Abstract

A hyperbolic metamaterial (MM) based on anisotropic Mie-type resonance is theoretically and experimentally demonstrated in microwave range. Based on the shape-dependent Mie-type resonance, metamaterials with indefinite permeability or permittivity parameters are designed by tailoring the isotropic particle into an anisotropic one. The flat lens consisting of anisotropic dielectric resonators has been designed, fabricated and tested. The experimental observation of refocusing and a plane wave with ominidirectional radiation directly verify the predicted properties, which confirm the potential application in negative index material and superlens. This work will also help to develop all-dielectric anisotropic MM devices such as 3D spatial power combination, cloak, and electromagnetic wave converter, etc.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. H. Fu, J. Zhang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Magnetic light,” Sci Rep2, 492 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat Commun4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (6)

Q. Cheng, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Spatial power combination for omnidirectional radiation via anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(21), 213903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. M. Novikov, U. Zywietz, R. L. Eriksen, C. Reinhardt, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, and B. N. Chichkov, “Demonstration of magnetic dipole resonances of dielectric nanospheres in the visible region,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3749–3755 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. H. Fu, J. Zhang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Magnetic light,” Sci Rep2, 492 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Miroshnichenko and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in all-dielectric oligomers,” Nano Lett.12(12), 6459–6463 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: Radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(18), 181105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

Q. Cheng, W. Jiang, and T. Cui, “Multi-beam generations at pre-designed directions based on anisotropic zero-index metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(13), 131913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, J. Zhou, B. Li, and F. Kang, “Indefinite permittivity and negative refraction in natural material: Graphite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(10), 101901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

R. Wang, J. Sun, and J. Zhou, “Indefinite permittivity in uniaxial single crystal at infrared frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(3), 031912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov and E. E. Narimanov, “Metric signature transitions in optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(6), 067402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. Fang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Optical anisotropic metamaterials: Negative refraction and focusing,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 245127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Němec, P. Kužel, F. Kadlec, C. Kadlec, R. Yahiaoui, and P. Mounaix, “Tunable terahertz metamaterials with negative permeability,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 241108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express16(20), 15439–15448 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(10), 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. A. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(15), 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Kang, Q. Zhao, B. Li, J. Zhou, and H. Zhu, “Experimental verification of a tunable optical negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, and B. Zhang, “Tunable negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(22), 221918 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

X. L. Chen, M. He, Y. X. Du, W. Y. Wang, and D. F. Zhang, “Negative refraction: an intrinsic property of uniaxial crystals,” Phys. Rev. B72(11), 113111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.71(33 Pt 2B), 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. R. Smith, D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, P. Kolinko, and P. Rye, “Partial focusing of radiation by a slab of indefinite media,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(13), 2244–2246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

D. R. Smith and D. Schurig, “Electromagnetic wave propagation in media with Indefinite permittivity and permeability tensors,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(7), 077405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, B. Fluegel, and A. Mascarenhas, “Total negative refraction in real crystals for ballistic electrons and light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(15), 157404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alekseyev, L.

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express16(20), 15439–15448 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Basilio, L. I.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. M. Novikov, U. Zywietz, R. L. Eriksen, C. Reinhardt, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, and B. N. Chichkov, “Demonstration of magnetic dipole resonances of dielectric nanospheres in the visible region,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3749–3755 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brener, I.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(10), 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. A. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(15), 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X. L.

X. L. Chen, M. He, Y. X. Du, W. Y. Wang, and D. F. Zhang, “Negative refraction: an intrinsic property of uniaxial crystals,” Phys. Rev. B72(11), 113111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Q.

Q. Cheng, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Spatial power combination for omnidirectional radiation via anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(21), 213903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Cheng, W. Jiang, and T. Cui, “Multi-beam generations at pre-designed directions based on anisotropic zero-index metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(13), 131913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B. N.

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. M. Novikov, U. Zywietz, R. L. Eriksen, C. Reinhardt, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, and B. N. Chichkov, “Demonstration of magnetic dipole resonances of dielectric nanospheres in the visible region,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3749–3755 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clem, P. G.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, T.

