Abstract

Owing to its superior resolution, intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) is a promising tool for imaging the microstructure of coronary artery walls. However, IVOCT does not identify chemicals and molecules in the tissue, which is required for a more complete understanding and accurate diagnosis of coronary disease. Here we present a dual-modality imaging system and catheter that uniquely combines IVOCT with diffuse near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in a single dual-modality imaging device for simultaneous acquisition of microstructural and compositional information. As a proof-of-concept demonstration, the device has been used to visualize co-incident microstructural and spectroscopic information obtained from a diseased cadaver human coronary artery.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography for ultrahigh resolution in vivo imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol.21(11), 1361–1367 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Leitgeb, C. K. Hitzenberger, and A. F. Fercher, “Performance of Fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express11(8), 889–894 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Goda, A. Fard, O. Malik, G. Fu, A. Quach, and B. Jalali, “High-throughput optical coherence tomography at 800 nm,” Opt. Express20(18), 19612–19617 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt. Express11(22), 2953–2963 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Choma, M. Sarunic, C. Yang, and J. Izatt, “Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express11(18), 2183–2189 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. M. Matter, M. Stuber, and M. Nahrendorf, “Imaging of the unstable plaque: how far have we got?” Eur. Heart J.30(21), 2566–2574 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Waxman, F. Ishibashi, and J. E. Muller, “Detection and treatment of vulnerable plaques and vulnerable patients: novel approaches to prevention of coronary events,” Circulation114(22), 2390–2411 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. V. Felton, D. Crook, M. J. Davies, and M. F. Oliver, “Relation of plaque lipid composition and morphology to the stability of human aortic plaques,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.17(7), 1337–1345 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. C. P. Fleming, J. Eckert, E. F. Halpern, J. A. Gardecki, and G. J. Tearney, “Depth resolved detection of lipid using spectroscopic optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express4(8), 1269–1284 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Waxman, J. Tang, B. J. Marshik, H. Tan, K. R. Khabbaz, R. J. Connolly, T. A. Dunn, A. F. Zuluaga, S. DeJesus, J. D. Caplan, and E. J. Muller, “In vivo detection of a coronary artificial target with a near infrared spectroscopy catheter,” Am. J. Cardiol. 94, 141E-E (2004).
  25. A. F. Zuluaga and S. T. DeJesus, “Miniaturized probes for intracoronary optical spectroscopy through blood,” Am. J. Cardiol.90, 128H–129H (2002).
  26. J. D. Caplan, S. Waxman, R. W. Nesto, and J. E. Muller, “Near-infrared spectroscopy for the detection of vulnerable coronary artery plaques,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.47(8Suppl), C92–C96 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. R. D. Madder, D. H. Steinberg, and R. D. Anderson, “Multimodality direct coronary imaging with combined near-infrared spectroscopy and intravascular ultrasound: Initial US experience,” Catheter. Cardiovasc. Interv.81(3), 551–557 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. A. R. Tumlinson, L. P. Hariri, U. Utzinger, and J. K. Barton, “Miniature endoscope for simultaneous optical coherence tomography and laser-induced fluorescence measurement,” Appl. Opt.43(1), 113–121 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. Mavadia, J. Xi, Y. Chen, and X. Li, “An all-fiber-optic endoscopy platform for simultaneous OCT and fluorescence imaging,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(11), 2851–2859 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. J. K. Barton, F. Guzman, and A. Tumlinson, “Dual modality instrument for simultaneous optical coherence tomography imaging and fluorescence spectroscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(3), 618–623 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. J. Park, J. A. Jo, S. Shrestha, P. Pande, Q. Wan, and B. E. Applegate, “A dual-modality optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy system for simultaneous morphological and biochemical tissue characterization,” Biomed. Opt. Express1(1), 186–200 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. R. F. Bonner, R. Nossal, S. Havlin, and G. H. Weiss, “Model for photon migration in turbid biological media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A4(3), 423–432 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. W. Cui, C. Kumar, and B. Chance, “Experimental study of migration depth for the photons measured at sample surface,” Proc. SPIE1431, 180–191 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  36. S. Feng, F.-A. Zeng, and B. Chance, “Photon migration in the presence of a single defect: a perturbation analysis,” Appl. Opt.34(19), 3826–3837 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. S. H. Yun, C. Boudoux, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser with a polygon-scanner-based wavelength filter,” Opt. Lett.28(20), 1981–1983 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, B. J. Vakoc, A. E. Desjardins, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Increased ranging depth in optical frequency domain imaging by frequency encoding,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2768–2770 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. B. D. Goldberg, B. J. Vakoc, W.-Y. Oh, M. J. Suter, S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Performance of reduced bit-depth acquisition for optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express17(19), 16957–16968 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. S. Lemire-Renaud, M. Rivard, M. Strupler, D. Morneau, F. Verpillat, X. Daxhelet, N. Godbout, and C. Boudoux, “Double-clad fiber coupler for endoscopy,” Opt. Express18(10), 9755–9764 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. S. Y. Ryu, H. Y. Choi, J. Na, E. S. Choi, and B. H. Lee, “Combined system of optical coherence tomography and fluorescence spectroscopy based on double-cladding fiber,” Opt. Lett.33(20), 2347–2349 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

