Abstract

A novel technique for the electronically-controllable generation and switching of transverse modes within a multi-mode fiber laser oscillator is presented. Preliminary results demonstrate individual transverse mode lasing and fast switching between modes with watt-level output powers. When applied to a core-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with a multimode core the fundamental mode (LP01), the next higher order mode (LP11), or a donut-shaped LP11 superposition were selectively excited with power levels in excess of 5 W. Fast switching between LP01 and LP11 modes at up to 20kHz was also realized.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (1)

2012 (2)

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photon. Rev.6(5), 607–621 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

J. M. Fini and S. Ramachandran, “Natural bend-distortion immunity of higher-order-mode large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(7), 748–750 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.86(3), 329–334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Sanner, N. Huot, E. Audouard, C. Larat, and J.-P. Huignard, “Direct ultrafast laser micro-structuring of materials using programmable beam shaping,” Opt. Lasers Eng.45(6), 737–741 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng.43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

V. Niziev and A. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.32(13), 1455–1461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. C. Knight, T. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J.-P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

Arnold, C. B.

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photon. Rev.6(5), 607–621 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Audouard, E.

N. Sanner, N. Huot, E. Audouard, C. Larat, and J.-P. Huignard, “Direct ultrafast laser micro-structuring of materials using programmable beam shaping,” Opt. Lasers Eng.45(6), 737–741 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T.

J. C. Knight, T. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J.-P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chan, J. S. P.

Clarkson, W. A.

Cregan, R. F.

J. C. Knight, T. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J.-P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Daniel, J. M. O.

de Sandro, J.-P.

J. C. Knight, T. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J.-P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Djambova, T. V.

Duocastella, M.

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photon. Rev.6(5), 607–621 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Feurer, T.

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.86(3), 329–334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fini, J. M.

Ghalmi, S.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

Gupta, S.

Havermeyer, F.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng.43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

N. Sanner, N. Huot, E. Audouard, C. Larat, and J.-P. Huignard, “Direct ultrafast laser micro-structuring of materials using programmable beam shaping,” Opt. Lasers Eng.45(6), 737–741 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huot, N.

N. Sanner, N. Huot, E. Audouard, C. Larat, and J.-P. Huignard, “Direct ultrafast laser micro-structuring of materials using programmable beam shaping,” Opt. Lasers Eng.45(6), 737–741 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Jansen, F.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jauregui, C.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. W.

Kliner, D. A. V.

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, T. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J.-P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Koplow, J. P.

Larat, C.

N. Sanner, N. Huot, E. Audouard, C. Larat, and J.-P. Huignard, “Direct ultrafast laser micro-structuring of materials using programmable beam shaping,” Opt. Lasers Eng.45(6), 737–741 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng.43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meier, M.

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.86(3), 329–334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mermelstein, M.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizunami, T.

Moser, C.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng.43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nesterov, A.

V. Niziev and A. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.32(13), 1455–1461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

J. M. Fini and J. W. Nicholson, “Bend compensated large-mode-area fibers: achieving robust single-modedness with transformation optics,” Opt. Express21(16), 19173–19179 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Niiho, T.

Nilsson, J.

Niziev, V.

V. Niziev and A. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.32(13), 1455–1461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Otto, H.-J.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng.43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, S.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Fini and S. Ramachandran, “Natural bend-distortion immunity of higher-order-mode large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(7), 748–750 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

Romano, V.

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.86(3), 329–334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

J. C. Knight, T. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J.-P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Sanner, N.

N. Sanner, N. Huot, E. Audouard, C. Larat, and J.-P. Huignard, “Direct ultrafast laser micro-structuring of materials using programmable beam shaping,” Opt. Lasers Eng.45(6), 737–741 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, A. W.

Steckman, G. J.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng.43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stutzki, F.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Young, W. R.

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, “Material processing with pulsed radially and azimuthally polarized laser radiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.86(3), 329–334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. C. Knight, T. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J.-P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

V. Niziev and A. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.32(13), 1455–1461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (2)

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photon. Rev.6(5), 607–621 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation,” Light Sci. Appl.1(4), e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng.43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

N. Sanner, N. Huot, E. Audouard, C. Larat, and J.-P. Huignard, “Direct ultrafast laser micro-structuring of materials using programmable beam shaping,” Opt. Lasers Eng.45(6), 737–741 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Supplementary Material (2)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental layout of cladding-pumped Tm-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output beam profile for AOTF tuned to (a) LP01 mode and (b) LP11 mode superposition.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output power for LP01 (blue) and LP11-donut (red) modes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectrum and corresponding beam profiles when tuned to the LP11 mode group with solid etalon used for fine wavelength selection.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser output time profiles for mode switching speeds of (a) 1kHz, (b) 10kHz and (c) 20kHz. A volume Bragg grating was used to spectrally separate the output of the two modes with top row showing the LP11-donut component of the laser output and bottom row showing LP01 component.

Equations (2)

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λ=2nΛcos(θ)
λ FBG =2 n eff Λ FBG

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