Abstract

We report on a study of polarization properties of asymmetric, multimode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSEL) subjected to electrical RF modulation. When subjected to RF modulation, complex frequency-dependent polarization properties, especially near the polarization switching point are revealed. We propose a scheme of rapidly switching the two RF frequencies modulating the VCSEL, in order to achieve fast polarization modulation in these VCSEL. Polarization modulation up to 300 MHz by modulating the RF frequency and up to 1.5 GHz with RF power modulation has been demonstrated; the fastest reported electrically controlled polarization modulation for multimode VCSELs.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).
  2. K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(2), 661 (1995).
  3. L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, and L. A. Coldren, “Control of polarization phase offset in low threshold polarization switching VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(5), 305–307 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Sato, K. Furuta, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by asymmetrical current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1446–1448 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. P. Tan, A. M. Kasten, T. Strand, and K. D. Choquette, “Low power polarization modulation of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 1-6 May 2011.
  7. K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A52(2), 1728–1739 (1995).
  9. J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(5), 765–783 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(4), 322–333 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics7(1), 60–65 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Sciamanna, A. Valle, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, and K. Panajotov, “Nonlinear polarization dynamics in directly modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. E68(1), 016207 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Valle, M. Sciamanna, and K. Panajotov, “Irregular pulsating polarization dynamics in gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(2), 136–143 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, and M. T. Asom, “Polarization modulation of cruciform vertical-cavity laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(21), 2767 (1994).
  16. K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL's due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(1), 6–8 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).
  18. D. L. Boiko, G. M. Stephan, and P. Besnard, “Fast polarization switching with memory effect in a vertical cavity surface emitting laser subject to modulated optical injection,” J. Appl. Phys.86(8), 4096 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, “High‐frequency polarization self‐modulation in vertical‐cavity surface‐emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63, 3545–3547 (1993).
  21. M. Sciamanna, T. Erneux, F. Rogister, O. Deparis, P. Me’gret, and M. Blondel, “Bifurcation bridges between external-cavity modes lead to polarization self-modulation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A65(4), 041801 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. Coldren, “Ultrafast polarization modulation in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers with frequency dependent current injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(25), 251104 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. A. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. A. Coldren, “Fast polarization modulation in vertical cavity lasers with electrical RF injection,” Proc. 23rd IEEE Semiconductor Laser Conference, paper no. PD1.4, San Diego, CA (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, A. V. Barve, and L. A. Coldren, “P-type δ-doping of highly-strained VCSELs for 25Gbps operation,” IEEE Photon. Conf.IPC2012, 131–132 (2012).
  25. A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization selection and sensitivity of external cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(5), 639–641 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2012

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics7(1), 60–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. Coldren, “Ultrafast polarization modulation in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers with frequency dependent current injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(25), 251104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, A. V. Barve, and L. A. Coldren, “P-type δ-doping of highly-strained VCSELs for 25Gbps operation,” IEEE Photon. Conf.IPC2012, 131–132 (2012).

2011

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, and L. A. Coldren, “Control of polarization phase offset in low threshold polarization switching VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(5), 305–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008

Y. Sato, K. Furuta, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by asymmetrical current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1446–1448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Sciamanna, and K. Panajotov, “Irregular pulsating polarization dynamics in gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(2), 136–143 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(4), 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. Sciamanna, A. Valle, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, and K. Panajotov, “Nonlinear polarization dynamics in directly modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. E68(1), 016207 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

2002

M. Sciamanna, T. Erneux, F. Rogister, O. Deparis, P. Me’gret, and M. Blondel, “Bifurcation bridges between external-cavity modes lead to polarization self-modulation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A65(4), 041801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

2000

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. L. Boiko, G. M. Stephan, and P. Besnard, “Fast polarization switching with memory effect in a vertical cavity surface emitting laser subject to modulated optical injection,” J. Appl. Phys.86(8), 4096 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL's due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization selection and sensitivity of external cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(5), 639–641 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(2), 661 (1995).

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A52(2), 1728–1739 (1995).

1994

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, and M. T. Asom, “Polarization modulation of cruciform vertical-cavity laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(21), 2767 (1994).