R. D. Madder, D. H. Steinberg, and R. D. Anderson, “Multimodality direct coronary imaging with combined near-infrared spectroscopy and intravascular ultrasound: Initial US experience,” Catheter. Cardiovasc. Interv.81(3), 551–557 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, J. Eckert, E. F. Halpern, J. A. Gardecki, and G. J. Tearney, “Depth resolved detection of lipid using spectroscopic optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express4(8), 1269–1284 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

K. Goda, A. Fard, O. Malik, G. Fu, A. Quach, and B. Jalali, “High-throughput optical coherence tomography at 800 nm,” Opt. Express20(18), 19612–19617 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mavadia, J. Xi, Y. Chen, and X. Li, “An all-fiber-optic endoscopy platform for simultaneous OCT and fluorescence imaging,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(11), 2851–2859 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lemire-Renaud, M. Rivard, M. Strupler, D. Morneau, F. Verpillat, X. Daxhelet, N. Godbout, and C. Boudoux, “Double-clad fiber coupler for endoscopy,” Opt. Express18(10), 9755–9764 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Park, J. A. Jo, S. Shrestha, P. Pande, Q. Wan, and B. E. Applegate, “A dual-modality optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy system for simultaneous morphological and biochemical tissue characterization,” Biomed. Opt. Express1(1), 186–200 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

C. M. Matter, M. Stuber, and M. Nahrendorf, “Imaging of the unstable plaque: how far have we got?” Eur. Heart J.30(21), 2566–2574 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. D. Goldberg, B. J. Vakoc, W.-Y. Oh, M. J. Suter, S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Performance of reduced bit-depth acquisition for optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express17(19), 16957–16968 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Ryu, H. Y. Choi, J. Na, E. S. Choi, and B. H. Lee, “Combined system of optical coherence tomography and fluorescence spectroscopy based on double-cladding fiber,” Opt. Lett.33(20), 2347–2349 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

J. D. Caplan, S. Waxman, R. W. Nesto, and J. E. Muller, “Near-infrared spectroscopy for the detection of vulnerable coronary artery plaques,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.47(8Suppl), C92–C96 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Waxman, F. Ishibashi, and J. E. Muller, “Detection and treatment of vulnerable plaques and vulnerable patients: novel approaches to prevention of coronary events,” Circulation114(22), 2390–2411 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

J. K. Barton, F. Guzman, and A. Tumlinson, “Dual modality instrument for simultaneous optical coherence tomography imaging and fluorescence spectroscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(3), 618–623 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Tumlinson, L. P. Hariri, U. Utzinger, and J. K. Barton, “Miniature endoscope for simultaneous optical coherence tomography and laser-induced fluorescence measurement,” Appl. Opt.43(1), 113–121 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

2002

A. F. Zuluaga and S. T. DeJesus, “Miniaturized probes for intracoronary optical spectroscopy through blood,” Am. J. Cardiol.90, 128H–129H (2002).

2001

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

C. V. Felton, D. Crook, M. J. Davies, and M. F. Oliver, “Relation of plaque lipid composition and morphology to the stability of human aortic plaques,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.17(7), 1337–1345 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Feng, F.-A. Zeng, and B. Chance, “Photon migration in the presence of a single defect: a perturbation analysis,” Appl. Opt.34(19), 3826–3837 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

W. Cui, C. Kumar, and B. Chance, “Experimental study of migration depth for the photons measured at sample surface,” Proc. SPIE1431, 180–191 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

Akasaka, T.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, R. D.

