Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel scheme for clock recovery and simultaneous fourfold optical time-division demultiplexing using a dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator based optoelectronic oscillator. 25-GHz prescaled optical clock with a 23% duty cycle and a 22-dB extinction ratio is successfully extracted from both 100-Gb/s on-off keying (OOK) and differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) optical time-division-multiplexing (OTDM) signal. The timing jitters (100 Hz to 10 MHz) are measured to be 195.9 fs and 125.6 fs for the optical clock extracted from the 100-Gb/s OOK and DPSK signal, respectively. Error-free optical time-division demultiplexing is also achieved simultaneously with clock recovery. By adjusting the phase shifter in the OEO loop, all four channels can be selectively demultiplexed. The power penalties at a bit error rate (BER) of 10−9 for the four demultiplexed channels are measured to be between 0.8 dB and 1.2 dB for the OOK signal and between 0.9 dB and 1.5 dB for the DPSK signal.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry-Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. K. Mathason and P. J. Delfyett, “Pulsed injection locking dynamics of passively mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor laser systems for all-optical clock recovery,” J. Lightwave Technol.18(8), 1111–1120 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Boerner, V. Marembert, S. Ferber, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, “320 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using a bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuO3.
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Pan and J. Yao, “Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(16), 3531–3539 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, and J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Pan and J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Tsuchida, “Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.20(17), 1509–1511 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Tsuchida, “Simultaneous prescaled clock recovery and serial-to-parallel conversion of data signals using a polarization modulator-based optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(17), 3777–3782 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Yu, K. Kojima, and N. Chand, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery of 80 Gb/s OTDM signals using a tandem electro-absorption modulator,” in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, San Diego, 2001), pp. 358–359.
  13. L. Yan, W. Jian, J. Yu, K. Deming, L. Wei, H. Xiaobin, G. Hongxiang, Z. Yong, and L. Jintong, “Generation and performance investigation of 40GHz phase stable and pulse width-tunable optical time window based on a DPMZM,” Opt. Express20(22), 24754–24760 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. L. Huo, H. Li, Q. Wang, and C. Lou, “4 x 25-GHz 2-ps multicolor ultrashort pulse generation with a single phase modulator and Mamyshev reshaper,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JTh2A.122.
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

H. Tsuchida, “Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.20(17), 1509–1511 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, and J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Awad, E. S.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, and J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cho, P. S.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, and J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chou, H.

H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

Deming, K.

Goldhar, J.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, and J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hongxiang, G.

Hu, Z.

H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Inohara, R.

H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jia, N.

N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jian, W.

Jintong, L.

Kubota, F.

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mathason, B. K.

Miyazaki, T.

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, K.

H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S.

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(16), 3531–3539 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

Usami, M.

H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wei, L.

Xiaobin, H.

Yan, L.

Yao, J.

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(16), 3531–3539 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yong, Z.

Yu, J.

Zhong, K.

N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Pan and J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

H. Tsuchida, “Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.20(17), 1509–1511 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, and J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (4)

N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry-Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5.
[CrossRef]

C. Boerner, V. Marembert, S. Ferber, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, “320 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using a bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuO3.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, K. Kojima, and N. Chand, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery of 80 Gb/s OTDM signals using a tandem electro-absorption modulator,” in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, San Diego, 2001), pp. 358–359.

L. Huo, H. Li, Q. Wang, and C. Lou, “4 x 25-GHz 2-ps multicolor ultrashort pulse generation with a single phase modulator and Mamyshev reshaper,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JTh2A.122.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the proposed DPMZM-OEO.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Waveform and (b) optical spectrum of the 25-GHz on-off window generated by DPMZM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Waveform and (b) optical spectrum of the 25-GHz OC extracted from 100-Gb/s RZ-OOK signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Electrical spectrum of the 25-GHz EC extracted from 100-Gb/s RZ-OOK signal and (b) SSB phase noise spectra of the 25-GHz RF source (black), OC (red) and EC (blue) extracted from 100-Gb/s RZ-OOK signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Eye diagrams of (a) injected 100-Gb/s RZ-OOK signal and (b) demultiplexed 25-Gb/s tributary.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER curves for all four demultiplexed channels: injected with 100-Gb/s (a) OOK and (b) DPSK signal.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Eye diagrams of (a) extracted 25-GHz OC and (b) demultiplexed 25-Gb/s tributary from 100-Gb/s RZ-DPSK signal.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Electrical spectrum of the 25-GHz EC extracted from 100-Gb/s RZ-DPSK signal and (b) SSB phase noise spectra of the 25-GHz RF source (black), OC (red) and EC (blue) extracted from the 100-Gb/s RZ-DPSK signal.

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