Abstract

The long-term stability of optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifiers is hindered by thermal path length drifts affecting the temporal pump-to-signal overlap. A kilowatt-pumped burst amplifier is presented delivering broadband 1.4 mJ pulses with a spectral bandwidth supporting sub-7 fs pulse duration. Active temporal overlap control can be achieved by feedback of optical timing signals from cross-correlation or spectral measurements. Using a balanced optical cross-correlator, we achieve a pump-to-signal synchronization with a residual jitter of only (46 ± 2)fs rms. Additionally, we propose passive pump-to-signal stabilization with an intrinsic jitter of (7.0 ± 0.5)fs rms using white-light continuum generation.

© 2013 OSA

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2013

R. Riedel, A. Al-Shemmary, M. Gensch, T. Golz, M. Harmand, N. Medvedev, M.J. Prandolini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, S. Toleikis, U. Wegner, B. Ziaja, N. Stojanovic, and F. Tavella, “Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Commun.4, 1731 (2013)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, M. J. Prandolini, J. Feldhaus, B. Faatz, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Pulsed operation of a high average power Yb:YAG thin-disk multipass amplifier,” Opt. Expr.205038–5043 (2012)
[CrossRef]

A. Schwarz, M. Ueffing, Y. Deng, X. Gu, H. Fattahi, T. Metzger, M. Ossiander, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Active stabilization for optically synchronized optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express20, 5557–5565 (2012)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, E. Schneider, G. Taft, H. Kaptyen, M. Murnane, and S. Backus, “Multi-microjoule, MHz repetition rate Ti:sapphire ultrafast regenerative amplifier system,” Opt. Express20, 7015–7021 (2012)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fattahi, C. Y. Teisset, O. Pronin, A. Sugita, R. Graf, V. Pervak, X. Gu, T. Metzger, Z. Major, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Pump-seed synchronization for MHz repetition rate, high-power optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express20, 9833–9840 (2012)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Octave-spanning OPCPA system delivering CEP-stable few-cycle pulses and 22 W of average power at 1 MHz repetition rate,”, Opt. Express20, 10870–10878 (2012)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, J. Bromage, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Control of nonlinear spectral phase induced by ultrabroadband optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett.37, 3933–3935 (2012)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Improving carrier-envelope phase stability in optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifiers by control of timing jitter,” Opt. Lett.37, 4910–4912 (2012)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, T. Mans, C. Schnitzler, P. Russbueldt, J. Dolkemeyer, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, S. Haedrich, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, B. Faatz, A. Tuennermann, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Yb:YAG Innoslab amplifier: efficient high repetition rate subpicosecond pumping system for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett.36, 2456–2458 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mourou and T. Tajima, “The extreme light infrastructure: Optics next horizon,” Optics and Photonics News22, 47–51 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. March, A. Stickrath, G. Doumy, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässing, S. H. Southworth, K. Attenkofer, C. A. Kurtz, L. X. Chen, and L. Young, “Development of high-repetition-rate laser pump/x-ray probe methodologies for synchrotron facilities,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82, 073110 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 529–536 (2009)
[CrossRef]

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “400W Yb:YAG Innoslab fs-Amplifier,” Opt. Express19, 12230–12245 (2009)
[CrossRef]

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 561–574 (2009)
[CrossRef]

2008

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltǔska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Optical Synchronization for OPCPA Chains,” Ultrafast Optics V, Springer Series in Optical Sciences132, 535–545 (2007)
[CrossRef]

2006

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” New. J. Phys.8, 219 (2006)
[CrossRef]

2003

Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yand, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A68, 063820 (2003)
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.74, (2003)
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, O. Kuzucu, J. T. Gopinath, S. N. Tandon, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kaerntner, “Attosecond active synchronization of passively mode-locked lasers by balanced cross correlation”, Opt. Lett.28, 947–949 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

1999

1997

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.144, 125–133 (1997)
[CrossRef]

1992

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun.88, 437–440 (1992)
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, I.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 529–536 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Al-Shemmary, A.

R. Riedel, A. Al-Shemmary, M. Gensch, T. Golz, M. Harmand, N. Medvedev, M.J. Prandolini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, S. Toleikis, U. Wegner, B. Ziaja, N. Stojanovic, and F. Tavella, “Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Commun.4, 1731 (2013)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

Attenkofer, K.