1993

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, “High‐frequency polarization self‐modulation in vertical‐cavity surface‐emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63, 3545–3547 (1993).

Abraham, N. B.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

Al-Seyab, R.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Asom, M. T.

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, and M. T. Asom, “Polarization modulation of cruciform vertical-cavity laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(21), 2767 (1994).

Augustin, L. M.

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barbay, S.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

Barve, A. V.

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, A. V. Barve, and L. A. Coldren, “P-type δ-doping of highly-strained VCSELs for 25Gbps operation,” IEEE Photon. Conf.IPC2012, 131–132 (2012).

A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. Coldren, “Ultrafast polarization modulation in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers with frequency dependent current injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(25), 251104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Besnard, P.

D. L. Boiko, G. M. Stephan, and P. Besnard, “Fast polarization switching with memory effect in a vertical cavity surface emitting laser subject to modulated optical injection,” J. Appl. Phys.86(8), 4096 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blondel, M.

M. Sciamanna, A. Valle, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, and K. Panajotov, “Nonlinear polarization dynamics in directly modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. E68(1), 016207 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sciamanna, T. Erneux, F. Rogister, O. Deparis, P. Me’gret, and M. Blondel, “Bifurcation bridges between external-cavity modes lead to polarization self-modulation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A65(4), 041801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boiko, D. L.

D. L. Boiko, G. M. Stephan, and P. Besnard, “Fast polarization switching with memory effect in a vertical cavity surface emitting laser subject to modulated optical injection,” J. Appl. Phys.86(8), 4096 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Choquette, K. D.

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(2), 661 (1995).

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, and M. T. Asom, “Polarization modulation of cruciform vertical-cavity laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(21), 2767 (1994).

M. P. Tan, A. M. Kasten, T. Strand, and K. D. Choquette, “Low power polarization modulation of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 1-6 May 2011.

Coldren, L.

A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. Coldren, “Ultrafast polarization modulation in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers with frequency dependent current injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(25), 251104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, A. V. Barve, and L. A. Coldren, “P-type δ-doping of highly-strained VCSELs for 25Gbps operation,” IEEE Photon. Conf.IPC2012, 131–132 (2012).

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, and L. A. Coldren, “Control of polarization phase offset in low threshold polarization switching VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(5), 305–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, “High‐frequency polarization self‐modulation in vertical‐cavity surface‐emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63, 3545–3547 (1993).

Danckaert, J.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL's due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Deparis, O.

M. Sciamanna, T. Erneux, F. Rogister, O. Deparis, P. Me’gret, and M. Blondel, “Bifurcation bridges between external-cavity modes lead to polarization self-modulation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A65(4), 041801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Erneux, T.

M. Sciamanna, T. Erneux, F. Rogister, O. Deparis, P. Me’gret, and M. Blondel, “Bifurcation bridges between external-cavity modes lead to polarization self-modulation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A65(4), 041801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Q.

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A52(2), 1728–1739 (1995).

Furuta, K.

Y. Sato, K. Furuta, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by asymmetrical current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1446–1448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gatare, I.

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(4), 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Geluk, E. J.

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Georgievski, A.

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Giacomelli, G.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

Henning, I. D.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hurtado, A.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Husain, A.

A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. Coldren, “Ultrafast polarization modulation in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers with frequency dependent current injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(25), 251104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, “High‐frequency polarization self‐modulation in vertical‐cavity surface‐emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63, 3545–3547 (1993).

Johansson, L.

A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. Coldren, “Ultrafast polarization modulation in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers with frequency dependent current injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(25), 251104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Karouta, F.

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kasten, A. M.

M. P. Tan, A. M. Kasten, T. Strand, and K. D. Choquette, “Low power polarization modulation of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 1-6 May 2011.

Katayama, T.

Y. Sato, K. Furuta, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by asymmetrical current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1446–1448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, H.

Y. Sato, K. Furuta, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by asymmetrical current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1446–1448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khan, N. A.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, “High‐frequency polarization self‐modulation in vertical‐cavity surface‐emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63, 3545–3547 (1993).

Lear, K. L.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(2), 661 (1995).