Q. Cheng, W. Jiang, and T. Cui, “Multi-beam generations at pre-designed directions based on anisotropic zero-index metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(13), 131913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

Q. Cheng, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Spatial power combination for omnidirectional radiation via anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(21), 213903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, B.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, Y. X.

X. L. Chen, M. He, Y. X. Du, W. Y. Wang, and D. F. Zhang, “Negative refraction: an intrinsic property of uniaxial crystals,” Phys. Rev. B72(11), 113111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eriksen, R. L.

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. M. Novikov, U. Zywietz, R. L. Eriksen, C. Reinhardt, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, and B. N. Chichkov, “Demonstration of magnetic dipole resonances of dielectric nanospheres in the visible region,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3749–3755 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evlyukhin, A. B.

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. M. Novikov, U. Zywietz, R. L. Eriksen, C. Reinhardt, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, and B. N. Chichkov, “Demonstration of magnetic dipole resonances of dielectric nanospheres in the visible region,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3749–3755 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, A.

A. Fang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Optical anisotropic metamaterials: Negative refraction and focusing,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 245127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fluegel, B.

Y. Zhang, B. Fluegel, and A. Mascarenhas, “Total negative refraction in real crystals for ballistic electrons and light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(15), 157404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franz, K. J.

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, Y. H.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat Commun4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. H. Fu, J. Zhang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Magnetic light,” Sci Rep2, 492 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ginn, J. C.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gmachl, C.

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grzegorczyk, T. M.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. A. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(15), 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, M.

X. L. Chen, M. He, Y. X. Du, W. Y. Wang, and D. F. Zhang, “Negative refraction: an intrinsic property of uniaxial crystals,” Phys. Rev. B72(11), 113111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hines, P. F.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoffman, A. J.

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Howard, S. S.

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, X.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ihlefeld, J. F.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacob, Z.

Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: Radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(18), 181105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.

Q. Cheng, W. Jiang, and T. Cui, “Multi-beam generations at pre-designed directions based on anisotropic zero-index metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(13), 131913 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W. X.

Q. Cheng, W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, “Spatial power combination for omnidirectional radiation via anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(21), 213903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kadlec, C.

H. Němec, P. Kužel, F. Kadlec, C. Kadlec, R. Yahiaoui, and P. Mounaix, “Tunable terahertz metamaterials with negative permeability,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 241108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kadlec, F.

H. Němec, P. Kužel, F. Kadlec, C. Kadlec, R. Yahiaoui, and P. Mounaix, “Tunable terahertz metamaterials with negative permeability,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 241108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kang, F.

J. Sun, J. Zhou, B. Li, and F. Kang, “Indefinite permittivity and negative refraction in natural material: Graphite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(10), 101901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kang, L.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Kang, Q. Zhao, B. Li, J. Zhou, and H. Zhu, “Experimental verification of a tunable optical negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, and B. Zhang, “Tunable negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(22), 221918 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

A. E. Miroshnichenko and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in all-dielectric oligomers,” Nano Lett.12(12), 6459–6463 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolinko, P.

D. R. Smith, D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, P. Kolinko, and P. Rye, “Partial focusing of radiation by a slab of indefinite media,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(13), 2244–2246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J. A.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. A. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(15), 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koschny, T.

A. Fang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Optical anisotropic metamaterials: Negative refraction and focusing,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 245127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koschny, Th.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.71(33 Pt 2B), 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kužel, P.

H. Němec, P. Kužel, F. Kadlec, C. Kadlec, R. Yahiaoui, and P. Mounaix, “Tunable terahertz metamaterials with negative permeability,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 241108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, A. I.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat Commun4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. H. Fu, J. Zhang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Magnetic light,” Sci Rep2, 492 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, B.

J. Sun, J. Zhou, B. Li, and F. Kang, “Indefinite permittivity and negative refraction in natural material: Graphite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(10), 101901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Kang, Q. Zhao, B. Li, J. Zhou, and H. Zhu, “Experimental verification of a tunable optical negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, and B. Zhang, “Tunable negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(22), 221918 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express16(20), 15439–15448 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luk’yanchuk, B.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat Commun4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. H. Fu, J. Zhang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Magnetic light,” Sci Rep2, 492 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Markos, P.

