Abstract

A laser-induced damage array composed of numerous pinpoints is generated in a large-aperture KDP crystal to suppress the transverse stimulated Raman scattering (TSRS). The 36 cm × 8.5 mm × 7 mm damage array is used to block the propagation of the TSRS photons within the crystal and decrease the TSRS gain length. Then several series of experiments were conducted on a large-aperture laser system to test this method and experimental results show that the amplification of TSRS is significantly suppressed by the laser-induced damage array.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

W. Han, J. Wang, L. D. Zhou, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser damage of the large aperture KDP third harmonic generation crystal due to Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Laser Phys.23, 116001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. X. Deng, X. T. Zu, X. Xiang, and K. Sun, “Quantum Theory for Cold Avalanche Ionization in Solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 113603 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, L. D. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-One and R-on-One Tests on KDP and DKDP Crystals with Different Orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26(8), 087801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

X. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Q. T. Gu, X. G. Xu, Y. P. Li, and C. S. Fang, “Origin and relation of three kinds of scatter centers in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol.39(9), 796–799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Sajer, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering and Front Surface Damage,” Proc. SPIE5273, 129–135 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Munro, S. N. Dixit, A. B. Langdon, and J. R. Murray, “Polarization smoothing in a convergent beam,” Appl. Opt.43(36), 6639–6647 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng.43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev.47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Runkel and A. K. Burnham, “Differences in bulk damage probability distributions between tripler and z-cuts of KDP and DKDP at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 408–419 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

1995 (2)

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

D. T. Kyrazis and T. L. Weiland, “Determination of SBS induced damage limits in large fused silica optics for intense, time varying laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE1441, 469–477 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

1984 (2)

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun.49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Davydov and E. V. Chisler, “Influence of deuteration on the intensity in the Raman scattering spectrum and on the dynamics of hydrogen bonds in ferroelectric KH2PO4,” Sov. Phys. Solid State26, 616–619 (1984).

Barker, C. E.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bel’kov, S. A.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

Buiko, S. A.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, A.

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev.47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, A. K.

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt.42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Runkel and A. K. Burnham, “Differences in bulk damage probability distributions between tripler and z-cuts of KDP and DKDP at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 408–419 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, J. H.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C. W.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chisler, E. V.

V. Yu. Davydov and E. V. Chisler, “Influence of deuteration on the intensity in the Raman scattering spectrum and on the dynamics of hydrogen bonds in ferroelectric KH2PO4,” Sov. Phys. Solid State26, 616–619 (1984).

Davydov, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Davydov and E. V. Chisler, “Influence of deuteration on the intensity in the Raman scattering spectrum and on the dynamics of hydrogen bonds in ferroelectric KH2PO4,” Sov. Phys. Solid State26, 616–619 (1984).

DeMange, P.

Demos, S. G.

Deng, H. X.

H. X. Deng, X. T. Zu, X. Xiang, and K. Sun, “Quantum Theory for Cold Avalanche Ionization in Solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 113603 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dixit, S. N.

Efimov, D. G.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eggleston, J. M.

Ehrlich, R. B.

Ehrlich, R. E.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fan, D. Y.

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

Fan, Z. X.

G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, L. D. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-One and R-on-One Tests on KDP and DKDP Crystals with Different Orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26(8), 087801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fang, C. S.

X. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Q. T. Gu, X. G. Xu, Y. P. Li, and C. S. Fang, “Origin and relation of three kinds of scatter centers in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol.39(9), 796–799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

Feng, B.

W. Han, J. Wang, L. D. Zhou, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser damage of the large aperture KDP third harmonic generation crystal due to Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Laser Phys.23, 116001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Floyd, R. L.

Gu, Q. T.

X. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Q. T. Gu, X. G. Xu, Y. P. Li, and C. S. Fang, “Origin and relation of three kinds of scatter centers in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol.39(9), 796–799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, W.

W. Han, J. Wang, L. D. Zhou, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser damage of the large aperture KDP third harmonic generation crystal due to Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Laser Phys.23, 116001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hawley-Fedder, R. A.

Henesian, M. A.

Hu, G. H.

G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, L. D. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-One and R-on-One Tests on KDP and DKDP Crystals with Different Orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26(8), 087801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W. Q.

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jia, H. T.

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jing, F.

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

Johnson, M. A.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kochemasov, G. G.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kravchenko, A. G.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kulikov, S. M.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kushner, M. J.

Kyle, K.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kyrazis, D. T.

