasing characterization of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innovations14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. F. Chen, “Design criteria for concentration optimization in scaling diode end-pumped lasers to high powers: influence of thermal fracture,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(2), 234–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

S. Yomogida, M. Higuchi, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and J. Takahashi, “Float zone growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Nd:LaVO4 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth359, 20–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

S. Q. Sun, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. H. Xu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal,” J. Mater. Res.27(19), 2528–2534 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Innovations (1)

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1.064 μm lasing characterization of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innovations14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

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K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Variation of thermal expansion of Nd:LaVO4 crystal with temperature.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of density of Nd:LaVO4 crystal with the increase of temperature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Thermal diffusion coefficient of Nd:LaVO4 crystal at different temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Specific heat of Nd:LaVO4 at different temperature.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Thermal conductivity of Nd:LaVO4 crystal at different temperature.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Cw output power versus absorbed pump power along the optical Y- and Z-axis.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Laser spectrum of optical Z-axis Nd:LaVO4. (Inset) Polarized fluorescence spectra.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Cw and passively Q-switched output power versus absorbed pump power along the optical Y-axis.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Repetition rate and pulse width with the increase of absorbed pump power.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Pulse profile with the width of 10.9 ns.

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ β ij ]=[ β 11 β 12 β 13 β 21 β 22 β 23 β 31 β 32 β 33 ]
[ β ij ]=[ β 11 0 β 13 0 β 22 0 β 13 0 β 33 ]
T -1 [ β ij ]= T -1 [ β 11 0 β 13 0 β 22 0 β 13 0 β 33 ]=[ β I 0 0 0 β II 0 0 0 β III ]
tan2ϕ= 2| β 13 | β 33 - β 11
r= 1 4 ( β 33 - β 11 ) 2 + β 13 2
β I = 1 2 ( β 33 + β 11 )r β II = β 22 β III = 1 2 ( β 33 + β 11 )+r
[ α ij ]=[ 6.77 0 1.54 0 4.45 0 1.54 0 10.47 ]× 10 6 K 1
[ α ' ij ]=[ 6.21 0 0 0 4.45 0 0 0 11.03 ]× 10 6 K 1
ρ T = ρ (1+ Δa a 0 )(1+ Δb b 0 )(1+ Δ c * c * 0 )
[ k ij ]=[ k 11 0 k 13 0 k 22 0 k 13 0 k 33 ]=[ 2.81 0 0.21 0 2.97 0 0.21 0 3.31 ]
[ k ' ij ]=[ k I 0 0 0 k II 0 0 0 k III ]=[ 2.73 0 0 0 2.97 0 0 0 3.38 ]
P abs,lim = 1 α 4πR ζ

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