R. D. Madder, D. H. Steinberg, and R. D. Anderson, “Multimodality direct coronary imaging with combined near-infrared spectroscopy and intravascular ultrasound: Initial US experience,” Catheter. Cardiovasc. Interv.81(3), 551–557 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Applegate, B. E.

Aretz, H. T.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartlett, L. A.

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barton, J. K.

A. R. Tumlinson, L. P. Hariri, U. Utzinger, and J. K. Barton, “Miniature endoscope for simultaneous optical coherence tomography and laser-induced fluorescence measurement,” Appl. Opt.43(1), 113–121 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Barton, F. Guzman, and A. Tumlinson, “Dual modality instrument for simultaneous optical coherence tomography imaging and fluorescence spectroscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(3), 618–623 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bilazarian, S.

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonner, R. F.

Boppart, S. A.

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boudoux, C.

Bouma, B.

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouma, B. E.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. D. Goldberg, B. J. Vakoc, W.-Y. Oh, M. J. Suter, S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Performance of reduced bit-depth acquisition for optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express17(19), 16957–16968 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, B. J. Vakoc, A. E. Desjardins, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Increased ranging depth in optical frequency domain imaging by frequency encoding,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2768–2770 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, C. Boudoux, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser with a polygon-scanner-based wavelength filter,” Opt. Lett.28(20), 1981–1983 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt. Express11(22), 2953–2963 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brezinski, M. E.

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burke, A. P.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caplan, J. D.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Caplan, S. Waxman, R. W. Nesto, and J. E. Muller, “Near-infrared spectroscopy for the detection of vulnerable coronary artery plaques,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.47(8Suppl), C92–C96 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carlier, S. G.

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, R. C.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chance, B.

S. Feng, F.-A. Zeng, and B. Chance, “Photon migration in the presence of a single defect: a perturbation analysis,” Appl. Opt.34(19), 3826–3837 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cui, C. Kumar, and B. Chance, “Experimental study of migration depth for the photons measured at sample surface,” Proc. SPIE1431, 180–191 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, E. S.

Choi, H. Y.

Choma, M.

Cristea, E.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crook, D.

C. V. Felton, D. Crook, M. J. Davies, and M. F. Oliver, “Relation of plaque lipid composition and morphology to the stability of human aortic plaques,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.17(7), 1337–1345 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, W.

W. Cui, C. Kumar, and B. Chance, “Experimental study of migration depth for the photons measured at sample surface,” Proc. SPIE1431, 180–191 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Davies, M. J.

C. V. Felton, D. Crook, M. J. Davies, and M. F. Oliver, “Relation of plaque lipid composition and morphology to the stability of human aortic plaques,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.17(7), 1337–1345 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daxhelet, X.

de Boer, J. F.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt. Express11(22), 2953–2963 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Bruyne, B.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeJesus, S. T.

A. F. Zuluaga and S. T. DeJesus, “Miniaturized probes for intracoronary optical spectroscopy through blood,” Am. J. Cardiol.90, 128H–129H (2002).

Desjardins, A. E.

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, B. J. Vakoc, A. E. Desjardins, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Increased ranging depth in optical frequency domain imaging by frequency encoding,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2768–2770 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckert, J.

Evans, J. A.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farb, A.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fard, A.

Farhat, N.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Felton, C. V.

C. V. Felton, D. Crook, M. J. Davies, and M. F. Oliver, “Relation of plaque lipid composition and morphology to the stability of human aortic plaques,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.17(7), 1337–1345 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, S.

Fercher, A. F.

Finn, A. V.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleming, C. P.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freilich, M. I.

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. D. Goldberg, B. J. Vakoc, W.-Y. Oh, M. J. Suter, S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Performance of reduced bit-depth acquisition for optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express17(19), 16957–16968 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, G.

Fujimoto, J. G.

J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography for ultrahigh resolution in vivo imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol.21(11), 1361–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gardecki, J. A.

Gardner, C. M.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goda, K.

Godbout, N.

Goderie, T.

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goderie, T. P. M.

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gold, H. K.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldberg, B. D.

Goldstein, J.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gonzalo, N.

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guzman, F.

J. K. Barton, F. Guzman, and A. Tumlinson, “Dual modality instrument for simultaneous optical coherence tomography imaging and fluorescence spectroscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(3), 618–623 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halpern, E. F.