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, and M. T. Asom, “Polarization modulation of cruciform vertical-cavity laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(21), 2767 (1994).

Leibenguth, R. E.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(2), 661 (1995).

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, and M. T. Asom, “Polarization modulation of cruciform vertical-cavity laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(21), 2767 (1994).

Lin, C.-H.

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, A. V. Barve, and L. A. Coldren, “P-type δ-doping of highly-strained VCSELs for 25Gbps operation,” IEEE Photon. Conf.IPC2012, 131–132 (2012).

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, and L. A. Coldren, “Control of polarization phase offset in low threshold polarization switching VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(5), 305–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marin, F.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

Martin-Regalado, J.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Me’gret, P.

M. Sciamanna, T. Erneux, F. Rogister, O. Deparis, P. Me’gret, and M. Blondel, “Bifurcation bridges between external-cavity modes lead to polarization self-modulation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A65(4), 041801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mégret, P.

M. Sciamanna, A. Valle, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, and K. Panajotov, “Nonlinear polarization dynamics in directly modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. E68(1), 016207 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehta, A.

A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. Coldren, “Ultrafast polarization modulation in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers with frequency dependent current injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(25), 251104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J.

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A52(2), 1728–1739 (1995).

Morgan, R. A.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, “High‐frequency polarization self‐modulation in vertical‐cavity surface‐emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63, 3545–3547 (1993).

Mori, T.

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nagler, B.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, “High‐frequency polarization self‐modulation in vertical‐cavity surface‐emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63, 3545–3547 (1993).

Panajotov, K.

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics7(1), 60–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Sciamanna, and K. Panajotov, “Irregular pulsating polarization dynamics in gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(2), 136–143 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(4), 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, A. Valle, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, and K. Panajotov, “Nonlinear polarization dynamics in directly modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. E68(1), 016207 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL's due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peeters, M.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL's due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pesquera, L.

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization selection and sensitivity of external cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(5), 639–641 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prati, F.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rogister, F.

M. Sciamanna, T. Erneux, F. Rogister, O. Deparis, P. Me’gret, and M. Blondel, “Bifurcation bridges between external-cavity modes lead to polarization self-modulation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A65(4), 041801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ryvkin, B.

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL's due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

San Miguel, M.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A52(2), 1728–1739 (1995).

Sato, Y.

Y. Sato, K. Furuta, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by asymmetrical current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1446–1448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schires, K.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, R. P.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(2), 661 (1995).

Sciamanna, M.

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics7(1), 60–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Sciamanna, and K. Panajotov, “Irregular pulsating polarization dynamics in gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(2), 136–143 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(4), 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, A. Valle, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, and K. Panajotov, “Nonlinear polarization dynamics in directly modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. E68(1), 016207 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sciamanna, T. Erneux, F. Rogister, O. Deparis, P. Me’gret, and M. Blondel, “Bifurcation bridges between external-cavity modes lead to polarization self-modulation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A65(4), 041801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization selection and sensitivity of external cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(5), 639–641 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smalbrugge, E.

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stephan, G. M.

D. L. Boiko, G. M. Stephan, and P. Besnard, “Fast polarization switching with memory effect in a vertical cavity surface emitting laser subject to modulated optical injection,” J. Appl. Phys.86(8), 4096 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Strand, T.

M. P. Tan, A. M. Kasten, T. Strand, and K. D. Choquette, “Low power polarization modulation of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 1-6 May 2011.

Strijbos, R. C.

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tan, M. P.

M. P. Tan, A. M. Kasten, T. Strand, and K. D. Choquette, “Low power polarization modulation of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 1-6 May 2011.

Thienpont, H.

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics7(1), 60–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL's due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Valle, A.

A. Valle, M. Sciamanna, and K. Panajotov, “Irregular pulsating polarization dynamics in gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(2), 136–143 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(4), 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, A. Valle, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, and K. Panajotov, “Nonlinear polarization dynamics in directly modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. E68(1), 016207 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization selection and sensitivity of external cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(5), 639–641 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van de Roer, T. G.

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Veretennicoff, I.

