Abstract

We demonstrate three possible scenarios for upgrading current single-mode transmission networks with high capacity few-mode fiber technology using mode-division multiplexing (MDM). The results were obtained from measurements over a number of field-deployed single-mode fiber links with an additional experimental in-line amplified few-mode fiber link. The results confirm the viability of employing MDM using few-mode fiber technology to gradually replace legacy optical systems.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]

2013 (7)

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Sakaguchi, B. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-Core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-31-4-554 .
[Crossref]

H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, E. L. de Gabory, T. Ito, W. R. Peng, K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, Y. Kawaguchi, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, Y. Mimura, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “First demonstration of MC-EDFA-repeatered SDM transmission of 40 x 128-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK signals per core over 6,160-km 7-core MCF,” Opt. Express 21(1), 789–795 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-1-789 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-8-10383 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Sleiffer, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, and H. de Waardt, “Differential phase frame synchronization for coherent transponders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2137–2140 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, and R. Essiambre, “Spot-based mode coupler for mode-multiplexed transmission in few-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1973–1976 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-30-4-521 .
[Crossref]

V. A. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-26-B428 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, J. Nicholson, D. Jakobsen, K. Jespersen, R. Lingle, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Few mode transmission fiber with low DGD, low mode coupling, and low loss,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(23), 3693–3698 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-30-23-3693 .
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

Alam, S.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express 19(26), B952–B957 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-26-B952 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alam, S. U.

Alfiad, M.

Awaji, Y.

Baddela, N.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bai, N.

Bolle, C.

Burrows, E.

Chen, H.

Corbett, B.

de Gabory, E. L.

de Waardt, H.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Sleiffer, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, and H. de Waardt, “Differential phase frame synchronization for coherent transponders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2137–2140 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. A. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-26-B428 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dhar, A.

Downie, J. D.

Ellis, A. D.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.

Feuer, M. D.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fini, J.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fishteyn, M.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, and R. Essiambre, “Spot-based mode coupler for mode-multiplexed transmission in few-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1973–1976 (2012).
[Crossref]

Giles, D.

Giles, I. P.

Gnauck, A.

Gray, D.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Hauske, F.

Hayes, J.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, M. F.

Huang, Y. K.

Huijskens, F.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hurley, J. E.

Igarashi, K.

Imamura, K.

Inaba, H.

Inan, B.

Isaac, R.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ito, T.

Jakobsen, D.

Jespersen, K.

Jung, Y.

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-8-10383 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. A. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-26-B428 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express 19(26), B952–B957 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-26-B952 .
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Kang, Q.

Kanno, A.

Kawaguchi, Y.

Kawanishi, T.

Klaus, W.

Kobayashi, T.

Koonen, A. M.

Koonen, T.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Korolev, A. E.

Kuksenkov, D. V.

Kuschnerov, M.

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-8-10383 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Sleiffer, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, and H. de Waardt, “Differential phase frame synchronization for coherent transponders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2137–2140 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. A. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-26-B428 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kuschnerov, F. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3614–3622 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lankl, B.

Leoni, P.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

Li, Z.

Lingle, R.

Lynn, C. M.

Maeda, K.

McCurdy, A.

Mimura, Y.

Morita, I.

Mukasa, K.

Mumtaz, S.

Napoli, A.

Nazarov, V. N.

Nelson, L.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L. E.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, J.

Nielsen, L. G.

Numkam Fokoua, E.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Okonkwo, C.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pálsdóttir, B.

Parmigiani, F.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peckham, D.

Peng, W. R.

Petrovich, M.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Piyawanno, K.

Poletti, F.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-8-10383 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-26-B428 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express 19(26), B952–B957 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-26-B952 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Puttnam, B.

Randel, S.

Richardson, D.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Ryf, R.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Saito, T.

Sakaguchi, J.

Sierra, A.

Sleiffer, V.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Sleiffer, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, and H. de Waardt, “Differential phase frame synchronization for coherent transponders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2137–2140 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sleiffer, V. A.

Spinnler, B.

Sugizaki, R.

Sun, Y.

Surof, J.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, M.

Takahashi, H.

Takeshima, K.

Taunay, T. F.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Teh, P. S.

Tsuchida, Y.

Tsuritani, T.

Van Uden, R.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Sleiffer, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, and H. de Waardt, “Differential phase frame synchronization for coherent transponders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2137–2140 (2013).
[Crossref]

van Uden, R. G.

Veljanovski, V.

Wada, N.

Wang, T.

Watanabe, K.

Watanabe, M.

Wheeler, N.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

Winfield, R.

Winzer, P.

Wong, N.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
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Woodward, S. L.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wooler, J.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
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Yaman, F.

Yan, M. F.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
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Zhou, X.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
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Zhu, B.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
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F. Yaman, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, M. F. Huang, B. Zhu, T. Wang, and G. Li, “10 x 112Gb/s PDM-QPSK transmission over 5032 km in few-mode fibers,” Opt. Express 18(20), 21342–21349 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-20-21342 .
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superschannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1957–1960 (2012).
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H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, F. Huijskens, R. Van Uden, C. Okonkwo, P. Leoni, M. Kuschnerov, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing prism-based three-spot mode couplers for high capacity MDM/WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2474–2477 (2013).
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R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, and R. Essiambre, “Spot-based mode coupler for mode-multiplexed transmission in few-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1973–1976 (2012).
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V. Sleiffer, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, and H. de Waardt, “Differential phase frame synchronization for coherent transponders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2137–2140 (2013).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