C. P. Fleming, J. Eckert, E. F. Halpern, J. A. Gardecki, and G. J. Tearney, “Depth resolved detection of lipid using spectroscopic optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express4(8), 1269–1284 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hariri, L. P.

Havlin, S.

Hee, M. R.

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hitzenberger, C. K.

Houser, S. L.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hull, E. L.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iftimia, N.

Ishibashi, F.

S. Waxman, F. Ishibashi, and J. E. Muller, “Detection and treatment of vulnerable plaques and vulnerable patients: novel approaches to prevention of coronary events,” Circulation114(22), 2390–2411 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Izatt, J.

Jaffer, F. A.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

Jang, I. K.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, I.-K.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, C.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jing, J.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jo, J. A.

Kauffman, C. R.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawamoto, T.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. W.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koljenovic, S.

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolodgie, F. D.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, C.

W. Cui, C. Kumar, and B. Chance, “Experimental study of migration depth for the photons measured at sample surface,” Proc. SPIE1431, 180–191 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kume, T.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lansky, A. J.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, B. H.

Leitgeb, R.

Lemire-Renaud, S.

Li, J.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Liang, S.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lisauskas, J. B.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, G.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madden, S. P.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madder, R. D.

R. D. Madder, D. H. Steinberg, and R. D. Anderson, “Multimodality direct coronary imaging with combined near-infrared spectroscopy and intravascular ultrasound: Initial US experience,” Catheter. Cardiovasc. Interv.81(3), 551–557 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maehara, A.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malik, O.

Marso, S. P.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matter, C. M.

C. M. Matter, M. Stuber, and M. Nahrendorf, “Imaging of the unstable plaque: how far have we got?” Eur. Heart J.30(21), 2566–2574 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mavadia, J.

McCarthy, J. R.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McPherson, J.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meese, T. M.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehran, R.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mintz, G. S.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morneau, D.

Morse, T.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Motaghian Nezam, S. M. R.

Muller, J. E.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Waxman, F. Ishibashi, and J. E. Muller, “Detection and treatment of vulnerable plaques and vulnerable patients: novel approaches to prevention of coronary events,” Circulation114(22), 2390–2411 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Caplan, S. Waxman, R. W. Nesto, and J. E. Muller, “Near-infrared spectroscopy for the detection of vulnerable coronary artery plaques,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.47(8Suppl), C92–C96 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Na, J.

Nahrendorf, M.

C. M. Matter, M. Stuber, and M. Nahrendorf, “Imaging of the unstable plaque: how far have we got?” Eur. Heart J.30(21), 2566–2574 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Namati, E.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narula, J.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neishi, Y.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nesto, R. W.

J. D. Caplan, S. Waxman, R. W. Nesto, and J. E. Muller, “Near-infrared spectroscopy for the detection of vulnerable coronary artery plaques,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.47(8Suppl), C92–C96 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishioka, N. S.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nossal, R.

Ntziachristos, V.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, W. Y.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, W.-Y.

B. D. Goldberg, B. J. Vakoc, W.-Y. Oh, M. J. Suter, S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Performance of reduced bit-depth acquisition for optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express17(19), 16957–16968 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamura, T.

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okura, H.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oliver, M. F.

C. V. Felton, D. Crook, M. J. Davies, and M. F. Oliver, “Relation of plaque lipid composition and morphology to the stability of human aortic plaques,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.17(7), 1337–1345 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oosterhuis, J. W.

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pande, P.

Parise, H.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quach, A.

Regar, E.

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rivard, M.

Rosenberg, M.

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryu, S. Y.

Sadahira, Y.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saidi, A.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarunic, M.

Schlendorf, K. H.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt, J. M.

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serruys, P. W.

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shishkov, M.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shrestha, S.

Shubochkin, R.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Southern, J. F.

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinberg, D. H.

R. D. Madder, D. H. Steinberg, and R. D. Anderson, “Multimodality direct coronary imaging with combined near-infrared spectroscopy and intravascular ultrasound: Initial US experience,” Catheter. Cardiovasc. Interv.81(3), 551–557 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, G. W.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strupler, M.

Stuber, M.

C. M. Matter, M. Stuber, and M. Nahrendorf, “Imaging of the unstable plaque: how far have we got?” Eur. Heart J.30(21), 2566–2574 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sukmawan, R.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sum, S. T.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suter, M. J.