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL's due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Verschaffelt, G.

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Virte, M.

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics7(1), 60–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamayoshi, Y.

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. Coldren, “Ultrafast polarization modulation in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers with frequency dependent current injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(25), 251104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, A. V. Barve, and L. A. Coldren, “P-type δ-doping of highly-strained VCSELs for 25Gbps operation,” IEEE Photon. Conf.IPC2012, 131–132 (2012).

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, and L. A. Coldren, “Control of polarization phase offset in low threshold polarization switching VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(5), 305–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(11), 1590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, and M. T. Asom, “Polarization modulation of cruciform vertical-cavity laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(21), 2767 (1994).

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching-energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, “High‐frequency polarization self‐modulation in vertical‐cavity surface‐emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63, 3545–3547 (1993).

A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. Coldren, “Ultrafast polarization modulation in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers with frequency dependent current injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(25), 251104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. Verschaffelt, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Frequency response of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1177–1186 (2003).

A. Valle, M. Sciamanna, and K. Panajotov, “Irregular pulsating polarization dynamics in gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(2), 136–143 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(4), 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(2), 661 (1995).

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Conf.

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, A. V. Barve, and L. A. Coldren, “P-type δ-doping of highly-strained VCSELs for 25Gbps operation,” IEEE Photon. Conf.IPC2012, 131–132 (2012).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, “Polarization selection and sensitivity of external cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(5), 639–641 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL's due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Augustin, E. Smalbrugge, K. D. Choquette, F. Karouta, R. C. Strijbos, G. Verschaffelt, E. J. Geluk, T. G. van de Roer, and H. Thienpont, “Controlled polarization switching in VCSELs by means of asymmetric current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 708–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, C.-H. Lin, and L. A. Coldren, “Control of polarization phase offset in low threshold polarization switching VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(5), 305–307 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sato, K. Furuta, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by asymmetrical current injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(17), 1446–1448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

D. L. Boiko, G. M. Stephan, and P. Besnard, “Fast polarization switching with memory effect in a vertical cavity surface emitting laser subject to modulated optical injection,” J. Appl. Phys.86(8), 4096 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics7(1), 60–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opto-Electron. Rev.

G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, J. Albert, B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Danckaert, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, “Polarisation Switching in Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: from experimental observations to applications,” Opto-Electron. Rev.9(3), 257 (2001).

Phys. Rev. A

M. Sciamanna, T. Erneux, F. Rogister, O. Deparis, P. Me’gret, and M. Blondel, “Bifurcation bridges between external-cavity modes lead to polarization self-modulation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A65(4), 041801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A52(2), 1728–1739 (1995).

Phys. Rev. E

M. Sciamanna, A. Valle, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, and K. Panajotov, “Nonlinear polarization dynamics in directly modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. E68(1), 016207 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

M. P. Tan, A. M. Kasten, T. Strand, and K. D. Choquette, “Low power polarization modulation of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 1-6 May 2011.

A. V. Barve, Y. Zheng, L. A. Johansson, A. Mehta, A. Husain, and L. A. Coldren, “Fast polarization modulation in vertical cavity lasers with electrical RF injection,” Proc. 23rd IEEE Semiconductor Laser Conference, paper no. PD1.4, San Diego, CA (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Measured L-I characteristics of an elliptical, oxide confined VCSEL showing high polarization contrast ratio even in multimode regime (b)-(c) high resolution optical spectral measurements as a function of current, for X and Y polarization.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Contour plots of modulation responses at different bias currents, for (a) X-polarization, (b) Y-polarization and (c) Difference between X and Y, showing the mode stability plot for the VCSEL (d) Modulation response 4.4mA, showing abrupt switching between X and Y modes as a function of frequency.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematics of the experimental setup used for rapidly switching between f1 and f2 for modulating the VCSEL. The inset shows the output of the amplifier before the bias-T network.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarization modulation of the VCSEL, subjected to varying RF signal with frequency modulated at (a) 200 MHz (b) 300 MHz and (c) 500 MHz.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Polarization modulation response for the VCSEL subjected to a fixed RF frequency and the RF power modulated at 1.5 GHz.

Metrics