Land, T. A.

Langdon, A. B.

Laumann, C. W.

Lawson, J. K.

Lebedev, V. A.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, F. Q.

W. Han, J. Wang, L. D. Zhou, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser damage of the large aperture KDP third harmonic generation crystal due to Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Laser Phys.23, 116001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, K. Y.

W. Han, J. Wang, L. D. Zhou, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser damage of the large aperture KDP third harmonic generation crystal due to Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Laser Phys.23, 116001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. D.

G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, L. D. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-One and R-on-One Tests on KDP and DKDP Crystals with Different Orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26(8), 087801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. P.

X. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Q. T. Gu, X. G. Xu, Y. P. Li, and C. S. Fang, “Origin and relation of three kinds of scatter centers in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol.39(9), 796–799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z. Q.

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

Miller, G. H.

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng.43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moses, E. I.

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng.43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Munro, D. H.

Murray, J. R.

Negres, R. A.

Nielsen, N. D.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Novikov, V. N.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Okutin, G. P.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peng, H. S.

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

Raman, R. N.

Rubenchik, A. M.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt.42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rukavishnikov, N. N.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Runkel, M.

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt.42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Runkel and A. K. Burnham, “Differences in bulk damage probability distributions between tripler and z-cuts of KDP and DKDP at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 408–419 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sacks, R. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sajer, J. M.

J. M. Sajer, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering and Front Surface Damage,” Proc. SPIE5273, 129–135 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

Shao, J. D.

G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, L. D. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-One and R-on-One Tests on KDP and DKDP Crystals with Different Orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26(8), 087801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siekhaus, W. J.

Smith, J. R.

Speck, D. R.

Sui, Z.

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

Sukharev, S. A.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sun, K.

H. X. Deng, X. T. Zu, X. Xiang, and K. Sun, “Quantum Theory for Cold Avalanche Ionization in Solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 113603 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, S. T.

G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, L. D. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-One and R-on-One Tests on KDP and DKDP Crystals with Different Orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26(8), 087801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, L. D. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-One and R-on-One Tests on KDP and DKDP Crystals with Different Orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26(8), 087801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Q. T. Gu, X. G. Xu, Y. P. Li, and C. S. Fang, “Origin and relation of three kinds of scatter centers in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol.39(9), 796–799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun.49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Tatsuzaki, I.

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun.49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, C. E.

Tokunaga, M.

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun.49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Voronich, I. N.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

W. Han, J. Wang, L. D. Zhou, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser damage of the large aperture KDP third harmonic generation crystal due to Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Laser Phys.23, 116001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

W. Han, J. Wang, L. D. Zhou, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser damage of the large aperture KDP third harmonic generation crystal due to Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Laser Phys.23, 116001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. L.

X. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Q. T. Gu, X. G. Xu, Y. P. Li, and C. S. Fang, “Origin and relation of three kinds of scatter centers in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol.39(9), 796–799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

X. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Q. T. Gu, X. G. Xu, Y. P. Li, and C. S. Fang, “Origin and relation of three kinds of scatter centers in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol.39(9), 796–799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P. J.

Wei, X. F.

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

Weiland, T. L.

Whitman, P.

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev.47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wilcox, R. B.

Wonterghem, B. M. V.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wuest, C. R.

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng.43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, X.

H. X. Deng, X. T. Zu, X. Xiang, and K. Sun, “Quantum Theory for Cold Avalanche Ionization in Solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 113603 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiang, Y.

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. G.

X. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Q. T. Gu, X. G. Xu, Y. P. Li, and C. S. Fang, “Origin and relation of three kinds of scatter centers in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol.39(9), 796–799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. T.

Yoreo, J. D.

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev.47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zaretskii, A. I.

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zaretsky, A. I.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

Zhao, Y. A.

G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, L. D. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-One and R-on-One Tests on KDP and DKDP Crystals with Different Orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26(8), 087801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W. G.

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

Zhou, L. D.

W. Han, J. Wang, L. D. Zhou, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser damage of the large aperture KDP third harmonic generation crystal due to Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Laser Phys.23, 116001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zu, X. T.