A. M. March, A. Stickrath, G. Doumy, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässing, S. H. Southworth, K. Attenkofer, C. A. Kurtz, L. X. Chen, and L. Young, “Development of high-repetition-rate laser pump/x-ray probe methodologies for synchrotron facilities,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82, 073110 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ayvazyan, V.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

Azima, A.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Baboi, N.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Bahrdt, J.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

Balandin, V.

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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
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G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
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M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 561–574 (2009)
[CrossRef]

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Bromage, J.

Cao, L.

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
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G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Chubar, O.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
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I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.144, 125–133 (1997)
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Couprie, M.-E.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
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G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.74, (2003)
[CrossRef]

Decking, W.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

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Deng, Y.

Dolkemeyer, J.

Döppner, T.

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
[CrossRef]

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A. M. March, A. Stickrath, G. Doumy, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässing, S. H. Southworth, K. Attenkofer, C. A. Kurtz, L. X. Chen, and L. Young, “Development of high-repetition-rate laser pump/x-ray probe methodologies for synchrotron facilities,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82, 073110 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, M. J. Prandolini, J. Feldhaus, B. Faatz, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Pulsed operation of a high average power Yb:YAG thin-disk multipass amplifier,” Opt. Expr.205038–5043 (2012)
[CrossRef]

M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, T. Mans, C. Schnitzler, P. Russbueldt, J. Dolkemeyer, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, S. Haedrich, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, B. Faatz, A. Tuennermann, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Yb:YAG Innoslab amplifier: efficient high repetition rate subpicosecond pumping system for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett.36, 2456–2458 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
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A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun.88, 437–440 (1992)
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Duesterer, S.

Düsterer, S.

M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, M. J. Prandolini, J. Feldhaus, B. Faatz, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Pulsed operation of a high average power Yb:YAG thin-disk multipass amplifier,” Opt. Expr.205038–5043 (2012)
[CrossRef]

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, J. Rossbach, and A. Tünnermann, “High average and peak power few-cycle laser pulses delivered by fiber pumped OPCPA system,” Opt. Express18, 12719–12726 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Eckoldt, H.-J.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

Emons, Moritz

Faatz, B.

M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, M. J. Prandolini, J. Feldhaus, B. Faatz, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Pulsed operation of a high average power Yb:YAG thin-disk multipass amplifier,” Opt. Expr.205038–5043 (2012)
[CrossRef]

M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, T. Mans, C. Schnitzler, P. Russbueldt, J. Dolkemeyer, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, S. Haedrich, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, B. Faatz, A. Tuennermann, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Yb:YAG Innoslab amplifier: efficient high repetition rate subpicosecond pumping system for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett.36, 2456–2458 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Fattahi, H.

Feldhaus, J.

M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, M. J. Prandolini, J. Feldhaus, B. Faatz, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Pulsed operation of a high average power Yb:YAG thin-disk multipass amplifier,” Opt. Expr.205038–5043 (2012)
[CrossRef]

M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, T. Mans, C. Schnitzler, P. Russbueldt, J. Dolkemeyer, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, S. Haedrich, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, B. Faatz, A. Tuennermann, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Yb:YAG Innoslab amplifier: efficient high repetition rate subpicosecond pumping system for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett.36, 2456–2458 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, J. Rossbach, and A. Tünnermann, “High average and peak power few-cycle laser pulses delivered by fiber pumped OPCPA system,” Opt. Express18, 12719–12726 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Follath, R.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

Förster, E.

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Fortmann, C.

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Frühling, U.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

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C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltǔska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Optical Synchronization for OPCPA Chains,” Ultrafast Optics V, Springer Series in Optical Sciences132, 535–545 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Garzella, D.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
[CrossRef]

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R. Riedel, A. Al-Shemmary, M. Gensch, T. Golz, M. Harmand, N. Medvedev, M.J. Prandolini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, S. Toleikis, U. Wegner, B. Ziaja, N. Stojanovic, and F. Tavella, “Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Commun.4, 1731 (2013)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
[CrossRef]

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G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
[CrossRef]

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B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

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R. Riedel, A. Al-Shemmary, M. Gensch, T. Golz, M. Harmand, N. Medvedev, M.J. Prandolini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, S. Toleikis, U. Wegner, B. Ziaja, N. Stojanovic, and F. Tavella, “Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Commun.4, 1731 (2013)
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Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yand, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A68, 063820 (2003)
[CrossRef]

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Gottschall, T.