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mascarenhas, A.

Y. Zhang, B. Fluegel, and A. Mascarenhas, “Total negative refraction in real crystals for ballistic electrons and light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(15), 157404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat Commun4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Miroshnichenko and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in all-dielectric oligomers,” Nano Lett.12(12), 6459–6463 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. H. Fu, J. Zhang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Magnetic light,” Sci Rep2, 492 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, P. Kolinko, and P. Rye, “Partial focusing of radiation by a slab of indefinite media,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(13), 2244–2246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mounaix, P.

H. Němec, P. Kužel, F. Kadlec, C. Kadlec, R. Yahiaoui, and P. Mounaix, “Tunable terahertz metamaterials with negative permeability,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 241108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Narimanov, E. E.

Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: Radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(18), 181105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov and E. E. Narimanov, “Metric signature transitions in optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(6), 067402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nemec, H.

H. Němec, P. Kužel, F. Kadlec, C. Kadlec, R. Yahiaoui, and P. Mounaix, “Tunable terahertz metamaterials with negative permeability,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 241108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Novikov, S. M.

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. M. Novikov, U. Zywietz, R. L. Eriksen, C. Reinhardt, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, and B. N. Chichkov, “Demonstration of magnetic dipole resonances of dielectric nanospheres in the visible region,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3749–3755 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, L.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. A. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(15), 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peters, D. W.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Podolskiy, V. A.

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ran, L.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. A. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(15), 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reinhardt, C.

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. M. Novikov, U. Zywietz, R. L. Eriksen, C. Reinhardt, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, and B. N. Chichkov, “Demonstration of magnetic dipole resonances of dielectric nanospheres in the visible region,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3749–3755 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rye, P.

D. R. Smith, D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, P. Kolinko, and P. Rye, “Partial focusing of radiation by a slab of indefinite media,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(13), 2244–2246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuller, J. A.

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(10), 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, P. Kolinko, and P. Rye, “Partial focusing of radiation by a slab of indefinite media,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(13), 2244–2246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith and D. Schurig, “Electromagnetic wave propagation in media with Indefinite permittivity and permeability tensors,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(7), 077405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sinclair, M. B.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sivco, D. L.

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.71(33 Pt 2B), 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, P. Kolinko, and P. Rye, “Partial focusing of radiation by a slab of indefinite media,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(13), 2244–2246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith and D. Schurig, “Electromagnetic wave propagation in media with Indefinite permittivity and permeability tensors,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(7), 077405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: Radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(18), 181105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov and E. E. Narimanov, “Metric signature transitions in optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(6), 067402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

A. Fang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Optical anisotropic metamaterials: Negative refraction and focusing,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 245127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.71(33 Pt 2B), 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stacy, A. M.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stevens, J. O.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, J.

J. Sun, J. Zhou, B. Li, and F. Kang, “Indefinite permittivity and negative refraction in natural material: Graphite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(10), 101901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Wang, J. Sun, and J. Zhou, “Indefinite permittivity in uniaxial single crystal at infrared frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(3), 031912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tang, H.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, and B. Zhang, “Tunable negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(22), 221918 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taubner, T.

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(10), 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vier, D. C.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.71(33 Pt 2B), 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, R.

R. Wang, J. Sun, and J. Zhou, “Indefinite permittivity in uniaxial single crystal at infrared frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(3), 031912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. Y.

X. L. Chen, M. He, Y. X. Du, W. Y. Wang, and D. F. Zhang, “Negative refraction: an intrinsic property of uniaxial crystals,” Phys. Rev. B72(11), 113111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warne, L. K.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wasserman, D.

A. J. Hoffman, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, D. Wasserman, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, D. L. Sivco, and C. Gmachl, “Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.6(12), 946–950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wendt, J. R.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(9), 097402 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, Q.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yahiaoui, R.

H. Němec, P. Kužel, F. Kadlec, C. Kadlec, R. Yahiaoui, and P. Mounaix, “Tunable terahertz metamaterials with negative permeability,” Phys. Rev. B79(24), 241108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, Y. F.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat Commun4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, and B. Zhang, “Tunable negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(22), 221918 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. F.