H. X. Deng, X. T. Zu, X. Xiang, and K. Sun, “Quantum Theory for Cold Avalanche Ionization in Solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 113603 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, L. D. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-One and R-on-One Tests on KDP and DKDP Crystals with Different Orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26(8), 087801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Han, W. Q. Huang, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, B. Feng, H. T. Jia, F. Q. Li, Y. Xiang, F. Jing, and W. G. Zheng, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Damage of Large-Aperture Fused Silica Grating,” Chin. Phys. Lett.27(12), 124205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

X. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Q. T. Gu, X. G. Xu, Y. P. Li, and C. S. Fang, “Origin and relation of three kinds of scatter centers in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol.39(9), 796–799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Int. Mater. Rev. (1)

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev.47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

W. Han, J. Wang, L. D. Zhou, K. Y. Li, F. Wang, F. Q. Li, and B. Feng, “Laser damage of the large aperture KDP third harmonic generation crystal due to Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Laser Phys.23, 116001 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng.43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. X. Deng, X. T. Zu, X. Xiang, and K. Sun, “Quantum Theory for Cold Avalanche Ionization in Solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 113603 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (7)

M. Runkel and A. K. Burnham, “Differences in bulk damage probability distributions between tripler and z-cuts of KDP and DKDP at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 408–419 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretskii, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Peng, X. M. Zhang, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, F. Jing, Z. Sui, D. Y. Fan, and Z. Q. Lin, “Status of the SG-III solid state laser project,” Proc. SPIE3492(25), 25–27 (1998).

J. M. Sajer, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering and Front Surface Damage,” Proc. SPIE5273, 129–135 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Kyrazis and T. L. Weiland, “Determination of SBS induced damage limits in large fused silica optics for intense, time varying laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE1441, 469–477 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun.49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Solid State (1)

V. Yu. Davydov and E. V. Chisler, “Influence of deuteration on the intensity in the Raman scattering spectrum and on the dynamics of hydrogen bonds in ferroelectric KH2PO4,” Sov. Phys. Solid State26, 616–619 (1984).

Other (2)

W. L. Smith, M. A. Henesian, and F. P. Milanovich, “Spontaneous and Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP and Index-Matching Fluids,” 1983 Laser Program Annual Report (UCRL-50021–83), 6–61 to 6–69, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore CA (1984).

W. Kaiser and M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman Spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arecchi and E. O. Schulz-Dubois, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Vol. II.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A pulsed laser is used to produce the damage array in the sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The X-Y plane (a) and the X-Z plane (b) of the damage array.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental configurations for TSRS testing in different situations. (a) Two split THG crystals are used for frequency tripling and the KDP sample with damage array is used for beam propagation. (b) The KDP sample with damage array is used for frequency tripling. TSRS scattered light is detected in the KDP sample in both cases.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity of 3ω beam, relative to its maximum, vs distance from the KDP crystal input surface, as predicted by our 1-D plane-wave THG code. The 1ω beam intensity is assumed to be 2 GW/cm2 in the calculation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical near-filed (a) and temporal profiles (b) of the 3ω beam in the experiments. Two solid lines in (b) represent the pulse shapes in two different laser shots.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

A typical spectrum of side-scattered light from the KDP sample, which exhibits the Raman peaks at frequency shifts of 359 cm−1, 527 cm−1, and 913 cm−1 as well as Rayleigh-scattered light.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Rayleigh scattering in the KDP sample with damage array in the first case (a) and in the second case (b) show linear growth with increasing 3ω beam intensity. The experimental data (closed squares) is linear fit (solid curve).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Transverse Raman scattering at 913 cm−1 in the KDP sample with damage array in the first case (a) and in the second case (b) show nonlinear growth with increasing 3ω beam intensity. The data points represent the Raman scattering intensity measured in the last half of the sample thickness (closed square) and near the sample front surface (open squares). Experimental data (closed squares) is fit to an exponential growth curve (solid curve).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Intensity ratio between transverse Raman scattering and Rayleigh scattering light versus 3ω beam intensity. Closed and open squares represent experimental data obtained in the first and second case respectively. Solid line is exponential growth fit to intensity ratios vs. 3ω intensity in the first case.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Natural logarithm of the intensity ratio between Raman and Rayleigh versus 3ω beam intensity in the first (closed squares) and the second (open squares) case. Solid and dash lines are linear fits to the data.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Intensity ratio between transverse Raman scattering and Rayleigh scattering light versus 3ω beam intensity. Closed and open squares represent experimental data measured in the KDP sample with damage array in the first and second case respectively. Solid line is exponential growth fit to intensity ratios vs. 3ω intensity in the first case. Closed circles represent data in the new KDP crystal without damage array.

Equations (1)

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I s ( L )= I s ( 0 )exp( g I P L+lnR )

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