Graf, R.

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A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
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Guerassimova, N.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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Haedrich, S.

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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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[CrossRef]

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R. Riedel, A. Al-Shemmary, M. Gensch, T. Golz, M. Harmand, N. Medvedev, M.J. Prandolini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, S. Toleikis, U. Wegner, B. Ziaja, N. Stojanovic, and F. Tavella, “Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Commun.4, 1731 (2013)
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Hesse, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “Compact diode-pumped 1.1 kW Yb:YAG Innoslab femtosecond amplifier,” Opt. Lett.35, 4169–4171 (2010)
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A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
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Holldack, K.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
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C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltǔska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Optical Synchronization for OPCPA Chains,” Ultrafast Optics V, Springer Series in Optical Sciences132, 535–545 (2007)
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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
[CrossRef]

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Ishii, N.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltǔska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Optical Synchronization for OPCPA Chains,” Ultrafast Optics V, Springer Series in Optical Sciences132, 535–545 (2007)
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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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Kanter, E. P.

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Karsch, S.

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Kelkensberg, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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Kim, J.

Kitamura, H.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
[CrossRef]

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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 529–536 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Köhler, S.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltǔska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Optical Synchronization for OPCPA Chains,” Ultrafast Optics V, Springer Series in Optical Sciences132, 535–545 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

Körfer, M.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

Kracht, T.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Krässing, B.

A. M. March, A. Stickrath, G. Doumy, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässing, S. H. Southworth, K. Attenkofer, C. A. Kurtz, L. X. Chen, and L. Young, “Development of high-repetition-rate laser pump/x-ray probe methodologies for synchrotron facilities,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82, 073110 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

A. Schwarz, M. Ueffing, Y. Deng, X. Gu, H. Fattahi, T. Metzger, M. Ossiander, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Active stabilization for optically synchronized optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express20, 5557–5565 (2012)
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H. Fattahi, C. Y. Teisset, O. Pronin, A. Sugita, R. Graf, V. Pervak, X. Gu, T. Metzger, Z. Major, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Pump-seed synchronization for MHz repetition rate, high-power optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express20, 9833–9840 (2012)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 529–536 (2009)
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltǔska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Optical Synchronization for OPCPA Chains,” Ultrafast Optics V, Springer Series in Optical Sciences132, 535–545 (2007)
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F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” New. J. Phys.8, 219 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Krebs, M.

Kuhlmann, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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A. M. March, A. Stickrath, G. Doumy, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässing, S. H. Southworth, K. Attenkofer, C. A. Kurtz, L. X. Chen, and L. Young, “Development of high-repetition-rate laser pump/x-ray probe methodologies for synchrotron facilities,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82, 073110 (2011)
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Kuzucu, O.

Laarmann, T.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
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A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
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G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
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Lambert, G.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
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Langley, A. J.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.144, 125–133 (1997)
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Leuschner, A.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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Lilje, L.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
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Limberg, T.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
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Limpert, J.

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Improving carrier-envelope phase stability in optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifiers by control of timing jitter,” Opt. Lett.37, 4910–4912 (2012)
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S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, J. Bromage, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Control of nonlinear spectral phase induced by ultrabroadband optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett.37, 3933–3935 (2012)
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J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Octave-spanning OPCPA system delivering CEP-stable few-cycle pulses and 22 W of average power at 1 MHz repetition rate,”, Opt. Express20, 10870–10878 (2012)
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M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, T. Mans, C. Schnitzler, P. Russbueldt, J. Dolkemeyer, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, S. Haedrich, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, B. Faatz, A. Tuennermann, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Yb:YAG Innoslab amplifier: efficient high repetition rate subpicosecond pumping system for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett.36, 2456–2458 (2011)
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J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, J. Rossbach, and A. Tünnermann, “High average and peak power few-cycle laser pulses delivered by fiber pumped OPCPA system,” Opt. Express18, 12719–12726 (2010)
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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Major, Z.