X. L. Chen, M. He, Y. X. Du, W. Y. Wang, and D. F. Zhang, “Negative refraction: an intrinsic property of uniaxial crystals,” Phys. Rev. B72(11), 113111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. A. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(15), 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. H. Fu, J. Zhang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Magnetic light,” Sci Rep2, 492 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science321(5891), 930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region,” Opt. Express16(20), 15439–15448 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, B. Fluegel, and A. Mascarenhas, “Total negative refraction in real crystals for ballistic electrons and light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(15), 157404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, H.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Q.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Kang, Q. Zhao, B. Li, J. Zhou, and H. Zhu, “Experimental verification of a tunable optical negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, and B. Zhang, “Tunable negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(22), 221918 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Sun, J. Zhou, B. Li, and F. Kang, “Indefinite permittivity and negative refraction in natural material: Graphite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(10), 101901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Wang, J. Sun, and J. Zhou, “Indefinite permittivity in uniaxial single crystal at infrared frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(3), 031912 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, H. Zhao, Q. Xie, X. Huang, B. Li, J. Zhou, and L. Li, “Experimental demonstration of isotropic negative permeability in a three-dimensional dielectric composite,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(2), 027402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Kang, Q. Zhao, B. Li, J. Zhou, and H. Zhu, “Experimental verification of a tunable optical negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, and B. Zhang, “Tunable negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(22), 221918 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H.

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[CrossRef]

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Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

D. R. Smith, D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, P. Kolinko, and P. Rye, “Partial focusing of radiation by a slab of indefinite media,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(13), 2244–2246 (2004).
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Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: Radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(18), 181105 (2012).
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L. Kang, Q. Zhao, B. Li, J. Zhou, and H. Zhu, “Experimental verification of a tunable optical negative refraction in nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181931 (2007).
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Q. Cheng, W. Jiang, and T. Cui, “Multi-beam generations at pre-designed directions based on anisotropic zero-index metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(13), 131913 (2011).
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Nano Lett. (2)

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. M. Novikov, U. Zywietz, R. L. Eriksen, C. Reinhardt, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, and B. N. Chichkov, “Demonstration of magnetic dipole resonances of dielectric nanospheres in the visible region,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3749–3755 (2012).
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Nat Commun (1)

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Nat. Mater. (1)

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Phys. Rev. B (3)

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Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (2)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The unit cell for all-dielectric MM based on Mie-type resonance: a ceramic particle with permittivity 245 and loss tangent 0.004 is embedd in the air cubic box. The geometrical parameters are set as follows: p = 4mm, a = 2mm. (b), (c), (d) show the calculated components of the permeability tensor near the first Mie-type resonance when the dz is set as 2mm, 1.5mm, 1mm respectively. The ranges where indefinite permeability properties can be obtained are marked in blue and purple respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The calculated permittivity εy for two simulations: (a) the magnetic field is set in x direction. (b) the magnetic field is set in z direction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of hyperbolic MM based on Mie-type resonance

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The photograph of fabricated ceramic particles. (b) The photograph of fabricated flat lens.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The modified EM parameters for the hyperbolic MM. (a), (b) show the calculated components of the permeability tensor in x direction and in z direction, respectively. The calculated permittivity εy for two simulations: (c) the magnetic field is set in x direction. (d) the magnetic field is set in z direction.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) The photograph of the 2D near-field microwave scanning apparatus; (b) The corresponding simulation model using HFSS.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The simulated electric field distributions in x-z plane at different frequencies: (a) 8.6 GHz, (b) 8.7GHz (c) 8.8 GHz, (d) 8.89GHz. (e), (f), (g), (h) show the measured electric field distributions at corresponding frequencies. The region marked by black frame represents the flat lens.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Isofrequency surface of hyperbolic metamaterial with component of the permeability tensor in z direction for three cases: (a) μz1 (b) μz2 (c) μz3, where μz1 < μz2 < μz3 and μz3 0. Si and ki are the Poynting vector and the wave vector of incident wave, respectively. kr and Sr are the refracted wave vector and Poynting vector, respectively.

Equations (1)

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k x 2 μ z + k z 2 μ x = ( ω c ) 2 ε y

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