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. D. Goldberg, B. J. Vakoc, W.-Y. Oh, M. J. Suter, S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Performance of reduced bit-depth acquisition for optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express17(19), 16957–16968 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swanson, E. A.

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, H.

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tearney, G. J.

C. P. Fleming, J. Eckert, E. F. Halpern, J. A. Gardecki, and G. J. Tearney, “Depth resolved detection of lipid using spectroscopic optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express4(8), 1269–1284 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. D. Goldberg, B. J. Vakoc, W.-Y. Oh, M. J. Suter, S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Performance of reduced bit-depth acquisition for optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express17(19), 16957–16968 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, B. J. Vakoc, A. E. Desjardins, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Increased ranging depth in optical frequency domain imaging by frequency encoding,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2768–2770 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, C. Boudoux, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser with a polygon-scanner-based wavelength filter,” Opt. Lett.28(20), 1981–1983 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt. Express11(22), 2953–2963 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Templin, B.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toyota, E.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tumlinson, A.

J. K. Barton, F. Guzman, and A. Tumlinson, “Dual modality instrument for simultaneous optical coherence tomography imaging and fluorescence spectroscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(3), 618–623 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tumlinson, A. R.

Utzinger, U.

Vakoc, B. J.

B. D. Goldberg, B. J. Vakoc, W.-Y. Oh, M. J. Suter, S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Performance of reduced bit-depth acquisition for optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express17(19), 16957–16968 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, B. J. Vakoc, A. E. Desjardins, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Increased ranging depth in optical frequency domain imaging by frequency encoding,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2768–2770 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Steen, A. F.

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Steen, A. F. W.

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Leenders, G. J. L. H.

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Leenders, G. L. J. H.

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Noorden, S.

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Soest, G.

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verpillat, F.

Virmani, R.

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wan, Q.

Watanabe, N.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waxman, S.

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. D. Goldberg, B. J. Vakoc, W.-Y. Oh, M. J. Suter, S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Performance of reduced bit-depth acquisition for optical frequency domain imaging,” Opt. Express17(19), 16957–16968 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Waxman, F. Ishibashi, and J. E. Muller, “Detection and treatment of vulnerable plaques and vulnerable patients: novel approaches to prevention of coronary events,” Circulation114(22), 2390–2411 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Caplan, S. Waxman, R. W. Nesto, and J. E. Muller, “Near-infrared spectroscopy for the detection of vulnerable coronary artery plaques,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.47(8Suppl), C92–C96 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiss, G. H.

White, R.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xi, J.

Xu, C.

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yabushita, H.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, C.

Yoo, H.

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshida, K.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, J.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yun, S. H.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt. Express11(22), 2953–2963 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, C. Boudoux, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser with a polygon-scanner-based wavelength filter,” Opt. Lett.28(20), 1981–1983 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, F.-A.

Zhang, J.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zuluaga, A. F.

A. F. Zuluaga and S. T. DeJesus, “Miniaturized probes for intracoronary optical spectroscopy through blood,” Am. J. Cardiol.90, 128H–129H (2002).

Am. Heart J.

T. Kume, T. Akasaka, T. Kawamoto, H. Okura, N. Watanabe, E. Toyota, Y. Neishi, R. Sukmawan, Y. Sadahira, and K. Yoshida, “Measurement of the thickness of the fibrous cap by optical coherence tomography,” Am. Heart J.152(4), 755e1–755e4 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Am. J. Cardiol.

A. F. Zuluaga and S. T. DeJesus, “Miniaturized probes for intracoronary optical spectroscopy through blood,” Am. J. Cardiol.90, 128H–129H (2002).

Appl. Opt.

Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.

C. V. Felton, D. Crook, M. J. Davies, and M. F. Oliver, “Relation of plaque lipid composition and morphology to the stability of human aortic plaques,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.17(7), 1337–1345 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express

Catheter. Cardiovasc. Interv.

R. D. Madder, D. H. Steinberg, and R. D. Anderson, “Multimodality direct coronary imaging with combined near-infrared spectroscopy and intravascular ultrasound: Initial US experience,” Catheter. Cardiovasc. Interv.81(3), 551–557 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.