H. Fattahi, C. Y. Teisset, O. Pronin, A. Sugita, R. Graf, V. Pervak, X. Gu, T. Metzger, Z. Major, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Pump-seed synchronization for MHz repetition rate, high-power optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express20, 9833–9840 (2012)
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I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 529–536 (2009)
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Mans, T.

March, A. M.

A. M. March, A. Stickrath, G. Doumy, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässing, S. H. Southworth, K. Attenkofer, C. A. Kurtz, L. X. Chen, and L. Young, “Development of high-repetition-rate laser pump/x-ray probe methodologies for synchrotron facilities,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82, 073110 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcinkevicius, A.

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” New. J. Phys.8, 219 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Martin, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martins, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Matousek, P.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.144, 125–133 (1997)
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B. W. J. McNeil and N. R. Thomson, “X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics4, 814–821 (2010)
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R. Riedel, A. Al-Shemmary, M. Gensch, T. Golz, M. Harmand, N. Medvedev, M.J. Prandolini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, S. Toleikis, U. Wegner, B. Ziaja, N. Stojanovic, and F. Tavella, “Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Commun.4, 1731 (2013)
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Meiwes-Broer, K.-H.

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Merdj, H.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdj, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light”, Nat. Phys.2, 296–300 (2008)
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Meseck, A.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

Metzger, T.

Miltchev, V.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

Mitzner, R.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
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Morales, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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Morgner, Uwe

Mourou, G.

G. Mourou and T. Tajima, “The extreme light infrastructure: Optics next horizon,” Optics and Photonics News22, 47–51 (2011).
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Murnane, M.

Nez, T.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
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Schneider, J. R.

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I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 529–536 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Tschentscher, T.

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Tuennermann, A.

Tünnermann, A.

Ueffing, M.

Uschmann, I.

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Vogt, M.

B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

von Bargen, N.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wabnitz, H.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Wandt, C.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 529–536 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.-J.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 529–536 (2009)
[CrossRef]

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R. Riedel, A. Al-Shemmary, M. Gensch, T. Golz, M. Harmand, N. Medvedev, M.J. Prandolini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, S. Toleikis, U. Wegner, B. Ziaja, N. Stojanovic, and F. Tavella, “Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Commun.4, 1731 (2013)
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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “Compact diode-pumped 1.1 kW Yb:YAG Innoslab femtosecond amplifier,” Opt. Lett.35, 4169–4171 (2010)
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P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “400W Yb:YAG Innoslab fs-Amplifier,” Opt. Express19, 12230–12245 (2009)
[CrossRef]

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K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, M. J. Prandolini, J. Feldhaus, B. Faatz, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Pulsed operation of a high average power Yb:YAG thin-disk multipass amplifier,” Opt. Expr.205038–5043 (2012)
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M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, T. Mans, C. Schnitzler, P. Russbueldt, J. Dolkemeyer, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, S. Haedrich, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, B. Faatz, A. Tuennermann, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Yb:YAG Innoslab amplifier: efficient high repetition rate subpicosecond pumping system for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett.36, 2456–2458 (2011)
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B. Faatz, N. Baboi, V. Ayvazyan, V. Balandin, W. Decking, S. Düsterer, H.-J. Eckoldt, J. Feldhaus, N. Golubeva, K. Honkavaara, M. Körfer, T. Laarmann, A. Leuschner, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Nölle, F. Obier, A. Petrov, E. Plönjes, K. Rehlich, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schreiber, H. Schulte-Schrepping, J. Spengler, M. Staack, F. Tavella, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, R. Treusch, M. Vogt, A. Willner, J. Bahrdt, R. Follath, M. Gensch, K. Holldack, A. Meseck, R. Mitzner, M. Drescher, V. Miltchev, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, and J. Rossbach, “Flash II: Perspectives and challenges,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A635(1), S2–S5 (2011)
[CrossRef]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, J. Rossbach, and A. Tünnermann, “High average and peak power few-cycle laser pulses delivered by fiber pumped OPCPA system,” Opt. Express18, 12719–12726 (2010)
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Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yand, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A68, 063820 (2003)
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Yand, H.

Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yand, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A68, 063820 (2003)
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A. M. March, A. Stickrath, G. Doumy, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässing, S. H. Southworth, K. Attenkofer, C. A. Kurtz, L. X. Chen, and L. Young, “Development of high-repetition-rate laser pump/x-ray probe methodologies for synchrotron facilities,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82, 073110 (2011)
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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Yurkov, M. V.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Zastrau, U.

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
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Zhang, X.

Zhang, Z.

Zheltikov, A. M.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltǔska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Optical Synchronization for OPCPA Chains,” Ultrafast Optics V, Springer Series in Optical Sciences132, 535–545 (2007)
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Zherebtsov, S.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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Ziaja, B.

R. Riedel, A. Al-Shemmary, M. Gensch, T. Golz, M. Harmand, N. Medvedev, M.J. Prandolini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, S. Toleikis, U. Wegner, B. Ziaja, N. Stojanovic, and F. Tavella, “Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Commun.4, 1731 (2013)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Znakovskaya, I.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 529–536 (2009)
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M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.97, 561–574 (2009)
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High. Energ. Dens. Phys.

A. Höll, Th. Bornath, L. Cao, T. Döppner, S. Düsterer, E. Förster, C. Fortmann, S. H. Glenzerd, G. Gregorie, T. Laarmann, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, A. Przystawik, P. Radcliffe, R. Redmer, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, R. Thiele, J. Tiggesbäumker, S. Toleikis, N. X. Truong, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, and U. Zastrau, “Thomson scattering from near-solid density plasmas using soft X-ray free electron lasers,” High. Energ. Dens. Phys.3, 120–130 (2007)
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Commun.

R. Riedel, A. Al-Shemmary, M. Gensch, T. Golz, M. Harmand, N. Medvedev, M.J. Prandolini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, S. Toleikis, U. Wegner, B. Ziaja, N. Stojanovic, and F. Tavella, “Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Commun.4, 1731 (2013)
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Nat. Photonics

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Nat. Phys.

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Nature

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Prez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lpine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martin, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465, 763–766 (2010)
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New J. Phys.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, U. Frühling, M. Gensch, Ch. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nez, E. Plnjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhfer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys.11, 023029 (2009)
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New. J. Phys.

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Nucl. Instr. Meth. A

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M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, M. J. Prandolini, J. Feldhaus, B. Faatz, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Pulsed operation of a high average power Yb:YAG thin-disk multipass amplifier,” Opt. Expr.205038–5043 (2012)
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Opt. Express

P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “400W Yb:YAG Innoslab fs-Amplifier,” Opt. Express19, 12230–12245 (2009)
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J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, J. Rossbach, and A. Tünnermann, “High average and peak power few-cycle laser pulses delivered by fiber pumped OPCPA system,” Opt. Express18, 12719–12726 (2010)
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A. Schwarz, M. Ueffing, Y. Deng, X. Gu, H. Fattahi, T. Metzger, M. Ossiander, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Active stabilization for optically synchronized optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express20, 5557–5565 (2012)
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X. Zhang, E. Schneider, G. Taft, H. Kaptyen, M. Murnane, and S. Backus, “Multi-microjoule, MHz repetition rate Ti:sapphire ultrafast regenerative amplifier system,” Opt. Express20, 7015–7021 (2012)
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H. Fattahi, C. Y. Teisset, O. Pronin, A. Sugita, R. Graf, V. Pervak, X. Gu, T. Metzger, Z. Major, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Pump-seed synchronization for MHz repetition rate, high-power optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express20, 9833–9840 (2012)
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A. M. March, A. Stickrath, G. Doumy, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässing, S. H. Southworth, K. Attenkofer, C. A. Kurtz, L. X. Chen, and L. Young, “Development of high-repetition-rate laser pump/x-ray probe methodologies for synchrotron facilities,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82, 073110 (2011)
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the high power optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA). The broadband Ti:Sa oscillator seeded the OPCPA and the Yb-based solid-state chirped-pulse amplifier (Pump CPA) that was used for OPCPA pumping. The pump CPA consisted of a 10 W Yb:glass fiber amplifier and a 0.5 kW Yb:YAG Innoslab amplifier. Frequency doubling was achieved in a 2 mm β-barium borate (BBO) crystal. For stretching the OPCPA signal pulses, a prism pair was used. In combination with a spatial light-modulator (SLM), full control of the spectral phase was allowed for the dispersion management of the system. Three subsequent OPCPA stages were implemented, using BBO crystals of 3.3 mm, 3.2 mm and 2.0 mm lengths. The first stage was pumped by a fraction of the SHG output (gain: g ≈ 104). Between the first and the second stage, the amplified signal was magnified by a 1:4.5 telescope. After the third stage, a final output energy of 1.39 mJ is obtained (gain: g = 58 in the second stage and g = 2 in the third stage)).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

OPCPA spectral characterization: (a) Spectral intensity of the amplified optical parametric fluorescence (AOPF) at different internal non-collinear angles α. The internal opening angle of the cone was Δα = 0.6°. (b) Spectral intensity of the Ti:sapphire oscillator (grey shaded), amplified spectra after the second (blue line) and the third OPCPA stage (orange line). The amplified spectral bandwidth is Δν = 168 THz at 1/e2λ = 360 nm at λc = 800 nm), featuring a Fourier-limited pulse duration of 6.4 fs. (c) Inset: Typical pulse train during the burst-mode operation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Synchronization techniques for OPCPA: (a) Schemes for active stabilization with a broadband Ti:sapphire oscillator front end. The setup is similar to the OPCPA setup in section 2. The first synchronization option is to determine the spectral center of gravity (COG) of the amplified OPCPA output (dashed red arrow), which is linearly proportional to the pump-to-signal delay, Δt. The second option is to correlate the compressed pulses from the pump amplifier (purple arrow) and the signal pulses (red arrow) from the oscillator using a balanced optical cross-correlator (BXC). The BXC gives a background free signal, insensitive to intensity fluctuations and linearly proportional to Δt. In both cases, the Δt-signal can be used as a feedback signal to a controlled optical delay line. (b) Scheme for passive stabilization: A fraction of the pump pulses is used for white-light continuum generation (WLG) in a YAG crystal to provide intrinsically synchronized broadband signal pulses for seeding the OPCPA. In this scheme, the broadband oscillator is replaced by an Yb:glass fiber oscillator. The BXC is not required, but it was used to investigate the intrinsic pump-to-signal temporal jitter originating from the WLG process.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Numerical simulation of the influence of the temporal delay between pump and signal pulses on the OPCPA, calculated for an experimentally measured broadband seed spectrum (dots) and a broadband Gaussian seed spectrum (lines): (a) Variation of the pulse energy. For a deviation of less than < 1%, the drift must be smaller than < 50fs with respect to the energy maximum. (b) Amplified spectral bandwidth (red) and central wavelength (center of gravity, black). Within a delay of ±50fs with respect to the energy maximum, the spectral bandwidth varies about 1%. The central wavelength varies linearly by about ±10nm (grey region). Thus, determining the COG of the OPCPA output spectrum provides a suitable method to measure and control the temporal pump-to-signal drift.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pump-to-seed synchronization of an OPCPA: (a) Variation of the center of gravity (COG) wavelength, ΔλC, of the unstabilized OPCPA spectral intensity (red dots) in dependence on the delay measured with a balanced optical cross-correlator (BXC). Within a range of ±0.2ps (blue region), the COG varies linearly by ΔλCt = −15.76±0.16nm/ps (black line). (b) Temporal delay (black) and output power (red) of an actively stabilized OPCPA, measured over 60 minutes. The delay is measured and controlled using the in-loop BXC signal as feedback to an optical delay line. The residual timing jitter is δt = (46±2)fs rms, the corresponding jitter of the output power is 1.2% rms.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Passive synchronization by white-light continuum generation (WLG). (a) Pump power (black) and WLG power (red), measured over 28 hours. The power deviation is smaller than < 0.65% rms for the pump and < 0.85% rms for the WLG power. The investigated WLG spectral region ranged from 650 nm to 950 nm. (b) Delay between pump and WLG pulses at different pump pulse energies, measured with a BXC. The blue region indicates the operation regime (about 1.8 μJ). Above 1.9 μJ a second WLG pulse is generated (dashed line). Within the operation regime, the delay varied with a slope of ΔTPP = (0.66 ± 0.04)fs/nJ. (c) Pump-to-WLG delay jitter, derived from the pump jitter in (a) and the slope from the operation regime in (b), Δt = PP(t) · ΔTPP. The rms width is δt = (7.0 ± 0.5)fs.

Equations (1)

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17.6 mJ comp . 75 % 13.2 mJ SHG 51.1 % 6.8 mJ OPCPA 20 % 1.4 mJ .

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