M. Kuschnerov, F. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, M. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3614–3622 (2009).
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R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-30-4-521 .
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L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, J. Nicholson, D. Jakobsen, K. Jespersen, R. Lingle, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Few mode transmission fiber with low DGD, low mode coupling, and low loss,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(23), 3693–3698 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-30-23-3693 .
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J. Sakaguchi, B. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-Core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-31-4-554 .
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V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. PP(99), 1 (2013).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
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V. A. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-26-B428 .
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H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, E. L. de Gabory, T. Ito, W. R. Peng, K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, Y. Kawaguchi, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, Y. Mimura, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “First demonstration of MC-EDFA-repeatered SDM transmission of 40 x 128-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK signals per core over 6,160-km 7-core MCF,” Opt. Express 21(1), 789–795 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-1-789 .
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Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express 19(26), B952–B957 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-26-B952 .
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Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-8-10383 .
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F. Yaman, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, M. F. Huang, B. Zhu, T. Wang, and G. Li, “10 x 112Gb/s PDM-QPSK transmission over 5032 km in few-mode fibers,” Opt. Express 18(20), 21342–21349 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-20-21342 .
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M. Kuschnerov, O. Agazzi, V. Veljanovski, J. Slovak, M. Herrmann, C. Hofer, U. Bauer, T. Rieger, S. Camatel, P. Voois, N. Swenson, and M. Bohn, “Recent advances in signal processing for real-time implementation - 40Gb/s, 100Gb/s and beyond,” in Advanced Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper SpW2B.4. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=SPPCom-2012-SpW2B.4
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R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-Selective Switch for Few-Mode Fiber Transmission,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PD1.C.4.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NFOEC-2013-PDP5A.1

E. Ip, M. Li, Y. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, “146λx19-gbaud wavelength- and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10x50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.2. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NFOEC-2013-PDP5A.2

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ECEOC-2012-Th.3.C.1
[Crossref]

V. Sleiffer, P. Leoni, Y. Jung, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, D. Richardson, S. Alam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, S. Calabrò, B. Sommerkorn-Krombholz, H. von Kirchbauer, and H. de Waardt, “20 × 960-Gb/s MDM-DP-32QAM transmission over 60km of FMF with inline MM-EDFA,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper We.2.D.2.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, B. Inan, H. Chen, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, D. van den Borne, S. Jansen, V. Veljanovski, T. Koonen, D. Richardson, S. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. De Waardt, “Mode-division-multiplexed 3x112-Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission over 80 km few-mode fiber with inline MM-EDFA and Blind DSP,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Tu.1.C.2. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ECEOC-2012-Tu.1.C.2
[Crossref]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of studied network upgrade. One of the spans is exchanged with a few-mode technology span (pink link at the bottom) upgrading the potential capacity of that span.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Field trial and few-mode link setup. The 100G cards are used in Scenario I only. (1) Laser configuration Scenario I and II, (2) Laser configuration Scenario III, (3) Receiver setup scenario I, (4) Receiver setup Scenario II and III. (A) Fiber link across Austria (Salzburg-Klagenfurt-Vienna (660km, link 1) and Vienna-Salzburg (363km, link 2)), (B) Fiber link Salzburg-Bischofshofen (link 3).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scenario I: Single-mode transmission over FMF. Two commercial 100G cards are wavelength-division multiplexed with sixteen 256-Gb/s DP-16QAM channels and transmitted over link 1 and 2 (1,023 km), after which one 100G channel is de-multiplexed and sent over link 3 + the FMF link (1,247 km).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Scenario I results. (A) Launch power (blue circle) and pump power optimization (red square) (B) 100G BER over time after travelling across Austria (1,023 km), and after 1,247 km including 120 km FMF.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Scenario II: 3 × SMF → FMF → 3 × SMF. Eight even and eight odd channels were wavelength division multiplexed, split in to three de-correlated tributaries, and transmitted over link 3. In Bischofshofen the signals were mode multiplexed and transmitted over the FMF-link. After mode de-multiplexing the signals were transmitted over link 3 and received in Salzburg using three coherent receivers and offline 6 × 6 MIMO-DSP.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectrum before transmission.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(A) Mode multiplexer (Mode MUX) and (B) mode de-multiplexer (Mode DEMUX) as used in the experiment. The mode MUX is based on the phase plates, whereas the DEMUX uses spot launch spatial de-multiplexing.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Transmitted) OSNR vs. BER curves of odd and even generated channel (Ch.) back-to-back (BTB) and after 224 km transmission of an odd channel, of which 120 km MDM over FMF, for (A) 192-Gb/s DP-8QAM and (B) 256-Gb/s DP-16QAM.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Transmission results scenario II (BER and received Spectrum). The results show the successful transmission of 16 WDM × 3 MDM × 192-Gb/s DP-8QAM (blue circles) and 256-Gb/s DP-16QAM (red squares), as well as the demodulated constellations for the channel at 193.95 THz.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Scenario III: Multi-rate, multi-distance 3 × SMF → FMF → 3 × SMF transmission. The ‘odd’ transmitter generates 128-Gb/s DP-QPSK with laser source 1, whereas the ‘even’ transmitter generates 192-Gb/s DP-8QAM at the same wavelength as the ‘odd’ transmitter, but with a different laser source. The signal of the ‘odd’ transmitter is sent over link 1, 2 and 3 where it is mode multiplexed with two de-correlated copies of the signal of the ‘even’ transmitter, which travelled only over link 3. After travelling over the FMF-link the three mode de-multiplexed signals travel via link 3 back to Salzburg to be received.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(A) OSNR vs. BER curves of odd and even generated channel (Ch.) back-to-back (BTB) and after 224 km transmission of an odd channel, of which 120 km MDM over FMF. (B) Bit-Error Rate over time for Scenario III.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Link data single-mode fibers (@ 1550nm)

Tables Icon

Table 2 The DGD-compensated hybrid FMF span (@ 1550nm)

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