S. Waxman, M. I. Freilich, M. J. Suter, M. Shishkov, S. Bilazarian, R. Virmani, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure,” Circ. Cardiovasc. Interv.3(2), 193–196 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Circulation

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I. K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation107(1), 113–119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Waxman, F. Ishibashi, and J. E. Muller, “Detection and treatment of vulnerable plaques and vulnerable patients: novel approaches to prevention of coronary events,” Circulation114(22), 2390–2411 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curr. Opin. Cardiol.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. P. Burke, A. Farb, H. K. Gold, J. Yuan, J. Narula, A. V. Finn, and R. Virmani, “The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes,” Curr. Opin. Cardiol.16(5), 285–292 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eur. Heart J.

C. M. Matter, M. Stuber, and M. Nahrendorf, “Imaging of the unstable plaque: how far have we got?” Eur. Heart J.30(21), 2566–2574 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.

J. D. Caplan, S. Waxman, R. W. Nesto, and J. E. Muller, “Near-infrared spectroscopy for the detection of vulnerable coronary artery plaques,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.47(8Suppl), C92–C96 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt.

S. Liang, A. Saidi, J. Jing, G. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, C. Sun, J. Narula, and Z. Chen, “Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 070501 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Barton, F. Guzman, and A. Tumlinson, “Dual modality instrument for simultaneous optical coherence tomography imaging and fluorescence spectroscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(3), 618–623 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, T. Goderie, E. Regar, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, N. Gonzalo, S. van Noorden, T. Okamura, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, J. W. Oosterhuis, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. van der Steen, “Atherosclerotic tissue characterization in vivo by optical coherence tomography attenuation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 011105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging

C. M. Gardner, H. Tan, E. L. Hull, J. B. Lisauskas, S. T. Sum, T. M. Meese, C. Jiang, S. P. Madden, J. D. Caplan, A. P. Burke, R. Virmani, J. Goldstein, and J. E. Muller, “Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(5), 638–648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, S. Waxman, M. Shishkov, B. J. Vakoc, M. J. Suter, M. I. Freilich, A. E. Desjardins, W.-Y. Oh, L. A. Bartlett, M. Rosenberg, and B. E. Bouma, “Three-dimensional coronary artery microscopy by intracoronary optical frequency domain imaging,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging1(6), 752–761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, E. Regar, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. J. L. H. van Leenders, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Pitfalls in plaque characterization by OCT: Image artifacts in native coronary arteries,” JACC Cardiovasc. Imaging4(7), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Engl. J. Med.

G. W. Stone, A. Maehara, A. J. Lansky, B. de Bruyne, E. Cristea, G. S. Mintz, R. Mehran, J. McPherson, N. Farhat, S. P. Marso, H. Parise, B. Templin, R. White, Z. Zhang, P. W. Serruys, and PROSPECT Investigators, “A prospective natural-history study of coronary atherosclerosis,” N. Engl. J. Med.364(3), 226–235 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Biotechnol.

J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography for ultrahigh resolution in vivo imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol.21(11), 1361–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Med.

J. G. Fujimoto, M. E. Brezinski, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, B. Bouma, M. R. Hee, J. F. Southern, and E. A. Swanson, “Optical biopsy and imaging using optical coherence tomography,” Nat. Med.1(9), 970–972 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoo, J. W. Kim, M. Shishkov, E. Namati, T. Morse, R. Shubochkin, J. R. McCarthy, V. Ntziachristos, B. E. Bouma, F. A. Jaffer, and G. J. Tearney, “Intra-arterial catheter for simultaneous microstructural and molecular imaging in vivo,” Nat. Med.17(12), 1680–1684 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neth. Heart J.

G. van Soest, T. P. M. Goderie, N. Gonzalo, S. Koljenović, G. L. J. H. van Leenders, E. Regar, P. W. Serruys, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Imaging atherosclerotic plaque composition with intracoronary optical coherence tomography,” Neth. Heart J.17(11), 448–450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

W. Cui, C. Kumar, and B. Chance, “Experimental study of migration depth for the photons measured at sample surface,” Proc. SPIE1431, 180–191 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Science

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

S. Waxman, J. Tang, B. J. Marshik, H. Tan, K. R. Khabbaz, R. J. Connolly, T. A. Dunn, A. F. Zuluaga, S. DeJesus, J. D. Caplan, and E. J. Muller, “In vivo detection of a coronary artificial target with a near infrared spectroscopy catheter,” Am. J. Cardiol. 94, 141E-E (2004).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics